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Methanol (Non-Cancer)

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11,012 References Were Found:

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Preparation and PEGylation of exendin-4 peptide secreted from yeast Pichia pastoris

Authors: Zhou, J; Cai, ZH; Li, L; Kou, C; Gao, YF (In Press) European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics. HERO ID: 1043501

[Less] Exendin-4, a peptide analogue of glucagon-like peptide (GLP-1), has been developed for treatment of . . . [More] Exendin-4, a peptide analogue of glucagon-like peptide (GLP-1), has been developed for treatment of type 2 diabetes. Herein, the secretive exendin-4 peptide, expressed by methanol induction in Pichia pastoris, was purified to near homogeneity by Ni-NTA agarose chromatography. 103.6 mg of protein was obtained from 1 L of the supernatant and its purity was 96.1%. Subsequently, the PEGylated exendin-4 was prepared. The bioactivity of exendin-4 was determined by examining the glucose-lowering and insulin-releasing ability in plasma. Then, a safety evaluation was performed by histological examination of the main organs (liver, kidney and pancreas). PEGylated exendin-4 displayed glucose-lowering and insulin-stimulating action in vivo without obvious damage to the above organs. The results suggest that the P. pastoris expression could be used to produce large quantities of exendin-4 and PEGylation is a useful tool to maintain and enhance bioactivity of the peptide.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Synthesis and Evaluation of (2-(4-Methoxyphenyl)-4-quinolinyl)(2-piperidinyl)methanol (NSC23925) Isomers To Reverse Multidrug Resistance in Cancer

Authors: Duan, Z; Li, X; Huang, H; Yuan, W; Zheng, SL; Liu, X; Zhang, Z; Choy, E; Harmon, D; Mankin, H; Hornicek, F (In Press) Journal of Medicinal Chemistry. HERO ID: 1037859

[Less] Development of multidrug resistance (MDR) during chemotherapy is a fundamental obstacle associated with . . . [More] Development of multidrug resistance (MDR) during chemotherapy is a fundamental obstacle associated with cancer care. Prior studies have identified (2-(4-methoxyphenyl)-4-quinolinyl)(2-piperidinyl)methanol (5) (NSC23925) to be a small molecule agent that reverses MDR in cancer cells. We synthesized all four isomers of 5 and analyzed them by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LCMS). Structure-activity relationships for reversing MDR were evaluated. Isomer 11 demonstrated the most potent activity. 11 reversed MDR in several drug-resistant cell lines expressing Pgp, including ovarian, breast, colon, uterine, and sarcoma cancer. 11 resensitized these cell lines to paclitaxel, doxorubicin, mitoxantrone, vincristine, and trabectedin with no effect on cell sensitivity to cisplatin, topotecan, and methotrexate. 11 significantly enhanced in vivo antitumor activity of paclitaxel in MDR xenograft models, without increasing the level of paclitaxel toxicity. In conclusion, 11 and derivatives of this compound may hold therapeutic value in the treatment of MDR-dependent cancers.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Comparison of Accelerated Methods for the Extraction of Phenolic Compounds from Different Vine-Shoot Cultivars

Authors: Delgado-Torre, MP; Ferreiro-Vera, C; Priego-Capote, F; Pérez-Juan, PM; Luque de Castro, MD (In Press) Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. HERO ID: 1038038

[Less] Most research on the extraction of high-priced compounds from vineyard/wine byproducts has traditionally . . . [More] Most research on the extraction of high-priced compounds from vineyard/wine byproducts has traditionally been focused on grape seeds and skins as raw materials. Vine-shoots can represent an additional source to those materials, the characteristics of which could depend on the cultivar. A comparative study of hydroalcoholic extracts from 18 different vineyard cultivars obtained by superheated liquid extraction (SHLE), microwave-assisted extraction (MAE), and ultrasound-assisted extraction (USAE) is here presented. The optimal working conditions for each type of extraction have been investigated by using multivariate experimental designs to maximize the yield of total phenolic compounds, measured by the Folin-Ciocalteu method, and control hydroxymethylfurfural because of the organoleptic properties of furanic derivatives and toxicity at given levels. The best values found for the influential variables on each extraction method were 80% (v/v) aqueous ethanol at pH 3, 180 °C, and 60 min for SHLE; 140 W and 5 min microwave irradiation for MAE; and 280 W, 50% duty cycle, and 7.5 min extraction for USAE. SHLE reported better extraction efficiencies as compared to the other two approaches, supporting the utility of SHLE for scaling-up the process. The extracts were dried in a rotary evaporator, reconstituted in 5 mL of methanol, and finally subjected to liquid-liquid extraction with n-hexane to remove nonpolar compounds that could complicate chromatographic separation. The methanolic fractions were analyzed by both LC-DAD and LC-TOF/MS, and the differences in composition according to the extraction conditions were studied. Compounds usually present in commercial wood extracts (mainly benzoic and hydroxycinnamic acids and aldehydes) were detected in vine-shoot extracts.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Comprehensive kinetic studies of acidic oil continuous esterification by cation-exchange resin in fixed bed reactors

