Health & Environmental Research Online (HERO)


PFNA (375-95-1)


2,408 References Were Found:

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Intertrochanteric Femur Fracture Treatment in Asia What We Know and What the World Can Learn

Authors: Chang, ShiMin; Hou, ZhiY; Hu, SunJun; Du, SC (2020) HERO ID: 6392525


The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Intraoperative assessment of reduction quality during nail fixation of intertrochanteric fractures

Authors: Yoon, YC; Oh, CWug; Sim, JaeAng; Oh, JK (2020) HERO ID: 6392526


The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Clinical Effectiveness of Internal Fixation for Intertrochanteric Femoral Fractures with Parks Medialis Defect: A Retrospective Comparative Study

Authors: Ma, J; Liu, L; Pei, D (2020) HERO ID: 6392529


The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Semiconductor-conductor transition of pristine polymer-derived ceramics SiC pyrolyzed at temperature range from 1200 degrees C to 1800 degrees C

Authors: Chowdhury, MdAR; Wang, K; Jia, Y; Xu, C (2020) HERO ID: 6392530


The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Comparison of two methods of locating proximal femoral nail anti-rotation in the treatment of femoral intertrochanteric fractures

Authors: Tian, RH; Zhang, QM; Chu, FL; Li, XY; Jiang, Z; Han, L; Sun, P; Wang, HB; Chi, YL; Wu, B (2020) Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 15:108. HERO ID: 6311627

[Less] BACKGROUND: To compare the efficacy of three-point locating versus routine locating . . . [More] BACKGROUND: To compare the efficacy of three-point locating versus routine locating techniques for implanting helical blades for proximal femoral nail anti-rotation-II in the treatment of trochanteric fractures.

METHODS: From January 2010 to June 2013, 90 patients with intertrochanteric fractures were surgically treated, including 48 males and 42 females with an average age of 70.5 ± 7.2 years. According to the AO classification, there were 45 cases of A2.1, 35 cases of A2.2, and 10 cases of A2.3. Based on locating techniques, the 90 patients were divided into two groups: the three-point group and the routine group, with 45 patients in each group. All operations were performed by the same group of surgeons using proximal femoral nail anti-rotation (PFNA); the helical blade was inserted into the femoral neck with the three-point locating technique or by the usual method according to treatment group. Several figures including total operation time, elapsed time for implanting the helical blade, intraoperative blood loss, X-ray exposure time, and tip-apex distance (TAD) were measured and compared.

RESULTS: The three-point group was significantly superior as compared to the routine group in terms of total operation time [(59.34 ± 9.42) min vs (67.61 ± 12.63) min, P < 0.01], elapsed time for implanting the helical blade [(4.58 ± 1.25) min vs (7.82 ± 2.19) min, P < 0.01], intraoperative blood loss [(92.78 ± 34.09) ml vs (154.01 ± 39.10) ml, P < 0.01], X-ray exposure time [(8.84 ± 1.45) vs (14.62 ± 2.91), P < 0.01], and tip-apex distance [(16.78 ± 1.55) mm vs (21.91 ± 3.01) mm, P < 0.01]. Among the 90 patients, 80 were followed up for an average time of 12 months (10-15 months), including 42 patients who were part of three-point group and 38 patients who were part of the routine group. No spiral blade cut was found on the femoral head in any patient in the three-point group, whereas it occurred in 2 patients in the routine group 1 month after surgery. However, there was no significant difference in the Harris score between the two groups 6 months after the operation.

CONCLUSION: The three-point locating method is faster and more accurate than the routine locating method.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Postoperative physical activity in orthogeriatric patients - new insights with continuous monitoring

Authors: Keppler, AM; Holzschuh, J; Pfeufer, D; Neuerburg, C; Kammerlander, C; Böcker, W; Fürmetz, J (2020) Injury 51:628-632. HERO ID: 6311637

[Less] BACKGROUND: An early postoperative mobilization shows beneficial effects in terms of . . . [More] BACKGROUND: An early postoperative mobilization shows beneficial effects in terms of complications and long-term mobilization scores in elderly adult fracture patients. The primary objective of this study was to evaluate the overall mobilization of orthogeriatric patients during the postoperative hospital stay based on a continuous accelerometry measurement. Secondly, the collected data was analyzed to detect fracture related differences. We hypothesized that upper extremity fractures come along with higher levels of physical activity compared to fractures of the lower extremity.

