Health & Environmental Research Online (HERO)


tert-Butanol

3,378 References Were Found:

Journal Article
Journal Article

Simultaneous multiagent hyperpolarized (13) C perfusion imaging

Authors: von Morze, C; Bok, RA; Reed, GD; Ardenkjaer-Larsen, JH; Kurhanewicz, J; Vigneron, DB (In Press) HERO ID: 2325070

[Less] PURPOSE: To demonstrate simultaneous hyperpolarization and imaging of three (13) C-labeled . . . [More] PURPOSE: To demonstrate simultaneous hyperpolarization and imaging of three (13) C-labeled perfusion MRI contrast agents with dissimilar molecular structures ([(13) C]urea, [(13) C]hydroxymethyl cyclopropane, and [(13) C]t-butanol) and correspondingly variable chemical shifts and physiological characteristics, and to exploit their varying diffusibility for simultaneous measurement of vascular permeability and perfusion in initial preclinical studies.

METHODS: Rapid and efficient dynamic multislice imaging was enabled by a novel pulse sequence incorporating balanced steady state free precession excitation and spectral-spatial readout by multiband frequency encoding, designed for the wide, regular spectral separation of these compounds. We exploited the varying bilayer permeability of these tracers to quantify vascular permeability and perfusion parameters simultaneously, using perfusion modeling methods that were investigated in simulations. "Tripolarized" perfusion MRI methods were applied to initial preclinical studies with differential conditions of vascular permeability, in normal mouse tissues and advanced transgenic mouse prostate tumors.

RESULTS: Dynamic imaging revealed clear differences among the individual tracer distributions. Computed permeability maps demonstrated differential permeability of brain tissue among the tracers, and tumor perfusion and permeability were both elevated over values expected for normal tissues.

CONCLUSION: Tripolarized perfusion MRI provides new molecular imaging measures for specifically monitoring permeability, perfusion, and transport simultaneously in vivo. Magn Reson Med, 2013. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Antioxidant and antifungal activities of Smilax campestris Griseb. (Smilacaceae)

Authors: Morais, MI; Pinto, ME; Araújo, SG; Castro, AH; Duarte-Almeida, JM; Rosa, LH; Rosa, CA; Johann, S; Lima, LA (In Press) HERO ID: 2325014

[Less] Ethanol extract and fractions obtained from aerial parts of Smilax campestris were examined in order . . . [More] Ethanol extract and fractions obtained from aerial parts of Smilax campestris were examined in order to determine their phenolic composition, antioxidant capacity and antifungal activities. High-performance liquid chromatography coupled with DAD analysis indicated that quercetin and rutin were the main phenolic compounds present in butanol fraction and ethanol extract, respectively. The antioxidant activity assessed by the scavenging ability on 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl radical was significantly more pronounced for the ethanol extract and butanol fraction than that of the commercial antioxidant 2,6-di-tert-butyl-4-methylphenol. The antifungal activity of extract and fractions was investigated by using microdilution method against five Candida and two Cryptococcus yeast strains. Ethanol extract and fractions exhibited antifungal activities against Candida albicans, Candida glabrata, Candida krusei, Candida parapsilosis, Candida tropicalis and Cryptococcus gattii. This work provides the knowledge of profile and content of flavonoids and their antioxidant and antifungal activities in the extract and fractions of aerial parts of S. campestris.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Asymmetric Allylation of Ketones and Subsequent Tandem Reactions Catalyzed by a Novel Polymer-Supported Titanium-BINOLate Complex

Authors: Yadav, J; Stanton, GR; Fan, X; Robinson, JR; Schelter, EJ; Walsh, PJ; Pericas, MA (In Press) HERO ID: 2325016

[Less] By using a novel, simple, and convenient synthetic route, enantiopure 6-ethynyl-BINOL (BINOL=1,1-binaphthol) . . . [More] By using a novel, simple, and convenient synthetic route, enantiopure 6-ethynyl-BINOL (BINOL=1,1-binaphthol) was synthesized and anchored to an azidomethylpolystyrene resin through a copper-catalyzed alkyne-azide cycloaddition (CuAAC) reaction. The polystyrene (PS)-supported BINOL ligand was converted into its diisopropoxytitanium derivative in situ and used as a heterogeneous catalyst in the asymmetric allylation of ketones. The catalyst showed good activity and excellent enantioselectivity, typically matching the results obtained in the corresponding homogeneous reaction. The allylation reaction mixture could be submitted to epoxidation by simple treatment with tert-butyl hydroperoxide (TBHP), and the tandem asymmetric allylation epoxidation process led to a highly enantioenriched epoxy alcohol with two adjacent quaternary centers as a single diastereomer. A tandem asymmetric allylation/Pauson-Khand reaction was also performed, involving simple treatment of the allylation reaction mixture with Co2 (CO)8 /N-methyl morpholine N-oxide. This cascade process resulted in the formation of two diastereomeric tricyclic enones in high yields and enantioselectivities.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Regio- and Stereoselectivity in the Reactions of Organometallic Reagents with an Electron-Deficient and an Electron-Rich Vinyloxirane: Applications for Sequential Bis-Allylic Substitution Reactions in the Generation of Vicinal Stereogenic Centers

