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Dibutyl Phthalate (DBP)

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399 References Were Found:

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Nano-sized selenium attenuates the developmental testicular toxicity induced by di-n-butyl phthalate in pre-pubertal male rats

Authors: Rashad, MM; Galal, MK; Abou-El-Sherbini, KS; El-Behairy, AM; Gouda, EM; Moussa, SZ (2018) Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy 107:1754-1762. HERO ID: 4850289

[Less] The current study was conducted to test the possible ameliorative role of selenium nanoparticles (Se-NPs) . . . [More] The current study was conducted to test the possible ameliorative role of selenium nanoparticles (Se-NPs) against oxidative damage of Leyding cells induced by di-n-butyl phthalate (DBP) in pre-pubertal male rat offspring. Forty-two pregnant female rats treated from gestation day (GD) 12 to postnatal day (PND) 14 day with two doses of Se-NPs (0.2 and 0.5 mg/kg/d) against developmental testicular toxicity induced by DBP (500 mg/kg/d). At PND 25 serum and testes of offspring were collected. Serum LH, the Leydig cells performance [total serum testosterone, LH and testosterone (LH/T) ratio, relative gene expression of insulin-like growth factor-3 (INSL3) and mineralocorticoid receptor (MR)], oxidative stress biomarker malondialdehyde (MDA) and antioxidant machinery [reduced glutathione (GSH), and the relative gene expression of antioxidant enzymes: superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GPx)] were estimated in all groups. The obtained results revealed that maternal exposure to DBP significantly reduced total serum testosterone level, relative mRNA expression of INSL3 and MR genes with observed testicular damage revealed by increasing MDA and depressed levels of GSH and antioxidant enzymes. The histopathological changes include necrosis and desquamation of spermatogoneal cells. Co-administration of Se-NPs high dose along with DBP significantly increased serum testosterone, improved LH/T ratio and the relative mRNA expression of INSL3 and MR genes, decreased the level of MDA, and also improved all the antioxidant enzymes expression levels. In conclusion, Se-NPs could be a potent maternal prophylactic agent against the reduced total serum testosterone level and oxidative damage of Leydig cells induced by DBP via reducing the lipid peroxidation (LPO) and enhancing the antioxidant state in pre-pubertal male rat offspring.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Three generation study of reproductive and developmental toxicity following exposure of pubescent F0 male mice to di-n-butyl phthalate

Authors: Dobrzynska, MM; Tyrkiel, EJ; Gajowik, A (2017) Mutagenesis 32:445-454. HERO ID: 3859124

[Less] Humans are exposed to phthalates continuously throughout life. The aim of this study was to evaluate . . . [More] Humans are exposed to phthalates continuously throughout life. The aim of this study was to evaluate the genotoxic effects induced in male mice following 8 weeks of subchronic exposure to di-n-butyl phthalate (DBP) during their puberty and to investigate the possibility of transmission of mutations to subsequent generations via the sperm. Pzh:Sfis outbred male mice aged 4.5 weeks were exposed to DBP by gavage for 8 weeks, 3 days per week to doses of 1/16 LD50 or 1/4 LD50 each time. Six to seven males from each dosage group were sacrificed at 4, 8 and 12 weeks after the start of exposure for examination of sperm count and quality. Immediately after the end of exposure, the remaining males were caged for 1 week with two unexposed females each. Group of females were sacrificed 1 day before expected parturition, whilst other females were allowed to deliver and rear litters. F1 generation males at 8-9 weeks of age were caged with females from the same group, but from a different litter, for examination of prenatal development of the F2 generation. The remaining F1 generation males were sacrificed at the same age to check the sperm count and quality. Our results confirmed the toxic effects of DBP on the reproductive organs and germ cells of pubertally exposed males. The changes induced in male gametes might be transmitted to the next generation via the sperm. The most important effects were induced in the F1 generation. Exposure of F0 males to DBP induced skeletal malformations in surviving foetuses, caused significant mortality in postnatal life and a disturbance in the sex ratio (superior survival of females in F1), as well as increased frequency of DNA damage in the germ cells of F1 males. The present study did not confirm higher sensitivity to DBP of pubescent males compared to adult males, but the effects induced in the F1 generation differed from that after exposure of adult F0 males.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Protective effects of sulforaphane on di-n-butylphthalate-induced testicular oxidative stress injury in male mice offsprings via activating Nrf2/ARE pathway

Authors: Qin, Z; Tang, J; Han, P; Jiang, X; Yang, C; Li, R; Tang, M; Shen, B; Wang, W; Qin, C; Zhang, W (2017) Oncotarget 8:82956-82967. HERO ID: 4158417