METHODS: Thirty-one orthogeriatric patients with proximal femur fractures (PFF) and proximal humerus fractures (PHF) were enrolled consecutively in a maximum care hospital in a prospective study design (level of evidence 2). In the PFF study group 9 patients received hip arthroplasty and 11 patients intramedullary nailing (PFNA) and in the PHF group 10 patients received osteosynthesis of the proximal humerus. All patients worn a waist placed accelerometer during the length of hospitalization to quantify mobilization and physical activity.

RESULTS: The PFF group (n = 21) had a mean age of 80.86 years (SD ± 6.75), the PHF (n = 10) group had a mean age of 75.20 (SD ± 6.86). A significantly higher gait speed was observed in the PHF group of 0.52 m/s (SD ± 0.27) compared to the slower PFF group with 0.29 (SD ± 0.45); p = 0.0403. Quantitative mobility was measured by using the average number of daily steps. This showed a significantly lower number of steps in the PFF group (102.7; SD ± 188.1) compared to the PHF group (413.5; SD ± 287.7; p = 0.0002).

CONCLUSIONS: Our data demonstrates that it is feasible and accepted by the patient to continuously measure the mobility including gait speed and characteristics of orthogeriatric patients using waist worn accelerometry based wearables. Postoperative mobility and gait speed was generally low in both groups. Actions to improve postoperative mobility of orthogeriatric patients are urgently needed. Level Of Evidence Prospective cohort study, Level of Evidence 2.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Ipsilateral femoral neck and shaft fractures fixation with proximal femoral nail antirotation II (PFNA II): technical note and cases series

Authors: Wu, KT; Lin, SJ; Chou, YC; Cheng, HH; Wen, PC; Lin, CH; Yeh, WL (2020) Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 15:20. HERO ID: 6311639

[Less] BACKGROUND: Combined ipsilateral femoral neck and shaft fractures are an uncommon type . . . [More] BACKGROUND: Combined ipsilateral femoral neck and shaft fractures are an uncommon type of fractures. A number of different implant options are available for the management of this injury. Two-device procedures were suggested because of the higher rate of malunion by single-device treatment. However, surgical treatment using a cephalomedullary nail is still an alternative option that provides better mechanical advantage and minimal invasion. This study details the technique of treating these pattern fractures with proximal femoral nail anti-rotation II (PFNA-II) to achieve an acceptable reduction in both fracture sites.

METHODS: Ten cases of ipsilateral femoral neck and shaft fractures under reduction by PFNA II were included and reviewed. A saw-bone model was also utilized to perform the detailed technique of reduction and fixation of PFNA II.

RESULTS: Under the special technique by using the PFNA II, all ten cases achieved optimal reduction and alignment of both fracture sites in intra-operative fluoroscopy. There was no intra-operative complication noted. After 6 months of follow-up, radiography revealed proper alignment and well union of the fractures.

CONCLUSIONS: Fixation of ipsilateral femoral neck and shaft fractures with a single construct provides advantages of good biomechanical function, minimal invasion, reduced blood loss, and less operation time when comparing to two-device fixation. Thus, if acceptable reduction could be achieved, fixation by one PFNA II was a good alternative choice for this injury pattern.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Determinants of serum concentrations of perfluoroalkyl acids (PFAAs) in school children and the contribution of low-level PFAA-contaminated drinking water

Authors: Glynn, A; Kotova, N; Dahlgren, E; Lindh, C; Jakobsson, K; Gyllenhammar, I; Lignell, S; Nälsén, C (2020) Environmental Science: Processes & Impacts. HERO ID: 6315696

