Health & Environmental Research Online (HERO)


Glycols (25265-71-8, 110-98-5, & 24800-44-0)


94 References Were Found:

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

754 exposures to reed diffusers reported to the United Kingdom National Poisons Information Service 2010-2014

Authors: Panchal, B; Eddleston, M; Thomas, SH; Thompson, JP; Vale, JA (2016) Clinical Toxicology 54:333-338. HERO ID: 3114932

[Less] OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to review the reported toxicity of reed diffuser . . . [More] OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to review the reported toxicity of reed diffuser fragrance liquid which, in addition to essential oils, commonly contains glycol ethers but other ingredients and/or alternatives are 3-methoxy-3-methyl-1-butanol, petroleum distillates, ethanol and isopropanol.

METHODS: We analysed retrospectively enquiries to the United Kingdom National Poisons Information Service between 1 January 2010 and 31 December 2014.

RESULTS: 754 patients were exposed to reed diffusers; the majority (n = 712) were children < 5 years. Ingestion was the most common route of exposure (706 of 754 patients) and involved the liquid alone (n = 570), water beads alone (n = 84), sucking on the reeds (n = 31) or ingesting the liquid and water beads (n = 21). The reported amount of fragrance liquid ingested was known in only 76 of 591 cases (12.9%), with a median (IQR) volume of 20.0 (IQR = 10-40) mL. The WHO/IPCS/EC/EAPCCT Poisoning Severity Score (PSS) was known in 702 of 706 sole ingestions: in 574 (81.3%), the PSS was 0 (asymptomatic); in 117 (16.6%) patients, the PSS was 1 (minor toxicity); in 11 (1.6%), the PSS was 2 (moderate toxicity); there were no patients with features graded PSS 3 (severe toxicity). Significantly (p = 0.008) more patients became symptomatic (PSS 1 and PSS 2) following the ingestion of a reed diffuser containing 3-methoxy-3-methyl-1-butanol than propylene glycol monobutyl ether, though there was no significant difference when compared with those containing dipropylene glycol monomethyl ether (p = 0.181). The most common features following ingestion of fragrance liquid were nausea and vomiting (n = 53), coughing (n = 17) and CNS depression (n = 9). Seven patients suffered eye exposure alone: two developed eye pain and four conjunctivitis. Dermal exposure alone was reported in six patients, two of whom developed skin irritation.

CONCLUSIONS: The majority of patients in our study developed no features or only minor symptoms following ingestion of reed diffuser fragrance liquid.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

APPLICATION OF SELECTED AGENTS FOR WOOD LIQUEFACTION AND SOME PROPERTIES OF PARTICLEBOARDS PRODUCED WITH THE USE OF LIQUEFIED WOOD

Authors: Janiszewska, D; Frackowiak, I; Bielejewska, N (2016) HERO ID: 4420932

[Less] This work presents the characteristics of wood liquefied using different types of solvents in terms . . . [More] This work presents the characteristics of wood liquefied using different types of solvents in terms of its application for binding particleboards. Standard pine particles from barked wood were used for the liquefaction experiments. The liquefaction reaction was carried out in high temperature conditions using a mixture of solvents from the polyhydroxy alcohol group, including glycerine, ethylene glycol, propylene glycol, diethylene glycol, and dipropylene glycol. The microstructure of both the liquefied wood and the liquefaction residues was determined by means of optical microscopy analysis. The basic parameters of the adhesive mixture modified with the liquefied wood, such as viscosity, pH and gel time were determined. Particleboards containing liquefied wood were produced. The following physicochemical and mechanical properties of the particleboards were measured: tensile strength, bending strength, modulus of elasticity, and formaldehyde content. The influence of the liquefying agent on the board properties was investigated. In all the tests, a control particleboard, bonded with a urea-formaldehyde adhesive resin with no inclusion of liquefied wood, was used for the purposes of comparison.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Spray-applied 100% volatile organic compounds free two component polyurethane coatings based on rapeseed oil polyols

