Health & Environmental Research Online (HERO)


Naphthalene


16,761 References Were Found:

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Spatiotemporal variation of atmospheric nitrated polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in semi-arid and petrochemical industrialized Lanzhou City, Northwest China

Authors: Liu, P; Ju, Y; Li, Y; Wang, Z; Mao, X; Cao, H; Jia, C; Huang, T; Gao, H; Ma, J (2019) HERO ID: 5018073

[Less] Polyurethane foam-based passive air sampler (PUF-PAS) and passive dry deposition sampler (PAS-DD) were . . . [More] Polyurethane foam-based passive air sampler (PUF-PAS) and passive dry deposition sampler (PAS-DD) were adopted, for the first time ever in China, to investigate the atmospheric levels and spatial-temporal distributions of air burdens and dry deposition fluxes of 12 nitrated polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (NPAHs) during winter and summer seasons in a multiple site field campaign in a petrochemical industrialized capital city in Northwest China. The results showed that the highest air concentration and dry deposition fluxes of ∑12NPAHs occurred at a heavy traffic site among 18 sampling sites in both winter and summer season. The lowest air concentration and dry deposition fluxes were observed at the background site. The mean concentrations of ∑12NPAHs in the ambient air were 8.6 ± 8.1 ng m-3 in winter and 15 ± 11 ng m-3 in summer. The mean dry deposition fluxes of ∑12NPAHs were 1.8 × 103 ± 1.9 × 103 ng (m2 day)-1 in winter and 1.4 × 103 ± 1.3 × 103 ng (m2 day)-1 in summer, respectively. The total concentration of 12 NPAHs was mainly dominated by 1-nitro-naphthalene (1N-NAP) and 2-nitro-naphthalene(2N-NAP) in air, accounting for 32% in winter and 45% in summer of ∑12NPAHs. 7-Nitro-benzo [a] anthracene (7N-BaA) made the largest contribution to dry deposition fluxes of ∑12NPAHs, accounting for 28% in winter and 24% in summer. The ratios of ∑12NPAHs/∑15pPAHs (parent polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons) were calculated to identify potential sources of NPAHs across the city. The results revealed that the main atmospheric air concentration and dry deposition fluxes of 12 NPAHs could be attributed to the primary emissions in winter and the secondary reaction formation in summer. The sources of primary emissions could be traced back to petrochemical, steel mills, as well as aluminum industries in winter and vehicle exhaust in summer. Higher ∑12NPAH/∑15pPAH concentration ratios in summer indicated that the oxidation of pPAHs contributed to the secondary formation of NPAHs via atmospheric chemical reactions in this petrochemical industrialized mountain-valley city.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Application of encapsulated magnesium peroxide (MgO2) nanoparticles in permeable reactive barrier (PRB) for naphthalene and toluene bioremediation from groundwater

Authors: Gholami, F; Mosmeri, H; Shavandi, M; Dastgheib, SMM; Amoozegar, MA (2019) HERO ID: 5018074

[Less] One of the challenges in the petroleum hydrocarbon contaminated groundwater remediation by oxygen releasing . . . [More] One of the challenges in the petroleum hydrocarbon contaminated groundwater remediation by oxygen releasing compounds (ORCs) is to identify the remediation mechanism and determine the impact of ORCs on the environment and the intrinsic groundwater microorganisms. In this research, the application of encapsulated magnesium peroxide (MgO2) nanoparticles in the permeable reactive barrier (PRB) for bioremediation of the groundwater contaminated by toluene and naphthalene was studied in the continuous flow sand-packed plexiglass columns within 50 d experiments. For the biodiversity studies, next generation sequencing (NGS) of the 16S rRNA gene was applied. The results showed that naphthalene was metabolized (within 20 days) faster than toluene (after 30 days) by microorganisms of the aqueous phase. By comparing the contaminant removal in the biotic (which resulted in the complete contaminant removal) and abiotic (around 32% removal for naphthalene and 36% for toluene after 50 d) conditions, the significant role of microorganisms on the decontamination process was proved. Furthermore, the attached microbial communities on the porous media were visualized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Microbial community structure analysis by NGS technique revealed that the microbial species which were able to degrade toluene and naphthalene such as P. putida and P. mendocina respectively were stimulated by addition of MgO2 nanoparticles. The presented study resulted in a momentous insight into the application of MgO2 nanoparticles in the hydrocarbon compounds removal from groundwater.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Comparative study on degradation of propranolol and formation of oxidation products by UV/H2O2 and UV/persulfate (PDS)