[Less] Little is known about the demographic/life-style/physiological determinants explaining the variation . . . [More] Little is known about the demographic/life-style/physiological determinants explaining the variation of serum perfluoroalkyl acid (PFAA) concentrations in children. We identified significant determinants in children and investigated the influence of low-level PFAA-contaminated drinking water (DW) (<10 ng L-1 of single PFAAs) on serum concentrations. Four perfluorosulfonic acids (PFSAs) and 11 perfluorocarboxylic acids (PFCAs) were analyzed in serum from 5th grade children from 11 Swedish schools (N = 200; average age: 12 years) using liquid chromatography-tandem-mass-spectrometry. Data on demography and life-style/physiological factors were obtained by questionnaires. PFAA concentrations in raw and drinking water (DW) were obtained from the water works supplying DW to the schools. In multiple regression analyses school was the determinant contributing most to the variation in PFAA concentrations, with the lowest contribution for PFHpA (10%) and the highest for PFHxS (81%). Girls had lower adjusted mean concentrations of PFHxS, PFOS, PFNA and PFDA than boys, but a higher concentration of PFHxA. Girls reporting onset of menstruation had lower PFHxS and PFOA concentrations than other girls, suggesting menstrual bleeding elimination. Children born by mothers from less industrialized countries had lower mean concentrations of both PFSAs and PFCAs than children with mothers from highly industrialized countries, suggesting differences in early-life exposure. Life-style factors associated with paternal education levels appeared to influence PFAA concentrations differently than maternal education level. Already at an average DW PFHxS concentration of 2 ng L-1, children had a significantly higher adjusted mean serum PFHxS concentration than at an average DW concentration of <1.6 ng PFHxS L-1. Similar results were observed for PFOS and PFOA. The DW variable explained 16% (PFOA) to 78% (PFHxS) of the variation in serum PFAA concentrations, suggesting that low-level-contaminated DW is a significant source of exposure for children in Sweden. Although some of the associations, especially those with menstruation and maternal birth country, should be interpreted with extra caution due to the small size of the study, the results contribute to future work on identifying populations of children at risk of elevated PFAA exposures.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Optimization and validation of a method based on QuEChERS extraction and liquid chromatographic-tandem mass spectrometric analysis for the determination of perfluoroalkyl acids in strawberry and olive fruits, as model crops with different matrix characteristics

Authors: Scordo, CVA; Checchini, L; Renai, L; Orlandini, S; Bruzzoniti, MC; Fibbi, D; Mandi, L; Ouazzani, N; Del Bubba, M (2020) HERO ID: 6326245

[Less] A QuEChERS method was optimized and validated for the LC-MS/MS analysis of perfluoro-n-pentanoic acid . . . [More] A QuEChERS method was optimized and validated for the LC-MS/MS analysis of perfluoro-n-pentanoic acid (PFPeA), perfluoro-1-butanesulfonic acid (PFBuS), perfluoro-n-hexanoic acid (PFHxA), perfluoro-n-heptanoic acid (PFHpA), perfluoro-1-hexanesulfonic acid (PFHxS), perfluoro-n-octanoic acid (PFOA), perfluoro-n-nonanoic acid (PFNA), perfluoro-1-octanesulfonic acid (PFOS) and perfluoro-n-decanoic acid (PFDA) in freeze-dried strawberry and olive, as model fruits characterized by very different chemical compositions. The method was evaluated for apparent recovery, intra-day and inter-day precision, matrix effect and recovery. The method optimized for strawberry provided for most compounds absolute values of matrix effect (|ME%|) ≤ 11%, except for PFHxA, which showed a signal suppression of 22%. The extraction efficiency was tested at the spike levels 500-5000 pg/g d.w. for PFPeA, PFBuS, and PFHxA, and 100-1000 pg/g d.w. for the other target analytes, evidencing as a whole recoveries in the range of 65-89%. For olive fruits, due to their high fat content, an ultrasound-assisted extraction was necessary to obtain an efficient sample disgregation so as to increase the extraction yield and its precision. Moreover, a d-SPE clean-up with GCB allowed to achieve |ME%| ≤ 8% (except for PFBuS, which showed a signal enhancement of 19%) and recoveries calculated at the aforementioned spike levels were in the range 75-97%. The two methods provided very good linearity (R2 ≥ 0.9984) from 10,000 pg/g down to compound specific quantification limits, which were included in the ranges of 2.9-393 pg/g and 2.6-127 pg/g for strawberry and olive fruit, respectively. The methods were applied to the analysis of PFAAs in strawberry and olive fruits commercially available in two Italian supermarkets, as well as obtained under irrigation with various treated wastewaters (TWWs), evidencing in both cases a higher PFAAs occurrence in olives than in strawberry. However, PFAAs concentrations determined in the investigated fruit matrixes were quite low, being their sum 1.9 ng/g d.w. in the worst case (i.e. olive fruits grown under irrigation with TWWs).

