Health & Environmental Research Online (HERO)


tert-Butanol

3,381 References Were Found:

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Self-doped TiO2 nanotube arrays for electrochemical mineralization of phenols

Authors: Gan, L; Wu, Y; Song, H; Lu, C; Zhang, S; Li, A (2019) HERO ID: 5099354

[Less] Self-doped TiO2 nanotube arrays (DNTA) were prepared for the electrooxidation of resistant organics. . . . [More] Self-doped TiO2 nanotube arrays (DNTA) were prepared for the electrooxidation of resistant organics. The anatase TiO2 NTAs had an improved carrier density and conductivity from Ti3+ doping, and the oxygen-evolution potential remained at a high value of 2.48 V versus the standard hydrogen electrode, and thus, achieved a highly enhanced removal efficiency of phenol. The second anodization could stabilize Ti3+ and improve the performance by removing surface TiO2 particles. Improper preparation parameters (i.e., a short anodization time, a high calcination temperature and cathodization current density) harmed the electrooxidation activity. Although boron-doped diamond (BDD) anodes performed best in removing phenol, DNTA exhibited a higher mineralization of phenol than Pt/Ti and BDD at 120 min because intermediates were oxidized once they are produced with DNTA. Mechanism investigations using reagents such as tert-butanol, oxalic acid, terephthalic acid, and coumarin showed that the DNTA mineralization resulted mainly from surface-bound OH, and the DNTA produced more than twice the amount of OH compared with BDD. The free OH on the BDD electrode was more conducive to initial substrate oxidation, whereas the adsorbed OH on the DNTA electrode mineralized the organics in situ. The preferential removal of p-substituted phenols on DNTA was attributed mainly to their electromigration and the aromatic intermediates that are hydrophobic were beneficial to mineralization.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

The role of fluoroalcohols as counter anions for ion-pairing reversed-phase liquid chromatography/high-resolution electrospray ionization mass spectrometry analysis of oligonucleotides

Authors: Liu, R; Ruan, Y; Liu, Z; Gong, L (2019) Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry 33:697-709. HERO ID: 5099481

[Less] RATIONALE: Hexafluoroisopropanol (HFIP) has been widely used as a counter anion in . . . [More] RATIONALE: Hexafluoroisopropanol (HFIP) has been widely used as a counter anion in the mobile phase for ion-pairing reversed-phase liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry (IP-RP-LC/MS) analysis of oligonucleotides. However, researchers are still searching for improvements to counter anions for LC/MS analysis of oligonucleotides. This study aimed to find alternatives to HFIP for analyzing oligonucleotides.

METHODS: The study was performed using an Agilent 1290 ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography (UHPLC) system coupled to an Agilent 6540 mass spectrometer by using an oligonucleotide BEH C18 column (100 × 2.1 mm, 1.7 μm). Buffer systems containing ion-pairing reagents (triethylamine, tripropylamine, hexylamine, dimethylbutylamine, diisopropylethylamine, N,N-dimethylcyclohexylamine, and octylamine) and fluoroalcohols (HFIP and hexafluoro-2-methyl-2-propanol (HFTP)) were compared chromatographically and mass spectrometrically.

RESULTS: Results showed that HFTP has better desalting ability than HFIP, but both HFIP and HFTP have comparable effects on the separation of oligonucleotides sized from 10mer to 40mer for most of ion-pairing reagents, with the exception of triethylamine and N,N-dimethylcyclohexylamine, where HFIP performed better than HFTP.

CONCLUSIONS: The choice of fluoroalcohols in IP-RP-LC/MS analysis of oligonucleotides depends on the type of ion-pairing reagents used in the mobile phase. As a guideline, we would recommend to use either HA-HFIP or HA-HFTP for small oligonucleotides, but TPA-HFTP for large oligonucleotides for IP-RP-LC/MS analysis of synthetic oligonucleotides.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Elucidation of retention behaviors in reversed-phase liquid chromatography as a function of mobile phase composition

Authors: Tsui, H; Kuo, C; Huang, YC (2019) Journal of Chromatography A 1595:127-135. HERO ID: 5343816

