Health & Environmental Research Online (HERO)


PFHpS (375-92-8)


27 References Were Found:

Journal Article
Journal Article

Can perfluoroalkyl acids biodegrade in the rumen simulation technique (RUSITEC)?

Authors: Kowalczyk, J; Riede, S; Schafft, H; Breves, G; Lahrssen-Wiederholt, M (2015) Environmental Sciences Europe 27:30. HERO ID: 3856505

[Less] BACKGROUND: The behaviour of perfluoroalkyl acids (PFAAs) in tissues of ruminants has . . . [More] BACKGROUND: The behaviour of perfluoroalkyl acids (PFAAs) in tissues of ruminants has been shown to differ from that of monogastrics (J Agric Food Chem 61(12):2903-2912 doi:10.1021/jf304680j, 2013; J Agric Food Chem 62(28):6861-6870, 2014). This may be a consequence of the complex microbial ecosystem in the rumen. To evaluate this hypothesis, the recovery of PFAAs was studied using the rumen simulation technique as an indication for biodegradation in rumen. The PFAA-recovery from a microbial fermentation of feed containing PFAAs was compared to the same feed in the absence of ruminal microorganisms (MOs).

RESULTS: Release of PFAAs from feed into fermentation fluid was found to be faster for perfluorobutane sulfonic acid (PFBS) than for perfluorooctane sulfonic acid (PFOS). Differences between perfluoroalkyl carboxylic acids (PFCAs) could not be observed. Proportions of PFAAs recovered in the fermentation fluids decreased by increasing chain lengths for the perfluoroalkyl sulfonic acids (PFSAs) (31 % PFBS, 28 % perfluorohexane sulfonic acid [PFHxS], 20 % perfluoroheptane sulfonic acid [PFHpS], 11 % PFOS) and PFCAs (33 % perfluorohexane carboxylic acid [PFHxA], 32 % perfluoroheptane carboxylic acid [PFHpA], 24 % perfluorooctanoic acid [PFOA]). In contrast, levels in feed increased with increasing chain length for both PFSAs and PFCAs.

CONCLUSION: The attachment of MOs to feed particles was assumed to account for higher PFAA levels in fermented feeds and for lower levels in the fermentation fluids. Total recovery of PFAAs was significantly lower in presence of ruminal MOs compared to experimental procedure under sterile conditions. Although, there are optimal reductive conditions for MOs in rumen, our results do not univocally indicate whether PFAAs were degraded by ruminal fermentation.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Novel fluorinated surfactants tentatively identified in firefighters using liquid chromatography quadrupole time-of-flight tandem mass spectrometry and a case-control approach

Authors: Rotander, A; Kärrman, A; Toms, LM; Kay, M; Mueller, JF; Gómez Ramos, MJ (2015) Environmental Science and Technology 49:2434-2442. HERO ID: 2851011

[Less] Fluorinated surfactant-based aqueous film-forming foams (AFFFs) are made up of per- and polyfluorinated . . . [More] Fluorinated surfactant-based aqueous film-forming foams (AFFFs) are made up of per- and polyfluorinated alkyl substances (PFAS) and are used to extinguish fires involving highly flammable liquids. The use of perfluorooctanesulfonic acid (PFOS) and other perfluoroalkyl acids (PFAAs) in some AFFF formulations has been linked to substantial environmental contamination. Recent studies have identified a large number of novel and infrequently reported fluorinated surfactants in different AFFF formulations. In this study, a strategy based on a case-control approach using quadrupole time-of-flight tandem mass spectrometry (QTOF-MS/MS) and advanced statistical methods has been used to extract and identify known and unknown PFAS in human serum associated with AFFF-exposed firefighters. Two target sulfonic acids [PFOS and perfluorohexanesulfonic acid (PFHxS)], three non-target acids [perfluoropentanesulfonic acid (PFPeS), perfluoroheptanesulfonic acid (PFHpS), and perfluorononanesulfonic acid (PFNS)], and four unknown sulfonic acids (Cl-PFOS, ketone-PFOS, ether-PFHxS, and Cl-PFHxS) were exclusively or significantly more frequently detected at higher levels in firefighters compared to controls. The application of this strategy has allowed for identification of previously unreported fluorinated chemicals in a timely and cost-efficient way.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

New approach for assessing human perfluoroalkyl exposure via hair

Authors: Alves, A; Jacobs, G; Vanermen, G; Covaci, A; Voorspoels, S (2015) Talanta 144:574-583. HERO ID: 3856484

