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Benzo(a)pyrene (BaP)


  • 1.
    The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
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    Is there lead in your water?

    (1993)
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  • 2.
    The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
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    Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons within airborne particulate matter (PM(2.5) ) produced DNA bulky stable adducts in a human lung cell coculture model

    Authors: Abbas, I; Garçon, G; Saint-Georges, F; Andre, V; Gosset, P; Billet, S; Goff, JL; Verdin, A; Mulliez, P; Sichel, F; Shirali, P
    (In Press) Journal of Applied Toxicology.
    Minus Sign. Click to see only selected choices. To extend current knowledge on the underlying mechanisms of air pollution particulate matter (PM(2.5) . . . Plus Sign. Click to expand choices. To extend current knowledge on the underlying mechanisms of air pollution particulate matter (PM(2.5) )-induced human lung toxicity, the metabolic activation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) within PM(2.5) and PAH-DNA bulky stable adduct patterns in human alveolar macrophage (AM) and/or human lung epithelial L132 cells in mono- and cocultures were studied. In the coculture system, only human AM were exposed to air pollution PM(2.5) , unlike L132 cells. Particles, inorganic fraction and positive controls [i.e. TiO(2) , thermally desorbed PM (dPM) and benzo[a]pyrene, B[a]P, respectively] were included in the experimental design. Cytochrome P450 (CYP) 1A1 gene expression, CYP1A1 catalytic activity and PAH-DNA bulky stable adducts were studied after 24, 48 and/or 72 h. Relatively low doses of PAH within PM(2.5) induced CYP1A1 gene expression and CYP1A1 catalytic activity in human AM and, thereafter, PAH-DNA bulky stable adduct formation. Adduct spots in PM(2.5) -exposed human AM were higher than those in dPM-exposed ones, thereby showing the incomplete removal of PAH by thermal desorption. PAH within air pollution PM(2.5) induced CYP1A1 gene expression but not CYP1A1 catalytic activity in L132 cells. However, despite the absence of PAH-DNA bulky stable adduct in L132 cells from human AM/L132 cell cocultures exposed to dPM(2.5) or PM(2.5) , reliable quantifiable PAH-DNA bulky stable adducts were observed in L132 cells from human AM/L132 cell coculture exposed to B[a]P. Taken together, these results support the exertion of genotoxicity of highly reactive B[a]P-derived metabolites produced within human AM not only in primary target human AM, but also in secondary target L132 cells. Copyright © 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
    Tags: Considered
  • 3.
    The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
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    Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon exposure in oesophageal tissue and risk of oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma in north-eastern Iran

    Authors: Abedi-Ardekani, B; Kamangar, F; Hewitt, SM; Hainaut, P; Sotoudeh, M; Abnet, CC; Taylor, PR; Boffetta, P; Malekzadeh, R; Dawsey, SM
    (2010) Gut 59:1178-1183.
    Minus Sign. Click to see only selected choices. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) exposure in oesophageal . . . Plus Sign. Click to expand choices. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) exposure in oesophageal epithelial tissue and oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) case status in an ESCC case-control study in a high-risk population in north-eastern Iran. METHODS: Tissue microarrays (TMAs) of non-tumoral oesophageal biopsies from patients with biopsy-proven ESCC and gastrointestinal clinic patients with no endoscopic or biopsy evidence of ESCC (control subjects) in a rural region in north-eastern Iran were immunohistochemically stained. Immunohistochemistry was performed using monoclonal antibodies 8E11 and 5D11 raised against benzo[a]pyrene (B[a]P) diol epoxide (BPDE)-I-modified guanosine and BPDE-I-modified DNA, respectively. Staining intensity was quantified by image analysis and the average staining in three replicates was calculated. The main outcome measure was adjusted ORs with 95% CIs for the association between antibody staining intensity and ESCC case status. RESULTS: Cultured ESCC cells exposed to B[a]P in vitro showed dose-dependent staining with 8E11 but not with 5D11. With 8E11, sufficient epithelial tissue was available in the TMA cores to analyse 91 cases and 103 controls. Compared with the lowest quintile of 8E11 staining in the controls, adjusted ORs for the 2nd to 5th quintiles were 2.42, 5.77, 11.3 and 26.6 (95% CI 5.21 to 135), respectively (p for trend <0.001). With 5D11, 89 cases and 101 controls were analysed. No association between staining and case status was observed (ORs for the 2nd to 5th quintiles were 1.26, 0.88, 1.06 and 1.63 (95% CI 0.63 to 4.21), p for trend=0.40). CONCLUSIONS: Dramatically higher levels of 8E11 staining were observed in non-tumoral oesophageal epithelium from patients with ESCC than from control subjects. This finding strengthens the evidence for a causal role for PAHs in oesophageal carcinogenesis in north-eastern Iran.
    Tags: Cited, Considered
  • 4.
    The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
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    Aldo-keto reductases protect lung adenocarcinoma cells from the acute toxicity of B[a]P-7,8-trans-dihydrodiol

