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Ammonia


  • 1.
    Book/Book Chapter
    Book/Book
    Chapter
    [Ammonia]

    (2008) In Pohanish, R (Ed.), Sittig's handbook of toxic and hazardous chemical carcinogens (5th, pp. 151). Norwich, NY: William Andrew.
    Tags: Considered References, Other Studies

    Details
       
  • 2.
    Technical Report
    Technical
    Report
    [Ammoniak (addendum)

    (1996) In Gesundheitsschädliche arbeitsstoffe. Toxikologisch-arbeitsmedizinische begrundung von MAK-Werten (maximale arbeitsplatz-konzentrationen)] (2). Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft.
    Abstract: MAK 20 ml/m3 (ppm); 14 mg/m3; maximum exposure limit category I; pregnancy group C
    Tags: Considered References, Other Studies

    Details
       
  • 3.
    Book/Book Chapter
    Book/Book
    Chapter
    [Excerpt]

    (1991) In Hayes, WJ, Jr; Laws, ER, Jr (Eds.), Handbook of pesticide toxicology. Volume 3: Classes of pesticides (pp. 73-end). San Diego, CA: Academic Press.
    Tags: Considered References, Other Studies

    Details
       
  • 4.
    Book/Book Chapter
    Book/Book
    Chapter
    Handbook of pesticide toxicology. Volume 3: Classes of pesticides

    (1991) San Diego, CA: Academic Press.
    Tags: Considered References, Other Studies

    Details
       
  • 5.
    Book/Book Chapter
    Book/Book
    Chapter
    Ammonia

    (1977)
    Tags: Considered References, Other Studies
  • 6.
    Book/Book Chapter
    Book/Book
    Chapter
    Ammonia

    (1966) In Occupational diseases: A guide to their recognition, 76-78. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Health, Education and Welfare, Public Health Service.
    Minus Sign. Click to see only selected choices. A review is presented of ammonia (7664417) poisoning in man. Topics reviewed include: local effects . . . Plus Sign. Click to expand choices. A review is presented of ammonia (7664417) poisoning in man. Topics reviewed include: local effects of ammonia on the eye and skin; systemic effects of inhaled ammonia, which can result in bronchitis or pneumonia; recommended threshold limit values in the air; and potential occupational exposures for various workers, especially chemical workers.
    Tags: Considered References, Other Studies

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  • 7.
    Journal Article
    Journal
    Article
    Effect of the chemical stimulation on the nasal mucosa upon the pulmonary temperature in rabbits

    Author: Abe, K
    (1964) Acta medica et biologica 11:243-255.
    Tags: Animal Studies, Considered References
  • 8.
    The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
    Peer
    Reviewed
    Journal
    Article
    Effects of Helicobacter pylori in the stomach on neutrophil chemiluminescence in patients with gastric cancer

    Authors: Abe, T; Shimoyama, T; Fukuda, S; Nakaji, S; Sugawara, K; Saito, Y
    (2000) Luminescence 15:267-271.
    Minus Sign. Click to see only selected choices. Hypochlorous acid, which is one of the reactive oxgen species (ROS) produced from human neutrophils, . . . Plus Sign. Click to expand choices. Hypochlorous acid, which is one of the reactive oxgen species (ROS) produced from human neutrophils, is converted to cytotoxic NH(2)Cl after reaction with ammonia produced by urease in Helicobacter pylori (HP), increasing gastric mucosal injury and with potential development to gastric cancer. We compared the effects of HP on the production of ROS by human neutrophils between two groups-22 patients with gastric cancer and 16 patients without gastric cancer (control group), in whom HP was isolated from stomach biopsy tissues-using a luminol- and lucigenin-dependent chemiluminescence (LmCL and LgCL, respectively). It was very similar in the mean value or variance of mean maximal chemiluminescence intensities (MCI) and peak time in LmCL and LgCL between the two groups. MCI of LmCL was highly correlated with that of LgCL in both groups. These results indicate that there were no differences in the behaviour of HP on human neutrophil chemiluminescence between two groups. The progression from non-malignant mucosa to cancer may be associated with the time-dependent effects of HP via ROS produced by neutrophils on the gastric mucosa.
    Tags: Considered References, Other Studies
  • 9.
    The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
    Peer
    Reviewed
    Journal
    Article
    Ocular injury caused by liquid ammonia

    Author: Abramovicz, I
    (1925) British Journal of Ophthalmology 9:241-242.
    Tags: Case Reports, Cited References, Considered References, Human Studies, Human Studies
  • 10.
    Technical Report
    Technical
    Report
    Ammonia

    Author: ACGIH
    (2001) In Documentation of the threshold limit values and biological exposure indices (2). Cincinnati, OH: American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists.
    Minus Sign. Click to see only selected choices. ACGIH believes that that a time-weighted-average exposure is significant and should be maintained at . . . Plus Sign. Click to expand choices. ACGIH believes that that a time-weighted-average exposure is significant and should be maintained at a lower level than is permissible for brief excursions. The fact that continuous, 24-hour exposures produced effects not observed from considerably higher exposures of the occupational type(5) can be considered as supporting this conclusion. Accordingly, a TLV-TWA of 25 ppm is recommended to minimize the potential eye and respiratory tract irritation and minimize discomfort among uninured workers. The TLV-STEL of 35 ppm is recommended to provide a greater margin of safety against the acute sensory effects from exposure to ammonia. Sufficient data were not available to recommend Skin, SEN, or carcinogenicity notations. The reader is expected to be familiar with the section on Excursion Limits in the "Introduction to the Chemical Substance TLVs" of the current edition of the Documentation of the TLVs and BEIs for the guidance and control of excursions above the TLV-TWA, even when the 8-hour TWA is within the recommended limit.
    Tags: Assessments by Others, Cited References, Considered References, Other Studies

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