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FtOH 8:2 (678-39-7)


194 References Were Found:

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Neutral polyfluoroalkyl substances in the atmosphere over the northern South China Sea

Authors: Lai, S; Song, J; Song, T; Huang, Z; Zhang, Y; Zhao, Y; Liu, G; Zheng, J; Mi, W; Tang, J; Zou, S; Ebinghaus, R; Xie, Z (2016) Environmental Pollution 214:449-455. HERO ID: 3359624

[Less] Neutral Polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) in the atmosphere were measured during a cruise campaign . . . [More] Neutral Polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) in the atmosphere were measured during a cruise campaign over the northern South China Sea (SCS) from September to October 2013. Four groups of PFASs, i.e., fluorotelomer alcohols (FTOHs), fluorotelomer acrylates (FTAs), fluorooctane sulfonamides (FOSAs) and fluorooctane sulfonamidoethanols (FASEs), were detected in gas samples. FTOHs was the predominant PFAS group, accounting for 95.2-99.3% of total PFASs (ΣPFASs), while the other PFASs accounted for a small fraction of ΣPFASs. The concentrations of ΣPFASs ranged from 18.0 to 109.9 pg m(-3) with an average of 54.5 pg m(-3). The concentrations are comparable to those reported in other marine atmosphere. Higher concentrations of ΣPFASs were observed in the continental-influenced samples than those in other samples, pointing to the substantial contribution of anthropogenic sources. Long-range transport is suggested to be a major pathway for introducing gaseous PFASs into the atmosphere over the northern SCS. In order to further understand the fate of gaseous PFASs during transport, the atmospheric decay of neutral PFASs under the influence of reaction with OH radicals and atmospheric physical processes were estimated. Concentrations of 8:2 FTOH, 6:2 FTOH and MeFBSE from selected source region to the atmosphere over the SCS after long-range transport were predicted and compared with the observed concentrations. It suggests that the reaction with OH radicals may play an important role in the atmospheric decay of PFAS during long-range transport, especially for shorted-lived species. Moreover, the influence of atmospheric physical processes on the decay of PFAS should be further considered.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Simultaneous determination of perfluoroalkyl iodides, perfluoroalkane sulfonamides, fluorotelomer alcohols, fluorotelomer iodides and fluorotelomer acrylates and methacrylates in water and sediments using solid-phase microextraction-gas chromatography/mass spectrometry

Authors: Bach, C; Boiteux, V; Hemard, J; Colin, A; Rosin, C; Munoz, JF; Dauchy, X (2016) Journal of Chromatography A 1448:98-106. HERO ID: 3859227

[Less] Here, we developed and validated a headspace-solid-phase microextraction-gas chromatography/mass spectrometry . . . [More] Here, we developed and validated a headspace-solid-phase microextraction-gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (HS-SPME-GC/MS) method for the determination of 14 volatile perfluorinated alkylated substances (PFASs) in water and sediment samples according to SANTE 11945/2015 guidelines. Three fluorotelomer alcohols (FTOHs), two perfluoroalkyl iodides (PFIs), three fluorotelomer iodides (FTIs), four fluorotelomer acrylates and methacrylates (FTACs and FTMACs) and two perfluoroalkyl sulfonamides (FASAs) were analysed simultaneously to assess the occurrence of these compounds from their emission sources to the outlets in water treatment plants. Several SPME parameters were optimised for both water and sediment to maximise responses and keep analysis time to a minimum. In tap water, the limits of quantification (LOQs) were found to be between 20ng/L and 100ng/L depending on the analyte, with mean recoveries ranging from 76 to 126%. For sediments, LOQs ranged from 1 to 3ng/g dry weight depending on the target compound, with mean recoveries ranging from 74 to 125%. SPME considerably reduced sample preparation time and its use provided a sensitive, fast and simple technique. We then used this HS-SPME-GC/MS method to investigate the presence of volatile PFASs in the vicinity of an industrial facility. Only 8:2 FTOH and 10:2 FTOH were detected in a few water and sediment samples at sub-ppb concentration levels. Moreover, several non-target fluorotelomers (12:2 FTOH, 14:2 FTOH and 10:2 FTI) were identified in raw effluent samples. These long-chain fluorotelomers have high bioaccumulative potential in the aquatic environment compared with short-chain fluorotelomers such as 6:2 FTOH and 6:2 FTI.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Introduction of perfluoroalkyl chain into the esterifying moiety of bacteriochlorophyll c in the green sulfur photosynthetic bacterium Chlorobaculum tepidum by pigment biosynthesis