    Authors: Abedin, Z; Sen, S; Field, J
    (2012) Chemical Research in Toxicology 25:113-121.
    Minus Sign. Click to see only selected choices. Tobacco smoke exposure stimulates the expression of genes that are likely to be involved in the metabolism . . . Plus Sign. Click to expand choices. Tobacco smoke exposure stimulates the expression of genes that are likely to be involved in the metabolism of its combustion products such as polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH). Four of the smoke induced genes are aldo-keto reductases (AKR), enzymes that metabolically activate PAH to PAH o-quinones. Alternatively, PAHs are metabolized to (±)-anti-diol epoxides, such as (±)-anti-benzo[a]pyrene diol epoxide ((±)-anti-BPDE)), by the combined action of P4501A1/1B1 and epoxide hydrolase. (±)-anti-BPDE forms DNA adducts directly, while PAH o-quinones cause DNA damage by oxidative stress through a futile redox cycle. To address the role of AKRs in PAH cytotoxicity, we compared the cytotoxicity of PAH metabolites and the effects of overexpressing AKR1A1 in lung cells. (±)-anti-BPDE and B[a]P-7,8-trans-dihydrodiol, an intermediate in (±)-anti-BPDE metabolism, are toxic to A549 cells at concentrations with an IC(50) of ∼2 μM. In contrast, the PAH o-quinone B[a]P-7,8-dione was about 10-fold less toxic to A549 cells with an IC(50) > 20 μM. Similar differences in cytoxicity were observed with two other PAH o-quinones (benz[a]anthracene-3,4-dione and 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene-3,4-dione) compared with their respective diol-epoxide counterparts (BA-3,4-diol-1,2-epoxide and DMBA-3,4-diol-1,2-epoxide). In addition, both anti-BPDE and B[a]P-7,8-trans-dihydrodiol induced p53 expression ∼6 h post-treatment at concentrations as low as 1 μM consistent with extensive DNA damage. B[a]P-7,8-dione treatment did not induce p53 but generated reactive oxygen species (ROS) in A549 cells and induced the expression of oxidative response genes in H358 cells. We also observed that overexpression of AKR1A1 in H358 cells, which otherwise have low levels of AKR expression, protected cells 2-10-fold from the toxic effects of B[a]P-7,8-trans-dihydrodiol. These data suggest that overexpression of AKRs may protect lung cancer cells from the acute toxic effects of PAH.
    Tags: Considered
  • 5.
    The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
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    An introduction to the molecular basics of aryl hydrocarbon receptor biology

    Authors: Abel, J; Haarmann-Stemmann, T
    (2010) Biological Chemistry 391:1235-1248. [Review]
    Minus Sign. Click to see only selected choices. Depending on their chemical structure and properties, environmental chemicals and other xenobiotics . . . Plus Sign. Click to expand choices. Depending on their chemical structure and properties, environmental chemicals and other xenobiotics that enter the cell can affect cellular function by either nonselective binding to cellular macromolecules or by interference with cellular receptors, which would initiate a more defined cell biological response. One of these intracellular chemosensor molecules is the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR), a transcription factor of the bHLH/PAS family that is known to mediate the biochemical and toxic effects of dioxins, polyaromatic hydrocarbons and related compounds. Numerous investigations have revealed that the AhR is not only a master regulator of drug metabolism activated by anthropogenic chemicals, but is also triggered by natural and endogenous ligands and can influence cell biological endpoints such as growth and differentiation. Cutting-edge research has identified new intriguing functions of the AhR, such as during proteasomal degradation of steroid hormone receptors, the cellular UVB stress response and the differentiation of certain T-cell subsets. In this review we provide both a survey of the fundamental basics of AhR biology and an insight into new functional aspects of AhR signaling to further stimulate research on this intriguing transcription factor at the interface between toxicology, cell biology and immunology.
  • 6.
    The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
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    Sister-chromatid exchange induction by indirect mutagens/carcinogens, aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase activity and benzo[alpha]pyrene metabolism in cultured human hepatoma cells

