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Vanadium Pentoxide (Draft, 2011)

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237 References Were Found:

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

C-H functionalization of tertiary amines by cross dehydrogenative coupling reactions: solvent-free synthesis of α-aminonitriles and β-nitroamines under aerobic condition

Authors: Alagiri, K; Prabhu, KR (2012) Organic and Biomolecular Chemistry 10:835-842. HERO ID: 1256786

[Less] A solvent-free synthesis of α-aminonitriles and β-nitroamines by oxidative cross-dehydrogenative coupling . . . [More] A solvent-free synthesis of α-aminonitriles and β-nitroamines by oxidative cross-dehydrogenative coupling under aerobic condition is reported. A catalytic amount of molybdenum(vi) acetylacetonoate was found to catalyze cyanation of tertiary amines to form α-aminonitriles, whereas vanadium pentoxide was found to promote aza-Henry reaction to furnish β-nitroamines. Both of these environmentally benign reactions are performed in the absence of solvents using molecular oxygen as an oxidant.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Controlled synthesis of transition metal/conducting polymer nanocomposites

Authors: Liu, Z; Liu, Y; Zhang, L; Poyraz, S; Lu, N; Kim, M; Smith, J; Wang, X; Yu, Y; Zhang, X (2012) Nanotechnology. HERO ID: 1256770

[Less] A novel displacement reaction has been observed to occur between conducting polymers (CP) and metal . . . [More] A novel displacement reaction has been observed to occur between conducting polymers (CP) and metal salts which can be used to fabricate nanostructured CP-metal composites in a one-pot manner. Vanadium pentoxide (V (2)O(5)) nanofiber is used during the synthesis as the reactive seeds to induce the nanofibril CP-metal network formation. The CP-metal nanocomposites exhibit excellent sensory properties for hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)) detection, where both high sensitivity and a low detection limit can be obtained. The sensory performance of the CP-metal composite can be further enhanced by a facile microwave treatment. It is believed that the CP-metal nanofibril network can be converted to a carbon-metal network by a microwave-induced carbonization process and result in the sensory enhancement.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Chemical Speciation of Vanadium in Particulate Matter Emitted from Diesel Vehicles and Urban Atmospheric Aerosols

Authors: Shafer, MM; Toner, BM; Overdier, JT; Schauer, JJ; Fakra, SC; Hu, S; Herner, JD; Ayala, A (2012) Environmental Science and Technology 46:189-195. HERO ID: 844194

[Less] We report on the development and application of an integrated set of analytical tools that enable accurate . . . [More] We report on the development and application of an integrated set of analytical tools that enable accurate measurement of total, extractable, and, importantly, the oxidation state of vanadium in sub-milligram masses of environmental aerosols and solids. Through rigorous control of blanks, application of magnetic-sector-ICPMS, and miniaturization of the extraction/separation methods we have substantially improved upon published quantification limits. The study focused on the application of these methods to particulate matter (PM) emissions from diesel vehicles, both in baseline configuration without after-treatment and also equipped with advanced PM and NO(x) emission controls. Particle size-resolved vanadium speciation data were obtained from dynamometer samples containing total vanadium pools of only 0.2-2 ng and provide some of the first measurements of the oxidation state of vanadium in diesel vehicle PM emissions. The emission rates and the measured fraction of V(V) in PM from diesel engines running without exhaust after-treatment were both low (2-3 ng/mile and 13-16%, respectively). The V(IV) species was measured as the dominant vanadium species in diesel PM emissions. A significantly greater fraction of V(V) (76%) was measured in PM from the engine fitted with a prototype vanadium-based selective catalytic reductors (V-SCR) retrofit. The emission rate of V(V) determined for the V-SCR equipped vehicle (103 ng/mile) was 40-fold greater than that from the baseline vehicle. A clear contrast between the PM size-distributions of V(V) and V(IV) emissions was apparent, with the V(V) distribution characterized by a major single mode in the ultrafine (<0.25 μm) size range and the V(IV) size distribution either flat or with a small maxima in the accumulation mode (0.5-2 μm). The V(V) content of the V-SCR PM (6.6 μg/g) was 400-fold greater than that in PM from baseline (0.016 μg/g) vehicles, and among the highest of all environmental samples examined. Synchrotron based V 1s XANES spectroscopy of vanadium-containing fine-particle PM from the V-SCR identified V(2)O(5) as the dominant vanadium species.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Vanadium pentoxide induces activation and death of endothelial cells

