Health & Environmental Research Online (HERO)


PFHpA (375-85-9)


337 References Were Found:

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Internal exposure-based pharmacokinetic evaluation of potential for biopersistence of 6:2 fluorotelomer alcohol (FTOH) and its metabolites

Authors: Kabadi, SV; Fisher, J; Aungst, J; Rice, P (2018) Food and Chemical Toxicology 112:375-382. HERO ID: 4238377

[Less] Polyfluorinated compounds (PFCs) are authorized for use as greaseproofing agents in food contact paper. . . . [More] Polyfluorinated compounds (PFCs) are authorized for use as greaseproofing agents in food contact paper. As C8-PFCs (8-carbons) are known to accumulate in tissues, shorter-chain C6-PFCs (6-carbons) have replaced C8-PFCs in many food contact applications. However, the potential of C6-PFCs for human biopersistence has not been fully evaluated. For the first time, we provide internal exposure estimates to key metabolites of 6:2 fluorotelomer alcohol (6:2 FTOH), a monomeric component of C6-PFCs, to extend our understanding of exposure beyond estimates of external exposure. Pharmacokinetic data from published rat and human studies on 6:2 FTOH were used to estimate clearance and area under the curve (AUC) for its metabolites: 5:3 fluorotelomer carboxylic acid (5:3 A), perfluorohexanoic acid (PFHxA) and perfluoroheptanoic acid (PFHpA). Internal exposure to 5:3 A was the highest of evaluated metabolites across species and it had the slowest clearance. Additionally, 5:3 A clearance decreased with increasing 6:2 FTOH exposure. Our analysis provides insight into association of increased internal 5:3 A exposure with high biopersistence potential of 6:2 FTOH. Our results identify 5:3 A as an important biomarker of internal 6:2 FTOH exposure for use in biomonitoring studies, and are potentially useful for toxicological assessment of chronic dietary 6:2 FTOH exposure.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Effects of steaming on contaminants of emerging concern levels in seafood

Authors: Barbosa, V; Maulvault, AL; Alves, RN; Kwadijk, C; Kotterman, M; Tediosi, A; Fernández-Tejedor, M; Sloth, JJ; Granby, K; Rasmussen, RR; Robbens, J; De Witte, B; Trabalón, L; Fernandes, JO; Cunha, SC; Marques, A (2018) Food and Chemical Toxicology 118:490-504. HERO ID: 4618390

[Less] Seafood consumption is a major route for human exposure to environmental contaminants of emerging concern . . . [More] Seafood consumption is a major route for human exposure to environmental contaminants of emerging concern (CeCs). However, toxicological information about the presence of CeCs in seafood is still insufficient, especially considering the effect of cooking procedures on contaminant levels. This study is one among a few who evaluated the effect of steaming on the levels of different CeCs (toxic elements, PFCs, PAHs, musk fragrances and UV-filters) in commercially relevant seafood in Europe, and estimate the potential risks associated with its consumption for consumers. In most cases, an increase in contaminant levels was observed after steaming, though varying according to contaminant and seafood species (e.g. iAs, perfluorobutanoate, dibenzo(ah)anthracene in Mytilus edulis, HHCB-Lactone in Solea sp., 2-Ethylhexyl salicylate in Lophius piscatorius). Furthermore, the increase in some CeCs, like Pb, MeHg, iAs, Cd and carcinogenic PAHs, in seafood after steaming reveals that adverse health effects can never be excluded, regardless contaminants concentration. However, the risk of adverse effects can vary. The drastic changes induced by steaming suggest that the effect of cooking should be integrated in food risk assessment, as well as accounted in CeCs regulations and recommendations issued by food safety authorities, in order to avoid over/underestimation of risks for consumer health.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Adsorptive performance of coal based magnetic activated carbon for perfluorinated compounds from treated landfill leachate effluents

Authors: Zhang, C; Jiang, S; Tang, J; Zhang, Y; Cui, Y; Su, C; Qu, Yao; Wei, Lei; Cao, H; Quan, J (2018) Process Safety and Environmental Protection 117:383-389. HERO ID: 5024294

