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Chromium VI

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17,371 References Were Found:

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Effects of antacids on gastric emptying

Authors: Hurwitz, A; Robinson, RG; Vats, TS; Whittier, FC; Herrin, WF (1976) Gastroenterology 71:268-273. HERO ID: 1236302

[Less] Aluminum hydroxide gel delays gastric emptying in rats and man. This effect of aluminum hydroxide gel . . . [More] Aluminum hydroxide gel delays gastric emptying in rats and man. This effect of aluminum hydroxide gel varies with the concentration of aluminum in solution in the stomach when pH, osmolarity, and anion content are held constant. Because aluminum solubility drops as pH is raised, those antacids which neutralize more effectively than aluminum hydroxide gel alone and which contain "nonreactive" aluminum hydroxide result in lower aluminum concentration and do not affect the rate of gastric emptying in animals or in man. By using [51Cr]sodium chromate and a gamma camera technique, half-emptying time in 6 subjects with no gastrointestinal disease was shown to be prolonged from 13.1 min after water ingestion to 48.0 min after three hourly doses of aluminum hydroxide gel. Conventional nonabsorbable markers, including phenol red, were found to be of limited use for studying gastrointestinal function in the presence of antacid gels, most of which adsorb dyes.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

(51CR) sodium chromate incorporation ito the soluble protein fractin of the human erythrocyte: binding not associated with the hemoglobin monomeric subunit

Authors: Skrabut, EM; Catsimpoolas, N; Crowley, JP; Valeri, CR (1976) Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 69:672-677. HERO ID: 1236305


The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Rejection of metal to metal prosthesis and skin sensitivity to cobalt

Authors: Munro-Ashman, D; Miller, AJ (1976) Contact Dermatitis 2:65-67. HERO ID: 1236306

[Less] Metal to metal prostheses give satisfactory results in 90% of patients. About half of the failure rate . . . [More] Metal to metal prostheses give satisfactory results in 90% of patients. About half of the failure rate may be due to allergic reaction to the metals involved, particularly cobalt. A total of 35 patients in this unsatisfactory group have been patch-tested; 16 were positive to metals, 13 to cobalt, 4 to nickel, and 2 to chromate. Only two patients showed any skin lesions - one a localized dermatitis round the knee joint from nickel sensitivity, and one to cobalt who had a widespread scattered circular erythematous lesion suggestive of a generalized allergic vasculitis. Patients requiring a metal/metal prosthesis should have a careful history taken for metal sensitivity and be patch-tested with the metals. All the patients in this investigation had metal/metal prostheses and no reaction was seen after metal/high density polyethylene implants. Titanium 318 may be a satisfactory substitute for cobalt chrome alloy if reactions are encountered.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

beta2-Microglobulins: isolation, properties, and distribution

Author: Berggard, I (1976) Federation Proceedings 35:1167-1170. HERO ID: 1236307

[Less] beta2-Microglobulin is structurally related to immunoglobulin domains and is identical to the light . . . [More] beta2-Microglobulin is structurally related to immunoglobulin domains and is identical to the light chain of histocompatibility (HL-A) antigens. Similar to free light chains of immunoglobulins, beta2-microglobulin is most easily isolated from urine. We have previously purified human beta2-microglobulin from urine of patients with renal tubular resorption defects. Corresponding proteins have now been obtained from urine of rabbits and guinea pigs treated with sodium chromate. Sequence studies have established that the rabbit protein is rabbit beta2-microglobulin. The guinea pig protein closely resembles the human and rabbit beta2-microglobulins in amino acid composition, charge, molecular size, and also in the presence of an apparently analogous disulfide loop. These findings indicate that this protein is the guinea pig homologue of beta2-microglobulin. Physical-chemical studies suggest that human beta2-microglobulin and isolated immunoglobulin domains are similar not only in amino acid sequence but also in three-dimensional structure. Both types of molecules are compact and globular in shape and apparently contain beta-pleated sheet conformation. beta2-Microglobulin is present in free form in various body fluids and as a subunit of histocompatibility antigens on cell surfaces. Current estimates suggest that the number of beta2-microglobulin molecules on cell surfaces is higher than the number of histocompatibility (HL-A) antigens. Accordingly, beta2-microglobulin is possibly a subunit of additional cellular antigens or receptors.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

[Radioisotope method of diagnosis of internal hemorrhage]

Authors: Zemlianoĭ, AG; Gorbashko, AI; Danilov, AM; Levkovets, EN (1976) Vestnik Khirurgii im. I.I. Grekova 116:46-49. HERO ID: 1236311

[Less] The authors have developed experimentally and employed clinically a new method of diagnosing a localization . . . [More] The authors have developed experimentally and employed clinically a new method of diagnosing a localization of the source of intermittent internal hemorrhage. The method consists in determination of blood congestion sites by radioactive changes measured by external recordings after injection of 2.5 muc per Kg weight of radioactive chromium-51 in sodium chromate in the circulating blood.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Endotoxin clearance after intralipid infusion

Authors: Tovar, JA; Mahour, GH; Miller, SW; Isaacs, H; Smith, CN (1976) Journal of Pediatric Surgery 11:23-30. HERO ID: 1236312