Authors: Montiel-Dávalos, A; Gonzalez-Villava, A; Rodriguez-Lara, V; Montaño, LF; Fortoul, TI; López-Marure, R (2012) Journal of Applied Toxicology 32:26-33. HERO ID: 786120

[Less] Vanadium is a transition metal released into the atmosphere, as air-suspended particles, as a result . . . [More] Vanadium is a transition metal released into the atmosphere, as air-suspended particles, as a result of the combustion of fossil fuels and some metallurgic industry activities. Air-suspended particle pollution causes inflammation-related processes such as thrombosis and other cardiovascular events. Our aim was to evaluate the effect of vanadium pentoxide (V(2) O(5) ) on endothelial cells since they are key participants in the pathogenesis of several cardiovascular and inflammatory diseases. Cell adhesion, the expression of adhesion molecules and oxidative stress, as well as proliferation, morphology and cell death of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) exposed to V(2) O(5) , were evaluated. Vanadium pentoxide at a 3.12 µg cm(-2) concentration induced an enhanced adhesion of the U937 macrophage cell line to HUVECs, owing to an increased expression of late adhesion molecules. HUVECs exposed to V(2) O(5) showed an increase in ROS and nitric oxide production, and a diminished proliferation. These changes in vanadium-treated HUVECs were accompanied by severe morphological changes and apoptotic cell death. Vanadium pentoxide induced serious endothelial cell damage, probably related to the increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality observed in individuals living in highly air-polluted areas. Copyright © 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Gene expression changes in human lung cells exposed to arsenic, chromium, nickel or vanadium indicate the first steps in cancer

Authors: Clancy, HA; Sun, H; Passantino, L; Kluz, T; Muñoz, A; Zavadil, J; Costa, M (2012) Metallomics 4:784-793. HERO ID: 1247788

[Less] The complex process of carcinogenesis begins with transformation of a single cell to favor aberrant . . . [More] The complex process of carcinogenesis begins with transformation of a single cell to favor aberrant traits such as loss of contact inhibition and unregulated proliferation - features found in every cancer. Despite cancer's widespread prevalence, the early events that initiate cancer remain elusive, and without knowledge of these events cancer prevention is difficult. Here we show that exposure to As, Cr, Ni, or vanadium (V) promotes changes in gene expression that occur in conjunction with aberrant growth. We exposed immortalized human bronchial epithelial cells to one of four metals/metalloid for four to eight weeks and selected transformed clonal populations based upon anchorage independent growth of single cells in soft agar. We detected a metal-specific footprint of cancer-related gene expression that was consistent across multiple transformed clones. These gene expression changes persisted in the absence of the progenitor metal for numerous cell divisions. Our results show that even a brief exposure to a carcinogenic metal may cause many changes in gene expression in the exposed cells, and that from these many changes, the specific change(s) that each metal causes that initiate cancer likely arise.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Vanadium pentoxide: Use of relevant historical control data shows no evidence for a carcinogenic response in F344/N rats

Authors: Starr, TB; Macgregor, JA; Ehman, KD; Nikiforov, AI (2012) Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology 64:155-160. HERO ID: 1249428

