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ETBE

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The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

1-(1H-Indol-3-yl)ethanamine Derivatives as Potent Staphylococcus aureus NorA Efflux Pump Inhibitors

Authors: Hequet, A; Burchak, ON; Jeanty, M; Guinchard, X; Le Pihive, E; Maigre, L; Bouhours, P; Schneider, D; Maurin, M; Paris, JM; Denis, JN; Jolivalt, C (2014) ChemMedChem. HERO ID: 2321095

[Less] The synthesis of 37 1-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethanamine derivatives, including 12 new compounds, was achieved . . . [More] The synthesis of 37 1-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethanamine derivatives, including 12 new compounds, was achieved through a series of simple and efficient chemical modifications. These indole derivatives displayed modest or no intrinsic anti-staphylococcal activity. By contrast, several of the compounds restored, in a concentration-dependent manner, the antibacterial activity of ciprofloxacin against Staphylococcus aureus strains that were resistant to fluoroquinolones due to overexpression of the NorA efflux pump. Structure-activity relationships studies revealed that the indolic aldonitrones halogenated at position 5 of the indole core were the most efficient inhibitors of the S. aureus NorA efflux pump. Among the compounds, (Z)-N-benzylidene-2-(tert-butoxycarbonylamino)-1-(5-iodo-1H-indol-3-yl)ethanamine oxide led to a fourfold decrease of the ciprofloxacin minimum inhibitory concentration against the SA-1199B strain when used at a concentration of 0.5 mg L(-1) . To the best of our knowledge, this activity is the highest reported to date for an indolic NorA inhibitor. In addition, a new antibacterial compound, tert-butyl (2-(3-hydroxyureido)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl)carbamate, which is not toxic for human cells, was also found.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Nonclinical pharmacokinetics and metabolism of EPZ-5676, a novel DOT1L histone methyltransferase inhibitor

Authors: Basavapathruni, A; Olhava, EJ; Daigle, SR; Therkelsen, CA; Jin, L; Boriack-Sjodin, PA; Allain, CJ; Klaus, CR; Raimondi, A; Scott, MP; Dovletoglou, A; Richon, VM; Pollock, RM; Copeland, RA; Moyer, MP; Chesworth, R; Pearson, PG; Waters, NJ (2014) Biopharmaceutics and Drug Disposition. HERO ID: 2321106

[Less] EPZ-5676 ((2R,3R,4S,5R)-2-(6-amino-9H-purin-9-yl)-5-((((1r,3S)-3-(2-(5-(tert-butyl)-1H-benzo[d]imidazol-2-yl)ethyl)cyclobutyl)(isopropyl)amino)methyl)tetrahydrofuran-3,4-diol) . . . [More] EPZ-5676 ((2R,3R,4S,5R)-2-(6-amino-9H-purin-9-yl)-5-((((1r,3S)-3-(2-(5-(tert-butyl)-1H-benzo[d]imidazol-2-yl)ethyl)cyclobutyl)(isopropyl)amino)methyl)tetrahydrofuran-3,4-diol) is a novel DOT1L histone methyltransferase inhibitor currently in clinical development for the treatment of MLL-rearranged leukemias. In this report, we describe the preclinical pharmacokinetics and metabolism of EPZ-5676, an aminonucleoside analog with exquisite target potency and selectivity that has shown robust and durable tumor growth inhibition in preclinical models. The in vivo pharmacokinetics in mouse, rat and dog were characterized following IV and PO administration; EPZ-5676 had moderate to high clearance, low oral bioavailability with a steady-state volume of distribution 2-3 fold higher than total body water. EPZ-5676 showed biexponential kinetics following IV administration, giving rise to terminal t1/2 of 1.1, 3.7 and 13.6 h in mouse, rat and dog respectively. Corresponding in vitro ADME parameters were also studied and utilized for in vitro - in vivo extrapolation purposes. There was good agreement between microsomal clearance and in vivo clearance implicating hepatic oxidative metabolism as the predominant elimination route in preclinical species. Furthermore, low renal clearance was observed in mouse, approximating to fu-corrected GFR and thus passive glomerular filtration. The metabolic pathways across species were studied in liver microsomes in which EPZ-5676 was metabolized to three monohydroxylated metabolites (M1, M3 and M5), one N-dealkylated product (M4) as well as an N-oxide (M6). This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Bifurcation analysis of dynamic process models using Aspen Dynamics (R) and Aspen Custom Modeler (R)

