Health & Environmental Research Online (HERO)


Ammonia


10,720 References Were Found:

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Impacts of gene bioaugmentation with pJP4-harboring bacteria of 2,4-D-contaminated soil slurry on the indigenous microbial community

Authors: Inoue, D; Yamazaki, Y; Tsutsui, H; Sei, K; Soda, S; Fujita, M; Ike, M (In Press) Biodegradation. HERO ID: 1000131

[Less] Gene bioaugmentation is a bioremediation strategy that enhances biodegradative potential via dissemination . . . [More] Gene bioaugmentation is a bioremediation strategy that enhances biodegradative potential via dissemination of degradative genes from introduced microorganisms to indigenous microorganisms. Bioremediation experiments using 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D)-contaminated soil slurry and strains of Pseudomonas putida or Escherichia coli harboring a self-transmissible 2,4-D degradative plasmid pJP4 were conducted in microcosms to assess possible effects of gene bioaugmentation on the overall microbial community structure and ecological functions (carbon source utilization and nitrogen transformation potentials). Although exogenous bacteria decreased rapidly, 2,4-D degradation was stimulated in bioaugmented microcosms, possibly because of the occurrence of transconjugants by the transfer of pJP4. Terminal restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis revealed that, although the bacterial community structure was disturbed immediately after introducing exogenous bacteria to the inoculated microcosms, it gradually approached that of the uninoculated microcosms. Biolog assay, nitrate reduction assay, and monitoring of the amoA gene of ammonia-oxidizing bacteria and nirK and nirS genes of denitrifying bacteria showed no irretrievable depressive effects of gene bioaugmentation on the carbon source utilization and nitrogen transformation potentials. These results may suggest that gene bioaugmentation with P. putida and E. coli strains harboring pJP4 is effective for the degradation of 2,4-D in soil without large impacts on the indigenous microbial community.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Effect of supplementation of mustard oil cake on intake, digestibility and microbial protein synthesis of cattle in a straw-based diet in Bangladesh

Authors: Khandaker, ZH; Uddin, MM; Sultana, MN; Peters, KJ (In Press) Tropical Animal Health and Production. HERO ID: 1000274

[Less] The objective of this study was to analyse the effects of different levels of rumen-degradable protein . . . [More] The objective of this study was to analyse the effects of different levels of rumen-degradable protein (RDP) on intake, digestibility and microbial protein synthesis by supplementing mustard oil cake (MOC) on rice straw-based diet of cattle (Bos indicus) in Bangladesh. A 4 × 4 Latin square design was applied. Four diets having constant energy (7.0 MJ/kg of dry matter (DM)) with varying levels of RDP (M (0) = 4.1 g/MJ (control), M (1) = 6.3 g/MJ, M (2) = 8.3 g/MJ and M (3) = 12.4 g/MJ of metabolizable energy (ME)) were received by each animal for a period of 28 days. A metabolism trial was conducted for 7 days. Results indicate that with increasing levels of RDP, crude protein (CP) and RDP intake increased significantly (P < 0.01). The significant (P < 0.01) increase in digestibility values are obtained for DM, organic matter, CP and digestible organic matter in the rumen. The digestibility of neutral detergent fibre and acid detergent fibre was also increased significantly (P < 0.05). The total nitrogen (N), ammonia-N and total volatile fatty acids increase significantly (P < 0.01) while the rumen pH increased from M (0) to M (2) and decreased thereafter. The efficiency microbial N intake increased significantly (P < 0.01) but showed a curvilinear response with higher RDP level (12.40 g/RDP/MJ ME). This study concludes that supplementation of RDP from MOC enhances the intake, digestibility and microbial protein synthesis which ultimately increases utilization of low-quality feed resources that can be used for developing cost-effective feeding systems on a straw-based diet in tropical regions.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Thermodynamics and Mechanisms of Protonated Diglycine Decomposition: A Computational Study

Authors: Armentrout, PB; Heaton, AL (In Press) . HERO ID: 1000326

[Less] We present a full computational description of the fragmentation reactions of protonated diglycine (H(+)GG). . . . [More] We present a full computational description of the fragmentation reactions of protonated diglycine (H(+)GG). Relaxed potential energy surface scans performed at B3LYP/6-31 G(d) or B3LYP/6-311 + G(d,p) levels are used to map the reaction coordinate surfaces and identify the transition states (TSs) and intermediate reaction species for seven reactions observed experimentally in the succeeding companion paper. All structures are optimized at the B3LYP/6-311 + G(d,p) level, with single point energies of the key optimized structures calculated at B3LYP and MP2(full) levels using a 6-311 + G(2 d,2p) basis set. These theoretical structures and energies are compared with extensive calculations in the literature. Although the pathways elucidated here are generally in agreement with those previously outlined, new details and, for some reactions, lower energy transition states are located. Further, the mechanism for the combined loss of carbon monoxide and ammonia is explored for the first time.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Keto analogue and amino acid supplementation affects the ammonaemia response during exercise under ketogenic conditions