[Less] The national toxicology program (NTP) chronic inhalation bioassay of vanadium pentoxide (V(2)O(5)) produced . . . [More] The national toxicology program (NTP) chronic inhalation bioassay of vanadium pentoxide (V(2)O(5)) produced "clear" evidence of lung tumors in B6C3F1 mice, but only "some" and "equivocal" evidence in male and female F344/N rats, respectively. No significant pairwise differences or trends with V(2)O(5) concentration in male or female rat poly-3-adjusted tumor incidence were reported. The "some" and "equivocal" evidence descriptors arose from comparisons of V(2)O(5)-exposed group incidence rates with NTP-2000- and NIH-07-fed historical control (HC) group incidence ranges. NTP acknowledged that use of data from NIH-07-fed HC groups could be inappropriate because the V(2)O(5) study used the NTP-2000 diet, but few studies using this newer diet were available then. We supplemented the early NTP-2000 diet HC data with data from 25 additional NTP-2000 diet studies conducted subsequent to the V(2)O(5) bioassay. This widened the HC tumor incidence ranges, thereby weakening the limited evidence for the carcinogenicity of inhaled V(2)O(5) in rats relative to HCs. The male rat control group in the V(2)O(5) study also appeared to be a near-"outlier" relative to the expanded HC database, potentially invalidating any comparisons of exposed group incidence rates with those for HCs. We conclude that there is "no" evidence of V(2)O(5) carcinogenicity in male or female F344/N rats.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Biochemical and medical importance of vanadium compounds

Authors: Korbecki, J; Baranowska-Bosiacka, I; Gutowska, I; Chlubek, D (2012) Acta Biochimica Polonica 59:195-200. [Review] HERO ID: 1256773

[Less] Vanadium belongs to the group of transition metals and is present in the air and soil contaminants in . . . [More] Vanadium belongs to the group of transition metals and is present in the air and soil contaminants in large urban agglomerations due to combustion of fossil fuels. It forms numerous inorganic compounds (vanadyl sulfate, sodium metavanadate, sodium orthovanadate, vanadium pentoxide) as well as complexes with organic compounds (BMOV, BEOV, METVAN). Depending on the research model, vanadium compounds exhibit antitumor or carcinogenic properties. Vanadium compounds generate ROS as a result of Fenton's reaction or of the reaction with atmospheric oxygen. They inactivate the Cdc25B(2) phosphatase and lead to degradation of Cdc25C, which induces G(2)/M phase arrest. In cells, vanadium compounds activate numerous signaling pathways and transcription factors, including PI3K-PKB/Akt-mTOR, NF-κB, MEK1/2-ERK, that cause cell survival or increased expression and release of VEGF. Vanadium compounds inhibit p53-dependent apoptosis and promote entry into the S phase of cells containing functional p53 protein. In addition, vanadium compounds, in particular organic derivatives, have insulin-mimetic and antidiabetic properties. Vanadium compounds lower blood glucose levels in animals and in clinical trials. They also inhibit the activity of protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B. By activating the PI3K-PKB/Akt pathway, vanadium compaunds increase the cellular uptake of glucose by the GLUT4 transporter. The PKB/Akt pathway is also used to inactivate glycogen synthase kinase-3. The impact of vanadium compounds on inflammatory reactions has not been fully studied. Vanadium pentoxide causes expression of COX-2 and the release of proinflammatory cytokines in a human lung fibroblast model. Other vanadium compounds activate NF-κB in macrophages by activating IKKβ.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Improved Elevated Temperature Performance of Al-Intercalated V(2)O(5) Electrospun Nanofibers for Lithium-Ion Batteries

Authors: Cheah, YL; Aravindan, V; Madhavi, S (2012) . HERO ID: 1256774

[Less] Al-inserted vanadium pentoxide (V(2)O(5)) nanofibers (Al-VNF) are synthesized by simple electrospinning . . . [More] Al-inserted vanadium pentoxide (V(2)O(5)) nanofibers (Al-VNF) are synthesized by simple electrospinning technique. Powder X-ray diffraction (XRD) patterns confirm the formation of phase-pure structure. Elemental mapping and XPS studies are used to confirm chemical insertion of Al in VNF. Surface morphological features of as-spun and sintered fibers with Al-insertion are investigated by field-emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM). Electrochemical Li-insertion behavior of Al-VNFs are explored as cathode in half-cell configuration (vs. Li) using cyclic voltammetry and galvanostatic charge-discharge studies. Al-VNF (Al(0.5)V(2)O(5)) shows an initial discharge capacity of ∼250 mA h g(-1) and improved capacity retention of >60% after 50 cycles at 0.1 C rate, whereas native VNF showed only ∼40% capacity retention at room temperature. Enhanced high current rate and elevated temperature performance of Al-VNF (Al(1.0)V(2)O(5)) is observed with improved capacity retention (∼70%) characteristics. Improved performance of Al-inserted VNF is mainly attributed to the retention of fibrous morphology, apart from structural stabilization during electrochemical cycling.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Natural vanadium-containing Jeju groundwater inhibits immunoglobulin E-mediated anaphylactic reaction and suppresses eicosanoid generation and degranulation in bone marrow derived-mast cells