Authors: Cheng, Y; Feng, Y; Ren, Y; Liu, X; Gao, A; He, B; Yan, F; Li, J (In Press) Bioresource Technology. HERO ID: 1038247

[Less] Biodiesel produced by esterification from molar ratio of methanol to free fatty acid (FFA) as 25:1 in . . . [More] Biodiesel produced by esterification from molar ratio of methanol to free fatty acid (FFA) as 25:1 in presence of triglyceride was carried out with cation-exchange resin as a heterogeneous catalyst in three different scales of fixed bed reactors from minireactor (6.8mm×110mm) to pilot scale reactor (70mm×1260mm) at 338K. The kinetic study of esterification was undertaken in terms of pseudo-homogeneous mechanism and performed as a first order reaction with elimination of the solid-liquid internal and external mass transfer resistances. Moreover, a kinetic model of FFA esterification was developed to illustrate the relationship between the FFA conversion and the catalyst bed height of fixed bed reactor. The model was also suitable for various resins in fixed bed reactor. The theoretical predictions were in agreement with the experimental data with root mean square (RMS) errors <10.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

A mutant leucine aminopeptidase from Streptomyces cinnamoneus with enhanced L: -aspartyl L: -amino acid methyl ester synthetic activity

Authors: Arima, J; Kono, M; Kita, M; Mori, N (In Press) Biotechnology Letters. HERO ID: 1036719

[Less] L: -Aspartyl L: -amino acid methyl ester was synthesized using a mutant of a thermostable leucine aminopeptidase . . . [More] L: -Aspartyl L: -amino acid methyl ester was synthesized using a mutant of a thermostable leucine aminopeptidase from Streptomyces cinnamoneus, D198 K SSAP, obtained in previously. A peptide of high-intensity sweetener, L: -aspartyl-L: -phenylalanine methyl ester, was selected as a model for demonstrating the synthesis of L: -aspartyl L: -amino acid methyl ester. The hydrolytic activities of D198 K SSAP toward L: -aspartyl-L: -phenylalanine and its methyl ester were, respectively, 74-fold and fourfold higher than those of wild type. Similarly, the initial rate of the enzyme for L: -aspartyl-L: -phenylalanine methyl ester synthesis was over fivefold higher than that of wild-type SSAP in 90% methanol (v/v) in a one-pot reaction. Furthermore, other L: -aspartyl L: -amino acid methyl esters were synthesized efficiently using D198 K SSAP. Results show that the substitution of Asp198 of SSAP with Lys is effective for synthesizing L: -aspartyl L: -amino acid methyl ester.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Porous Pt-Ni-P Composite Nanotube Arrays: Highly Electroactive and Durable Catalysts for Methanol Electrooxidation

Authors: Ding, LX; Wang, AL; Li, GR; Liu, ZQ; Zhao, WX; Su, CY; Tong, YX (In Press) Journal of the American Chemical Society. HERO ID: 1037849

[Less] Porous Pt-Ni-P composite nanotube arrays (NTAs) on a conductive substrate in good solid contact are . . . [More] Porous Pt-Ni-P composite nanotube arrays (NTAs) on a conductive substrate in good solid contact are successfully synthesized via template-assisted electrodeposition and show high electrochemical activity and long-term stability for methanol electrooxidation. Hollow nanotubular structures, porous nanostructures, and synergistic electronic effects of various elements contribute to the high electrocatalytic performance of porous Pt-Ni-P composite NTA electrocatalysts.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Biodiesel production from algae oil high in free fatty acids by two-step catalytic conversion

Authors: Chen, L; Liu, T; Zhang, W; Chen, X; Wang, J (In Press) Bioresource Technology. HERO ID: 1037855

[Less] The effect of storage temperature and time on lipid composition of Scenedesmus sp. was studied. When . . . [More] The effect of storage temperature and time on lipid composition of Scenedesmus sp. was studied. When stored at 4°C or higher, the free fatty acid content in the wet biomass increased from a trace to 62.0% by day 4. Using two-step catalytic conversion, algae oil with a high free fatty acid content was converted to biodiesel by pre-esterification and transesterification. The conversion rate of triacylglycerols reached 100% under the methanol to oil molar ratio of 12:1 during catalysis with 2% potassium hydroxide at 65°C for 30min. This process was scaled up to produce biodiesel from Scenedesmus sp. and Nannochloropsis sp. oil. The crude biodiesel was purified using bleaching earth. Except for moisture content, the biodiesel conformed to Chinese National Standards.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Self-assembly of short peptides composed of only aliphatic amino acids and a combination of aromatic and aliphatic amino acids