[Less] Various retention models have been widely used for understanding the retention mechanisms of solutes . . . [More] Various retention models have been widely used for understanding the retention mechanisms of solutes in reversed-phase chromatography systems. The models have been used to interpret the often-observed linear plots of the logarithms of retention factor k versus the solvent modifier concentration CM and ln k versus ln⁡CM. In this study, the retention behaviors of nine solutes as a function of acetonitrile (ACN) concentration were systematically investigated using a commercially available C18 column. The thermodynamic properties of solute adsorptions in neat water, determined using van' t Hoff plots, were investigated. Slightly concave upward and downward retention curves were identified for the plots of ln k versus CACN and ln k versus ln CACN, respectively. A three-equilibrium-constant stoichiometric displacement retention model was used to interpret the retention behaviors of the solutes. The model was demonstrated to account for the nonlinearity of the retention curves. The linear fits of the ln k versus ln⁡CACN and ln k versus CACN plots were implied to be more suitably used for high and low ACN concentration ranges, respectively. The model fitted the experimental data satisfactorily over a full range of ACN concentrations; thus, the nonlinearity of ln k versus ln⁡CACN plots was implied to mainly be attributed to the weak ACN-sorbent interactions. U-shaped retention curves were observed for acetone, tetrahydrofuran, tert-butanol, and benzyl alcohol at high ACN concentrations, indicating that the retention behaviors of these solutes may involve two types of interactions, with complementary effects on solute retention factor with increasing ACN concentration.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Model Complexes for the Palladium-Catalyzed Transannular C-H Functionalization of Alicyclic Amines

Authors: Aguilera, EY; Sanford, MS (2019) HERO ID: 5343822

[Less] This report describes the synthesis of model complexes for key intermediates in the Pd-catalyzed transannular . . . [More] This report describes the synthesis of model complexes for key intermediates in the Pd-catalyzed transannular C(sp3)-H arylation of alicyclic amines. These complexes react stoichiometrically with phenyl iodide to afford C-H arylation products. Furthermore, they participate in H/D exchange with d10-tert-butanol at temperatures as low as 40 °C. Overall, these studies provide insights into the factors controlling transannular C(sp3)-H activation in these systems.

Journal Article
Journal Article

Crystal structure of idelalisib tert-butanol monosolvate dihydrate

Authors: Nerdinger, S; Stefinovic, M; Richter, F; Olma, J; Brysz, M; Walker, T; Kahlenberg, V; Gelbrich, T (2019) HERO ID: 5343826

[Less] In the title structure, 5-fluoro-3-phenyl-2-[(1S)-1-(9H-purin-6-yl-amino)-prop-yl]quinazolin-4(3H)-one . . . [More] In the title structure, 5-fluoro-3-phenyl-2-[(1S)-1-(9H-purin-6-yl-amino)-prop-yl]quinazolin-4(3H)-one (= idelalisib) tert-butanol monosolvate dihydrate, C22H18FN7O·C4H10O·2H2O, the idelalisib mol-ecule displays planar quinazoline and purine systems which are nearly perpendicular to one another. Seven distinct hydrogen-bonding inter-actions link the idelalisib, t-BuOH and water mol-ecules into a complex chain structure with the topology of a 2,3,4,5-connected 4-nodal net having the point symbol (3.4.52.62)(3.4.52.64.72)(3.5.6)(5).

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Kinetics of chlorate formation during ozonation of aqueous chloride solutions

Authors: Levanov, AV; Isaikina, OY; Gasanova, RB; Uzhel, AS; Lunin, VV (2019) HERO ID: 5343831

[Less] Chlorate ion ClO3- is formed as a result of the complex chemical interaction of ozone with chloride . . . [More] Chlorate ion ClO3- is formed as a result of the complex chemical interaction of ozone with chloride ion in aqueous solution. In neutral and basic solutions, chlorate is the main product. In acid solutions, the main product is molecular chlorine Cl2, and the yield of chlorate is 50-100 times lower. Dependencies have been studied of chlorate formation rate on significant experimental factors: concentrations of initial substances, ozone and chloride ion, acidity (pH), ionic strength and temperature of the reaction solution. The kinetic laws of chlorate generation have been established, and the expressions are given for rate constants of chlorate formation as functions of temperature and ionic strength. When tert-butanol is added to the reaction system, the formation of chlorate ceases, which is an evidence of the crucial role of free radical reactions in this process.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Effect of crystalline structure on terbuthylazine degradation by H2O2-assisted TiO2 photocatalysis under visible irradiation

