Health & Environmental Research Online (HERO)


Per- and Polyfluoroalkyl Substances (PFAS)


4,281 References Were Found:

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Prenatal maternal serum concentrations of per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances in association with autism spectrum disorder and intellectual disability

Authors: Lyall, K; Yau, VM; Hansen, R; Kharrazi, M; Yoshida, CK; Calafat, AM; Windham, G; Croen, LA (2018) Environmental Health Perspectives 126:017001. HERO ID: 4239287

[Less] BACKGROUND: Emerging work has examined neurodevelopmental outcomes following prenatal . . . [More] BACKGROUND: Emerging work has examined neurodevelopmental outcomes following prenatal exposure to per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS), but few studies have assessed associations with autism spectrum disorder (ASD).

OBJECTIVES: Our objective was to estimate associations of maternal prenatal PFAS concentrations with ASD and intellectual disability (ID) in children.

METHODS: Participants were from a population-based nested case-control study of children born from 2000 to 2003 in southern California, including children diagnosed with ASD (n=553), ID without autism (n=189), and general population (GP) controls (n=433). Concentrations of eight PFAS from stored maternal sera collected at 15-19 wk gestational age were quantified and compared among study groups. We used logistic regression to obtain adjusted odds ratios for the association between prenatal PFAS concentrations (parameterized continuously and as quartiles) and ASD versus GP controls, and separately for ID versus GP controls.

RESULTS: Geometric mean concentrations of most PFAS were lower in ASD and ID groups relative to GP controls. ASD was not significantly associated with prenatal concentrations of most PFAS, though significant inverse associations were found for perfluorooctanoate (PFOA) and perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) [adjusted ORs for the highest vs. lowest quartiles 0.62 (95% CI: 0.41, 0.93) and 0.64 (95% CI: 0.43, 0.97), respectively]. Results for ID were similar.

CONCLUSIONS: Results from this large case-control study with prospectively collected prenatal measurements do not support the hypothesis that prenatal exposure to PFAS is positively associated with ASD or ID. https://doi.org/10.1289/EHP1830.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Concentrations of perfluoroalkyl substances in foods and the dietary exposure among Taiwan general population and pregnant women

Authors: Chen, WL; Bai, FY; Chang, YC; Chen, PC; Chen, CY (2018) Journal of Food and Drug Analysis 26:994-1004. HERO ID: 4771044

[Less] This study quantified five perfluorocarboxylic acids (PFCAs) and two perfluorosulfonic acids in cereals, . . . [More] This study quantified five perfluorocarboxylic acids (PFCAs) and two perfluorosulfonic acids in cereals, meats, seafood, eggs, pork liver, and milk in Taiwan using ultra-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry and evaluated the dietary exposure of the general population and pregnant women using per capita consumption and a questionnaire, respectively. Perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) and PFCAs of 10-12 carbons were found in almost all of the samples in considerable concentrations in rice and pork liver, reaching as high as 283 ng/g (PFOA in pork liver); the levels are two to three orders of magnitude higher than previous reports. Perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS), the most frequently mentioned perfluoroalkyl substance, was rarely detected in many food items (detection frequencies <20% in rice, flour, pork, chicken, salmon, squid, eggs, and milk) at <0.4 ng/g, except for beef, pork liver and some seafood (detection frequencies: 100%, GMs: 0.05-3.52 ng/g). Compared to populations in Western countries, people in Taiwan are exposed to much more perfluorohexanoic acid, PFOA, perfluorodecanoic acid, and perfluoroundecanoic acid (11.2, 85.1, 44.2, and 4.45 ng/kg b.w./day, respectively), mainly due to the higher contaminations in food. The exposure of 8.0 μg PFOA/person/day in the 95 percentile of pregnant women was due to their frequent consumption of pork liver.

Data/Software
Data/ Software

Products: Perfluoroheptanesulfonic acid (CAS 375-92-8)

Author: LookChem (2017) HERO ID: 3981214


Archival Material
Archival Material

Certificate of analysis. Product: 2H,2H,3H,3H-Perfluorooctanoic acid; Code Number: PC2908; CAS Number: 914637-49-3

Author: Apollo Scientific (2017) Available online at http://www.apolloscientific.co.uk/downloads/coa_typical/PC2908_TypicalCofA.pdf. [Website] HERO ID: 3982542


Archival Material
Archival Material

B516320: Bis[2-(perfluorooctyl)ethyl] phosphate. CAS Number: 678-41-1

Author: TRC Canada (2017) Available online at https://www.trc-canada.com/product-detail/?CatNum=B516320&CAS=678-41-1&Chemical_Name=Bis[2-(perfluorooctyl)ethyl] Phosphate&Mol_Formula=C₂₀H₉F₃₄O₄P. [Website] HERO ID: 3976595


The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Degradation of octafluorodibenzo-p-dioxin by UV/Fe(II)/potassium monopersulfate system: Kinetics, influence of coexisting chemicals, degradation products and pathways

Authors: Zeng, X; Chen, J; Qu, R; Feng, M; Wang, Z (2017) HERO ID: 3841530

[Less] The photodegradation of octafluorodibenzo-p-dioxin (OFDD) in a water/acetonitrile (v/v = 4:1) mixture . . . [More] The photodegradation of octafluorodibenzo-p-dioxin (OFDD) in a water/acetonitrile (v/v = 4:1) mixture was here investigated for the first time in the presence of Fe(II) and potassium monopersulfate (PMS) under DV (lambda = 365 nm) irradiation. The degradation efficiency was found to depend on the presence of UV irradiation, and on the initial concentrations of PMS and Fe(II). OFDD with an initial dosage of 1 mg L- 1 as successfully removed by UV/Fe(II)/PMS with OFDD:PMS:Fe(II) = 1:30:5 M ratio within 10 min irradiation. The effects of humic acid, bicarbonate, chloride and solution pH were also evaluated. The degradation process of OFDD by UV/Fe(II)/PMS can be initiated by an oxidative attack of hydroxy radical on carbon atoms in the aromatic ring, the electron transfer reaction of sulfate radical with OFDD and a direct C-O bond homolysis of OFDD. The intermediates and products of OFDD photodegradation were analyzed by using LC/MS technique and the associated photochemical pathway was proposed. The combined process with Fe(II), PMS and UV could be a useful technology for the treatment of wastewater containing OFDD. (C) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Technical Report
Technical Report

Environment tier II assessment for indirect precursors to short-chain perfluorocarboxylic acids

Author: NICNAS (2017) Australian Government, Department of Health, National Industrial Chemicals Notification and Assessment Scheme. HERO ID: 3860060


Technical Report
Technical Report

Toxicokinetic evaluation (C20619) of fluorotelomer alcohol 8+2 (678-39-7) in Harlan Sprague-Dawley rats exposed via gavage or intravenous injection

Author: NTP (2017) National Toxicology Program. HERO ID: 3874923


Technical Report
Technical Report

Perfluoro-n-undecanoic acid ( 2058-94-8 ). In Vitro Mammalian Chromosome Aberration Test (in Japanese). Japan Existing Chemical Data Base (JECDB)

Author: CIPCJ (2017) HERO ID: 3927193


Technical Report
Technical Report

Perfluorododecanoic acid ( 307-55-1 ). Combined repeated dose toxicity study with the reproduction/developmental toxicity screening test (in Japanese). Japan Existing Chemicals Database.

Author: CIPCJ (2017) HERO ID: 3862191