[Less] Coal based powder Magnetic activated carbon (MAC) were prepared, characterized and used successfully . . . [More] Coal based powder Magnetic activated carbon (MAC) were prepared, characterized and used successfully for adsorption of PFCs in treated landfill leachate effluents. The morphologies and surface chemistries of MAC were studies by N2 gas adsorption isotherms, SEM, and Lakeshore 7300 vibrating sample magnetometer. The surface areas (SBET), the Langmuir surface area (SLangmuir), the micropore volume and the total pore volume of MAC were calculated according to the corresponding N2 isotherms. Batch adsorption studies were performed at different adsorption dosage and contact time. With 8 g/150 mL adsorption dosage and 120 min contact time, after adsorption by MAC, the removal efficiencies of PFHxA, PFHpA, PFOA, PFNA and PFDoA in leachate samples can reach 72.8–89.6%, respectively. The MAC can be recycled by the high-intensity magnetic separators. The optimal regeneration time for ultrasonic is 4 h.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Perfluoroalkyl acids (PFAAs) in serum from 2-4-month-old infants: Influence of maternal serum concentration, gestational age, breast-feeding, and contaminated drinking water

Authors: Gyllenhammar, I; Benskin, JP; Sandblom, O; Berger, U; Ahrens, L; Lignell, S; Wiberg, K; Glynn, A (2018) Environmental Science and Technology 52:7101-7110. HERO ID: 4778766

[Less] Little is known about factors influencing infant perfluorinated alkyl acid (PFAA) concentrations. Associations . . . [More] Little is known about factors influencing infant perfluorinated alkyl acid (PFAA) concentrations. Associations between serum PFAA concentrations in 2-4-month-old infants ( n = 101) and determinants were investigated by multiple linear regression and general linear model analysis. In exclusively breast-fed infants, maternal serum PFAA concentrations 3 weeks after delivery explained 13% (perfluoroundecanoic acid, PFUnDA) to 73% (perfluorohexanesulfonate, PFHxS) of infant PFAA concentration variation. Median infant/maternal ratios decreased with increasing PFAA carbon chain length from 2.8 for perfluoroheptanoic acid and perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) to 0.53 for PFUnDA and from 1.2 to 0.69 for PFHxS and perfluorooctanesulfonate (PFOS). Infant PFOA, perfluorononanoic acid (PFNA), and PFOS levels increased 0.7-1.2% per day of gestational age. Bottle-fed infants had mean concentrations of PFAAs 2 times lower than and a mean percentage of branched (%br) PFOS isomers 1.3 times higher than those of exclusively breast-fed infants. PFOA, PFNA, and PFHxS levels increased 8-11% per week of exclusive breast-feeding. Infants living in an area receiving PFAA-contaminated drinking water had 3-fold higher mean perfluorobutanesulfonate (PFBS) and PFHxS concentrations and higher mean %br PFHxS. Prenatal PFAA exposure and postnatal PFAA exposure significantly contribute to infant PFAA serum concentrations, depending on PFAA carbon chain length. Moderately PFBS- and PFHxS-contaminated drinking water is an important indirect exposure source.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Carboxylated carbon nanospheres as solid-phase extraction adsorbents for the determination of perfluorinated compounds in water samples by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry

Authors: Wang, X; Zhang, Y; Li, FW; Zhao, RS (2018) Talanta 178:129-133. HERO ID: 4238426

[Less] This work demonstrates the extraction potential of carboxylated carbon nanospheres (CNSs-COOH) for solid-phase . . . [More] This work demonstrates the extraction potential of carboxylated carbon nanospheres (CNSs-COOH) for solid-phase extraction of perfluoroalkyl acids (PFAAs) for the first time. Six PFAAs, including perfluorohexanesulfonate (PFHxS), perfluoroheptanoic acid (PFHpA), perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA), perfluorooctanoic sulfonic (PFOS), perfluorononanoic acid (PFNA) and perfluorodecanoic acid (PFDA), were quantitatively adsorbed on a CNSs-COOH-packed cartridge; then, the PFAAs retained on the adsorbent were quantitatively eluted with an optimized volume of acetone (pH = 10). Finally, the desorbed PFAAs were determined by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. Important relevant factors, such as the eluant and its volume, sample pH, amount of CNSs-COOH, sample flow rate and sample volume were optimized in detail. Under the optimized conditions, low limits of detection (0.01-1.2ngL-1), wide linear range (0.50-200ngL-1) and good repeatability (2.4-5.1%) and good reproducibility (3.7-8.8%) were obtained. The proposed method was applied to analyze the six PFAAs in real environmental water samples, and satisfactory results were achieved. All of these results showed that CNSs-COOH will be a good choice for the pre-concentration and analysis of target PFAAs at trace levels in environmental water samples in the future.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

