Health & Environmental Research Online (HERO)


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1,766 References Were Found:

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

[Carcinoid of ectopic pancreas tissue--islet cell tumor]

Authors: Chen, LZ; Wen, ZL; You, LB; Zhang, GH (1986) HERO ID: 3797992

[Less] A case of islet cell tumor--carcinoid of the ectopic pancreas is reported. The patient had been operated . . . [More] A case of islet cell tumor--carcinoid of the ectopic pancreas is reported. The patient had been operated six times because of recurrent abdominal tumor mass and intermittent hypoglycemic coma. The first five operations were done with the diagnosis of mesotheliosarcoma by pathology. The last operation was done in our hospital with the final diagnosis of carcinoid--islet cell tumor. In addition to the light microscopic view, several diagnostic features were observed as follows: Under electron microscopy, membrane bound secretive granules were present in the tumor cytoplasm. Neither brush-like microvilli nor lumen formation of the mesothelioma were found. By immunohistochemistry, positive granules to immunoperoxidase stain of insulin were observed in some tumor cytoplasm. By laboratory test, levels of blood 5-hydroxytryptamine and urinary 5-hydroxyindolacetic acid were elevated. Sometimes it is difficult to differentiate carcinoid from islet cell tumor only by morphology, because both are derived from the same origin during the embryonic development which is probably related to the endocrine system from the embryonic foregut. The latter arises from the neuro-ectoderm and belongs to APUD system.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Characterization of the soluble hydrogenase from Desulfovibrio africanus

Authors: Nivière, V; Forget, N; Gayda, JP; Hatchikian, EC (1986) HERO ID: 3797993

[Less] The soluble hydrogenase from Desulfovibrio africanus has been isolated and characterized. The enzyme . . . [More] The soluble hydrogenase from Desulfovibrio africanus has been isolated and characterized. The enzyme consists of two subunits of 65 kDa and 27 kDa. Its absorption spectrum is typical of an iron-sulfur protein. The protein contains 12 iron atoms, 10 labile sulfur atoms and 0.9 nickel atom per molecule. D. africanus hydrogenase is rapidly activated under reducing conditions and exhibits a specific activity of 570 mumoles H2 evolved/min/mg. The EPR spectrum of the oxidized enzyme shows no Ni(III) signals. Upon reduction under hydrogen, the protein sample exhibits signals due to nickel with g values at 2.21, 2.17 and 2.01 correlating with the active state of the enzyme.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Pharmacokinetics of PCBs

Authors: Matthews, HB; Dedrick, RL (1984) Annual Review of Pharmacology and Toxicology 24:85-103. [Review] HERO ID: 197975

[Less] The pharmacokinetics of PCBs are complicated by numerous factors, not the least of which is the existence . . . [More] The pharmacokinetics of PCBs are complicated by numerous factors, not the least of which is the existence of up to 209 different chlorinated biphenyls. Whereas all PCB congeners are highly lipophilic and most are readily absorbed and rapidly distributed to all tissues, PCBs are cleared from tissues at very different rates, and the same congeners may be cleared at different rates by different species. With the exception of special situations in which PCBs may be passively eliminated in lipid sinks, e.g. milk or eggs, clearance is minimal prior to metabolism to more polar compounds. Rates of PBC metabolism vary greatly with species and with the degree and positions of chlorination. Mammals metabolize these compounds most rapidly, but even among mammalian species rates of metabolism vary greatly. In all species studied, the more readily metabolized chlorinated biphenyls have adjacent unsubstituted carbon atoms in the 3-4 positions. Congeners that do not have adjacent unsubstituted carbon atoms may be metabolized very slowly and are therefore cleared very slowly. These PCBs not readily cleared concentrate in adipose tissue. A physiologic pharmacokinetic model best illustrates how the concentrations of PCBs in all tissues approach equilibrium with the blood and with one another. Thus, the model illustrates how a depot of PCBs in any tissue, e.g. adipose tissue, will result in exposure of all tissues in proportion to the respective tissue/blood ratios and the body burden. The disposition of a number of PCBs in the rate has been accurately described by a physiologic model, and the model has been extrapolated to predict the disposition of these same PCBs in the mouse (58). Therefore, the physiologic pharmacokinetic model is believed to offer the best opportunity to extrapolate data obtained with laboratory animals to predict the disposition of PCBs in other species, including man. Most of the parameters of a model of PCB disposition in man are available or could be estimated. The major limitation to the construction of such a model is the absence of accurate estimates of metabolic clearance of individual PCBs by man. Accurate estimates of metabolic clearance depend on development of suitable in vitro methods to accurately predict clearance in vivo.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Breathing patterns. 2. Diseased subjects