Authors: Li, X; Lu, Y; Yang, JH; Jin, Y; Hwang, SL; Chang, HW (2012) Biological and Pharmaceutical Bulletin 35:216-222. HERO ID: 1256780

[Less] The high-affinity receptor for immunoglobulin E (IgE) (FcεRI)-mediated activation of mast cells plays . . . [More] The high-affinity receptor for immunoglobulin E (IgE) (FcεRI)-mediated activation of mast cells plays an important role in various allergic diseases. To assess the anti-allergic activity of natural vanadium-containing Jeju groundwater (JW), an in vivo passive cutaneous anaphylaxis (PCA) animal model and in vitro mouse bone marrow-derived mast cells (BMMCs) was used. JW inhibited cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2)-dependent prostaglandin D(2) (PGD(2)) generation in a dose-dependent manner, with a concomitant reduction of COX-2 protein expression in IgE-induced BMMCs. In addition, JW inhibited 5-lipoxygenase (5-LOX)-dependent generation of leukotriene C(4) (LTC(4)) as well as degranulation in a dose-dependent manner. These results demonstrate that JW has dual COX-2/5-LOX inhibitory activity. In addition, vanadium pentoxide (V(2)O(5)), which is the major vanadium component of JW, also inhibited PGD(2) and LTC(4) generation as well as degranulation in IgE-induced BMMCs. Furthermore, oral administration of JW dose-dependently inhibited mast cell-dependent passive anaphylactic reaction in IgE-sensitized mice. Taken together, these results suggest that JW may be useful in regulating mast cell-mediated allergic response through the suppression of eicosanoid generation and degranulation in mast cells.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Natural vanadium-containing Jeju ground water stimulates glucose uptake through the activation of AMP-activated protein kinase in L6 myotubes

Authors: Hwang, SL; Chang, HW (2012) Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry 360:401-409. HERO ID: 1256791

[Less] The aim of this study was to elucidate the effects of natural vanadium-containing Jeju ground water . . . [More] The aim of this study was to elucidate the effects of natural vanadium-containing Jeju ground water on glucose uptake in L6 myotubes and adipogensesis in 3T3 L1 cells. The Jeju ground water samples containing vanadium components were designated as S1 (8.0 ± 0.9 μg/l), S2 (24.0 ± 2.0 μg/l), and S3 (26.0 ± 2.0 μg/l), respectively. To investigate the effects of the Jeju ground water on glucose uptake in L6 myotubes, L6 cells were differentiated in media containing deionized distilled water (DDW group) and the water samples (S1, S2, and S3 groups). After daily changes in cultured media containing the Jeju ground water samples for 1 week, all samples had increased glucose uptake compared to the DDW group and the order of glucose uptake increased in parallel with vanadium content (S3 > S2 > S1). In addition, S3 significantly stimulated the phosphorylation of the Thr-172 residue of the AMP-activated protein kinase-α subunit and the Ser-79 subunit of acetyl-CoA carboxylase compared to the DDW group. The effect of glucose uptake by S3 was reversed by pretreatment with Compound C, an AMPK inhibitor. Interestingly, vanadium pentoxide also increased glucose uptake and activated AMPK activity in a dose-dependent manner. Furthermore, as compared to the DDW treated group, S3 treatment inhibited adipogenesis of 3T3-L1 cells by down regulation of expressions of adipogenic transcription factors. Taken together, these findings suggest that S3 displays beneficial effects in the treatment of diabetes, at least in part through the activation of AMPK activity.