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Vanadium Pentoxide (Draft, 2011)

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237 References Were Found:

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Nanostructured bilayered vanadium oxide electrodes for rechargeable sodium-ion batteries

Authors: Tepavcevic, S; Xiong, H; Stamenkovic, VR; Zuo, X; Balasubramanian, M; Prakapenka, VB; Johnson, CS; Rajh, T (2012) ACS Nano 6:530-538. HERO ID: 1256785

[Less] Tailoring nanoarchitecture of materials offers unprecedented opportunities in utilization of their functional . . . [More] Tailoring nanoarchitecture of materials offers unprecedented opportunities in utilization of their functional properties. Nanostructures of vanadium oxide, synthesized by electrochemical deposition, are studied as a cathode material for rechargeable Na-ion batteries. Ex situ and in situ synchrotron characterizations revealed the presence of an electrochemically responsive bilayered structure with adjustable intralayer spacing that accommodates intercalation of Na(+) ions. Sodium intake induces organization of overall structure with appearance of both long- and short-range order, while deintercalation is accompanied with the loss of long-range order, whereas short-range order is preserved. Nanostructured electrodes achieve theoretical reversible capacity for Na(2)V(2)O(5) stochiometry of 250 mAh/g. The stability evaluation during charge-discharge cycles at room temperature revealed an efficient 3 V cathode material with superb performance: energy density of ~760 Wh/kg and power density of 1200 W/kg. These results demonstrate feasibility of development of the ambient temperature Na-ion rechargeable batteries by employment of electrodes with tailored nanoarchitectures.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

C-H functionalization of tertiary amines by cross dehydrogenative coupling reactions: solvent-free synthesis of α-aminonitriles and β-nitroamines under aerobic condition

Authors: Alagiri, K; Prabhu, KR (2012) Organic and Biomolecular Chemistry 10:835-842. HERO ID: 1256786

[Less] A solvent-free synthesis of α-aminonitriles and β-nitroamines by oxidative cross-dehydrogenative coupling . . . [More] A solvent-free synthesis of α-aminonitriles and β-nitroamines by oxidative cross-dehydrogenative coupling under aerobic condition is reported. A catalytic amount of molybdenum(vi) acetylacetonoate was found to catalyze cyanation of tertiary amines to form α-aminonitriles, whereas vanadium pentoxide was found to promote aza-Henry reaction to furnish β-nitroamines. Both of these environmentally benign reactions are performed in the absence of solvents using molecular oxygen as an oxidant.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Hepatic megalocytosis due to vanadium inhalation: Participation of oxidative stress

Authors: Cano-Gutiérrez, G; Acevedo-Nava, S; Santamaría, A; Altamirano-Lozano, M; Cano-Rodríguez, MC; Fortoul, TI (2012) Toxicology and Industrial Health 28:353-360. HERO ID: 1256787

[Less] The aim of this study was to evaluate the morphological changes, liver function test (LFT), and oxidative . . . [More] The aim of this study was to evaluate the morphological changes, liver function test (LFT), and oxidative stress damage caused by thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS), in mice exposed to vanadium via inhalation. Male CD-1 mice were exposed to vanadium pentoxide (V(2)O(5)) via inhalation (0.02 M), 1 hour twice a week for 6 weeks. At the end of the protocol, controls and exposed mice were killed to evaluate the changes. Histological analysis and LFT were performed to detect the damage. TBARS detection was assessed for oxidative stress. Inflammatory infiltration, binucleation, and meganucleus were detected in the liver of V(2)O(5)-exposed mice (p < 0.05). Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) levels were also significantly increased (p < 0.05). Lipid peroxidation was significantly higher in V(2)O(5)-exposed animals compared to controls (p < 0.05). V(2)O(5) exposure induced inflammation and cell damage detected by the increase in ALT and AST levels, as well as histological changes that suggest regenerative changes, such as binucleation and meganucleus.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Natural vanadium-containing Jeju ground water stimulates glucose uptake through the activation of AMP-activated protein kinase in L6 myotubes

Authors: Hwang, SL; Chang, HW (2012) Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry 360:401-409. HERO ID: 1256791