Authors: Subbalakshmi, C; Manorama, SV; Nagaraj, R (In Press) Journal of Peptide Science. HERO ID: 1037678

[Less] The morphology of structures formed by the self-assembly of short N-terminal t-butyloxycarbonyl (Boc) . . . [More] The morphology of structures formed by the self-assembly of short N-terminal t-butyloxycarbonyl (Boc) and C-terminal methyl ester (OMe) protected and Boc-deprotected hydrophobic peptide esters was investigated. We have observed that Boc-protected peptide esters composed of either only aliphatic hydrophobic amino acids or aliphatic hydrophobic amino acids in combination with aromatic amino acids, formed highly organized structures, when dried from methanol solutions. Transmission and scanning electron microscopic images of the peptides Boc-Ile-Ile-OMe, Boc-Phe-Phe-Phe-Ile-Ile-OMe and Boc-Trp-Ile-Ile-OMe showed nanotubular structures. Removal of the Boc group resulted in disruption of the ability to form tubular structures though spherical aggregates were formed. Both Boc-Leu-Ile-Ile-OMe and H-Leu-Ile-Ile-OMe formed only spherical nanostructures. Dynamic light scattering studies showed that aggregates of varying dimensions were present in solution suggesting that self-assembly into ordered structures is facilitated by aggregation in solution. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and circular dichroism spectroscopy data show that although all four of the protected peptides adopt well-defined tertiary structures, upon removal of the Boc group, only H-Phe-Phe-Phe-Ile-Ile-OMe had the ability to adopt β-structure. Our results indicate that hydrophobic interaction is a very important determinant for self-assembly and presence of charged and aromatic amino acids in a peptide is not necessary for self-assembly. Copyright © 2012 European Peptide Society and John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Biodiesel synthesis via heterogeneous catalysis using modified strontium oxides as the catalysts

Authors: Chen, CL; Huang, CC; Tran, DT; Chang, JS (In Press) Bioresource Technology. HERO ID: 1038642

[Less] In this work, alkaline earth metal oxides (i.e., MgO, CaO, and SrO) were used as catalysts for the transesterification . . . [More] In this work, alkaline earth metal oxides (i.e., MgO, CaO, and SrO) were used as catalysts for the transesterification of olive oil with methanol. The most efficient catalyst was further doped with either CaO or SiO(2) to improve its catalytic activity, which was evaluated by conducting transesterification at different reaction temperatures, different water content, and using different types of oils. Finally, repeated tests were conducted to evaluate the reusability of the doped catalyst. The results show that the conversion of refined olive oil to biodiesel was more than 80% in 15min when SrO was applied, while using SrO doped SiO(2) (SrO/SiO(2)) further increased the conversion to 95% in 10min. SrO/SiO(2) also featured good water and free fatty acids (FFAs) tolerance, as the conversion was still higher than 90% (in 20min) when the water and FFAs contents were increased to 3.23 and 3.14wt.%, respectively. Addition of hexane significantly improved the reusability of SrO/SiO(2) for transesterification, as the biodiesel production still reached nearly 80% after the catalyst was repeatedly used for four times.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Effect of Replacing Phenylalanine Residues by Para-substituted Phenylalanines on the Aggregation behavior of Aβ16-22

Authors: Sivakamasundari, C; Nandakumar, S; Nagaraj, R (In Press) Protein and peptide letters. HERO ID: 1039859

[Less] The peptide sequence KLVFFAE that spans the region 16-22 in the amyloid peptide Aβ1-40 has the ability . . . [More] The peptide sequence KLVFFAE that spans the region 16-22 in the amyloid peptide Aβ1-40 has the ability to form fibrils or nanotubes in aqueous medium, depending on the conditions of dissolution. Interaction between the phenylalanine residues is presumed to play an important role in the self-assembly of Aβ16-22. We have investigated the importance of these aromatic residues by substituting them with p-chloro-, p-fluoro- and p-methylphenylalanine. Nanostructures different from the parent peptide were obtained with the substituted analogs, both in methanol as well as aqueous conditions (pH 2 and pH 7). Concentration-dependent effects observed in methanol, suggest that intermediate states occur during fibrillation. A balance between the crucial parameters such as charge, hydrophobicity and steric constraints implicated in self assembly, appear to modulate the nanostructure formation.