Health & Environmental Research Online (HERO)


Fatty alcohols (112-92-5, 661-19-8, 629-96-9, & 143-28-2)


560 References Were Found:

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Replication of low-level carcinogenic activity bioassays

Authors: Van Duuren, BL; Katz, C; Shimkin, MB; Swern, D; Wieder, R (1972) Cancer Research 32:880-881. [Letter] HERO ID: 4942038


The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Metabolism of oleyl alcohol and oleic acid in fish

Authors: Sand, DM; Rahn, CH; Schlenk, H (1971) Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society 48:A329-A329. [Abstract] HERO ID: 4936335

[Less] The metabolism of these compounds was studied by feeding them in labeled form to female gouramie (Trichogaster . . . [More] The metabolism of these compounds was studied by feeding them in labeled form to female gouramie (Trichogaster coaby). Within 8 to 6 hr most of the dietary oleyl alcohol is oxidized to acid which is incorporated into triglycerides of intestinal lipids. A much smaller portion of the ingested oleyl alcohol appears as the alcohol moiety of the wax esters in the intestinal lipid. Apparently, this portion has been directly esterified. Wax esters are present also in the blood lipid for about 16 hr after ingestion of oleyl alcohol. However, wax esters are not found in intestinal or blood lipids when oleic acid is fed. After 36 hr, about 75% of the absorbed 18:1 compound is found as alcohol and acid in roe wax esters. This amount of the dietary alcohol or acid is incorporated mainly into immature eggs. Most of the mature eggs of the roe, which are laid within two weeks after feeding, have lower specific radioactivity than the eggs remaining in the fish. Highest specific radioactivity was found in eggs laid four weeks after feeding. When radioactive eggs are fertilized, virtually all of the 18:1 radioactivity is lost within three days. This rapid catabolism of 18:1 in the developing embryo and fish is in strong contrast to the extremely slow turnover which had been found for 18:1 in the adult fish.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Allergic contact dermatitis due to ingredients of vehicles: A "vehicle tray" for patch testing

Authors: Fisher, AA; Pascher, F; Kanof, NB (1971) Archives of Dermatology 104:286-290. HERO ID: 4942034

[Less] One hundred patients suspected of having allergic eczematous contact dermatitis due to topically administered . . . [More] One hundred patients suspected of having allergic eczematous contact dermatitis due to topically administered medications were patch tested with a "vehicle tray" composed of 15 substances commonly found in vehicles of current preparations. Positive tests were obtained in 30 of 100 patients. There were 18 reactions to ethylenediamine; 6 to lanolin; 3 to parabens; 2 each to phenylmercuric acetate, thimerosal, dichlorophene, propylene glycol monostearate, and triethanolamine; 1 to sorbic acid for a total of 40 positive reactions. Vehicles play a significant role in producing sensitization and allergic contact dermatitis. The importance of testing with a standard concentration of each ingredient in preference to the total formulation is shown by the sizable incidence of false-negative reactions with the total formulation.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Assimilation of selected cosmetic ingredients by microorganisms

Authors: Yanagi, M; Onishi, G (1971) Journal of the Society of Cosmetic Chemists 22:851-865. HERO ID: 1621432

[Less] IPA COPYRIGHT: ASHP A study was made of the possible assimilation by various microorganisms of ingredients . . . [More] IPA COPYRIGHT: ASHP A study was made of the possible assimilation by various microorganisms of ingredients commonly used in the formulation of cosmetic products. Hydrocarbons, high molecular weight alcohols, esters and fatty acids, and silicones were studied. Microorganisms used in this study were isolated from cosmetic products. Some species of Penicillium, Candida, and Pseudomonas were noted to demonstrate strong ability to assimilate some of these ingredients. Of the materials tested, mineral oil, oleyl alcohol, stearyl alcohol, propylene glycol, isopropyl myristate, 2-hexyldecyl myristate, oleic acid, and stearic acid were found to be utilized as the sole source of carbon by most of the test organisms. Solid paraffin, multiwax, camellian, squalane, silicones, hexadecyl alcohol, polyethylene glycol, and di(2-hexyldecyl) adipate were not utilized by the organisms. The relationship between microbial assimilation and chemical structure of substrate was also determined by the use of different esters.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

[Influence of the reticulo-endothelial system on metabolism and absorption of steatogenic alcohols in the rat]

Authors: Gaillard, D; Mitjavila, S; Derache, R (1970) HERO ID: 4941960


The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

[Effect of the reticuloendothelial system on fatty infiltration induced by hepatotoxic agents in the female rat]

Authors: Gaillard, D; Mitjavila, S; Derache, R (1970) European Journal of Toxicology 3:201-207. HERO ID: 4942074