Authors: Yang, Y; Cao, Y; Jiang, J; Lu, X; Ma, J; Pang, S; Li, J; Liu, Y; Zhou, Y; Guan, C (2019) HERO ID: 5018077

[Less] The frequent detection of propranolol, a widely used β-blocker, in wastewater effluents and surface . . . [More] The frequent detection of propranolol, a widely used β-blocker, in wastewater effluents and surface waters has raised serious concern, due to its adverse effects on organisms. UV/hydrogen peroxide (UV/H2O2) and UV/persulfate (UV/PDS) processes are efficient in eliminating propranolol in various waters, but the formation of oxidation products in these processes, as well as the assessment of their toxicity, has not been systematically addressed. In this study, we identified and compared transformation products of propranolol produced by hydroxyl radical (•OH) and sulfate radical (SO4•-). The electrostatic attraction enhances the reaction between SO4•- and the protonated form of propranolol, while •OH shows non-selectivity toward both protonated and neutral propranolol species. The hydroxylation of propranolol by •OH occurs at either amine moiety or naphthalene group while SO4•- favors the oxidation of the electron-rich naphthalene group. Further oxidation by •OH and SO4•- results in ring-opening products. Bicarbonate and chloride exert no effect on propranolol degradation. The generation of CO3•- and Cl-containing radicals is favorable to oxidizing naphthalene group. The acute toxicity assay of Vibrio fischeri suggests that SO4•- generates more toxic products than •OH, while CO3•- and Cl-containing radicals produce similar toxicity as SO4•-. High concentrations of bicarbonate in UV/H2O2 increase the toxicity of treated solution.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Effect of air pollutants and toxic emissions from various mileage of motorcycles and aerosol related carcinogenicity and mutagenicity assessment

Authors: Lin, YC; Chou, FC; Li, YC; Jhang, SR; Shangdiar, S (2019) HERO ID: 5018080

[Less] This research investigates the mileage and the health risk assessment of aerosol carcinogenicity and . . . [More] This research investigates the mileage and the health risk assessment of aerosol carcinogenicity and mutagenicity emitted by ten in-use motorcycles. The total p-PAHs emission factor of ten in-use motorcycles are 676.3 μg km-1 with average of 67.6 ± 13.6 μg km-1. Naphthalene (Nap) shows the largest emission factors, followed by phenanthrene (PA) and fluoranthen (FL). The mileage present high correlation coefficient (Rsp = 0.681) with CO. CO is associated with cumulative mileage leading to bad combustion efficiency, which caused low to high relationship for total p-PAHs (Rsp = 0.388), PM2.5 (Rsp = 0.680) and NOx (Rsp = 0.799). Both PM2.5 and total p-PAHs are generally generated via incomplete combustion and the results expressed the moderate to high correlation (Rsp = 0.578, 0.898) with NOx. Taking into consideration of high-mileage motorcycles (30,001-50,000 km), the toxic equivalent of carcinogenicity and mutagenicity exhaust are about 4.67, 1.99 and 3.89, 2.0 times higher than low (10,001-20,000 km) and middle (20,001-30,000 km) cumulative mileages, respectively. Therefore, in the conclusion of our study in compared with that of other research directed the fact that lower carcinogenicity and mutagenicity emission factor were found at lower cumulative mileages motorcycles however, the impact increases with the high cumulative mileage motorcycles.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Host flexibility and space filling in supramolecular complexation of cyclodextrins: A free-energy-oriented approach

