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Journal Article 
Effect of injection and ignition timings on performance and emissions from a spark-ignition engine fueled with methanol 
Li, J; Gong, CM; Su, Y; Dou, HL; Liu, XJ 
ISSN: 0016-2361 
Elsevier BV 
Optimal injection and ignition timings and the effects of injection and ignition timings on performance and emissions from a high-compression direct-injection stratified charge spark-ignition methanol engine have been investigated experimentally. The results have shown that direct-injection spark-ignition methanol engine, in which a non-uniform mixture with a stratified distribution can be formed, has optimal injection and ignition timings to obtain a good combustion and low exhaust emissions in the overall mode range. Both methanol injection timing and ignition timing have a significant effect on methanol engine performance, combustion, and exhaust emissions. At an engine speed of 1600 rpm, full load, and optimal injection and ignition timings, methanol engine can obtain shorter ignition delay, lesser cycle-by-cycle variation, the maximum in-cylinder pressure, the maximum heat release rate, and higher thermal efficiency compared to the case of non-optimized injection and ignition timings. For methanol engine, the optimization of injection timing and ignition timing can lead to an improvement of brake-specific fuel consumption of more than 10% compared to non-optimized case in the overall load range and engine speed of 1600 rpm. The best compromise between thermal efficiency and exhaust emissions is reached at optimal injection and ignition timings. 
Spark-ignition methanol engine; Injection timing; Ignition timing; Performance; Emission 
• Methanol (Non-Cancer)
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