Authors: Tobin, MJ; Chadha, TS; Jenouri, G; Birch, SJ; Gazeroglu, HB; Sackner, MA (1983) Chest 84:286-294. HERO ID: 3260265


The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Materno-fetal pharmacokinetics and fetal distribution of valproic acid in a pregnant rhesus monkey

Authors: Dickinson, RG; Lawyer, CH; Kaufman, SN; Lynn, RK; Gerber, N; Novy, MJ; Cook, MJ (1980) Pediatric Pharmacology 1:71-83. HERO ID: 4470804

[Less] Chronic indwelling catheters in the maternal femoral artery and vein, fetal carotid artery and jugular . . . [More] Chronic indwelling catheters in the maternal femoral artery and vein, fetal carotid artery and jugular vein, and amniotic cavity of a pregnant rhesus monkey permitted administration of sodium valproate (NaVPA) and collection of timed samples of maternal and fetal blood and amniotic fluid. After a single IV dose (50 mg/kg) to the mother, a rapid distribution phase (t1/2 alpha = 0.5 minute) was followed by a biphasic decline in concentration in maternal blood (t1/2 beta = 31 minutes, t1/2 gamma = 390 minutes). VPA appeared rapidly in fetal blood, reached a concentration slightly higher than in maternal blood by 15 minutes, and thereafter declined in parallel with the concentration in maternal blood. Terminal fetal/maternal ratios of blood concentration of VPA were about 1.3. Similar patterns of decline were observed after NaVPA was given IV to the fetus. A multicompartment first-order materno-fetal pharmacokinetic model is presented. Tissue distribution studies in the fetus showed that VPA concentration was highest in blood; moderate in heart, liver, spleen, kidney, and skeletal muscle; and low in brain.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Distribution and excretion of 2,2',4,4',5,5'-hexabromobiphenyl in rats and man: pharmacokinetic model predictions

Authors: Tuey, DB; Matthews, HB (1980) Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology 53:420-431. HERO ID: 4471079

[Less] A mathematical model was developed to describe the pharmacokinetics of 2,2′,4,4′,5,5′-hexabromobiphenyl . . . [More] A mathematical model was developed to describe the pharmacokinetics of 2,2′,4,4′,5,5′-hexabromobiphenyl (HBB) in rats and man. Rats were given single iv or multiple oral doses of [14C]HBB and tissue distribution and excretion data were obtained. A blood flow-limited physiological compartmental model was constructed and used to simulate the time course of HBB in rat tissues and excreta. Intestinal absorption of oral doses and reabsorption of HBB in bile could be accounted for by an effective permeability constant; a growing adipose tissue compartment was needed to properly describe the pharmacokinetics of HBB in growing rats. The model was then scaled to man by appropriately adjusting tissue volume, blood flow, and clearance and rate constant parameters. Human HBB tissue concentrations were predicted following an acute high-dose or a chronic low-dose exposure regimen, and the results compared to human data where available. As for the rat, adipose tissue had a significant effect on the HBB concentrations predicted in man. The estimated body burden t12 in man was 6.5 years. It appears that at least for this compound, past exposure and present and future human tissue concentrations can be estimated by extrapolating pharmacokinetic results obtained in the rat.