A highly selective dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction approach based on the unique fluorous affinity for the extraction and detection of per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances coupled with high performance liquid chromatography tandem-mass spectrometry

Authors: Wang, J; Shi, Y; Cai, Y (2018) Journal of Chromatography A 1544:1-7. HERO ID: 4241049

[Less] In the present study, a highly selective fluorous affinity-based dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction . . . [More] In the present study, a highly selective fluorous affinity-based dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction (DLLME) technique was developed for the extraction and analysis of per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) followed by high performance liquid chromatography tandem-mass spectrometry. Perfluoro-tert-butanol with multiple C-F bonds was chosen as the extraction solvent, which was injected into the aqueous samples with a dispersive solvent (acetonitrile) in a 120:800 (μL, v/v) mixture for PFASs enrichment. The fluorous affinity-based extraction mechanism was confirmed by the significantly higher extraction recoveries for PFASs containing multiple fluorine atoms than those for compounds with fewer or no fluorine atoms. The extraction recoveries of medium and long-chain PFASs (CF2 > 5) exceeded 70%, except perfluoroheptanoic acid, while those of short-chain PFASs were lower than 50%, implying that the proposed DLLME may not be suitable for their extraction due to weak fluorous affinity. This highly fluoroselective DLLME technique can greatly decrease the matrix effect that occurs in mass spectrometry detection when applied to the analysis of urine samples. Under the optimum conditions, the relative recoveries of PFASs with CF2 > 5 ranged from 80.6-121.4% for tap water, river water and urine samples spiked with concentrations of 10, 50 and 100 ng/L. The method limits of quantification for PFASs in water and urine samples were in the range of 0.6-8.7 ng/L. Furthermore, comparable concentrations of PFASs were obtained via DLLME and solid-phase extraction, confirming that the developed DLLME technique is a promising method for the extraction of PFASs in real samples.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Correlation between mast cell-mediated allergic inflammation and length of perfluorinated compounds

Authors: Lee, JK; Kim, SH (2018) Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health, Part A: Current Issues 1-12. HERO ID: 4238305

[Less] Perfluorinated compounds (PFC) have widely been used in numerous applications including clothing, food . . . [More] Perfluorinated compounds (PFC) have widely been used in numerous applications including clothing, food packaging, and nonstick coating. With the widespread use of PFC, concerns regarding potential adverse health effects in humans and wildlife have increased. In spite of the known PFC-mediated immunotoxiciy, correlation with PFC and allergic inflammation still requires elucidation. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of four types of PFC (perfluoroheptanoic acid [PFHpA], perfluorononanoic acid [PFNA], perfluorodecanoic acid [PFDA], and perfluoroundecanoic acid [PFUnA]) on mast cell-mediated allergic inflammation in the presence of high-affinity immunoglobulin (Ig) E receptor (FcεRI) cross-linking. Among PFC family, long-chain PFDA and PFUnA increased release of histamine and β-hexosaminidase by up-regulation of intracellular calcium levels in IgE-stimulated mast cells. In addition, PFDA and PFUnA enhanced gene expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines, such as tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6, and IL-8 by activation of nuclear factor-κB in IgE-stimulated mast cells. In ovalbumin (OVA)-induced model of systemic anaphylaxis in the presence of hypothermia, PFNA, PFDA, and PFUnA exacerbated allergic symptoms accompanied by elevation in serum histamine, TNF-α, IgE, and IgG1. Our data indicate that some PFC aggravated high-affinity IgE receptor (FcεRI)-mediated mast cell degranulation and allergic symptoms. Consequently, the results demonstrated that carbon-chain length of PFC may serve as a factor in allergic inflammation.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Identification and Fate of Aqueous Film Forming Foam Derived Per- and Polyfluoroalkyl Substances in a Wastewater Treatment Plant

Authors: Houtz, E; Wang, M; Park, JS (2018) Environmental Science and Technology 52:13212-13221. HERO ID: 5024204