[Less] HAPAB The possibility that there may be a relationship between the physiological activity of the reticuloendothelial . . . [More] HAPAB The possibility that there may be a relationship between the physiological activity of the reticuloendothelial system (RES) and hepatic steatogenesis in rats following the ingestion of sodium selenite, ethanol, isopropanol, carbon tetrachloride, ethionine or DDT was investigated. Female Wistar rats weighing 200 to 220 g were divided into two groups. Ethyl stearate (emulsion) was administered i.v. at 0.75 ml/100 g body weight to members of the first group to partially block the RES. The second group (control) was given water only. After 72 hr, the animals were given the following compounds p.o. after being fasted for 8 hr: water, 1 ml/100 g body weight (control); paraffin oil, 1 ml/100 g (control); sodium selenite, 1.752 mg/100 g equal to 0.8 mg selenium/100 g; ethanol, 0.6 g/100 g; isopropanol, 0.4 g/100 g; carbon tetrachloride, 0.25 ml/100 g; ethionine, 75 mg/100 g; or DDT, 30 mg/100 g. Carbon tetrachloride, ethionine and DDT were administered in paraffin oil while sodium selenite, ethanol and isopropanol were administered as aqueous solutions. The treated animals were given free access to water only and after 16 hr the control of the blockage of the RES was determined by measuring the granulopexic function of the liver by evaluating the clearance of colloidal carbon particles following the i.v. injection of carbon (Gaillard et al., 1966)t The test animals were sacrificed by decapitation and their blood was collected on heparin and centrifuged. The liver was excised, weighed and homogenized in an Ultra-Turrax apparatus in an icy aqueous sodium chloride solution at a proportion of 1g/9 ml solution (9 g sodium chloride/1 water). Hepatic and serum fatty acids were determined by the Albrink method (1959). Liver and serum triglycerides were determined according to the methods of Butler et al. (1961) and Van Handel and Zilversmit (1957), respectively. Total hepatic nitrogen was determined by the method of Johnson (1941). Treatment with sodium selenite, ethanol, isopropanol, carbon tetrachloride, ethionine or DDT produced significant elevations in hepatic triglycerides and fatty acids in animals that were not given ethyl stearate. The increase in hepatic triglycerides and fatty acids observed in rats in which the RES was partially blocked by ethyl stearate was considerably lower. The described treatments had little or no effect on the levels of serum triglycerides and fatty acids. The results of this study indicate that the physiological function of the RES must be intact if hepatic steatogenesis is to occur following the ingestion of toxicants. 1970

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Range-finding toxicity data: List VII

Authors: Smyth, HF, Jr; Carpenter, CP; Weil, CS; Pozzani, UC; Striegel, JA; Nycum, JS (1969) American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal 30:470-476. HERO ID: 58939


The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Dermatitis from cetyl and stearyl alcohols

Author: Gaul, LE (1969) Archives of Dermatology 99:593. HERO ID: 4940069

[Less] A white woman, age 28, was seen for an oozing dermatitis of the flexor aspect of the left arm. The lids . . . [More] A white woman, age 28, was seen for an oozing dermatitis of the flexor aspect of the left arm. The lids were swollen. A faint, blotchy, urticarial-like response spotted the left face and neck. The onset was one week prior to examination. The initiating factor was an irritation on the left forearm where a green canvas being sewn into boy scout tents had rubbed the skin. The weather was hot and sticky.

Three proprietaries had been applied to treat the area, one after the other. Overnight the arm began to weep followed by a near universal and diffuse papular reaction noteable for the lack of itching and erythema. She was admitted to the hospital for study. The healing time was remarkably short. After four days only a dull erythema remained in the antecubital region. She was discharged and resumed work three days later. Handling the green canvas produced a prompt recurrence of a blotchy erythema on the left arm and eyelids.

Two years ago she had been hospitalized for a similar attack. It appeared first on the legs and thighs then spread to the arms and face. A conspicuous feature was the swollen lips. At this time she had been working in a film developing laboratory. Patch test investigations were refused. The involution time was six days, similar to that of the present attack.

Journal Article
Journal Article

INFLUENCE OF FATTY ALCOHOLS AND ACIDS ON THE CLARITY AND BIOTA OF IMPOUNDED RESERVOIRS

Authors: Davis, WB; Reynolds, TomD (1969) HERO ID: 4942144

[Less] THIS PROJECT PRESENTS RESULTS ON A LABORATORY AND FIELD INVESTIGATION OF SOME OF THE BIOLOGICAL AND . . . [More] THIS PROJECT PRESENTS RESULTS ON A LABORATORY AND FIELD INVESTIGATION OF SOME OF THE BIOLOGICAL AND PHYSICAL EFFECTS AS A RESULT OF THE USE OF A 1:1 MIXTURE OF HEXADECANOL AND OCTADECANOL. LABORATORY INVESTIGATIONS WERE CONCERNED WITH CHANGES IN PH, HARDNESS, ALKALINITY, TURBIDITY, SURFACE CLARITY, OXYGEN DIFFUSION, DIURNAL OXYGEN, CHLOROPHYLL, BACTERIAL COUNTS, SOME UNICELLULAR ALGAE, SOME FILAMENTOUS ALGAE, WATERWEEDS (ANACHARIS) AND FISH (GAMBUSIA AFFINS AND FUNDALUS NOTATUS).LD AND LABORATORY INVESTIGATIONS WERE ALSO CONCERNED WITH THE DERIVATION AND EXPERIMENTAL VALIDATION OF AN EXPRESSION TO GIVE THE DISSOLVED OXYGEN CONCENTRATION DURING THE CRITICAL NIGHT PERIOD FOR A SMALL LAKE OR POND TREATED WITH A +:1 MIXTURE OF HEXADECANOL AND OCTADECANOL.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

X-ray diffraction study of some normal alkyl esters of long-chain acids

Authors: Lutz, DA; Eddy, CR; Hunter, JJ (1967) HERO ID: 4929654

[Less] X-ray powder diffraction data are reported for 15 normal long-chain esters. The compounds represent . . . [More] X-ray powder diffraction data are reported for 15 normal long-chain esters. The compounds represent all combinations of acid and alcohol where the acid portion is n-tetradecanoic, n-hexadecanoic, or n-octadecanoic acid, and the alcohol portion is n-tetradecanol, n-pentadecanol, n-hexadecanol, n-heptadecanol, or n-octadecanol. The individual compounds can be identified and distinguished by the diffraction data. Several of the esters have long spacings that are a linear function of the number of carbon atoms in the molecule and are consistent with a similar function for ethyl esters of long-chain acids. The remainder of the compounds crystallize in other polymorphic forms and therefore do not follow this function.