    Authors: Abe, S; Nemoto, N; Sasaki, M
    (1983) Mutation Research 109:83-90.
    Minus Sign. Click to see only selected choices. 2 human hepatoma cell lines (C-HC-4 and C-HC-20), in which aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase activity was . . . Plus Sign. Click to expand choices. 2 human hepatoma cell lines (C-HC-4 and C-HC-20), in which aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase activity was induced with benz[alpha]anthracene in vitro to about 140- and 64-fold of the respective basal levels, yielded an increased frequency of sister-chromatid exchanges (SCEs) when exposed to benzo[alpha]pyrene (BP), 7,12-dimethylbenz[alpha]anthracene and 3-methylcholanthrene in vitro. Analysis of the metabolism of BP by these cells by high-pressure liquid chromatography revealed that both cell lines produced various BP metabolites including the proximate form BP-7,8-dihydrodiol which has been reported to be the most potent inducer of SCEs among the metabolites of BP. In addition, aflatoxin B1 and cyclophosphamide also induced SCEs in these cell lines. The above findings suggest that these cells may be capable of metabolizing a range of indirect mutagens/carcinogens into DNA-active forms. These cells may therefore serve as a useful test system in vitro for the detection of genotoxic agents, without the use of an exogenous activating system.
    Tags: Cited, Considered, Genotoxicity
  • 7.
    The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
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    Comparison of aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase activity and inducibility of sister-chromatid exchanges by polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in mammalian cell lines

    Authors: Abe, S; Nemoto, N; Sasaki, M
    (1983) Mutation Research 122:47-51.
    Minus Sign. Click to see only selected choices. The effects of 1,2-benz(a)anthracene (56553) (BaA) on aryl-hydrocarbon-hydroxylase (AHH) activity, and . . . Plus Sign. Click to expand choices. The effects of 1,2-benz(a)anthracene (56553) (BaA) on aryl-hydrocarbon-hydroxylase (AHH) activity, and the effects of benzo(a)pyrene (50328) (BaP), 7,12-dimethylbenz(a)anthracene (57976) (DMBA), and 3-methylcholanthrene (56495) (MCA) on the inducibility of sister chromatid exchanges (SCEs), were studied in mammalian cell lines. Test chemicals were applied to cultured C-HC-4 and C-HC-20 human hepatomas, a rat ascites hepatoma, a rat esophageal tumor, and Chinese-hamster cells in unspecified doses. AHH assays and SCE analyses were carried out using the same cell line culture passages. Basal and induced AHH activity values were determined fluorometrically. Following induction by BaA, none of the three rodent cell lines tested exhibited an appreciable AHH activity increase, whereas the activity of this enzyme was increased by 140 and 64 times the basal value, respectively, in the C-HC-4 and C-HC-20 human hepatoma cells. BaP, DMBA, and MCA produced a 3 fold to 5 fold dose dependent SCE frequency increase in these human cell lines as compared to control values. While the three rodent cell lines exhibited an apparently dose dependent 2 fold to 3 fold SCE frequency increase following DMBA treatment, doses 10 to 100 times higher than those producing a similar effect in human cell lines were required. BaP and MCA produced SCE frequency increases of less than 2.5 and less than 1.8, respectively, in the rodent cell lines. The authors conclude that the human hepatoma cell lines tested are highly sensitive to DMBA, BaP and MCA, whereas the rodent cell lines investigated are only slightly or moderately sensitive to these chemicals. Enzymes other than AHH may be responsible for the metabolic conversion of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons to the DNA reactive forms capable of inducing SCEs in the rodent cell lines tested. SCE analysis is recommended for use in determining the genotoxicity of mutagens and carcinogens, and in testing the abilities of certain cell systems to metabolically activate mutagenic and carcinogenic chemicals.
    Tags: Cited, Considered, Genotoxicity
  • 8.
    The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
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    3-methylcholanthrene and benzo(a)pyrene modulate cardiac cytochrome P450 gene expression and arachidonic acid metabolism in male Sprague Dawley rats