Authors: Saga, Y; Yamashita, H; Hirota, K (2016) Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry 24:4165-4170. HERO ID: 3859254

[Less] The green sulfur photosynthetic bacterium Chlorobaculum (Cba.) tepidum was grown in liquid cultures . . . [More] The green sulfur photosynthetic bacterium Chlorobaculum (Cba.) tepidum was grown in liquid cultures containing perfluoro-1-decanol, 1H,1H,2H,2H-heptadecafluoro-1-decanol [CF3(CF2)7(CH2)2OH] or 1H,1H-nonadecafluoro-1-decanol [CF3(CF2)8CH2OH], to introduce rigid and fluorophilic chains into the esterifying moiety of light-harvesting bacteriochlorophyll (BChl) c. Exogenous 1H,1H,2H,2H-heptadecafluoro-1-decanol was successfully attached to the 17(2)-carboxy group of bacteriochlorophyllide (BChlide) c in vivo: the relative ratio of the unnatural BChl c esterified with this perfluoroalcohol over the total BChl c was 10.3%. Heat treatment of the liquid medium containing 1H,1H,2H,2H-heptadecafluoro-1-decanol with β-cyclodextrin before inoculation increased the relative ratio of the BChl c derivative esterified with this alcohol in the total BChl c in Cba. tepidum. In a while, 1H,1H-nonadecafluoro-1-decanol was not attached to BChlide c in Cba. tepidum, which was grown by its supplementation. These results suggest that the rigidity close to the hydroxy group of the esterifying alcohol is not suitable for the recognition by the BChl c synthase called BchK in Cba. tepidum. The unnatural BChl c esterified with 1H,1H,2H,2H-heptadecafluoro-1-decanol participated in BChl c self-aggregates in chlorosomes.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Reaction of fluorinated aliphatic alcohols with calcium chloride: formation of the fluorinated alcohol/calcium fluoride nanocomposites-thermal stability and application to the surface modification of these nanocomposites

Authors: Saito, T; Yamazaki, S; Tsushima, Y; Sato, K; Sawada, H (2016) HERO ID: 3859470

[Less] A variety of fluorinated aliphatic alcohols such as 1H,1H,2H,2H-nonafluoro-1-hexanol (FA-4), 1H,1H,2H,2H-tridecafluoro-1-n-octanol . . . [More] A variety of fluorinated aliphatic alcohols such as 1H,1H,2H,2H-nonafluoro-1-hexanol (FA-4), 1H,1H,2H,2H-tridecafluoro-1-n-octanol (FA-6), 1H,1H,2H,2H-heptadecafluoro-1-decanol (FA-8), 1H,1H,2H,2H,6H,6H-nonadecafluoro-1-undecanol (DTFA), 2,3,3,3-tetrafluoro-2-[1,1,2,3,3,3-hexafluoro-2-(heptafluoropropoxy) propoxy]-1-propanol (PO-3-OH), and 2,4,4,5,7,7,8,10,10,11,13,13,14,16,16,17,17,18,18,18-icosafluoro-2,5,8,11,14-pentakis(trifluoromethyl)-3,6,9,12,15-pentaoxaoctadecane-1-ol (PO-6-OH) were applied to the reaction with calcium chloride under alkaline conditions. In these fluorinated alcohols, only the DTFA can react with calcium chloride under alkaline conditions to provide the corresponding fluorinated alcohol/calcium fluoride nanocomposites. This reactivity is due to the relatively higher acidity of the inside methylene unit in the DTFA, whose acidic protons should react with the neighboring fluorines and successively with calcium chloride under alkaline conditions to afford the DTFA/calcium fluoride nanocomposites. Interestingly, the DTFA/CaF2 nanocomposites were found to exhibit a no weight loss characteristic even after calcination at 800A degrees C. More interestingly, the DTFA/CaF2 nanocomposites after calcination at 800A degrees C are applicable to the surface modification of poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) to exhibit both good oleophobicity and lower refractive indices imparted by longer fluoroalkyl units in the composites on the modified PMMA film surfaces, as well as those before calcination of the DTFA/CaF2 nanocomposites.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Aerobic biodegradation of toluene-2,4-di(8:2 fluorotelomer urethane) and hexamethylene-1,6-di(8:2 fluorotelomer urethane) monomers in soils

