Multifunctional Antibacterial Materials Comprising Water Dispersible Random Copolymers Containing a Fluorinated Block and Their Application in Catheters
Authors: Li, W; Zhang, H; Li, X; Yu, H; Che, C; Luan, S; Ren, Y; Li, S; Liu, P; Yu, X; Li, X
ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 12:7617-7630.
HERO ID: 6326249
Inhibiting the attachment of bacteria and the formation of biofilms on surfaces of materials and devices . . .
Inhibiting the attachment of bacteria and the formation of biofilms on surfaces of materials and devices is the key to ensure public safety and is also the focus of attention and research. Here we report on the synthesis of multifunctional antibacterial materials based on water dispersible random copolymers containing a fluorinated block, poly(acrylic acid-co-1H,1H,2H,2H-perfluorododecyl acrylate) (PAA-co-PFDA), and poly(hexamethylene biguanide) hydrochloride (PHMB). PAA-co-PFDA copolymers were synthesized through a simple free radical polymerization. After lightly cross-linking of PAA-co-PFDA and complexation with PHMB, multifunctional antibacterial PAA-co-PFDA/PHMB complex nanoparticles were generated, which can form transparent coatings on various substrates. The resultant coating has aggregation-induced emission character which can be used to observe the uniformity of the coating on a catheter and has a potential application as a fluorescence probe. It has been demonstrated that the PAA-co-PFDA/PHMB complex nanoparticle coatings can resist bacterial adhesion in physiological environment and exhibit excellent antibacterial activity in infection environment. In vitro and in vivo experiments indicated that the PAA-co-PFDA/PHMB complex nanoparticle coated catheters exhibited excellent antibacterial activity and possessed good biocompatibility. This method is simple and scalable, which is important for future commercialization. The attractive multifunctional properties of the PAA-co-PFDA/PHMB complex nanoparticles, such as antifouling, antimicrobial, emission, and pH-responsive release character, have great potential application in a wide range of biomedical fields.