Improvement of dispersion state and charge separation efficiency of hybrid films of ZnO nanoparticle/conjugated polymers by utilizing methanol as a volatile dispersant
Authors: Tanita Hirunprateep; Nisanart Traiphol; Ruttayapon Potai; Rakchart Traiphol
HERO ID: 1000519
This contribution introduces an efficient method for fabricating hybrid films of ZnO nanoparticle/conjugated . . .
This contribution introduces an efficient method for fabricating hybrid films of ZnO nanoparticle/conjugated polymers with improved charge separation efficiency. Methanol is utilized as a volatile dispersant for promoting the dispersion of ZnO nanoparticles in chlorobenzene. The increase of methanol concentration from 0 to 20% (v/v) results in systematic improvement of the particle dispersion. The suspensions of ZnO nanoparticles in these solvents are used to prepare hybrid films of poly[2-methoxy-5-(2′-ethylhexyloxy)-1,4-phenylenevinylene] (MEH-PPV) and regioregular poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT). The morphologies and optical properties of the hybrid films, prepared by spin casting, are investigated by atomic force microscopy, UV/vis absorption and photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopy. The hybrid films obtained from all systems are continuous and exhibit relatively smooth surface. The extent of polymeric chain aggregation in the hybrid films is hardly affected by the variation of solvent. However, the drop of about 60% of PL intensity is detected when the methanol is added into ZnO/MEH-PPV solution prior to the film preparation. The drastic decrease of PL intensity indicates significant improvement of charge separation efficiency in the hybrid films. The investigation of ZnO/P3HT hybrid films shows consistent results. Our approach is very efficient because the methanol completely evaporates during the fabrication of hybrid film.