    Authors: Aboutabl, ME; Zordoky, BN; El-Kadi, AO
    (2009) British Journal of Pharmacology 158:1808-1819.
    Minus Sign. Click to see only selected choices. BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: There is a strong correlation between cytochrome P450 (P450)-dependent arachidonic . . . Plus Sign. Click to expand choices. BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: There is a strong correlation between cytochrome P450 (P450)-dependent arachidonic acid metabolism and the pathogenesis of cardiac hypertrophy. Several aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) ligands were found to alter P450-dependent arachidonic acid metabolism. Here, we have investigated the effect of 3-methylcholanthrene (3-MC) and benzo(a)pyrene (BaP), two AhR ligands, on the development of cardiac hypertrophy. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: Male Sprague Dawley rats were injected (i.p.) daily with either 3-MC (10 mg kg(-1)) or BaP (20 mg kg(-1)) for 7 days. Then hearts were removed, and the heart to body weight ratio and the gene expression of the hypertrophic markers and P450 genes were determined. Levels of arachidonic acid metabolites were determined by liquid chromatography-electron spray ionization-mass spectrometry. KEY RESULTS: Both 3-MC and BaP increased the heart to body weight ratio as well as the hypertrophic markers, atrial natriuretic peptide and brain natriuretic peptide. 3-MC and BaP treatment increased the gene expression of CYP1A1, CYP1B1, CYP2E1, CYP4F4, CYP4F5 and soluble epoxide hydrolase. Both 3-MC and BaP treatments increased the dihydroxyeicosatrienoic acids (DHETs) : epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs) ratio and the 20-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (20-HETE) : total EETs ratio. Treatment with benzo(e)pyrene, an isomer of BaP that is a poor ligand for the AhR, did not induce cardiac hypertrophy in rats, confirming the role of AhR in the development of cardiac hypertrophy. Treatment with the omega-hydroxylase inhibitor, HET0016, significantly reversed BaP-induced cardiac hypertrophy. CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS: 3-MC and BaP induce cardiac hypertrophy by increasing the ratio of DHETs : EETs and/or the ratio of 20-HETE : total EETs, through increasing soluble epoxide hydrolase activity.
    Tags: Considered
  • 9.
    The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
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    Inhibition of soluble epoxide hydrolase confers cardioprotection and prevents cardiac cytochrome P450 induction by benzo(a)pyrene

    Authors: Aboutabl, ME; Zordoky, BN; Hammock, BD; El-Kadi, AO
    (2011) Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology 57:273-281.
    Minus Sign. Click to see only selected choices. We recently demonstrated that benzo(a)pyrene (BaP) causes cardiac hypertrophy by altering arachidonic . . . Plus Sign. Click to expand choices. We recently demonstrated that benzo(a)pyrene (BaP) causes cardiac hypertrophy by altering arachidonic acid metabolism through the induction of the expression of CYP ω-hydroxylases and soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH) enzymes. The inhibition of CYP ω-hydroxylase enzymes partially reversed the BaP-induced cardiac hypertrophy. Therefore, it is important to examine whether the inhibition of sEH also confers cardioprotection. For this purpose, male Sprague-Dawley rats were injected intraperitoneally daily with either the sEH inhibitor 1-(1-methanesulfonyl-piperidin-4-yl)-3-(4-trifluoromethoxy-phenyl)-urea (TUPS; 0.65 mg/kg), BaP (20 mg/kg), or the combination of BaP (20 mg/kg) and TUPS (0.65 mg/kg) for 7 days. Thereafter, the heart, liver, and kidney were harvested, and the heart to body weight ratio was measured. The expression of the hypertrophic markers, sEH, heme oxygenase-1, and CYP450 enzymes was determined. Our results demonstrate that BaP alone significantly induced the expression of sEH and CYP ω-hydroxylases in the heart, liver, and kidney tissues. Treatment with TUPS significantly reversed the BaP-mediated induction of the hypertrophic markers, completely prevented the increase in the heart to body weight ratio, and reduced the BaP-induced CYP1A1, CYP1B1, CYP4F4, and CYP4F5 genes in the heart. The current study demonstrates the cardioprotective effect of sEH inhibitor, TUPS, against BaP-induced cardiac hypertrophy and further confirms the role of sEH and CYP450 enzymes in the development of cardiac hypertrophy.
    Tags: Considered
  • 10.
    The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
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    Sister chromatid exchanges in rat pleural mesothelial cells treated with crocidolite, attapulgite, or benzo 3-4 pyrene

    Authors: Achard, S; Perderiset, M; Jaurand, MC
    (1987) British Journal of Industrial Medicine 44:281-283.
    Tags: Cited, Considered, Genotoxicity
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