[Less] In the recent years hair has been increasingly used as alternative matrix in human biomonitoring (HBM) . . . [More] In the recent years hair has been increasingly used as alternative matrix in human biomonitoring (HBM) of environmental pollutants. Sampling advantages and time integration of exposure assessment seems the most attractive features of hair matrix. In the current study, a novel miniaturized method was developed and validated for measuring 15 perfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS), including perfluoro n-butanoic acid (PFBA), perfluoro n-pentanoic acid (PFPeA), perfluoro n-hexanoic acid (PFHxA), perfluoro n-heptanoic acid (PFHpA), perfluor n-octanoic acid (PFOA), perfluoro n-nonanoic acid (PFNA), perfluoro tetradecanoic acid (PFTeDA), perfluorobutane sulfonic acid (PFBS), perfluoro pentane sulfonic acid (PFPeS), perfluorohexane sulfonic acid (PFHxS), perfluoroheptane sulfonic acid (PFHpS), perfluorooctane sulfonic acid (PFOS), perfluorononane sulfonic acid (PFNS), perfluorodecane sulfonic acid (PFDS) and perfluorododecane sulfonic acid (PFDoS) in human hair by liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). After extraction using ethyl acetate, dispersive ENVI-Carb was used for clean-up. Good intra- and inter-day precision for low (LQ 5 ng/g hair) and high spike (HQ 15n g/g) levels were achieved (in general RSD <10%). The accuracy was assessed using recoveries (%), which ranged between 68-118% (LQ) and 70-121% (HQ). The instrumental limit of detection (LODi) and limit of quantification (LOQi) were between 1-4 pg/g hair and 3-13 pg/g hair, respectively. The method limit of quantification (LOQm) ranged between 6 and 301 pg/g hair. The PFAS levels were measured in 30 human hair samples indicating that the levels are low (14-1534 pg/g hair). Some PFAS were not present in any hair sample (e.g. PFHpA, PFTeDA, PFNA, PFPeS, PFHpS, PFOS and PFNS), while other PFAS were frequently detected (PFBA, PFPeA, PFHxA, PFOA, PFBS, PFHxS, PFOS, PFDS and PFDoS) in human hair. Although levels in general were low, there is evidence of higher human exposure to some analytes, such as PFBA, PFPeA, PFHxA, PFOA, PFBS, PFHxS, and PFDoS. The current study shows that hair is a suitable alternative non-invasive matrix for exposure assessment of PFAS.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

In Silico Approach To Identify Potential Thyroid Hormone Disruptors among Currently Known Dust Contaminants and Their Metabolites

Authors: Zhang, J; Kamstra, JH; Ghorbanzadeh, M; Weiss, JM; Hamers, T; Andersson, PL (2015) Environmental Science and Technology 49:10099-10107. HERO ID: 3009236

[Less] Thyroid hormone disrupting chemicals (THDCs) interfere with the thyroid hormone system and may induce . . . [More] Thyroid hormone disrupting chemicals (THDCs) interfere with the thyroid hormone system and may induce multiple severe physiological disorders. Indoor dust ingestion is a major route of THDCs exposure in humans, and one of the molecular targets of these chemicals is the hormone transporter transthyretin (TTR). To virtually screen indoor dust contaminants and their metabolites for THDCs targeting TTR, we developed a quantitative structure-activity relationship (QSAR) classification model. The QSAR model was applied to an in-house database including 485 organic dust contaminants reported from literature data and their 433 in silico derived metabolites. The model predicted 37 (7.6%) dust contaminants and 230 (53.1%) metabolites as potential TTR binders. Four new THDCs were identified after testing 23 selected parent dust contaminants in a radio-ligand TTR binding assay; 2,2',4,4'-tetrahydroxybenzophenone, perfluoroheptanesulfonic acid, 3,5,6-trichloro-2-pyridinol, and 2,4,5-trichlorophenoxyacetic acid. These chemicals competitively bind to TTR with 50% inhibition (IC50) values at or below 10 μM. Molecular docking studies suggested that these THDCs interacted similarly with TTR via the residue Ser117A, but their binding poses were dissimilar to the endogenous ligand T4. This study identified new THDCs using an in silico approach in combination with bioassay testing and highlighted the importance of metabolic activation for TTR binding.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Effect of body condition on tissue distribution of perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) in Arctic fox (Vulpes lagopus)

Authors: Aas, CB; Fuglei, E; Herzke, D; Yoccoz, NG; Routti, H (2014) Environmental Science and Technology 48:11654-11661. HERO ID: 2851149

