Some properties of lysozyme--lithium perfluorononanoate complexes
Authors: Ciurleo, A; Cinelli, S; Guidi, M; Bonincontro, A; Onori, G; Mesa, CL
HERO ID: 3860127
Mixtures containing lysozyme, LYSO, and a fully fluorinated surfactant, lithium perfluorononanoate, . . .
Mixtures containing lysozyme, LYSO, and a fully fluorinated surfactant, lithium perfluorononanoate, LiPFN, were investigated in a wide range of concentrations and mole ratios. To ensure consistency to the data, a comparison was made, when possible, with the more conventional SDS as surfactant. Molecular solutions, precipitates, and micellar phases have been observed. The region of existence for each phase depends on the LiPFN/LYSO mole ratios, r, and was determined by different experimental methods. Optical absorbance, CD, 19F NMR, viscosity, electrical conductivity, and dielectric relaxation methods were used. Some methods give information on the protein conformation, others on the state of the surfactant or on the collective system properties, respectively. Addition of LiPFN gives rise to a solution, a poly phase dispersion (at low surfactant to protein ratios) and to a micelle-mediated redissolution of the precipitates. Concomitant to the above macroscopic properties, peculiar effects in the state of LYSO are observed. Low amounts of surfactant reduce significantly the amount of alpha-helix in favor of the beta-sheet conformation of the protein. The former is almost completely regained once micelle-assisted redissolution of the complex occurs. The tertiary structure of the protein, conversely, is lost at low surfactant content and never recovered. Such evidence suggests the occurrence of a molten globule conformation for LYSO in micellar media.