[Effect of some ADH inhibitors on microsomal alcohol oxidizing system activity in vitro]
Authors: Dawidek-Pietryka, K; Dudka, J
Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny 52:337-345.
HERO ID: 1142230
The treatment of methanol intoxication usually focuses on prevention of methanol conversion to its toxic . . .
The treatment of methanol intoxication usually focuses on prevention of methanol conversion to its toxic metabolites due to administration of ethanol or 4-methylpyrasole (4-MP). Nevertheless there is a need for new measures treatment of methanol intoxication. For this reason the influence of some alcohol dehydrogenase inhibitors on the activity of microsomal alcohol oxidising system (MAOS) with methanol as a substrate was assayed. In the present study MAOS activity was measured spectrophotometrically in vitro at physiological pH 7.4 and 37 degrees C, assaying the degree of methanol oxidation. The quantity of arising formaldehyde was measured according with the method of Nash. The source of enzyme was hepatic slices. Our results have shown that MAOS activity was inhibited to different extents by: 4-MP, isovaleric amide, cimetidine, DMSO, EDTA, o-phenantroline, pyrasole and theophylline at concentrations of 0.01 mmol/l, 0.10 mmol/l 1.00 mmol/l. And methylene blue, acetyl-L-carnitine and penicillamine increase MAOS activity in the process of methanol oxidation. In summary, 4-MP which plays an important role as an antidote in methanol intoxication was not an effective MAOS inhibitor. EDTA was found to be a highly effective inhibitor at all investigated concentrations.