Authors: Prado, ES; de Rezende Neto, JM; de Almeida, RD; Dória de Melo, MG; Cameron, LC (In Press) British Journal of Nutrition. HERO ID: 1000884

[Less] Hyperammonaemia is related to both central and peripheral fatigue during exercise. Hyperammonaemia in . . . [More] Hyperammonaemia is related to both central and peripheral fatigue during exercise. Hyperammonaemia in response to exercise can be reduced through supplementation with either amino acids or combined keto analogues and amino acids (KAAA). In the present study, we determined the effect of short-term KAAA supplementation on ammonia production in subjects eating a low-carbohydrate diet who exercise. A total of thirteen male cyclists eating a ketogenic diet for 3 d were divided into two groups receiving either KAAA (KEx) or lactose (control group; LEx) supplements. Athletes cycled indoors for 2 h, and blood samples were obtained at rest, during exercise and over the course of 1 h during the recovery period. Exercise-induced ammonaemia increased to a maximum of 35 % in the control group, but no significant increase was observed in the supplemented group. Both groups had a significant increase (approximately 35 %) in uraemia in response to exercise. The resting urate levels of the two groups were equivalent and remained statistically unchanged in the KEx group after 90 min of exercise; an earlier increase was observed in the LEx group. Glucose levels did not change, either during the trial time or between the groups. An increase in lactate levels was observed during the first 30 min of exercise in both groups, but there was no difference between the groups. The present results suggest that the acute use of KAAA diminishes exercise-induced hyperammonaemia.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Protonation of the Dinitrogen-Reduction Catalyst [HIPTN(3)N]Mo(III) Investigated by ENDOR Spectroscopy

Authors: Kinney, RA; McNaughton, RL; Chin, JM; Schrock, RR; Hoffman, BM (In Press) Inorganic Chemistry. HERO ID: 1000995

[Less] Dinitrogen is reduced to ammonia by the molybdenum complex of L = [HIPTN(3)N](3-) [Mo; HIPT = 3,5-(2,4,6-iPr(3)C(6)H(2))(2)C(6)H(3)]. . . . [More] Dinitrogen is reduced to ammonia by the molybdenum complex of L = [HIPTN(3)N](3-) [Mo; HIPT = 3,5-(2,4,6-iPr(3)C(6)H(2))(2)C(6)H(3)]. The mechanism by which this occurs involves the stepwise addition of proton/electron pairs, but how the first pair converts MoN(2) to MoN═NH remains uncertain. The first proton of reduction might bind either at N(β) of N(2) or at one of the three amido nitrogen (N(am)) ligands. Treatment of MoCO with [2,4,6-Me(3)C(5)H(3)N]BAr'(4) [Ar' = 2,3-(CF(3))(2)C(6)H(3)] in the absence of reductant generates HMoCO(+), whose electron paramagnetic resonance spectrum has greatly reduced g anisotropy relative to MoCO. (2)H Mims pulsed electron nuclear double-resonance spectroscopy of (2)HMoCO(+) shows a signal that simulations show to have a hyperfine tensor with an isotropic coupling, a(iso)((2)H) = -0.22 MHz, and a roughly dipolar anisotropic interaction, T((2)H) = [-0.48, -0.93, 1.42] MHz. The simulations show that the deuteron is bound to N(am), near the Mo equatorial plane, not along the normal, and at a distance of 2.6 Å from Mo, which is nearly identical with the (N(am))(2)H(+)-Mo distance predicted by density functional theory computations.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Reaction of a P/Al-Based Frustrated Lewis Pair with Ammonia, Borane, and Amine-Boranes: Adduct Formation and Catalytic Dehydrogenation

Authors: Appelt, C; Slootweg, JC; Lammertsma, K; Uhl, W (In Press) HERO ID: 1510716

[Less] Open wide! The geminal P/Al-based frustrated Lewis pair (Mes2 P)(tBu2 Al)CC(H)Ph forms stable Lewis . . . [More] Open wide! The geminal P/Al-based frustrated Lewis pair (Mes2 P)(tBu2 Al)CC(H)Ph forms stable Lewis adducts with BH3 and NH3 . This compound facilitates the dehydrocoupling of the ammonia-borane adduct by unusual NH bond activation and elimination of dihydrogen at the boron center, and it is a very active main-group-based FLP catalyst for the dehydrogenation of amine-borane H3 B⋅NMe2 H.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Synthesis and Application of a New Fluorous-Tagged Ammonia Equivalent

