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1107137 
Journal Article 
Pt-NiO/C anode electrocatalysts for direct methanol fuel cells 
Amin, RS; Hameed, RMA; El-Khatib, KM; Youssef, ME; Elzatahry, AA 
2012 
Electrochimica Acta
ISSN: 0013-4686 
Elsevier B.V., The Boulevard Kidlington Oxford OX5 1GB United Kingdom 
59 
499-508 
Pt catalyst was supported on Vulcan XC-72R containing 5 wt.% NiO using NaBH4 as a reducing agent. The prepared catalyst was heat-treated at 400 degree C. XRD, TEM and EDX analyses were applied to characterize Pt-NiO/C electrocatalyst. The introduction of NiO reduces the particle size of Pt crystallites. The electrocatalytic activity of Pt-NiO/C electrocatalysts was examined towards methanol oxidation reaction in 0.5 M H2SO4 solution using cyclic voltammetry and chronoamperometry techniques. A three fold increment in the oxidation current density was gained at Pt-NiO/C electrocatalyst compared to Pt/C one. The corresponding chronoamperograms showed high steady state current density values suggesting better stability of Pt-NiO/C electrocatalyst towards the carbonaceous poisoning species. The enhanced electrocatalytic performance and the long-term cycle durability of Pt-NiO/C electrocatalyst are attributed to the strong interaction between Pt and NiO and the formation of small Pt crystals. 
Platinum-nickel oxide; Methanol oxidation; Fuel cells; Carbon black; Electrocatalyst 
IRIS
• Methanol (Non-Cancer)
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