[Less] The aim of this study was to elucidate the effects of natural vanadium-containing Jeju ground water . . . [More] The aim of this study was to elucidate the effects of natural vanadium-containing Jeju ground water on glucose uptake in L6 myotubes and adipogensesis in 3T3 L1 cells. The Jeju ground water samples containing vanadium components were designated as S1 (8.0 ± 0.9 μg/l), S2 (24.0 ± 2.0 μg/l), and S3 (26.0 ± 2.0 μg/l), respectively. To investigate the effects of the Jeju ground water on glucose uptake in L6 myotubes, L6 cells were differentiated in media containing deionized distilled water (DDW group) and the water samples (S1, S2, and S3 groups). After daily changes in cultured media containing the Jeju ground water samples for 1 week, all samples had increased glucose uptake compared to the DDW group and the order of glucose uptake increased in parallel with vanadium content (S3 > S2 > S1). In addition, S3 significantly stimulated the phosphorylation of the Thr-172 residue of the AMP-activated protein kinase-α subunit and the Ser-79 subunit of acetyl-CoA carboxylase compared to the DDW group. The effect of glucose uptake by S3 was reversed by pretreatment with Compound C, an AMPK inhibitor. Interestingly, vanadium pentoxide also increased glucose uptake and activated AMPK activity in a dose-dependent manner. Furthermore, as compared to the DDW treated group, S3 treatment inhibited adipogenesis of 3T3-L1 cells by down regulation of expressions of adipogenic transcription factors. Taken together, these findings suggest that S3 displays beneficial effects in the treatment of diabetes, at least in part through the activation of AMPK activity.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

CD11c decrease in mouse thymic dendritic cells after vanadium inhalation

Authors: Ustarroz-Cano, M; García-Peláez, I; Piñón-Zárate, G; Herrera-Enríquez, M; Soldevila, G; Fortoul, TI (2012) Journal of Immunotoxicology 9:374-380. HERO ID: 1073979

[Less] Vanadium (V) is a transition metal found in air adsorbed onto suspended particles. As a result, urban . . . [More] Vanadium (V) is a transition metal found in air adsorbed onto suspended particles. As a result, urban populations are often exposed to this element as a constituent of particulate matter (PM). One aspect of the myriad toxicities that might arise from these exposures is altered immune responses. Previous reports from the laboratory reported modifications in splenic architecture - with germinal center hyperplasia and a suppressed humoral immune response - in mice that had been exposed to vanadium agents via inhalation. This paper reports a decrease in the presence of the CD11c surface marker on mouse thymic dendritic cells (DC) as a result of host exposure to vanadium (here, in the form of vanadium pentoxide; V(2)O(5)) over a period of 4 weeks. All results were obtained using immunohistochemistry and flow cytometry. It is surmised that this decrease might induce a dysfunction, including possible negative selection of T-cells, which could increase the presence of autoreactive clones in the exposed host. Such an outcome could, in turn, increase the risk for development of autoimmune reactions in different organs specifically, and of autoimmune diseases in general in these V-exposed hosts.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Gene expression changes in human lung cells exposed to arsenic, chromium, nickel or vanadium indicate the first steps in cancer

Authors: Clancy, HA; Sun, H; Passantino, L; Kluz, T; Muñoz, A; Zavadil, J; Costa, M (2012) Metallomics 4:784-793. HERO ID: 1247788

[Less] The complex process of carcinogenesis begins with transformation of a single cell to favor aberrant . . . [More] The complex process of carcinogenesis begins with transformation of a single cell to favor aberrant traits such as loss of contact inhibition and unregulated proliferation - features found in every cancer. Despite cancer's widespread prevalence, the early events that initiate cancer remain elusive, and without knowledge of these events cancer prevention is difficult. Here we show that exposure to As, Cr, Ni, or vanadium (V) promotes changes in gene expression that occur in conjunction with aberrant growth. We exposed immortalized human bronchial epithelial cells to one of four metals/metalloid for four to eight weeks and selected transformed clonal populations based upon anchorage independent growth of single cells in soft agar. We detected a metal-specific footprint of cancer-related gene expression that was consistent across multiple transformed clones. These gene expression changes persisted in the absence of the progenitor metal for numerous cell divisions. Our results show that even a brief exposure to a carcinogenic metal may cause many changes in gene expression in the exposed cells, and that from these many changes, the specific change(s) that each metal causes that initiate cancer likely arise.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Vanadium pentoxide: Use of relevant historical control data shows no evidence for a carcinogenic response in F344/N rats

Authors: Starr, TB; Macgregor, JA; Ehman, KD; Nikiforov, AI (2012) Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology 64:155-160. HERO ID: 1249428