Authors: Dasu, K; Lee, LS (2016) Chemosphere 144:2482-2488. HERO ID: 3859258

[Less] Aerobic soil biodegradation of toluene-2,4-di(8:2 fluorotelomer urethane) (FTU) and hexamethylene-1,6-di(8:2 . . . [More] Aerobic soil biodegradation of toluene-2,4-di(8:2 fluorotelomer urethane) (FTU) and hexamethylene-1,6-di(8:2 fluorotelomer urethane) (HMU) in a forest soil and FTU in an agricultural silty clay loam soil was monitored for up to 6 months. Fluorotelomer alcohols were measured in headspace and parent monomers and all metabolites in soil extracts. Negligible degradation of FTU biodegradation occurred in the agricultural soil with 94 ± 15% recovered at day 180. However, in the forest soil, both FTU and HMU degradation was evident with significant losses of 24% (117 d) and 27% (180 day), respectively, and concomitant increases in the terminal metabolite, perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) concentrations were well above what could result from residual 8:2 FTOH. Kinetic modeling estimated half-lives for FTU (aromatic backbone) and HMU (aliphatic backbone) in the forest soil to be 3-5 months and 15.9-22.2 months, respectively. The addition of a structurally similar non-fluorinated FTU analog, toluene-2,4-dicarbamic acid diethyl ester (TDAEE) enhanced production of terminal end products from 8:2 FTOH degradation. However, there was no clear evidence that TDAEE enhanced cleavage of the urethane bond, thus TDAEE appeared to just serve as an additional carbon source. TDAEE's half-life was ∼ one week. A second addition of TDAEE appeared to retard subsequent degradation of FTU exemplifying the microbial dynamics and diversity impacting degradation of polyfluoroalkyl substances. Enhanced degradation of HMU was observed upon re-aeration indicating oxygen may have been limiting during some periods although degradation of intermediate metabolites to terminal metabolites was still occurring, albeit at slower rates.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

A fast and sensitive method for the simultaneous analysis of a wide range of per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances in indoor dust using on-line solid phase extraction-ultrahigh performance liquid chromatography-time-of-flight-mass spectrometry

Authors: Padilla-Sánchez, JA; Haug, LS (2016) Journal of Chromatography A 1445:36-45. HERO ID: 3360146

[Less] A fast and sensitive method for simultaneous determination of 18 traditional and 6 alternative per- . . . [More] A fast and sensitive method for simultaneous determination of 18 traditional and 6 alternative per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) using solid-liquid extraction (SLE), off-line clean-up using activated carbon and on-line solid phase extraction-ultrahigh performance liquid chromatography-time-of-flight-mass spectrometry (on-line SPE-UHPLC-TOF-MS) was developed. The extraction efficiency was studied and recoveries in range the 58-114% were obtained. Extraction and injection volumes were also optimized to 2mL and 400μL, respectively. The method was validated by spiking dust from a vacuum cleaner bag that had been found to contain low levels of the PFASs in focus. Low method detection limits (MDLs) and method quantification limits (MQLs) in the range 0.008-0.846ngg(-1) and 0.027-2.820ngg(-1) were obtained, respectively. For most of the PFASs, the accuracies were between 70 and 125% in the range from 2 to100ngg(-1) dust. Intra-day and inter-day precisions were in general well below 30%. Analysis of a Standard Reference Material (SRM 2585) showed high accordance with results obtained by other laboratories. Finally, the method was applied to seven indoor dust samples, and PFAS concentrations in the range 0.02-132ngg(-1) were found. The highest median concentrations were observed for some of the alternative PFASs, such as 6:2-diPAP (25ngg(-1)), 8:2-diPAP (49ngg(-1)), and PFOPA (23ngg(-1)), illustrating the importance of inclusion of new PFASs in the analytical methods.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Uptake of 8:2 perfluoroalkyl phosphate diester and its degradation products by carrot and lettuce from compost-amended soil