Authors: Tang, J; Chen, Y; Dong, Z (2019) HERO ID: 5343843

[Less] Various methods for shifting the optical response of TiO2 into the visible (Vis) range have been reported. . . . [More] Various methods for shifting the optical response of TiO2 into the visible (Vis) range have been reported. Herein, we reported the application of a TiO2/H2O2/Vis process and the effects of TiO2 crystalline structure on the degradation of terbuthylazine. The results indicated that TiO2 crystalline structure and H2O2 addition had significant effects on terbuthylazine degradation: its degradation rate could be increased from 7% to 70% with H2O2 addition after 180 min of reaction, the synergistic degradation of terbuthylazine by TiO2-Fe3+ was substantially accelerated, with the degradation rate reaching up to 100% after 20 min of reaction, and rutile TiO2 showed better photocatalytic activity and a more obvious synergistic effect than anatase TiO2. The addition of free-radical scavengers (tert-butyl alcohol or methanol) inhibited the degradation efficiency of rutile TiO2, but had a relatively minor effect on anatase TiO2. Fluorescence spectrophotometry analysis indicated that hydroxyl free radicals could be continuously produced when using rutile TiO2 as the photocatalyst. Degradation of terbuthylazine catalyzed by rutile TiO2 occurred mainly in solution, but occurred on the particle surface of the photocatalyst when catalyzed by anatase TiO2. This study provides new insight into the role of TiO2 crystalline structure on the degradation of terbuthylazine and its photocatalytic degradation mechanism.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Nonafluoro- tert-butoxylation of Diaryliodonium Salts

Authors: Meng, H; Wen, L; Xu, Z; Li, Y; Hao, J; Zhao, Y (2019) HERO ID: 5348652

[Less] A highly efficient method to incorporate the nonafluoro- tert-butoxy group into various arenes is developed. . . . [More] A highly efficient method to incorporate the nonafluoro- tert-butoxy group into various arenes is developed. This C-O cross-coupling reaction proceeds smoothly in the absence of transition-metal catalyst with good functional group tolerance and scalability. In comparison with the conventional approach, this method avoids the use of nonafluoro- tert-butyl alcohol as the reaction solvent and does not require handling of hazardous diazonium salts. A series of OC(CF3)3-containing analogues of 19F NMR-based probes targeting various biologically relevant analytes are prepared.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Absolute fundamental and overtone OH and OD stretching intensities of alcohols

Authors: Wallberg, J; Kjaergaard, HG (2019) HERO ID: 5349159

[Less] Absolute intensities of the ΔvOH = 1 - 2 and ΔvOD = 1 - 3 transitions were determined for a range of . . . [More] Absolute intensities of the ΔvOH = 1 - 2 and ΔvOD = 1 - 3 transitions were determined for a range of alcohols (methanol, ethanol, 2-propanol, 1-propanol and tert-butanol) using conventional Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy. The intensities of the OH stretching transitions are stronger than the corresponding OD stretching transitions and become increasingly stronger with higher overtone transitions as expected from the reduced masses of the oscillators. Furthermore, accurate absolute intensities of the third and fourth OH stretching overtone transitions were determined using our newly constructed integrated cavity ring down (CRD) and FTIR spectrometer with experimental uncertainties generally less than 10%. The experiments were complemented by local mode calculations, with the potential energy surfaces and the dipole moment functions determined at the CCSD(T)/aug-cc-pVTZ level of theory. The calculated oscillator strengths of the ΔvOH = 4 - 5 transitions are within 25% of the experimental results.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Interactions between azines and alcohols: a rotational study of pyridine-tert-butyl alcohol

Authors: Spada, L; Uriarte, I; Li, W; Evangelisti, L; Cocinero, EJ; Caminati, W (2019) HERO ID: 5349167

[Less] We assigned the rotational spectra of the parent and the OD isotopologues of the intermolecular complex . . . [More] We assigned the rotational spectra of the parent and the OD isotopologues of the intermolecular complex pyridine-tert-butyl alcohol. The rotational and 14N quadrupole coupling constants are in agreement with a σ-type shape and a Cs symmetry of the complex. The two subunits are held together by a "classical" O-HN intermolecular hydrogen bond. Structural features of these hydrogen bonds are given and compared to those of similar molecular adducts. The ON distance decreases by 4 mÅ upon deuteration of the hydroxyl group, denoting a marked reverse Ubbelohde effect of the O-HN hydrogen bond.