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73325 
Journal Article 
Air pollution and infant mortality from pneumonia in the Rio de Janeiro metropolitan area 
Penna, MLF; Duchiade, MP 
1991 
No 
Bulletin of the Pan American Health Organization
ISSN: 0085-4638 
25 
47-54 
The authors report the results of an investigation into the possible association between air pollution and infant mortality from pneumonia in the Rio de Janeiro Metropolitan Area. This investigation employed multiple linear regression analysis (stepwise method) for infant mortality from pneumonia in 1980, including the study population's areas of residence, incomes, and pollution exposure as independent variables. With the income variable included in the regression, a statistically significant association was observed between the average annual level of particulates and infant mortality from pneumonia. While this finding should be accepted with caution, it does suggest a biological association between these variables. The authors' conclusion is that air quality indicators should be included in studies of acute respiratory infections in developing countries. 
NAAQS
• ISA-PM
     2009 Final
 

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