Authors: Dieter, RK; Huang, Y; Guo, F (In Press) Journal of Organic Chemistry. HERO ID: 1070851

[Less] Vinyloxiranes provide opportunities for bis-allylic substitution reactions and the generation of new . . . [More] Vinyloxiranes provide opportunities for bis-allylic substitution reactions and the generation of new vicinal stereogenic centers if regio- and stereocontrol can be achieved. Ethyl (E)-4,5-epoxy-2-hexenoate affords excellent S(N)2':S(N)2 regioselectivity and anti:syn product diastereoselectivity with dialkyzinc reagents in the presence of CuCN, and conversion of the resultant allylic alcohol to the acetate affords good syn:anti product diastereoselectivity in S(N)2'-selective allylic substitutions with alkylcyanocuprates in THF. (E)-1-(tert-Butyldimethylsilyloxy)-2,3-epoxy-4-hexenonate gives excellent S(N)2':S(N)2 regioselectivity and anti:syn product diastereoselectivity with dialkyzinc reagents in THF or DMF or Grignard reagents in Et(2)O/THF (10/1) in the presence of CuCN. Conversion of the product allylic alcohol into the allylic phosphate affords excellent S(N)2' regioselectivity and syn:anti product diastereoselectivity with lithium alkylcyanocuprates for primary and secondary alkyl transferable ligands, while S(N)2 regioselectivity is observed for the tert-butyl ligand. Reaction conditions have been developed for regio- and stereocontrolled bis-allylic substitution reactions on both electron-rich and electron-deficient alkenyloxiranes, providing a methodology for the generation of vicinal alkane stereogenic centers.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

The formation of amyloid-like fibrils of α-chymotrypsin in different aqueous organic solvents

Authors: Simona, LM; Laczkób, I; Demcsáka, A; Tótha, D; Kotormán, M; Fülöp, L (In Press) Protein and peptide letters. HERO ID: 1039177

[Less] The formation of amyloid-like fibrils of α-chymotrypsin was studied in aqueous ethanol, methanol, tert-butanol, . . . [More] The formation of amyloid-like fibrils of α-chymotrypsin was studied in aqueous ethanol, methanol, tert-butanol, dimethylformamide and acetonitrile. Thioflavin T (ThT), Congo red (CR) and 1-anilino-8-naphthalenesulfonic acid (ANS) binding, turbidity, intrinsic fluorescence and far-UV circular dichroism measurements were employed to characterize the amyloid fibril formation. The greatest extent of fibril formation after incubation for 24 h at pH 7.0 and at 24 °C was in ethanol at 55%, in methanol and dimethylformamide (DMF) at 60-70% and in tert-butanol at 60-80%. The ANS binding and intrinsic fluorescence results showed that the hydrophobic residues are more solvent-exposed in the aggregated form of α-chymotrypsin. The ThT, CR binding and far-UV CD measurements indicated that the formation of the cross- structure of α-chymotrypsin depends on the polarity of the organic solvent. To determine the role of surface charges in the aggregation, chemically modified forms of α-chymotrypsin were prepared. The citraconylated and succinylated enzymes exhibited a higher and the enzyme forms modified with aliphatic aldehydes a lower propensity for aggregation. These results suggest the important role of surface charges in the aggregation of α-chymotrypsin.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Photooxidation of arsenite under 254 nm irradiation with a quantum yield higher than unity

Authors: Ryu, J; Monllor-Satoca, D; Kim, D-H; Yeo, J; Choi, W (In Press) Environmental Science and Technology. HERO ID: 1797795

[Less] Arsenite (As(III)) in water was demonstrated to be efficiently oxidized to arsenate (As(V)) under 254 . . . [More] Arsenite (As(III)) in water was demonstrated to be efficiently oxidized to arsenate (As(V)) under 254 nm UV irradiation without needing any chemical reagents. Although the molar absorption coefficient of As(III) at 254 nm is very low (2.49±0.1 M(-1)cm(-1)), the photooxidation proceeded with a quantum yield over 1.0, which implies a chain of propagating oxidation cycles. The rate of As(III) photooxidation was highly enhanced in the presence of dissolved oxygen, which can be ascribed to its dual role as an electron acceptor of photo-excited As(III) and a precursor of oxidizing radicals. The in-situ production of H2O2 was observed during the photooxidation of As(III) and its subsequent photolysis under UV irradiation produced OH radicals. The addition of tert-butyl alcohol as OH radical scavengers significantly reduced (but not completely inhibited) the oxidation rate, which indicates that OH radicals as well as superoxide serve as an oxidant of As(III). Superoxide, H2O2, and OH radicals were all in situ generated from the irradiated solution of As(III) in the presence of dissolved O2 and their subsequent reactions with As(III) induce the regeneration of some oxidants, which makes the overall quantum yield higher than 1. The homogeneous photolysis of arsenite under 254 nm irradiation can be also proposed as a new method of generating OH radicals.