[Less] Di-N-butylphthalate (DBP) is one of the most common endocrine-disrupting chemicals which can disrupt . . . [More] Di-N-butylphthalate (DBP) is one of the most common endocrine-disrupting chemicals which can disrupt human endocrine system, especially in the male reproductive system. Here, this study was aimed to determine whether sulforaphane (SFN) could protect against testicular oxidative stress injury induced by DBP in male mice offsprings. Wild-type (Nrf2+/+) and Nrf2-deficient (Nrf2-/-) timed-pregnant mice were given DBP orally from embryonic day (E)14.5 to E19.5. Subsequently, the oxidative stress markers were evaluated. Besides, Nrf2, NF-κB, I-kB, HO-1 and NQO-1 expression levels in the testis were measured by immunohistochemical staining or western blot analysis. DBP significantly reduced anogenital distance (AGD) and influenced testes growth in male mice offsprings, while SFN ameliorated these phenotypes. After DBP stimulation, the testicular morphology, testicular cell apoptosis index and the oxidative stress markers exhibited statistical differences compared with Control group, while SFN supplementation showed obvious improvements. In addition, administration of SFN could obviously increase the expression level of Nrf2 and its downstream ARE gene battery, such as HO-1, NQO-1 in the testis. Meanwhile, SFN pretreatment did not confer protection against DBP-induced testicular oxidative stress injury in Nrf2 knockout mice. Therefore, the present findings suggested that SFN could effectively protect against DBP-induced testicular oxidative stress injury through Nrf2/ARE signaling pathways in male mice offsprings.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Role of PI3K/AKT/mTOR signaling pathway in DBP-induced apoptosis of testicular sertoli cells in vitro

Authors: Wang, H; Wang, J; Zhang, J; Jin, S; Li, H (2017) Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology 53:145-150. HERO ID: 3859133

[Less] Dibutyl phthalate (DBP) has significant male reproductive toxicity, and the Sertoli cells are the target . . . [More] Dibutyl phthalate (DBP) has significant male reproductive toxicity, and the Sertoli cells are the target cells of DBP. This study was to investigate the injury effect induced by DBP on rat testicular Sertoli cells in vitro. MTT results showed that DBP can significantly reduce the survival rate of Sertoli cells; Hoechst staining results showed that the Sertoli cells treated with DBP emerged with typical morphological characteristics of apoptosis, nuclear condensation and chromatin condensation; flow cytometry results showed that DBP significantly increased the apoptotic rate of Sertoli cells, and dose-dependent; Western blotting showed that the expression of PTEN protein in Sertoli cells was significantly higher than that in the control group after treated with different concentrations of DBP for 24h, while the expression of p-PI3K1, p-AKT, p70S6K and 4E-BP1 protein in the PI3K/AKT/mTOR signal pathway were significantly decreased. It is speculated that PTEN/PI3K/AKT/mTOR signaling pathway plays an important role in DBP-induced apoptosis of testicular Sertoli cells in rats.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Mediation of the relationship between maternal phthalate exposure and preterm birth by oxidative stress with repeated measurements across pregnancy

Authors: Ferguson, KK; Chen, YH; Vanderweele, TJ; Mcelrath, TF; Meeker, JD; Mukherjee, B (2017) Environmental Health Perspectives 125:488. HERO ID: 5701448

[Less] Background: Mediation analysis is useful for understanding mechanisms and has been used minimally in . . . [More] Background: Mediation analysis is useful for understanding mechanisms and has been used minimally in the study of the environment and disease. Objective: We examined mediation of the association between phthalate exposure during pregnancy and preterm birth by oxidative stress. Methods: This nested case-control study of preterm birth (n = 130 cases, 352 controls) included women who delivered in Boston, Massachusestts, from 2006 through 2008. Phthalate metabolites and 8-isoprostane, an oxidative stress biomarker, were measured in urine from three visits in pregnancy. We applied four counterfactual mediation methods: method 1, utilizing exposure and mediator averages; method 2, using averages but allowing for an exposure-mediator interaction; method 3, incorporating longitudinal measurements of the exposure and mediator; and method 4, using longitudinal measurements and allowing for an exposure-mediator interaction. Results: We observed mediation of the associations between phthalate metabolites and all preterm birth by 8-isoprostane, with the greatest estimated proportion mediated observed for spontaneous preterm births specifically. Fully utilizing repeated measures of the exposure and mediator improved precision of indirect (i.e., mediated) effect estimates, and including an exposure-mediator interaction increased the estimated proportion mediated. For example, for mono(2-ethyl-carboxy-propyl) phthalate (MECPP), a metabolite of di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP), the percent of the total effect mediated by 8-isoprostane increased from 47% to 60% with inclusion of an exposure-mediator interaction term, in reference to a total adjusted odds ratio of 1.67 or 1.48, respectively. Conclusions: This demonstrates mediation of the phthalate-preterm birth relationship by oxidative stress, and the utility of complex regression models in capturing mediated associations when repeated measures of exposure and mediator are available and an exposure-mediator interaction may exist.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Dibutyl Phthalate Inhibits the Effects of Follicle-Stimulating Hormone on Rat Granulosa Cells Through Down-Regulation of Follicle-Stimulating Hormone Receptor