[Less] Arctic animals undergo large seasonal fluctuations in body weight. The effect of body condition on the . . . [More] Arctic animals undergo large seasonal fluctuations in body weight. The effect of body condition on the distribution and composition of 16 perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) was investigated in liver, blood, kidney, adipose tissue, and muscle of Arctic foxes (Vulpes lagopus) from Svalbard (n = 18, age 1-3 years). PFAS concentrations were generally highest in liver, followed by blood and kidney, while lowest concentrations were found in adipose tissue and muscle. Concentrations of summed perfluorocarboxylic acids and perfluoroalkyl sulfonates were five and seven times higher, respectively, in adipose tissue of lean compared to fat foxes. In addition, perfluorodecanoate (PFDA) and perfluoroheptanesulfonate (PFHpS) concentrations in liver, kidney, and blood, and, perfluorononanoate (PFNA) in liver and blood, were twice as high in the lean compared to the fat foxes. The ratio between perfluorooctane sulfonamide (FOSA) and its metabolite perfluorooctanesulfonate (PFOS) was lowest in liver, muscle, and kidney, while significantly higher proportions of FOSA were found in adipose tissue and blood. The results of the present study suggest that toxic potential of exposure to PFAS among other pollutants in Arctic mammals may increase during seasonal emaciation. The results also suggest that body condition should be taken into account when assessing temporal trends of PFASs.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Perfluoroalkyl substances and lipid concentrations in plasma during pregnancy among women in the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study

Authors: Starling, AP; Engel, SM; Whitworth, KW; Richardson, DB; Stuebe, AM; Daniels, JL; Haug, LS; Eggesbø, M; Becher, G; Sabaredzovic, A; Thomsen, C; Wilson, RE; Travlos, GS; Hoppin, JA; Baird, DD; Longnecker, MP (2014) Environment International 62:104-112. HERO ID: 2850928

[Less] BACKGROUND: Perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) are widespread and persistent environmental . . . [More] BACKGROUND: Perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) are widespread and persistent environmental pollutants. Previous studies, primarily among non-pregnant individuals, suggest positive associations between PFAS levels and certain blood lipids. If there is a causal link between PFAS concentrations and elevated lipids during pregnancy, this may suggest a mechanism by which PFAS exposure leads to certain adverse pregnancy outcomes, including preeclampsia.

METHODS: This cross-sectional analysis included 891 pregnant women enrolled in the Norwegian Mother and Child (MoBa) Cohort Study in 2003-2004. Non-fasting plasma samples were obtained at mid-pregnancy and analyzed for nineteen PFASs. Total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and triglycerides were measured in plasma. Linear regression was used to quantify associations between each PFAS exposure and each lipid outcome. A multiple PFAS model was also fitted.

RESULTS: Seven PFASs were quantifiable in >50% of samples. Perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) concentration was associated with total cholesterol, which increased 4.2mg/dL per inter-quartile shift (95% CI=0.8, 7.7) in adjusted models. Five of the seven PFASs studied were positively associated with HDL cholesterol, and all seven had elevated HDL associated with the highest quartile of exposure. Perfluoroundecanoic acid showed the strongest association with HDL: HDL increased 3.7 mg/dL per inter-quartile shift (95% CI=2.5, 4.9).

CONCLUSION: Plasma concentrations of PFASs were positively associated with HDL cholesterol, and PFOS was positively associated with total cholesterol in this sample of pregnant Norwegian women. While elevated HDL is not an adverse outcome per se, elevated total cholesterol associated with PFASs during pregnancy could be of concern if causal.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Dietary exposure to perfluoroalkyl acids of specific French adult sub-populations: High seafood consumers, high freshwater fish consumers and pregnant women

Authors: Yamada, A; Bemrah, N; Veyrand, B; Pollono, C; Merlo, M; Desvignes, V; Sirot, V; Marchand, P; Berrebi, A; Cariou, R; Antignac, JP; Le Bizec, B; Leblanc, JC (2014) Science of the Total Environment 491-492:170-175. HERO ID: 2324905