Archival Material
Archival Material

NTP pathology consult for ETBE and tBA

Author: NIEHS (2019) HERO ID: 5098230


The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Discrepancy between thermodynamic and kinetic stabilities of the tert-butanol hydrates and its implication for obtaining pharmaceutical powders by freeze-drying

Authors: Ogienko, AG; Stoporev, AS; Ogienko, AA; Mel'gunov, MS; Adamova, TP; Yunoshev, AS; Manakov, AY; Boldyreva, EV (2019) HERO ID: 5343825

[Less] The tert-butanol (TBA)-water system is studied in relation to increasing the efficiency of obtaining . . . [More] The tert-butanol (TBA)-water system is studied in relation to increasing the efficiency of obtaining pharmaceutical powders by freeze-drying. Trehalose was used as a model target product. We report the X-ray diffraction and thermal analysis data which add surprising new information to the phase diagram of this previously repeatedly studied system. The freezing protocol has a strong impact on the specific surface area of the trehalose freeze-dried cakes and on the primary drying time. This is related to a discrepancy between the kinetic and thermodynamic stabilities of several TBA hydrates: di-hydrate (H1), heptahydrate (H2), and decahydrate (H3).

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Degradation of benzotriazole by sulfate radical-based advanced oxidation process

Authors: Ma, J; Ding, Y; Chi, L; Yang, X; Zhong, Y; Wang, Z; Shi, Q (2019) HERO ID: 5343833

[Less] Benzotriazole (BTA) is a recalcitrant contaminant that is widely distributed in aquatic environments. . . . [More] Benzotriazole (BTA) is a recalcitrant contaminant that is widely distributed in aquatic environments. This study explored the effectiveness of sulfate radical-based advanced oxidation process in degrading BTA (SR-AOP). The sulfate radical was generated by heat activation of persulfate (PS). Our results show alkaline pH promoted the BTA degradation. The solution pH also affected the speciation of total radicals. Sulfate radical ( ) predominated at acidic pH while hydroxyl radical (HO•) predominated at basic pH. High temperature, high PS concentration and low BTA concentration promoted the BTA degradation. Influence of water matrix constituents on the reaction kinetics was assessed. We found that ≤10 mM of Cl- promoted the reaction, but 100 mM Cl- inhibited it. was similar to Cl-. Br- and inhibited the reaction while did not affect the reaction. of ≤10 mM did not affect the reaction, but 100 mM of inhibited it. Eleven degradation intermediates were identified using ultra-high solution Orbitrap mass spectrometry. Based on the intermediates identified, possible reaction pathways were proposed. Overall, SR-AOP can effectively mineralize BTA, but water matrix constituents greatly influenced the reaction kinetics and thus should be carefully considered for its practical application. Abbreviations: BTA, benzotriazole; PS, persulfate; PMS, peroxymonosulfate; SPC, sodium percarbonate; AOP, advanced oxidation process; PS-AOP, persulfate-based advanced oxidation process; SR-AOP, sulfate radical-based advanced oxidation process; TAP, thermally activated persulfate; TOC, total organic carbon; TBA, tert-butyl alcohol.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Photo-assisted catalytic degradation of acetaminophen using peroxymonosulfate decomposed by magnetic carbon heterojunction catalyst

Authors: Noorisepehr, M; Ghadirinejad, K; Kakavandi, B; Ramazanpour Esfahani, A; Asadi, A (2019) HERO ID: 5343824

[Less] Catalytic oxidative degradation of acetaminophen (ACT) was evaluated using magnetic mesoporous carbon . . . [More] Catalytic oxidative degradation of acetaminophen (ACT) was evaluated using magnetic mesoporous carbon (MNPs@C) coupled with UV light and peroxymonosulfate (PMS). The performance of hybrid system (i.e., MNPs@C/UV/PMS) was assessed as a function of some operational factors (e.g., reaction time and different concentrations of catalyst, PMS and ACT) in a batch system. MNPs@C represented a high magnetic response and was easily recovered from aqueous solution via an external magnet. A significant synergistic effect was observed among the applied techniques in MNPs@C/UV/PMS system for ACT degradation. After 40 min reaction, the removal efficiencies of 97.4 and 63.5% were obtained for ACT and TOC, respectively. Both adsorption and oxidation mechanisms were responsible simultaneously for ACT removal in MNPs@C/UV/PMS system. Under optimum conditions, the removal rates of ACT and TOC were reduced slightly to 91.7 and 49.4% after five consecutive catalyst uses, which indicates the excellent reusing potential of MNPs@C. In addition, a high stability was detected for as-prepared catalyst during recycling tests, since the quantity of leached Fe was <0.2 mg/L. Methanol and tert-butyl alcohol showed a strong quenching effect on the performance of MNPs@C/UV/PMS system, demonstrating the dominant role of SO4•- and HO radicals in ACT degradation process. MNPs@C in comparison with ferrous ions, as a homogeneous catalyst, showed a better performance in the activation of PMS and ACT degradation. Integration of MNPs@C, UV and PMS exhibited an excellent performance into ACT removal over 40 min reaction, which can be utilized as an effective and promising technique for the efficient decontamination of polluted waters.