Health & Environmental Research Online (HERO)


Naphthalene


16,771 References Were Found:

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Naphthalene poisoning

Author: Nash, LF (1903) British Medical Journal 1:251. HERO ID: 32848


The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

[A case of naphthalene cataract in a human being]

Author: Lezenius, A (1902) HERO ID: 2718654


Technical Report
Technical Report

Emission Characteristics of the Evaporative Pattern Casting Process

Authors: Gressel, MG; O'Brien, DM; Tenaglia, RD (1900) (503-514). (NIOSH/00193359). HERO ID: 1482797

[Less] Emissions generated during the evaporative pattern casting (EPC) process were investigated. Airborne . . . [More] Emissions generated during the evaporative pattern casting (EPC) process were investigated. Airborne emissions, emitted during a laboratory mock up of the EPC process using aluminum and gray iron test pump castings, were trapped in a sampling hood during pouring, cooling, and shake out and analyzed by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry and real time direct reading instruments. A similar experiment was performed with the conventional green sand process for comparison purposes. Carbon-monoxide (630080) emissions were above 1000 parts per million during pouring, cooling, and shake out of the iron castings during the green sand process. These were at least an order of magnitude higher than those measured during the EPC process. Carbon-monoxide emissions were not significantly elevated during aluminum processing for either process. More carbon soot was produced by the EPC process for either metal than by the green sand process. More hydrocarbons were produced by the ECP process than during the green sand process for either metal. The highest hydrocarbon emissions occurred during the initial stages of pouring. Higher concentrations of benzene (71432), toluene (108883), ethyl-benzene (100414), and styrene (100425) were measured during pouring and shake out during the EPC than during the green sand process. Screening analyses for 17 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) indicated that 13 were emitted during the EPC process using iron versus only two during the green sand process. During aluminum processing, nine PAHs were detected in the EPC process versus only three in the green sand process. Except for naphthalene (91203) and fluorene (86737), which were not detected when aluminum was used in the EPC process, PAH concentrations during the EPC were higher than during the green sand process. The authors conclude that benzene release and heavy soot generation are significant potential hazards associated with the EPC process.

Technical Report
Technical Report

Association of Chlorphentermine with Phospholipids in Rat Alveolar Lavage Materials, Alveolar Macrophages and Type II Cells

Authors: Ma, JYC; Ma, JKH; Weber, KC; Bowman, L; Reasor, MJ; Miles, PR (1900) HERO ID: 1482884

[Less] The effects of chlorphentermine (461789) on rat pulmonary surfactant phospholipids, alveolar macrophages, . . . [More] The effects of chlorphentermine (461789) on rat pulmonary surfactant phospholipids, alveolar macrophages, and type II cells were investigated in male Sprague-Dawley-rats. The rats were given three daily intraperitoneal injections of carbon-14 labelled or nonlabelled drug at a dose of 25mg/kg and were sacrificed on day four and lavage materials analyzed. In-vitro chlorphentermine binding to surfactant phospholipids was assayed in preparations from control animals by fluorometry with 1-anilino-8-naphthalene-sulfonate (ANS) as probe. Chlorphentermine enhanced ANS fluorescence in all phospholipid subfractions tested. Data for chlorphentermine binding to pulmonary lavage phospholipids indicated binding to different surfactant moieties with different affinities. Chlorphentermine was associated with the acellular surfactant phospholipids in the drug treated animals, and the cellular distribution in moles of chlorphentermine per mole of phospholipid was 0.056 for alveolar macrophages, 0.030 for type-II cells, and 0.003 for other lung cells. Chlorphentermine was bound to the phospholipid fraction of the macrophages but appeared in free form in the alveolar type-II cells. The authors conclude that chlorphentermine is associated with phospholipid fractions from lung components and suggest a mechanism for chlorphentermine induced phospholipidosis based on an accumulation of surfactant phospholipids caused by a decreased rate of degradation in the presence of the drug.

Journal Article
Journal Article

Naphthalin as a Sedative

(1893) HERO ID: 5018321


The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

THE USE OF NAPHTHALINE AS AN INSECTICIDE

Author: Riley, CV (1884) Science 3:455-456. HERO ID: 1470302


Journal Article
Journal Article

Naphthaline

(1843) 6:338. HERO ID: 1470303


Technical Report
Technical Report

2-NITRONAPHTHALENE-ASSOCIATED URINARY BLADDER CANCER

Author: Moore, RM HERO ID: 1487557

Abstract: EIS: Epidemiology Information System

Technical Report
Technical Report

Detection of chlorinated aromatic compounds

Author: Ekechukwu, AA HERO ID: 1485836

[Less] Disclosed is a method for making a composition for measuring the concentration of chlorinated aromatic . . . [More] Disclosed is a method for making a composition for measuring the concentration of chlorinated aromatic compounds in aqueous fluids and an optical probe for use with said method. The composition comprises a hydrophobic polymer matrix, preferably polyamide, with a fluorescent indicator uniformly dispersed therein. The indicator fluoresces in the presence of the chlorinated aromatic compounds with an intensity dependent on the concentration of these compounds in the fluid of interest, such as 8-amino-2-naphthalene. The probe includes a hollow cylindrical housing that contains the composition in its distal end. The probe admits an aqueous fluid to the probe interior for exposure to the composition. An optical fiber transmits excitation light from a remote source to the composition while the indicator reacts with chlorinated aromatic compounds present in the fluid. The resulting fluorescence light signal is reflected to a second optical fiber that transmits the light to a spectrophotometer for analysis.

Technical Report
Technical Report

Effect of long-lasting use of naphthalane petroleum and its components on the hormonal activity of the adrenal medulla and on the ACT-function of the hypophysis

Authors: Gafulov, MS; Mekhtiev, MA HERO ID: 1483219

[Less] HEEP COPYRIGHT: BIOL ABS. Experiments were done on 262 Wistar rats. Naphthalane petroleum (NP) was . . . [More] HEEP COPYRIGHT: BIOL ABS. Experiments were done on 262 Wistar rats. Naphthalane petroleum (NP) was given in the amount of 100 mg/kg, naphthene paraffins (NPf) in 50 mg/kg and light and heavy aromatic hydrocarbons in amounts of 15 mg/kg daily for 40 days. At certain intervals rats were sacrificed and the relative weight of the adrenals and their content of epinephrine and norepinephrine were determined. In other rats ascorbic acid was determined in the adrenals. NP and NPf, up to 20 days, activated the functions of hypophysis-adrenal medulla, which at 30-40 days returned to the initial condition. Heavy aromatic hydrocarbons, up to 30 days, activated adrenal medulla function, whereas light aromatic hydrocarbons did not affect the hypophysis-adrenal medulla system.