Authors: Wang, XJ; Xiong, GP; Luo, XM; Huang, SZ; Liu, J; Huang, XL; Xie, YZ; Lin, WP (2016) Biology of Reproduction 94:144. HERO ID: 3350311

[Less] Dibutyl phthalate (DBP) is used worldwide in solvents and plasticizers. The cytotoxicity and potential . . . [More] Dibutyl phthalate (DBP) is used worldwide in solvents and plasticizers. The cytotoxicity and potential tumorigenic effect of DBP have been reported. DBP has also been shown to impact reproductive function. In this study, to further evaluate the effects of DBP on granulosa cells (GCs), we treated rat GCs in vitro with DBP before evaluation of the biological alterations of these GCs. We found that DBP did not induce significant GC death at the tested concentrations. However, follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)-induced KIT ligand (KITLG) expression in GCs was significantly reduced at both mRNA and protein levels by DBP treatment in a dose-dependent manner. The down-regulation of KITLG was due to the down-regulation of expression of FSH receptor (FSHR) in GCs. Down-regulation of FSHR impaired FSH-induced intracellular signaling in GCs, demonstrated by decreased phosphorylation of AKT and mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR). Furthermore, DBP treatment also reduced FSH-induced expression of hypoxia-inducible factor 1-alpha (HIF1A), which is an important signaling component for KITLG expression. Other FSH-induced biological effects, such as production of estradiol and progesterone, as well as GC proliferation, were also suppressed by DBP. Therefore, our study discovered a unique mechanism underlying the toxicity of DBP on GCs. These findings may initiate the development of novel therapeutic interventions for DBP-induced damage to GCs.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Gestational and lactational exposition to Di-N-butyl-phthalate (DBP) increases inflammation and preneoplastic lesions in prostate of wistar rats after carcinogenic N-methyl-N-nitrosourea (MNU) plus testosterone protocol

Authors: Peixoto, AR; Santos, TM; Brandt, JZ; Delella, FK; Gonçalves, BF; Campos, SG; Taboga, SR; Favaro, WJ; Domeniconi, RF; Scarano, WR (2016) Environmental Toxicology 31:1185-1195. HERO ID: 2915557

[Less] In the present study, it was evaluated the susceptibility of prostatic lesions in male adult rats exposed . . . [More] In the present study, it was evaluated the susceptibility of prostatic lesions in male adult rats exposed to Di-N-butyl-phthalate during fetal and lactational periods and submitted to MNU plus testosterone carcinogenesis protocol. Pregnant females were distributed into four experimental groups: CN (negative control); CMNU (MNU control); TDBP100 (100 mg/kg of DBP); TDBP500 (500 mg/kg of DBP). Females from the TDBP groups received DBP, by gavage, from gestation day 15 (GD15) to postnatal day 21 (DPN21), while C animals received the vehicle (corn oil). CMNU, TDBP100, and TDBP500 groups received a single intraperitoneal injection of MNU (50 mg/kg) on the sixth postnatal week. After that, testosterone cypionate was administered subcutaneously two times a week (2 mg/kg) for 24 weeks. The animals were euthanized on PND220. Distal segment fragments of the ventral (VP) and dorsolateral prostate (DLP) were fixed and processed for histopathological analysis. Protein extracts from ventral prostate were obtained, and western blotting was performed to AR, ERα, MAPK (ERK1/2), and pan-AKT. Stereological analysis showed an increase in the epithelial compartment in TDBP100 and TDBP500 compared to CN. In general, there was increase in the incidence of inflammation and metaplasia/dysplasia in the DBP-treated groups, mainly in DLP, compared to CN and CMNU. Proliferation index was significant higher in TDBP500 and PIN (prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia) was more frequent in this group compared to CMNU. Western blot assays showed an increase in the expressions of AR and MAPK (ERK1/2) in the TDBP100 compared to CN, and ERα and AKT expressions were higher in the TDBP500 group compared do CN. These results showed that different doses of DBP during prostate organogenesis in Wistar rats could increase the incidence of premalignant lesions in initiated rats inducing distinct biological responses in the adulthood. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Environ Toxicol, 2015.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

The effect of di-n-butyl phthalate on testis and the potential protective effects of resveratrol

Authors: Güllen Ünal, S; Take, G; Erdoğan, D; Göktas, G; Sahin, E (2016) Toxicology and Industrial Health 32:777-790. HERO ID: 2219795