Authors: Bizkarguenaga, E; Zabaleta, I; Prieto, A; Fernández, LA; Zuloaga, O (2016) Chemosphere 152:309-317. HERO ID: 3857361

[Less] The present work studied the uptake of 8:2 perfluoroalkyl phosphate diester (diPAP) by two different . . . [More] The present work studied the uptake of 8:2 perfluoroalkyl phosphate diester (diPAP) by two different crops (lettuce and carrot) and two different amended soils. Firstly, the possible degradation of 8:2 diPAP in the absence of crop was studied and 8:2 monoPAP (monophosphate), 8:2 FTCA (saturated fluorotelomer carboxylate), 8:2 FTUCA (unsaturated fluorotelomer carboxylate), 7:3 FTCA (saturated fluorotelomer carboxylate), PFHpA (perfluoroheptanoic acid), PFHxA (perfluorohexanoic acid) and PFOA (perfluorooctanoic acid) were detected. In the presence of crops, different degradation products were detected in the soil and, while PFNA (perfluorononanoic acid), PFHpA, PFHxA, PFPeA (perfluoropentacoic acid), PFBA (perfluorobutanoic acid), 7:3 FTCA and PFOA were determined in the cultivation media when carrot was grown, PFOA was the only degradation product detected in the case of lettuce experiments. Regarding the uptake in carrot, all the degradation products except 7:3 FTCA were translocated from the soil to the carrot. Carrot core, peel and leaves bioconcentration factors, BCFs, were determined for 8:2 diPAP and its degradation products. Values lower than method detection limits for core and low BCFs in peel (0.025-0.042) and leaves (0.028-0.049) were achieved for 8:2 diPAP. Regarding to the degradation products, the higher their water solubility, the higher the plant translocation. In this sense, the lower the carbon chain length of PFCAs, the higher the BCFs determined (PFBA > PFHxA > PFHpA > PFOA > PFNA). In general, lower total BCFs were achieved when the total organic carbon of the soils increased. For lettuce experiments, 8:2 diPAP (0.04-0.18) and PFOA (0.28-1.57) were only determined in lettuce heart.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Uptake, Translocation, and Metabolism of 8:2 Fluorotelomer Alcohol in Soybean (Glycine max L. Merrill)

Authors: Zhang, H; Wen, B; Hu, X; Wu, Y; Pan, Y; Huang, H; Liu, L; Zhang, S (2016) Environmental Science and Technology 50:13309-13317. HERO ID: 3859253

[Less] Biotransformation of fluorotelomer alcohols (FTOHs) is widely considered as an additional source of . . . [More] Biotransformation of fluorotelomer alcohols (FTOHs) is widely considered as an additional source of perfluorocarboxylic acids (PFCAs) in environmental biota. Compared with the extensive studies conducted in animals and microbes, biotransformation pathways of FTOHs in plants are still unclear. In this study, a hydroponic experiment was conducted to investigate the uptake, translocation and metabolism of 8:2 FTOH in soybean (Glycine max L. Merrill) over 144 h. 8:2 FTOH and its metabolites were found in all parts of soybean plants. At the end of the exposure, 7:3 FTCA [F(CF2)7CH2CH2COOH] was the primary metabolite in roots and stems, while PFOA [F(CF2)7COOH] was predominant in leaves. PFOA and 7:3 FTCA in the soybean-solution system accounted for 6.01 and 5.57 mol % of the initially applied 8:2 FTOH, respectively. Low levels of PFHpA [F(CF2)6COOH] and PFHxA [F(CF2)5COOH] in solutions and soybean roots resulted from microbial metabolism and plant root uptake. Glutathione-conjugated metabolites in soybean tissues were also identified. The activities of alcohol dehydrogenase, aldehyde dehydrogenase, and glutathione S-transferase in soybean roots increased during the exposure, suggesting their roles in 8:2 FTOH metabolism in soybean. This study provides important information for a better understanding of the uptake and metabolism of FTOHs and fluorotelomer-based compounds in plants.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Spatio-temporal trends and monitoring design of perfluoroalkyl acids in the eggs of gull (Larid) species from across Canada and parts of the United States