[Less] The national toxicology program (NTP) chronic inhalation bioassay of vanadium pentoxide (V(2)O(5)) produced . . . [More] The national toxicology program (NTP) chronic inhalation bioassay of vanadium pentoxide (V(2)O(5)) produced "clear" evidence of lung tumors in B6C3F1 mice, but only "some" and "equivocal" evidence in male and female F344/N rats, respectively. No significant pairwise differences or trends with V(2)O(5) concentration in male or female rat poly-3-adjusted tumor incidence were reported. The "some" and "equivocal" evidence descriptors arose from comparisons of V(2)O(5)-exposed group incidence rates with NTP-2000- and NIH-07-fed historical control (HC) group incidence ranges. NTP acknowledged that use of data from NIH-07-fed HC groups could be inappropriate because the V(2)O(5) study used the NTP-2000 diet, but few studies using this newer diet were available then. We supplemented the early NTP-2000 diet HC data with data from 25 additional NTP-2000 diet studies conducted subsequent to the V(2)O(5) bioassay. This widened the HC tumor incidence ranges, thereby weakening the limited evidence for the carcinogenicity of inhaled V(2)O(5) in rats relative to HCs. The male rat control group in the V(2)O(5) study also appeared to be a near-"outlier" relative to the expanded HC database, potentially invalidating any comparisons of exposed group incidence rates with those for HCs. We conclude that there is "no" evidence of V(2)O(5) carcinogenicity in male or female F344/N rats.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Controlled synthesis of transition metal/conducting polymer nanocomposites

Authors: Liu, Z; Liu, Y; Zhang, L; Poyraz, S; Lu, N; Kim, M; Smith, J; Wang, X; Yu, Y; Zhang, X (2012) Nanotechnology. HERO ID: 1256770

[Less] A novel displacement reaction has been observed to occur between conducting polymers (CP) and metal . . . [More] A novel displacement reaction has been observed to occur between conducting polymers (CP) and metal salts which can be used to fabricate nanostructured CP-metal composites in a one-pot manner. Vanadium pentoxide (V (2)O(5)) nanofiber is used during the synthesis as the reactive seeds to induce the nanofibril CP-metal network formation. The CP-metal nanocomposites exhibit excellent sensory properties for hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)) detection, where both high sensitivity and a low detection limit can be obtained. The sensory performance of the CP-metal composite can be further enhanced by a facile microwave treatment. It is believed that the CP-metal nanofibril network can be converted to a carbon-metal network by a microwave-induced carbonization process and result in the sensory enhancement.

Technical Report
Technical Report

Benchmark dose technical guidance

Author: U.S. EPA (2012) (EPA/100/R-12/001). Washington, DC: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Risk Assessment Forum. HERO ID: 1239433


The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Chemical Speciation of Vanadium in Particulate Matter Emitted from Diesel Vehicles and Urban Atmospheric Aerosols

Authors: Shafer, MM; Toner, BM; Overdier, JT; Schauer, JJ; Fakra, SC; Hu, S; Herner, JD; Ayala, A (2012) Environmental Science and Technology 46:189-195. HERO ID: 844194

[Less] We report on the development and application of an integrated set of analytical tools that enable accurate . . . [More] We report on the development and application of an integrated set of analytical tools that enable accurate measurement of total, extractable, and, importantly, the oxidation state of vanadium in sub-milligram masses of environmental aerosols and solids. Through rigorous control of blanks, application of magnetic-sector-ICPMS, and miniaturization of the extraction/separation methods we have substantially improved upon published quantification limits. The study focused on the application of these methods to particulate matter (PM) emissions from diesel vehicles, both in baseline configuration without after-treatment and also equipped with advanced PM and NO(x) emission controls. Particle size-resolved vanadium speciation data were obtained from dynamometer samples containing total vanadium pools of only 0.2-2 ng and provide some of the first measurements of the oxidation state of vanadium in diesel vehicle PM emissions. The emission rates and the measured fraction of V(V) in PM from diesel engines running without exhaust after-treatment were both low (2-3 ng/mile and 13-16%, respectively). The V(IV) species was measured as the dominant vanadium species in diesel PM emissions. A significantly greater fraction of V(V) (76%) was measured in PM from the engine fitted with a prototype vanadium-based selective catalytic reductors (V-SCR) retrofit. The emission rate of V(V) determined for the V-SCR equipped vehicle (103 ng/mile) was 40-fold greater than that from the baseline vehicle. A clear contrast between the PM size-distributions of V(V) and V(IV) emissions was apparent, with the V(V) distribution characterized by a major single mode in the ultrafine (<0.25 μm) size range and the V(IV) size distribution either flat or with a small maxima in the accumulation mode (0.5-2 μm). The V(V) content of the V-SCR PM (6.6 μg/g) was 400-fold greater than that in PM from baseline (0.016 μg/g) vehicles, and among the highest of all environmental samples examined. Synchrotron based V 1s XANES spectroscopy of vanadium-containing fine-particle PM from the V-SCR identified V(2)O(5) as the dominant vanadium species.