Health & Environmental Research Online (HERO)


Ramazzini Institute


139 References Were Found:

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Commentary: further comments on Mycoplasma pulmonis and lymphoma in bioassays of rats

Authors: Schoeb, TR; Mcconnell, EE (2011) Veterinary Pathology 48:420-426. HERO ID: 1055177

[Less] The authors recently assessed the likelihood that lifetime cancer bioassays of aspartame, methanol, . . . [More] The authors recently assessed the likelihood that lifetime cancer bioassays of aspartame, methanol, and methyl tertiary butyl ether conducted with conventional (not specific pathogen free) Sprague-Dawley rats were compromised by Mycoplasma pulmonis disease. From the tumor data and other information, the authors concluded that the rats used in these bioassays likely had M pulmonis disease and that lesions of the disease were plausibly interpreted as lymphoma. Subsequently, they analyzed the nonneoplastic lesion data from these bioassays for occurrence of inflammatory lesions and found that 2,267 of 2,960 rats (76.6%) were reported to have bronchitis, the signature lesion of M pulmonis disease, and that 633 rats (21.4%) were reported to have otitis, another common lesion of the disease. Also, documentation is now available containing serologic evidence of mycoplasma infection in the rats. In contrast, the reports of 6 National Toxicology Program bioassays based on specific pathogen-free Sprague-Dawley rats listed no instances of bronchitis or otitis. These findings provide substantial additional evidence that the bioassays in question were compromised by M pulmonis disease. Therefore, the reported induction of lymphoma in these studies should not be considered in cancer risk assessments. The authors also found that inflammatory lesions were prevalent in lymph nodes, thymus, pleura, and brain. Finally, they found that of all 328 cases of lymphoimmunoblastic lymphoma affecting the lung (the primary form of lymphoma reported), 218 (66.5%) occurred within the first 104 weeks of the studies, showing that occurrence of such lesions was not due to appearance in rats surviving beyond that interval.

Technical Report
Technical Report

Summary report of the national toxicology program and environmental protection agency‐sponsored review of pathology materials from selected ramazzinI institute rodent cancer bioassays

Author: NTP (2011) HERO ID: 1035182


Technical Report
Technical Report

Amended pathology quality assessment review and PWG coordinator's report for lifetime carcinogenicity study of methyl alcohol in Sprague-Dawley rats conducted at the cancer research center, European Ramazzinni foundation for oncology and environmental sciences, Bologna, Italy: Chemical No./TDMS No.: C00117E/00117-68

Author: EPL (2011) Durham, NC: Experimental Pathology Laboratories. HERO ID: 1073268


The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Mycoplasma pulmonis and lymphoma in a methanol bioassay

Authors: Schoeb, TR; Mcconnell, EE (2011) Veterinary Pathology 48:903-905. HERO ID: 755525


The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Chronic carcinogenicity study of gasoline vapor condensate (GVC) and GVC containing methyl tertiary-butyl ether in F344 rats

Authors: Benson, JM; Gigliotti, AP; March, TH; Barr, EB; Tibbetts, BM; Skipper, BJ; Clark, CR; Twerdok, L (2011) Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health, Part A: Current Issues 74:638-657. HERO ID: 1071977

[Less] Chronic inhalation studies were conducted to compare the toxicity and potential carcinogenicity of evaporative . . . [More] Chronic inhalation studies were conducted to compare the toxicity and potential carcinogenicity of evaporative emissions from unleaded gasoline (GVC) and gasoline containing the oxygenate methyl tertiary-butyl ether (MTBE; GMVC). The test materials were manufactured to mimic vapors people would be exposed to during refueling at gas stations. Fifty F344 rats per gender per exposure level per test article were exposed 6 h/d, 5 d/wk for 104 wk in whole body chambers. Target total vapor concentrations were 0, 2, 10, or 20 g/m³ for the control, low-, mid-, and high-level exposures, respectively. Endpoints included survival, body weights, clinical observations, organs weights, and histopathology. GVC and GMVC exerted no marked effects on survival or clinical observations and few effects on organ weights. Terminal body weights were reduced in all mid- and high-level GVC groups and high-level GMVC groups. The major proliferative lesions attributable to gasoline exposure with or without MTBE were renal tubule adenomas and carcinomas in male rats. GMV exposure led to elevated testicular mesothelioma incidence and an increased trend for thyroid carcinomas in males. GVMC inhalation caused an increased trend for testicular tumors with exposure concentration. Mid- and high-level exposures of GVC and GMVC led to elevated incidences of nasal respiratory epithelial degeneration. Overall, in these chronic studies conducted under identical conditions, the health effects in F344 rats following 2 yr of GVC or GMVC exposure were comparable in the production of renal adenomas and carcinomas in male rats and similar in other endpoints.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Proteomics Out of the Archive: Two-dimensional Electrophoresis and Mass Spectrometry Using HOPE-fixed, Paraffin-embedded Tissues

Authors: Kähler, D; Alexander, C; Schultz H; Abdullah, M; Branscheid, D; Lindner, B; Zabel, P; Vollmer, E; Goldmann, T (2010) Journal of Histochemistry and Cytochemistry 58:221-228. HERO ID: 1104554

