Effects of acetazolamide on proximal tubule C1, Na, and HCO3 transport in normal and acidotic dogs during distal blockade
Authors: Chou, SY; Porush, JG; Slater, PA; Flombaum, CD; Shafi, T; Fein, PA
HERO ID: 3822292
It has been suggested that the establishment of a tubular fluid to plasma chloride gradient in the late . . .
It has been suggested that the establishment of a tubular fluid to plasma chloride gradient in the late proximal tubule by the reabsorption of bicarbonate (and other anions) in the early proximal tubule is responsible for a significant part of sodium chloride and water reabsorption in the proximal tubule. In the present study the effects of acetazolamide on proximal tubule water and electrolyte excretion were examined in 6 normal dogs and 10 chronic ammonium chloride-loaded dogs during distal blockade produced by ethacrynic acid and chlorothiazide administration. During distal blockade control urine/plasma osmolality and urine/plasma sodium were close to unity in all experiments. Urine/plasma chloride and urine/plasma bicarbonate were 1.21+/-0.02 and 0.75+/-0.07 in normal and 1.24+/-0.01 and 0.04+/-0.01 in acidotic dogs, respectively. After the administration of acetazolamide (20 mg/kg i.v.), there was a significant increase in urine flow, absolute and fractional excretion of sodium, bicarbonate, and chloride in all animals. Associated with these effects, urine/plasma osmolality and urine/plasma sodium remained unchanged but urine/plasma chloride decreased significantly to 1.15+/-0.01 in normal and to 1.19+/-0.01 in acidotic dogs. In acidotic dogs there was a significant correlation between the increase in bicarbonate, sodium, or chloride excretion after acetazolamide and the plasma bicarbonate level (range 6.8-12.5 meq/liter). These data demonstrate a significant effect of acetazolamide on bicarbonate, sodium, and chloride reabsorption in the proximal tubule even in the face of severe acidosis. Moreover, the data suggest that the decrease in chloride reabsorption (and accompanying sodium) after acetazolamide is related to the decrease in bicarbonate reabsorption and the associated decrease in the transtubular chloride gradient.