Authors: Cova, TF; Milne, BF; Pais, AACC (2019) HERO ID: 5018092

[Less] Cyclodextrins (Cds) are versatile carbohydrate hosts for developing multifunctional nanostructures of . . . [More] Cyclodextrins (Cds) are versatile carbohydrate hosts for developing multifunctional nanostructures of pharmaceutical interest. Factors affecting the thermodynamic signatures and stability of β- and γ-Cd complexes are detailed at the atomic level. The MD/PMF-based method is combined with the description of the nature and strength of the inter-partner affinity. Naphthalene, adamantane and lycorine derivatives are used as models of drug-leading structures. Guest size affects Cd-guest contact and the inclusion degree, inducing Cd deformation, which opposes inclusion. Complexation depends on the available Cd cavity volume, as guest fitting variations and the enthalpy penalty from Cd deformation impact on the binding constants (promoting a reduction of up to 104). The often neglected Cd deformation plays, thus, an important role in the interaction behavior of larger cavity Cd-based systems, being crucial in carbohydrate-mediated recognition phenomena. It corresponds to an increase in energy of ca. 90 kJ mol-1 in the simpler analyzed model system.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

New insight on 8-anilino-1-naphthalene sulfonic acid interaction with TgFNR for hydrophobic exposure analysis

Authors: Singh, K; Hussain, I; Mishra, V; Akhtar, MS (2019) HERO ID: 5018104

[Less] The exposed hydrophobic patches of protein are widely detected through the binding by the fluorescent . . . [More] The exposed hydrophobic patches of protein are widely detected through the binding by the fluorescent probes such as 1-anilino-8-naphthalene sulfonate (ANS), Nile Red (NR) and 1-(N-phenylamino) naphthalene, N-(1-Naphthyl) aniline (1NPN). Interestingly, at pH4, where the Toxoplasma gondii Ferredoxin-NADP(+) reductase (TgFNR) is stable, an exclusive binding and fluorescence emission was observed for ANS. To understand the underlying difference in the binding of ANS, NR and 1NPN; their effect on the protein structure was studied in detail. ANS was found to interact with TgFNR via electrostatic as well as hydrophobic interactions at pH4. NR and 1NPN did not show any such binding to TgFNR in the similar conditions, however showed strong hydrophobic interaction in the presence of NaCl or DSS (2, 2-dimethyl-2-silapentane-5-sulfonate). The subsequent structural studies suggest that ANS, NaCl and DSS induced partial unfolding of TgFNR by modulating ionic interactions of the enzyme, leading to the exposure of buried hydrophobic patches amicable for the binding by NR and 1NPN. The induced unfolding of TgFNR by ANS is unique and thus cautions to use the fluorescent dye as simple indicator to probe the exposed hydrophobic patches of the protein or its folding intermediates.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Gold-Catalyzed Facile Synthesis and Crystal Structures of Benzene-/Naphthalene-Based Bispentalenes as Organic Semiconductors

Authors: Sekine, K; Schulmeister, J; Paulus, F; Goetz, KP; Rominger, F; Rudolph, M; Zaumseil, J; Hashmi, ASK (2019) HERO ID: 5018106

[Less] The gold-catalyzed facile synthesis of U-shaped and S-shaped bispentalenes is described from easily . . . [More] The gold-catalyzed facile synthesis of U-shaped and S-shaped bispentalenes is described from easily available tetra(arylethynyl)-benzenes and -naphthalenes. The optoelectronic and transistor properties were also investigated. The selectivity between the U-shaped and S-shaped bispentalene isomers can be tuned by the bulkiness of the ligand and the substrates. The S-shaped naphthalene-based bispentalene shows a one-dimensional face-to-face packing pattern in solid state and a good hole mobility, indicating that the S-shaped bispentalene core is highly suitable for transistor applications. The gold-catalyzed annulation of tetraynes provides a useful protocol in the synthesis of bispentalenes for organic semiconductors.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Hydrogen-Bonding-Regulated Supramolecular Nanostructures and Impact on Multivalent Binding