[Less] Proteome analyses provide diagnostic information which can be essential for therapeutic predictions. . . . [More] Proteome analyses provide diagnostic information which can be essential for therapeutic predictions. The application of such techniques for analyzing paraffin-embedded tissue samples is widely hampered by the use of formalin fixation requiring antigen retrieval procedures in molecular pathology. In prior studies, the HEPES-glutamic acid buffer-mediated organic solvent protection effect (HOPE) technique of tissue fixation has been shown to provide a broad array of biochemical investigations with excellent preservation of morphological structures, DNA, RNA, and proteins, thus supporting the multimethod analysis of archived specimens. Here we show that HOPE fixation is also useful in proteomic investigations by allowing two-dimensional electrophoresis (2DE) and mass spectrometry, using lung cancer tissues. Two-dimensional gels of two-protein extraction protocols derived from HOPE-fixed material displayed characteristic spot patterns with high reproducibility. For comparison, 2DE analysis of ethanol-fixed, formalin-fixed, and frozen samples from the same tissues was performed. Western blotting confirmed immunoreactivity of 2DE-separated proteins from HOPE-fixed tissue samples. Additionally, distinct spots were excised from HOPE-derived 2D gels and successfully subjected to peptide mass fingerprinting. In conclusion, paraffin archives containing HOPE-fixed tissues are applicable to a wide spectrum of molecular investigations including common biochemical methods for proteome analyses and therefore represent a unique source for molecular investigations in the rapidly growing field of molecular pathology. This manuscript contains online supplemental material at . Please visit this article online to view these materials. (J Histochem Cytochem 58:221–228, 2010)

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Commentary: update on animal models for NTP studies

Authors: King-Herbert, AP; Sills, RC; Bucher, JR (2010) Toxicologic Pathology 38:180-181. HERO ID: 1104556

[Less] Based on recommendations of participants at the National Toxicology Program (NTP) workshop "Animal . . . [More] Based on recommendations of participants at the National Toxicology Program (NTP) workshop "Animal Models for the NTP Cancer Bioassay: Strains and Stocks-Should We Switch?" some modifications to the NTP rodent cancer bioassay were made. The B6C3F1 remains the mouse model used in the cancer bioassay. The use of multiple strains of mice will be explored through a new branch within the NTP, the Host Susceptibility Branch. Several rat models were evaluated; the Harlan Sprague Dawley rat is currently being used in the NTP studies.

Journal Article
Journal Article

Laser capture microdissection in the tissue biorepository

Author: Liu, A (2010) 21:120-125. [Review] HERO ID: 1239183

[Less] An important need of many cancer research projects is the availability of high-quality, appropriately . . . [More] An important need of many cancer research projects is the availability of high-quality, appropriately selected tissue. Tissue biorepositories are organized to collect, process, store, and distribute samples of tumor and normal tissue for further use in fundamental and translational cancer research. This, in turn, provides investigators with an invaluable resource of appropriately examined and characterized tissue specimens and linked patient information. Human tissues, in particular, tumor tissues, are complex structures composed of heterogeneous mixtures of morphologically and functionally distinct cell types. It is essential to analyze specific cell types to identify and define accurately the biologically important processes in pathologic lesions. Laser capture microdissection (LCM) is state-of-the-art technology that provides the scientific community with a rapid and reliable method to isolate a homogeneous population of cells from heterogeneous tissue specimens, thus providing investigators with the ability to analyze DNA, RNA, and protein accurately from pure populations of cells. This is particularly well-suited for tumor cell isolation, which can be captured from complex tissue samples. The combination of LCM and a tissue biorepository offers a comprehensive means by which researchers can use valuable human biospecimens and cutting-edge technology to facilitate basic, translational, and clinical research. This review provides an overview of LCM technology with an emphasis on the applications of LCM in the setting of a tissue biorepository, based on the author's extensive experience in LCM procedures acquired at Fox Chase Cancer Center and Hollings Cancer Center.

Technical Report
Technical Report

Report on visit (4/25/2010 - 4/30/2010) and assessment of the pathology procedures performed at the Ramazzini Institute (RI), Bentivoglio, Italy

Authors: Malarkey, D; Herbert, R; Nyska, A; Sutphin, ME; Pernika, K (2010) HERO ID: 783188


The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Aspartame administered in feed, beginning prenatally through life span, induces cancers of the liver and lung in male Swiss mice

Authors: Soffritti, M; Belpoggi, F; Manservigi, M; Tibaldi, E; Lauriola, M; Falcioni, L; Bua, L (2010) American Journal of Industrial Medicine 53:1197-1206. HERO ID: 1104573

[Less] BACKGROUND: Aspartame (APM) is a well-known intense artificial sweetener used in more . . . [More] BACKGROUND: Aspartame (APM) is a well-known intense artificial sweetener used in more than 6,000 products. Among the major users of aspartame are children and women of childbearing age. In previous lifespan experiments conducted on Sprague-Dawley rats we have shown that APM is a carcinogenic agent in multiple sites and that its effects are increased when exposure starts from prenatal life.

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to evaluate the potential of APM to induce carcinogenic effects in mice.

METHODS: Six groups of 62-122 male and female Swiss mice were treated with APM in feed at doses of 32,000, 16,000, 8,000, 2,000, or 0  ppm from prenatal life (12 days of gestation) until death. At death each animal underwent complete necropsy and all tissues and organs of all animals in the experiment were microscopically examined.

RESULTS: APM in our experimental conditions induces in males a significant dose-related increased incidence of hepatocellular carcinomas (P < 0.01), and a significant increase at the dose levels of 32,000  ppm (P < 0.01) and 16,000  ppm (P < 0.05). Moreover, the results show a significant dose-related increased incidence of alveolar/bronchiolar carcinomas in males (P < 0.05), and a significant increase at 32,000  ppm (P < 0.05).

CONCLUSIONS: The results of the present study confirm that APM is a carcinogenic agent in multiple sites in rodents, and that this effect is induced in two species, rats (males and females) and mice (males). No carcinogenic effects were observed in female mice. Am. J. Ind. Med. 53:1197-1206, 2010. © 2010 Wiley-Liss, Inc.