Authors: Restrepo, JB; Olivar, G; Cardona, CA (2014) Computers & Chemical Engineering 62:10-20. HERO ID: 2321113


The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Biodegradation of fuel oxygenates and their effect on the expression of a newly identified cytochrome P450 gene in Achromobacter xylosoxidans MCM2/2/1

Authors: Gunasekaran, V; Donmez, E; Girhard, M; Urlacher, VB; Constanti, M (2014) Process Biochemistry 49:124-129. HERO ID: 2321114


The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Current uses and trends in catalytic isomerization, alkylation and etherification processes to improve gasoline quality

Authors: Hidalgo, JM; Zbuzek, M; Cerny, R; Jisa, P (2014) Central European Journal of Chemistry 12:1-13. HERO ID: 2321116


The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Shortcut Method for the Design of Reactive Dividing Wall Column

Authors: Sun, L; Bi, X (2014) Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research 53:2340-2347. HERO ID: 2321128


The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

INFLUENCE OF PLANT ROOT EXUDATES ON THE MOBILITY OF FUEL VOLATILE COMPOUNDS IN CONTAMINATED SOILS

Authors: Balseiro-Romero, M; Kidd, PS; Monterroso, C (2014) International Journal of Phytoremediation 16:824-839. HERO ID: 2321123

[Less] Vegetation and its associated microorganisms play an important role in the behaviour of soil contaminants. . . . [More] Vegetation and its associated microorganisms play an important role in the behaviour of soil contaminants. One of the most important elements is root exudation, since it can affect the mobility, and therefore, the bioavailability of soil contaminants. In this study, we evaluated the influence of root exudates on the mobility of fuel derived compounds in contaminated soils. Samples of humic acid, montmorillonite, and an A horizon from an alumi-umbric Cambisol were contaminated with volatile contaminants present in fuel: oxygenates (MTBE and ETBE) and monoaromatic compounds (benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene and xylene). Natural root exudates obtained from Holcus lanatus and Cytisus striatus and ten artificial exudates (components frequently found in natural exudates) were added to the samples, individually and as a mixture, to evaluate their effects on contaminant mobility. Fuel compounds were analyzed by headspace-gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. In general, the addition of natural and artificial exudates increased the mobility of all contaminants in humic acid. In A horizon and montmorillonite, natural or artificial exudates (as a mixture) decreased the contaminant mobility. However, artificial exudates individually had different effects: carboxylic components increased and phenolic components decreased the contaminant mobility. These results established a base for developing and improving phytoremediation processes of fuel-contaminated soils.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Assessment of the reproductive toxicity of inhalation exposure to ethyl tertiary butyl ether in male mice with normal, low active and inactive ALDH2

Authors: Weng, Z; Ohtani, K; Suda, M; Yanagiba, Y; Kawamoto, T; Nakajima, T; Wang, RS (2014) Archives of Toxicology 88:1007-1021. HERO ID: 2321096