[Less] Perfluoroalkyl acids (PFAAs) are globally found in various media, including food and especially fishery . . . [More] Perfluoroalkyl acids (PFAAs) are globally found in various media, including food and especially fishery products. In the present study, the dietary exposure to 15 perfluoroalkyl acids was assessed for 3 French adult populations, namely high seafood consumers, high freshwater fish consumers, and pregnant women. Purified food extracts were analysed by LC-MS/MS and PFBA, PFPA, PFHxA, PFHpA, PFOA, PFNA, PFDA, PFUnA, PFTrDA, PFTeDA, PFBS, PFHxS, PFHpS, PFOS and PFDS were monitored and quantified according to the isotope dilution principle. Under lower bound (LB) hypothesis (i.e. contamination values<LOD considered as 0), high freshwater fish consumers appear as the most exposed to PFOS (7.5ng.kg(-1) bw.d(-1)), PFUnA (1.3ng.kg(-1) bw.d(-1)), PFDA (0.4ng.kg(-1) bw.d(-1)) and PFHpS (0.03ng.kg(-1) bw.d(-1)) while high seafood consumers appear as the most exposed to PFOA (1.2ng.kg(-1) bw.d(-1)), PFNA (0.2ng.kg(-1) bw.d(-1)) and PFHxS (0.06ng.kg(-1) bw.d(-1)). For all considered populations, the major exposure contributors are fish, seafood and water under LB hypothesis, while dairy products, bread and crispbread are the main contributors under upper bound (UB) hypothesis. Besides this food exposure assessment, further studies are needed to assess the more global PFAA exposure, taking into account indoor and outdoor air, dust and cutaneous contact, which could be other important contributors for this particular class of chemicals.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Simultaneous determination of eighteen perfluorinated compounds in dissolved and particulate phases of wastewater, and in sewage sludge by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry

Authors: Arvaniti, OS; Asimakopoulos, AG; Dasenaki, ME; Ventouri, EI; Stasinakis, AS; Thomaidis, NS (2014) Analytical Methods 6:1341-1349. HERO ID: 2324788

[Less] Perfluorinated compounds (PFCs) are known chemicals that are used in a wide variety of industrial and . . . [More] Perfluorinated compounds (PFCs) are known chemicals that are used in a wide variety of industrial and consumer products, and have been reported to exist in the environment as contaminants. In this study, a liquid chromatography-electrospray-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-ESI-MS/MS) method was developed for simultaneous determination of 10 perfluoroalkyl carboxylate acids (PFCAs), 5 perfluoroalkyl sulfonates (PFASs), and 3 perfluoroalkyl sulfonamides (PFSAs) (18 PFCs in total), in dissolved and particulate phases of wastewater (raw and treated), and in dewatered sewage sludge. The target PFCAs were perfluoropentanoic acid (PFPeA; C5), perfluorohexanoic acid (PFHxA; C6), perfluoroheptanoic acid (PFHpA; C7), perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA; C8), perfluorononanoic acid (PFNA; C9), perfluorodecanoic acid (PFDA; C10), perfluoroundecanoic acid (PFUdA; C11), perfluorododecanoic acid (PFDoA; C12), perfluorotridecanoic acid (PFTrDA; C13), and perfluorotetradecanoic acid (PFTeDA; C14). The target PFASs were potassium perfluorobutanesulfonate (PFBS; C4), sodium perfluorohexanesulfonate (PFHxS; C6), sodium perfluoroheptanesulfonate (PFHpS; C7), sodium perfluorooctanesulfonate (PFOS; C8), and sodium perfluorodecanesulfonate (PFDS; C10), and the target PFSAs were perfluorooctane sulfonamide (PFOSA), N-methylperfluorooctane sulfonamide (N-MeFOSA), and N-ethylperfluorooctane sulfonamide (N-EtFOSA). Wastewater samples were filtered after collection and extracted/purified/pre-concentrated by a solid-phase extraction (SPE) procedure. Particulate matter and sludge samples were extracted by a liquid-solid extraction (LSE) and ultra-sonication procedure, and thereafter purified/preconcentrated by the same SPE procedure that was followed for the dissolved phase of wastewater. The internal standards, perfluoro-n-[1,2,3,4-C-13(4)]octanoic acid (C-13(4)-PFOA), sodium perfluoro-1-[1,2,3,4-C-13(4)]octanesulfonate (C-13(4)-PFOS), and N-methyl-d(3)-perfluoro-1-octanesulfonamide (D-2(3)-N-MeFOSA) provided adequate compensation for variations in the extraction percentages and instrumental response. The limits of quantification (LOQs) ranged from 0.29 (PFHpS) to 3.0 ng L-1 (PFDoA) for dissolved phase samples, and from 0.15 (PFHpS) to 1.5 ng g(-1) dry weight (dw) (PFDoA) for particulate matter and sludge samples. The developed methods were applied successfully to wastewater and sludge samples originated from Athens WWTP. PFC concentrations up to 113 ng L-1 (PFUdA), 33 ng L-1 (PFOA) and 1042 ng g(-1) (PFUdA) were determined in influent wastewater, treated wastewater and dewatered sludge, respectively. Analysis of PFCs in the particulate matter of wastewater is needed to avoid underestimation of their concentrations.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Is the fresh water fish consumption a significant determinant of the internal exposure to perfluoroalkylated substances (PFAS)?