Authors: Nielsen, SD; Smith, G; Begtrup, M; Kristensen, JL (In Press) Chemistry: A European Journal. HERO ID: 990682

[Less] A novel fluorous-tagged ammonia equivalent has been developed. It is based on a nitrogen-oxygen bond, . . . [More] A novel fluorous-tagged ammonia equivalent has been developed. It is based on a nitrogen-oxygen bond, which can be cleaved in a traceless manner by a molybdenum complex or samarium diiodide. The application in the synthesis of ureas, amides, sulfonamides, and carbamates is described. The scope of the fluorous N--O linker is exemplified by the synthesis of itopride, a drug used for the treatment of functional dyspepsia. Itopride was synthesized with the aid of fluorous purification methods and the product was isolated in good overall yield, with high purity.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Changing Lanes from Concerted to Stepwise Hydrogenation: The Reduction Mechanism of Frustrated Lewis Acid-Base Pair Trapped CO(2) to Methanol by Ammonia-Borane

Authors: Roy, L; Zimmerman, PM; Paul, A (In Press) Chemistry: A European Journal. HERO ID: 990264


Journal Article
Journal Article

Influence of semi-aerobic and anaerobic landfill operation with leachate recirculation on stabilization processes

Authors: Yang, Y; Yue, B; Yang, Y; Huang, Q (In Press) . HERO ID: 1001560

[Less] To investigate the influence of semi-aerobic and anaerobic landfill operation on stabilization processes . . . [More] To investigate the influence of semi-aerobic and anaerobic landfill operation on stabilization processes of landfill sites with leachate recirculation, in situ simulated semi-aerobic landfill sites with leachate recirculation (SLR) and anaerobic landfill sites with leachate recirculation (ALR) were constructed. Refuse properties and landfill settlement were determined. Leachate quality and landfill gas compositions were monitored regularly. Based on the data obtained, leachate quality, landfill gas and final refuse characteristics were adopted as assessment factors to quantitatively evaluate stabilization of landfill sites. The results showed that volatile solids (VS), total organic carbon (TOC) and biologically degradable matter (BDM) of aged refuse in SLR (15.8, 7.3 and 9.9%, respectively) were lower than those in ALR, which were 19.1, 9.2 and 11.3%, respectively. Settlement and reduction ratio of SLR were 1.71 m and 30.91%, respectively, and 1.40 m and 25.45% in the case of ALR. Concentrations of organic pollutants, especially ammonia, were reduced in SLR, and variation in leachate quality was also smoother than ALR. Throughout the experiment the average concentration of CH(4) in ALR was higher than that in SLR (36.7 and 14.5%, respectively). At the end of the experiment, SLR was moderately stable, while ALR was moderately unstable. The comprehensive assessment index (I) for SLR and ALR was 200 and 355, respectively.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

The effects of high levels of rumen degradable protein on rumen pH and histamine concentrations in dairy cows

Authors: Pilachai, R; Schonewille, JT; Thamrongyoswittayakul, C; Aiumlamai, S; Wachirapakorn, C; Everts, H; Hendriks, WH (In Press) Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition (Online). HERO ID: 1003062

[Less] An experiment was conducted to test the hypothesis that the supplementation of crude protein (CP) results . . . [More] An experiment was conducted to test the hypothesis that the supplementation of crude protein (CP) results in rumen acidosis and increased histamine concentrations in dairy cows. Six ruminally fistulated, non-pregnant dry cows were fed three experimental rations in a replicated 3 × 3 Latin square design. The CP contents in the low-CP, the high rumen undegradable protein (high-RUP) and the high rumen degradable protein (high-RDP) rations were 112, 259 and 266 g/kg dry matter (DM) respectively. The cows were fed 7.7 kg DM of the concentrates and 2.7 kg DM of rice straw. High levels of RDP in the ration significantly increased the ammonia, total volatile fatty acid (VFA) and histamine concentrations in the rumen fluid. However, supplemental CP, whether degradable or undegradable, did not significantly affect the pH of rumen fluid. Plasma urea nitrogen concentration was higher in both high-RDP and high-RUP in relation to cows fed the low-CP ration. The rise in ruminal histamine concentrations was physiologically non-relevant, most likely because rumen pH was not affected by supplemental CP at the installed level of DM intake. Therefore, it can be concluded that the issue of supplemental CP, rumen pH and ruminal histamine concentrations has not yet been settled. Further research is warranted to understand these relationships.