Authors: Sikder, A; Ray, D; Aswal, VK; Ghosh, S (2019) HERO ID: 5018109

[Less] Herein we describe the H-bonding-regulated nanostructure, thermodynamics, and multivalent binding of . . . [More] Herein we describe the H-bonding-regulated nanostructure, thermodynamics, and multivalent binding of two bolaamphiphiles NDI-1 and NDI-2 consisting of a hydrophobic naphthalene diimide connected to a hydrophilic wedge by a H-bonding group and a glucose moiety on its two arms. NDI-1 and NDI-2 differ by the single H-bonding group, namely, hydrazide or amide, which triggers the formation of vesicles and cylindrical micelles, respectively. Although the extended H-bonding ensures stacking with head-to-head orientation and the formation of an array of the appended glucose moieties in both systems, the adaptive cylindrical structure exhibited superior multivalent binding with concanavalin A (ConA) to that of the vesicle. A control amphiphile lacking a H-bonding group assembled with a random lateral orientation to produce spherical micelles without any notable multivalent binding.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Enhancing the production of light olefins and aromatics from catalytic fast pyrolysis of cellulose in a dual-catalyst fixed bed reactor

Authors: Yang, M; Shao, J; Yang, H; Zeng, K; Wu, Z; Chen, Y; Bai, X; Chen, H (2019) HERO ID: 5018111

[Less] In this study, the effects of a macroporous catalyst (CaO), mesoporous catalyst (MCM-41), and microporous . . . [More] In this study, the effects of a macroporous catalyst (CaO), mesoporous catalyst (MCM-41), and microporous catalysts (ZSM-5 and SAPO-34) on the production of light olefins and aromatics from cellulose catalytic fast pyrolysis were investigated in a dual-catalyst fixed bed reactor. Further the fractional catalytic pyrolysis of MCM-41 or CaO with ZSM-5 or SAPO-34 was explored. The results showed that ZSM-5 was the most efficient catalyst for the formation of light olefins and aromatics followed by MCM-41, CaO and SAPO-34, and no aromatics were found with SAPO-34 only. Moreover, 15% CaO combined 85% ZSM-5 produced the highest yield of light olefins (5.59%) and aromatic (13.42%). The addition of CaO and MCM-41 promoted the selectivity of C2H4 and decreased the production of naphthalene.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Naphthalene, a versatile platform in medicinal chemistry: Sky-high perspective

Authors: Makar, S; Saha, T; Singh, SK (2019) European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 161:252-276. [Review] HERO ID: 5018124

[Less] Naphthalene, a cytotoxic moiety, is an extensively explored aromatic conjugated system with applications . . . [More] Naphthalene, a cytotoxic moiety, is an extensively explored aromatic conjugated system with applications in various pathophysiological conditions viz. anticancer, antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, antiviral, antitubercular, antihypertensive, antidiabetic, anti-neurodegenerative, antipsychotic, anticonvulsant, antidepressant. Naphthalene epoxides and naphthoquinones are most reactive metabolites of naphthalene and are responsible for the covalent interaction with cysteine amino acid of cellular proteins for cytotoxic nature. Many naphthalene derived bioactive phytoconstituents are present in nature including podophyllotoxins (Etoposide, teniposide), bis-ANS 82, Rifampicin, Justiprocumin A, B, Patentiflorin A. The naphthalene-based molecules, viz. Naphyrone, tolnaftate, naftifine, nafcillin, terbinafine, propranolol, nabumetone, nafimidone, naproxen, duloxetine, lasofoxifene, bedaquiline etc. have also been approved by FDA and are being marketed as therapeutics. Thus, the naphthalene scaffold emerges as an important building block in drug discovery owing to its broad spectrum of biological activities through varying structural modifications. This review incorporates the pharmacological aspects of different types of chemically modified naphthalene-based molecules along with their activity profile. This compiled information may serve as a benchmark for the alteration of existing ligands to design novel potent molecules with lesser side effects.