Authors: Fridrihsone-Girone, A; Stirna, U; Misane, M; Lazdina, B; Deme, L (2016) HERO ID: 4660346

[Less] Spray applied, two component, 100% volatile organic compounds-free polyurethane coatings were prepared . . . [More] Spray applied, two component, 100% volatile organic compounds-free polyurethane coatings were prepared from bio-based rapeseed oil polyols. Six polyol systems were developed using rapeseed oil polyols and different chain extenders (diethylene glycol, triethylene glycol, dipropylene glycol, N-methyl diethanolamine), defoamers, molecular sieves. Systems were formulated with and without dibuthyltin dilaurate catalyst. Then polyurethane coatings were developed by reacting polyol systems with isocyanate components with different functionalities (a polymeric methylene diphenyldiisocyanate (MDI) Voratec SD 100, MDI prepolymer Suprasec 2416, a polymeric MDI Suprasec 2651). The impact of polyol and chain extender structure and parameters on development of polyol systems was discussed. Technological parameters (gel time, tack-free time) were studied and results showed that formulations have short gel time and thus can be applied on surfaces in up-right position. Coatings showed good physical and mechanical properties that meet the requirements that are defined for V type two component polyurethane coatings in the ASTM D16 standard. Using The Fourier transform infra-red spectral analysis and Shore D hardness measurement the post-curing of polyurethane coatings was studied. Hydrolytic stability tests showed that developed coatings are suitable for application with water involved since they display water absorption <2% during 48 h. Thus the synthesized polyurethane coatings have the potential to be used as a coating for inside walls of potable water tanks. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Graphene oxide as sensitive layer in Love-wave surface acoustic wave sensors for the detection of chemical warfare agent simulants

Authors: Sayago, I; Matatagui, D; Fernández, MJ; Fontecha, JL; Jurewicz, I; Garriga, R; Muñoz, E (2016) Talanta 148:393-400. HERO ID: 4947109

[Less] A Love-wave device with graphene oxide (GO) as sensitive layer has been developed for the detection . . . [More] A Love-wave device with graphene oxide (GO) as sensitive layer has been developed for the detection of chemical warfare agent (CWA) simulants. Sensitive films were fabricated by airbrushing GO dispersions onto Love-wave devices. The resulting Love-wave sensors detected very low CWA simulant concentrations in synthetic air at room temperature (as low as 0.2 ppm for dimethyl-methylphosphonate, DMMP, a simulant of sarin nerve gas, and 0.75 ppm for dipropylene glycol monomethyl ether, DPGME, a simulant of nitrogen mustard). High responses to DMMP and DPGME were obtained with sensitivities of 3087 and 760 Hz/ppm respectively. Very low limit of detection (LOD) values (9 and 40 ppb for DMMP and DPGME, respectively) were calculated from the achieved experimental data. The sensor exhibited outstanding sensitivity, good linearity and repeatability to all simulants tested. The detection mechanism is here explained in terms of hydrogen bonding formation between the tested CWA simulants and GO.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Ternary (liquid plus liquid) equilibria for the extraction of ethanol, or 2-propanol from aqueous solutions with 1,1 '-oxybis(butane) at different temperatures

Authors: Wang, Cui; Guo, J; Cheng, Kai; Chen, Yao (2016) HERO ID: 3115961

[Less] (Liquid + liquid) equilibrium data for the ternary systems of {water + ethanol + 1,1'-oxybis(butane)} . . . [More] (Liquid + liquid) equilibrium data for the ternary systems of {water + ethanol + 1,1'-oxybis(butane)} and {water + 2-propanol + 1,1'-oxybis(butane)} at T = (293.15, 298.15,303.15,308.15) K have been measured under atmospheric pressure. The experimental results were correlated by using the modified and extended UNIQUAC models. Distribution coefficients and separation factors of ethanol and 2-propanol were calculated and discussed in detail. The temperature influence on liquid-phase regions was analysed. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