[Less] Healthy 6-8-wk-old New Zealand white rabbits were injected with chromium-chloride- or sodium-chromate-labeled . . . [More] Healthy 6-8-wk-old New Zealand white rabbits were injected with chromium-chloride- or sodium-chromate-labeled E. coli endotoxin after rapid infusion (10 ml/kg in 1 hr) or slow and repeated infusions (40 ml/kg daily for 7 consecutive days) of 10% Intralipid. Endotoxin clearance rates and RES organ uptakes were determined and the results were compared with those of the controls treated with correspondingly equal volumes of 5% D/W instead of fat. In the acute experiment, the clearance rates were similar in all animals during the first 15 min following endotoxin injection. After this phase, however, experimental animals had faster endotoxin clearance and eventually higher organ uptakes than the controls. In the chronic experiment, there was no significant difference in endotoxin clearance rates or total and per-gram organ uptakes between experimental and corresponding control animals infused with 5% D/W instead of fat. Experimental animals, particularly those having received multiple infusions of fat emulsion, showed deposition of polarizable brown pigment inside and outside the reticuloendothelial cells in the liver, spleen, and bone marrow. None of the controls had these pigments in their organs.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Redistribution of surface macromolecules in dissociated epithelial cells

Authors: Pisam, M; Ripoche, P (1976) Journal of Cell Biology 71:907-920. HERO ID: 1231097

[Less] A number of ultrastructural and cytochemical techniques were used to study intact epithelial cells lining . . . [More] A number of ultrastructural and cytochemical techniques were used to study intact epithelial cells lining the frog urinary bladder: high resolution autoradiography after administration of [3H]glucosamine or [3H]fucose; 125I iodination of external protein; concanavalin A-peroxidase, periodic acid-chromic acid silver methenamine; and colloidal thorium. Results indicate that the material (probably glycoprotein) coating the apical surface differs from that which lines the lateral and basal surfaces. After dissociation and isolation of the epithelial cells, the material previously confined to the apical surface invaded progressively the opened "tight junctions" (about 5 min), then the lateral membranes (about 40 min), and finally the basal membrane (about 80 min): at that time, the whole cell surface was entirely enveloped by the apical material. Since, on the one hand, the reacting material was confined to the apical surface when the tight junctions were closed (in intact epithelial cells) and since, on the other hand, the apical material was sliding down the laterobasal membranes when the tight junctions were opened (in dissociated cells), it may be concluded that tight junctions contribute to maintain the cell surface specialization in epithelia.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Association of latent cellulase activity with plasma membranes from kidney bean abscission zones

Authors: Koehler, DE; Leonard, RT; Vanderwoude, WJ; Linkins, AE; Lewis, LN (1976) Plant Physiology 58:324-330. HERO ID: 1231098

[Less] Membranes isolated from abscission zones of Phaseolus vulgaris L., cv. Red Kidney, contained cellulase . . . [More] Membranes isolated from abscission zones of Phaseolus vulgaris L., cv. Red Kidney, contained cellulase activity. This particulate activity was enhanced 10- to 20-fold by treatment with Triton X-100. Sucrose density gradient analyses of cell fractions showed that the membranes with which cellulase was associated had a peak equilibrium density of 1.16 to 1.17 g/cm(3) which coincided with that of ion-activated ATPase, a marker for plasma membranes. The membrane fraction having the highest cellulase activity also contained a high proportion of plasma membranes as shown by electron microscopy of sucrose density gradient fractions after staining by periodic acid-chromic acid-phosphotungstic acid. It was concluded that the particulate cellulase was associated with the plasma membrane.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Applications of chromic acid-celite columns to lipid analysis. Location of double bond position in submicro- and microgram amounts of methyl octadecenoates

Author: Schwartz, DP (1976) Analytical Biochemistry 74:320-328. HERO ID: 1231100


The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Interdigitating reticulum cells in the popliteal lymph node of the rat. An ultrastructural and cytochemical study

Author: Friess, A (1976) Cell and Tissue Research 170:43-60. HERO ID: 1231101

[Less] Electronmicroscopic and cytochemical studies were performed to localize interdigitating reticulum cells . . . [More] Electronmicroscopic and cytochemical studies were performed to localize interdigitating reticulum cells (IDC) in the popliteal lymph node of the rat. The morphological features of the IDC of the rat correspond to those described for other species, but also show similarities to normal macrophages in the rat. This is considered to be an argument in favour of the common origin of IDC's and macrophages. Ultrahistochemical studies with horseradish peroxidase (HRP) reveal no phagocytotic capacity of IDC's. After perfusion fixation containing ruthenium red (RR) the surface coat stains heavily: RR is also found deep in the membrane invaginations of the IDC, indicating the presence of polyanionic sialoglycoproteins. The post-capillary-venules (PVC) are very permeable to both HRP and RR. The phosphotungstic acid-chromic acid stain (PTA-CrA) also reveals glycoproteins in the surface coat; these glycoproteins are susceptible to alpha-neuraminidase, whereas glycoproteins in the Golgi complexes, lysosomes and in the vesicular complexes of IDC are not. The glycoproteins of the latter are susceptible to 0.1 N NaOH. These findings indicate that IDC produce different kinds of glycoprotein, one of which may be secreted and act as a factor for stimulating peripheral T-lymphocytes. Intimate contact between IDC's and PCV's could be observed. It is therefore conceivable that IDC's play an important role in the homing of T-lymphocytes.