[Less] The fate of per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) derived from aqueous film forming foam (AFFF) . . . [More] The fate of per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) derived from aqueous film forming foam (AFFF) was investigated within a wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) receiving large AFFF inputs from a foam refractory testing event. Targeted analysis, the Total Oxidizable Precursor Assay (TOP Assay), and nontargeted analysis with quadrupole time-of-flight (QTOF) were used to characterize the samples. Over the duration of foam testing, approximately 10.8 kg of total PFASs was measured by TOP Assay in the influent, and 6.3 kg of total PFASs was measured in the effluent; 94 g of PFOS was released in the effluent, apparently from remobilization of historical sources. 1.7% of total PFASs measured in the influent were converted to short chain perfluoroalkyl carboxylates in the effluent. Ten PFAS classes previously reported, including 6:2 fluorotelomer thioether amido sulfonate (6:2 FtTAoS), and 5 PFAS classes newly reported were identified by QTOF. The trickling filter was the only unit operation that resulted in significant gains and losses of individual PFASs, including near complete loss of 6:2 FtTAoS due to transformation. Similar reaction pathways for 6:2 FtTAoS reported in previously published soil and activated sludge microcosm experiments were observed in this WWTP, although a higher yield of perfluoroheptanoic acid was observed.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Occurrence of emerging contaminants in aquaculture waters: Cross-contamination between aquaculture systems and surrounding waters

Authors: Lai, WPL; Lin, YC; Wang, YH; Guo, YL; Lin, AYC (2018) Water, Air, and Soil Pollution 229. HERO ID: 5024569

[Less] This study aimed to perform a preliminary screen of various waters for pollution by emerging contaminants . . . [More] This study aimed to perform a preliminary screen of various waters for pollution by emerging contaminants and identifying potential cross-contamination problems in aquaculture systems. Specifically, the occurrence and distribution of 110 emerging contaminants (49 antibiotics, 49 other pharmaceuticals, and 12 industrial/household compounds) in 14 aquaculture sites (fish, shrimp, and shellfish ponds) and three surrounding aquatic environments in Taiwan were investigated. All the detected compounds were at nanogram per liter to sub-microgram per liter levels. Six pharmaceuticals that occurred at high concentrations and frequencies were ibuprofen (788 ng/L), lincomycin (624 ng/L), flumequine (331 ng/L), caffeine (276 ng/L), ifosfamide (220 ng/L), and cephalexin (172 ng/L). Other commonly detected emerging contaminants (with detection frequencies > 70%) were sulfamethoxazole, erythromycin-H2O, atenolol, methadone, benzotriazole, tolyltriazole, perfluorobutane sulfonate (PFBS), perfluoroheptanoic acid (PFHpA), perfluorooctanoate (PFOA), and perfluorononanoic acid (PFNA). This work demonstrated the impact of aquaculture activities (i.e., usage of antibiotics) on the surrounding aquatic environments and, at the same time, how the surrounding anthropogenic activities impact aquaculture waters. Cross-contamination was observed between these two aquatic systems; emerging contaminants resulting from human activities, such as perfluorinated chemicals, anticorrosive substances, and anticancer and abused drugs, from the surrounding waters were found to be introduced into the aquaculture systems.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Monthly Variations in Perfluorinated Compound Concentrations in Groundwater

Authors: Steele, M; Griffith, C; Duran, C (2018) HERO ID: 5024208

[Less] Large-scale manufacturing of poly- and perfluorinated compounds in the second half of the 20th century . . . [More] Large-scale manufacturing of poly- and perfluorinated compounds in the second half of the 20th century has led to their ubiquity in the environment, and their unique structure has made them persistent contaminants. A recent drinking water advisory level issued by the United States Environmental Protection Agency lowered the advisory level concentration of perfluorooctanesulfonic acid (PFOS) and perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) from 200 nanograms per liter and 400 nanograms per liter, respectively, to 70 nanograms per liter separately or combined. Small temporal variations in PFOS and PFOA concentrations could be the difference between meeting or exceeding the recommended limit. In this study, newly sampled data from a contaminated military site in Alaska and historical data from former Pease Air Force Base were collected. Data were evaluated to determine if monthly variations within PFOS and PFOA existed. No statistically significant temporal trend was observed in the Alaska data, while the results from Pease, although statistically significant, showed the spread of observed contaminant concentrations around the fitted line is broad (as indicated by the low R² values), indicating that collection date has little value in predicting contaminant concentrations. Though not currently the subject of a US EPA health advisory, data on perfluorobutanesulfonic acid (PFBS), perfluorohexane sulfonic acid (PFHxS), perfluoroheptanoic acid (PFHpA), and perfluorononanoic acid (PFNA) were collected for each site and their average concentrations evaluated.