One-pot preparation of a novel monolith for high performance liquid chromatography applications

Authors: Jiao, X; Shen, S; Shi, T (2015) Journal of Chromatography B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences 1007:100-109. HERO ID: 4276472

[Less] Various novel porous organic-based monoliths with the mode of hydrophobicity were synthesized by in . . . [More] Various novel porous organic-based monoliths with the mode of hydrophobicity were synthesized by in situ free-radical crosslinking copolymerization and optimized for the separations of small molecules and high-performance reversed-phase chromatography (RP-chromatography). These monoliths contained co-polymers based on glycidyl methacrylate (GMA)/ethylene glycol dimethacrylate (EDMA)/tripropylene glycol diacrylate (TPGDA) or EDMA/TPGDA. A mixture of cetanol, methanol and poly (ethylene glycol) (PEG) was used as the porogen, with the ratio of these solvents being varied along with the polymerization temperature to generate a library of monoliths. The conditions were optimized and the resulting poly (GMA-co-TPGDA-co-EDMA) monolith was investigated by infrared spectrometer (IR), field emission scanning electron microscope (FESEM), and mercury intrusion porosimetry (MIP), respectively. The column performance was assessed by the separation of a series of neutral solutes of benzene derivatives. The result demonstrated that the prepared monolith exhibited an RP-chromatographic behavior and relatively homogeneous structure, good permeability and separation performance. Moreover, the relative standard deviations (RSDs) of the retention factor values for benzene derivatives were less than 1.5% (n=7, column-to-column). The approach used in this study was extended to the separation of anilines.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Synthesis, characterization and photocatalytic activity of alpha-MoO3 particles utilizing different polyol monomers under visible light irradiation

Authors: Chiang, TzuH; Ho, PYen; Chiu, SYao; Chao, AnC (2015) HERO ID: 4395587

[Less] Distinct chemical structures of polyol monomers such as ethylene glycol (EG), 1,2-pentandiol (1,2-P), . . . [More] Distinct chemical structures of polyol monomers such as ethylene glycol (EG), 1,2-pentandiol (1,2-P), 1,3-butandiol (1,3-B), 1,4-butandiol (1,4-B), and tripropylene glycol (TPG) obtained from different morphologies and sizes of molybdenum oxide (MoO3) particles were investigated. Because of the polyol monomers having different redox potentials and chemical structures, they produce various oxidation characteristics and steric hindrances. Experimental results showed that the highest number of precipitates occurred when 50 ml of polyol monomers were combined with 250 ml of 0.1 M ammonium molybdate tetrahydrate at a reaction temperature of 100 degrees C for 1 h. The precipitates were heated at 300 degrees C for 1 h to form orthorhombic alpha-MoO3 particles as demonstrated by X-Ray diffraction, Fourier transform infrared, and transmission electron microscopy. When MoO3 particles are prepared using a 1,4-butandiol monomer and subjected to heating at 300 degrees C, which form the smallest, rice-shaped particles (100-200 nm) they tend to have the best photocatalytic activity potential for degrading methylene blue under visible light irradiation. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Thermoresponsive latexes for fragrance encapsulation and release

Authors: Popadyuk, N; Popadyuk, A; Kohut, A; Voronov, A (2015) International Journal of Cosmetic Science 38:139-147. HERO ID: 3009070

[Less] OBJECTIVE: To synthesize cross-linked latex particles protecting the encapsulated fragrance . . . [More] OBJECTIVE: To synthesize cross-linked latex particles protecting the encapsulated fragrance at ambient temperatures and facilitating the release of cargo at the temperature of the surface of the skin that varies in different regions of the body between 33.5 and 36.9°C. Poly(stearyl acrylate) (PSA), a polymer with long crystallizable alkyl side chains (undergoes order-disorder transitions at 45°C), was chosen as the main component of the polymer particles. As a result, new thermoresponsive polymer particles for fragrance encapsulation were synthesized and characterized, including assessing the performance of particles in triggered release by elevated temperature.