Authors: Denys, S; Fraize-Frontier, S; Moussa, O; Le Bizec, B; Veyrand, B; Volatier, JL (2014) Toxicology Letters 231:233-238. HERO ID: 3858565

[Less] PFAS are man-made compounds that are highly spread in the environment. Human dietary exposure to such . . . [More] PFAS are man-made compounds that are highly spread in the environment. Human dietary exposure to such contaminants is of high concern as they may accumulate in the food chain. Different studies already demonstrated the importance of the fish consumption in the dietary exposure of these molecules and the potential increase of internal doses of PFAS following the consumption of PFAS. However, so far few study aimed to study the link between the consumption of fresh water fishes and the internal exposure to PFAS. Objectives of this study were (i) to estimate the internal exposure of populations that are potentially high consumers of fresh water fishes and (ii) to determine whether the consumption of fish caught from fresh water is a significant determinant of the internal exposure of PFAS. In this work, a large sample of adult freshwater anglers from the French metropolitan population (478 individuals) was constituted randomly from participants lists of anglers associations. Questionnaires provided social and demographic information and diet information for each subject. In addition, analyses of blood serum samples provided the internal concentration of 14 PFAS. The survey design allowed to extrapolate the data obtained on the 478 individuals to the freshwater angler population. Descriptive data regarding internal levels of PFAS were discussed at the population level, whereas identification of the determinants were done at the 478 individuals level as sufficient contrast was required in terms of fresh water fish consumption. Only molecules for which the detection frequency were above 80% in blood were considered, i.e., PFOS, PFOA, PFHxS, PFNA, PFHpS, and PFDA. Distribution profiles showed log-normal distribution and PFOS and PFOA were the main contributors of the PFAS sum. For PFOS, the results obtained on the 478 individuals showed that upper percentiles were higher as compared to upper percentiles obtained on occidental general population. This confirmed an over-exposure of a fraction of the 478 individuals. Though, when the results were considered at the population level, the values were close. This was attributed to the low consumption frequency of fresh water fish in the general population. For PFOS, PFNA, PFHxS, PFHpS and PFDA, the fresh water fish consumption was identified as one of the contributors of internal PFAS concentrations. Gender, age, geographical location and consumption of home-grown products as other determinants were also discussed in this paper.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Maternal serum concentrations of per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances and their predictors in years with reduced production and use

Authors: Berg, V; Nøst, TH; Huber, S; Rylander, C; Hansen, S; Veyhe, AS; Fuskevåg, OM; Odland, JØ; Sandanger, TM (2014) Environment International 69:58-66. HERO ID: 2539261

[Less] Determining maternal concentrations of per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) and the relative . . . [More] Determining maternal concentrations of per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) and the relative impact of various demographic and dietary predictors is important for assessing fetal exposure and for developing proper lifestyle advisories for pregnant women. This study was conducted to investigate maternal PFAS concentrations and their predictors in years when the production and use of several PFASs declined, and to assess the relative importance of significant predictors. Blood from 391 pregnant women participating in The Northern Norway Mother-and-Child Contaminant Cohort Study (MISA) was collected in the period 2007-2009 and serum analyses of 26 PFASs were conducted. Associations between PFAS concentrations, sampling date, and demographic and dietary variables were evaluated by multivariate analyses and linear models including relevant covariates. Parity was the strongest significant predictor for all the investigated PFASs, and nulliparous women had higher concentrations compared to multiparous women (10 ng/mL versus 4.5 ng/mL in median PFOS, respectively). Serum concentrations of PFOS and PFOA of women recruited day 1-100 were 25% and 26% higher, respectively, compared to those women recruited in the last 167 days of the study (day 601-867), and the concentrations of PFNA, PFDA and PFUnDA increased with age. Dietary predictors explained 0-17% of the variation in concentrations for the different PFASs. Significantly elevated concentrations of PFOS, PFNA, PFDA and PFUnDA were found among high consumers of marine food. The concentrations of PFHxS, PFHpS and PFNA were also increased in high consumers of game and elevated concentrations of PFHpS and PFOS were detected in high consumers of white meat. Study subjects with a high intake of salty snacks and beef had significantly higher concentrations of PFOA. The present study demonstrates that parity, sampling date and birth year are the most important predictors for maternal PFAS concentrations in years following a decrease in production and use of several PFASs. Further, dietary predictors of PFAS concentrations were identified and varied in importance according to compound.