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Evaluation of developmental toxicity, developmental neurotoxicity, and tissue dose in zebrafish exposed to GenX and other PFAS

Authors: Gaballah, S; Swank, A; Sobus, JR; Howey, XM; Schmid, J; Catron, T; Mccord, J; Hines, E; Strynar, M; Tal, T (2020) Environmental Health Perspectives 128:47005. HERO ID: 6356901

[Less] BACKGROUND: Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) are a diverse class of industrial . . . [More] BACKGROUND: Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) are a diverse class of industrial chemicals with widespread environmental occurrence. Exposure to long-chain PFAS is associated with developmental toxicity, prompting their replacement with short-chain and fluoroether compounds. There is growing public concern over the safety of replacement PFAS.

OBJECTIVE: We aimed to group PFAS based on shared toxicity phenotypes.

METHODS: Zebrafish were developmentally exposed to 4,8-dioxa-3H-perfluorononanoate (ADONA), perfluoro-2-propoxypropanoic acid (GenX Free Acid), perfluoro-3,6-dioxa-4-methyl-7-octene-1-sulfonic acid (PFESA1), perfluorohexanesulfonic acid (PFHxS), perfluorohexanoic acid (PFHxA), perfluoro-n-octanoic acid (PFOA), perfluorooctanesulfonic acid (PFOS), or 0.4% dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) daily from 0-5 d post fertilization (dpf). At 6 dpf, developmental toxicity and developmental neurotoxicity assays were performed, and targeted analytical chemistry was used to measure media and tissue doses. To test whether aliphatic sulfonic acid PFAS cause the same toxicity phenotypes, perfluorobutanesulfonic acid (PFBS; 4-carbon), perfluoropentanesulfonic acid (PFPeS; 5-carbon), PFHxS (6-carbon), perfluoroheptanesulfonic acid (PFHpS; 7-carbon), and PFOS (8-carbon) were evaluated.

RESULTS: PFHxS or PFOS exposure caused failed swim bladder inflation, abnormal ventroflexion of the tail, and hyperactivity at nonteratogenic concentrations. Exposure to PFHxA resulted in a unique hyperactivity signature. ADONA, PFESA1, or PFOA exposure resulted in detectable levels of parent compound in larval tissue but yielded negative toxicity results. GenX was unstable in DMSO, but stable and negative for toxicity when diluted in deionized water. Exposure to PFPeS, PFHxS, PFHpS, or PFOS resulted in a shared toxicity phenotype characterized by body axis and swim bladder defects and hyperactivity.

CONCLUSIONS: All emerging fluoroether PFAS tested were negative for evaluated outcomes. Two unique toxicity signatures were identified arising from structurally dissimilar PFAS. Among sulfonic acid aliphatic PFAS, chemical potencies were correlated with increasing carbon chain length for developmental neurotoxicity, but not developmental toxicity. This study identified relationships between chemical structures and in vivo phenotypes that may arise from shared mechanisms of PFAS toxicity. These data suggest that developmental neurotoxicity is an important end point to consider for this class of widely occurring environmental chemicals. https://doi.org/10.1289/EHP5843.