Authors: Gewurtz, SB; Martin, PA; Letcher, RJ; Burgess, NM; Champoux, L; Elliott, JE; Weseloh, DV (2016) Science of the Total Environment 565:440-450. HERO ID: 3859255

[Less] A large spatial dataset of perfluoroalkyl acid (PFAA) concentrations in eggs of herring gulls (Larus . . . [More] A large spatial dataset of perfluoroalkyl acid (PFAA) concentrations in eggs of herring gulls (Larus argentatus or congeneric species) collected from late April to early June between 2009 and 2014 from 28 colonies across Canada and parts of the Unites States was used to evaluate location-specific patterns in chemical concentrations and to generate hypotheses on the major sources affecting PFAA distributions. The highly bioaccumulative perfluorooctane sulfonic acid (PFOS) as well as other perfluoroalkyl sulfonic acids (PFSAs) showed the greatest concentrations in eggs from the lower Great Lakes of southern Ontario as well as from the St. Lawrence River. Despite the 2000 to 2002 phase-out of PFOS and related C8 chemistry by the major manufacturer at the time, ongoing losses from consumer products during use and disposal in urban/industrial locations continue to be major sources to the environment and are influencing the spatial trends of PFOS in Canada. In comparison to PFOS, perfluoroalkyl carboxylic acids (PFCAs) were not as concentrated in eggs in close proximity to urbanized/industrialized centers, but had surprisingly elevated levels in relatively remote regions such as Great Slave Lake, NT and East Bay in Hudson Bay, NU. The present results support the hypothesis that atmospheric transport and degradation of precursor chemicals, such as the fluorotelomer alcohols 8:2 FTOH and 10:2 FTOH, are influencing the spatial trends of PFCAs in Canada. A power analysis conducted on a representative urbanized/industrialized colony in the Toronto Harbour, ON, and a relatively remote colony in Lake Superior, emphasized the importance of consistent and long-term data collection in order to detect the anticipated changes in PFAA concentrations in Canadian gull eggs.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Neutral and ionic per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) in atmospheric and dry deposition samples over a source region (Tianjin, China)

Authors: Yao, Y; Chang, S; Sun, H; Gan, Z; Hu, H; Zhao, Y; Zhang, Y (2016) Environmental Pollution 212:449-456. HERO ID: 3361010

[Less] Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) were detected in the atmosphere of a source region in Tianjin, . . . [More] Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) were detected in the atmosphere of a source region in Tianjin, China. Fluorotelomer alcohols (FTOHs) were the dominant neutral PFASs in the atmosphere with total concentrations of 93.6-131 pg/m(3) and 8:2 FTOH contributing the most, whereas perfluorooctane sulfonamide derivatives (PFOSAs) were two magnitudes lower or undetected. In comparison, ionic PFASs (perfluoroalkyl carboxyl acids (PFCAs)) in the atmosphere were detected at similar or even higher levels. At wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs), the air over influent was found with higher levels of FTOHs than over aeration tank and effluent; whereas in the air over the aeration tank, the concentrations of PFOSAs and nonvolatile ionic PFASs substantially increased, suggesting a possible direct release of ionic PFASs to the atmosphere besides the atmospheric conversion from volatile precursors. In the air phase, a low proportion (1-5%) of PFCAs was subjected to dry deposition in the source region. Interestingly, the dry-deposition-to-bulk-air ratios of PFCA analogues were the lowest at medium chain lengths (C8 and C9) and increased with either shorter or longer chain length. The extraordinary affinity of shorter-chain PFCAs (C6-C7) to particles was presumed to be due to their smaller molecular size favoring the interactions between the carboxyl head groups and specific sorption sites on particulate matter.