METHODS: To obtain network domains of various crystallinity, stearyl acrylate was copolymerized with dipropylene glycol acrylate caprylate (DGAC) (comonomer) in the presence of a dipropylene glycol diacrylate sebacate (cross-linker) using the miniemulsion process. Comonomers and a cross-linker were mixed directly in a fragrance during polymerization. Fragrance release was evaluated at 25, 31, 35 and 39°C to demonstrate a new material potential in personal/health care skin-related applications.

RESULTS: Particles protect the fragrance from evaporation at 25°C. The fragrance release rate gradually increases at 31, 35 and 39°C. Two slopes were found on release plots. The first slope corresponds to a rapid fragrance release. The second slope indicates a subsequent reduction in the release rate.

CONCLUSION: Crystalline-to-amorphous transition of PSA triggers the release of fragrances from cross-linked latex particles at elevated temperatures. The presence of the encapsulated fragrance, as well as the inclusion of amorphous fragments in the polymer network, reduces the particle crystallinity and enhances the release. Release profiles can be tuned by temperature and controlled by the amount of loaded fragrance and the ratio of comonomers in the feed mixture.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

The challenge of using read-across within the EU REACH regulatory framework; how much uncertainty is too much? Dipropylene glycol methyl ether acetate, an exemplary case study

Authors: Ball, N; Bartels, M; Budinsky, R; Klapacz, J; Hays, S; Kirman, C; Patlewicz, G (2014) Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology 68:212-221. HERO ID: 4946621

[Less] The use of read-across of data within a group of structurally similar substances potentially allows . . . [More] The use of read-across of data within a group of structurally similar substances potentially allows one to characterise the hazards of a substance without resorting to additional animal studies. However the use of read-across is not without challenges, particularly when used to address the needs of a regulatory programme such as the EU REACH regulation. This paper presents a case study where a previously accepted read-across approach was used to address several data gaps in a REACH registration dossier but was subsequently rejected in part by the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA), resulting in the requirement to perform a developmental toxicity study in rodents. Using this case study, this paper illustrates some of the practical challenges faced when making use of read-across, particularly with respect to addressing the uncertainty associated with the use of read-across; showcasing the scientific justification and highlighting some of the potential implications/opportunities for future cases.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Fragrance solubilization in temperature insensitive aqueous microemulsions based on synergistic mixtures of nonionic and anionic surfactants

Authors: Lukowicz, T; Maldonado, RC; Molinier, V; Aubry, JM; Nardello-Rataj, V (2014) Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects 458:85-95. HERO ID: 2978028

[Less] Well-defined tetraethylene glycol monooctylether (C8E4) and its commercial polydispersed counterpart . . . [More] Well-defined tetraethylene glycol monooctylether (C8E4) and its commercial polydispersed counterpart (Dehydol(R) O4) were used to solubilize fragrances. Addition of small amounts (<= 1 wt.%) of the ionic surfactants, sodium dodecylsulfate (SDS) or sodium lauryl ether sulfate (SLES), permits the formulation of temperature insensitive fragrance in water microemulsions. The investigation of the pseudo-ternary surfactants/beta-pinene/water systems allows the determination of the optimum temperature T* as well as the assessment of the efficiency of the surfactant mixtures to solubilize beta-pinene. A mixture of Dehydol O4 and SDS (9/1 wt.%) can solubilize 6.5 wt.% of beta-pinene in water within the temperature range of 25-80 degrees C. This synergistic formulation was also applied to the solubilization of p-cymene, the essential oils pinus pinaster and pinus sylvestris and a true fragrant mixture composed of 9 terpenes and terpenoids in dipropylene glycol. (C) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.