[Less] No data are available regarding aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 (ALDH2) polymorphisms related to the reproductive . . . [More] No data are available regarding aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 (ALDH2) polymorphisms related to the reproductive toxicity possibly caused by ethyl tertiary butyl ether (ETBE). In this study, two inhalation experiments were performed in Aldh2 knockout (KO), heterogeneous (HT) and wild type (WT) C57BL/6 male mice exposed to ETBE, and the data about general toxicity, testicular histopathology, sperm head numbers, sperm motility and sperm DNA damage were collected. The results showed that the 13-week exposure to 0, 500, 1,750 and 5,000 ppm ETBE significantly decreased sperm motility and increased levels of sperm DNA strand breaks and 8-hydroxy-deoxyguanosine in both WT and KO mice, the effects were found in 1,750 and 5,000 ppm groups of WT mice, and all of the three exposed groups of KO mice compared to the corresponding control; furthermore, ETBE also caused decrease in the relative weights of testes and epididymides, the slight atrophy of seminiferous tubules of testis and reduction in sperm numbers of KO mice exposed to ≥500 ppm. In the experiment of exposure to lower concentrations of ETBE (0, 50, 200 and 500 ppm) for 9 weeks, the remarkable effects of ETBE on sperm head numbers, sperm motility and sperm DNA damage were further observed in KO and HT mice exposed to 200 ppm ETBE, but not in WT mice. Our findings suggested that only exposure to high concentrations of ETBE might result in reproductive toxicity in mice with normal active ALDH2, while low active and inactive ALDH2 enzyme significantly enhanced the ETBE-induced reproductive toxicity in mice, even exposed to low concentrations of ETBE, mainly due to the accumulation of acetaldehyde as a primary metabolite of ETBE.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Impact of activation methods on persulfate oxidation of methyl tert-butyl ether

Authors: Deng, D; Peng, L; Guan, M; Kang, Y (2014) Journal of Hazardous Materials 264:521-528. HERO ID: 2283852

[Less] To provide guidance on the selection of proper persulfate processes for the remediation of MTBE contaminated . . . [More] To provide guidance on the selection of proper persulfate processes for the remediation of MTBE contaminated groundwater, MTBE aqueous solutions were treated with three common field persulfate processes including heat activated persulfate, Fe(III)-EDTA activated persulfate and alkaline persulfate, respectively. The results were compared with MTBE oxidation by Fenton's reagent and persulfate alone at 25°C. The impact of the activating conditions on the fate of MTBE and its daughter products was investigated. Heat activation at 40°C offered the most rapid removal of MTBE and its daughter products, while Fe(III)-EDTA activation showed higher efficiency of MTBE removal but low removal efficiency of its daughter products. On the other hand, alkaline persulfate showed slower kinetics for the removal of MTBE and less accumulation of the daughter products. Furthermore, tert-butyl alcohol and acetone were observed as the main purgeable daughter products along with a small amount of tert-butyl formate in persulfate oxidation of MTBE, while tert-butyl formate, tert-butyl alcohol and acetone were the main products in Fenton oxidation. Mechanistic analysis suggests that degradation of MTBE by persulfate most likely happens via non-oxygen demand pathways, different from the dominant oxygen demand degradation pathways observed in Fenton oxidation.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Prenatal developmental toxicity study of ethyl tertiary-butyl ether in rats

Authors: Aso, S; Miyata, K; Takakura, S; Hoshuyama, S; Muroi, T; Kusune, Y; Ajimi, S; Furukawa, K (2014) Drug and Chemical Toxicology 37:17-24. HERO ID: 2321108

[Less] Ethyl tertiary-butyl ether (ETBE) is commonly used as an oxygenated gasoline additive. In this study, . . . [More] Ethyl tertiary-butyl ether (ETBE) is commonly used as an oxygenated gasoline additive. In this study, we evaluated its developmental toxicity in rats. ETBE was administered by gavage to 21 or 22 pregnant female Sprague-Dawley rats per group at dose levels of 0, 100, 300 and 1000 mg/kg/day from days 5 through 19 postcoitum to assess its effects on pregnant animals and their embryos and fetuses applied to the OECD testing guideline (no. 414) correspondingly. There were no toxicological effects attributable to ETBE regarding clinical signs, body weight, food intake, necropsy or examination at caesarean section in pregnant animals. There were also no toxicological effects on external, visceral and skeletal examinations of embryos and fetuses. These results indicate that, under the conditions of this study, ETBE had no toxicological effects on pregnant rats or their embryos and fetuses and that the no observed adverse effect level was 1000 mg/kg/day both for pregnant rats and their embryos and fetuses.