[Less] This study aimed to observe the possible protective effects of resveratrol (RSV) against the damage . . . [More] This study aimed to observe the possible protective effects of resveratrol (RSV) against the damage of di-n-butyl phthalate (DBP) on the testis. The study was conducted in 6 groups of rats with 6 animals in each group aged 20 days. The groups include group 1: control group; group 2: solvent (carboxymethylcellulose (CMC), 10 ml/kg); group 3: 500 mg/kg/day DBP; group 4: 500 mg/kg/day DBP + 20 mg/kg/day RSV; group 5: 1000 mg/kg/day DBP; and group 6: 1000 mg/kg/day DBP + 20 mg/kg/day RSV. Groups were treated by gavage for 30 days. Indirect immunohistochemical staining was performed with c-kit, AT1, and ER-α antibodies. The terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated deoxyuridine triphosphate-biotin nick-end labeling (TUNEL) method was used for apoptosis. It was found in the DBP-applied groups the C-kit immunostaining, which is parallel to increasing dose, decreased in comparison with the control. C-kit reactivity was similar to that of the control group in the group applied with 500 mg/kg/day + RSV; however, the reactivity was not same in the 1000 mg/kg/day DBP-applied group. It was observed that the reactivity of AT1 increased in the DBP-applied groups. RSV reversed these changes with its protective effects. While there was not much difference between the groups in terms of estrogen receptor reactivity, it was observed that the high dose of DBP reduced the level of estrogen receptor and the resveratrol was not at enough levels in all doses. In TUNEL analysis, high doses of DBP increased the apoptosis in all types of cells; nevertheless, the resveratrol application decreased the apoptosis in the low-level DBP dose. In the statistical analysis, while the length of epithelium and the diameter of seminiferous tubules decreased for all the other groups, it reverted to its original state in the RSV-applied groups. In conclusion, DBP (with increasing dose) administration caused cycle and hormonal changes in testis, resveratrol were recovered the cyclic changes but in hormonal changes, RSV is efficient too but inadequate.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Oxidative stress mediates dibutyl phthalateinduced anxiety-like behavior in Kunming mice

Authors: Yan, B; Guo, J; Liu, X; Li, J; Yang, X; Ma, P; Wu, Y (2016) Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology 45:45-51. HERO ID: 3350228

[Less] Among all phthalate esters, dibutyl phthalate (DBP) is only second to di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) . . . [More] Among all phthalate esters, dibutyl phthalate (DBP) is only second to di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) in terms of adverse health outcomes, and its potential cerebral neurotoxicity has raised concern in recent years. DBP exposure has been reported to be responsible for neurobehavioral effects and related neurological diseases. In this study, we found that neurobehavioral changes induced by DBP may be mediated by oxidative damage in the mouse brain, and that the co-administration of Mangiferin (MAG, 50mg/kg/day) may protect the brain against oxidative damage caused by DBP exposure. The results of ethological analysis (elevated plus maze test and open-field test), histopathological examination of the brain, and assessments of oxidative stress (OS) in the mouse brain showed that there is a link between oxidative stress and anxiety-like behavior produced by DBP at higher doses (25 or 125mg/kg/day). Biomarkers of oxidative stress encompass reactive oxygen species (ROS), glutathione (GSH), malondialdehyde (MDA) and DPC coefficients (DPC). MAG (50mg/kg/day),administered as an antioxidant,can attenuatetheanxiety-like behavior of the tested mice.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Dibutyl maleate and dibutyl fumarate enhance contact sensitization to fluorescein isothiocyanate in mice

Authors: Matsuoka, T; Kurohane, K; Suzuki, W; Ogawa, E; Kobayashi, K; Imai, Y (2016) Biological and Pharmaceutical Bulletin 39:272-277. HERO ID: 3070943

[Less] Di-n-butyl phthalate (DBP), a phthalate ester, has been shown to have an adjuvant effect on fluorescein . . . [More] Di-n-butyl phthalate (DBP), a phthalate ester, has been shown to have an adjuvant effect on fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC)-induced contact hypersensitivity (CHS) mouse models. Di-n-butyl maleate (DBM), widely used as a plasticizer for industrial application, has been reported to cause dermatitis in humans. DBM is a butyl alcohol ester of di-carboxylic acid that represents a part of the DBP structure, while di-n-butyl fumarate (DBF) is a trans isomer of DBM. We examined whether DBM or DBF exhibits an adjuvant effect like DBP does. When BALB/c mice were epicutaneously sensitized with FITC in the presence of DBM or DBF, the FITC-specific CHS response was enhanced, as we have observed for DBP. As to underlying mechanisms, DBM and DBF facilitated the trafficking of FITC-presenting CD11c(+) dendritic cells (DCs) from skin to draining lymph nodes and increased the cytokine production by draining lymph nodes. In conclusion, DBM and DBF may have an effect that aggravates contact dermatitis through a skin sensitization process.