Dibutyl phthalate impairs steroidogenesis and a subset of LH-dependent genes in cultured human mural granulosa cell in vitro
Authors: Adir, M; Combelles, CM; Mansur, A; Ophir, L; Hourvitz, A; Orvieto, R; Dor, J; Machtinger, R
Reproductive Toxicology 69:13-18.
HERO ID: 3515115
Exposure to di-butyl phthalate (DBP) exerts negative effects on female fertility in animal models, but . . .
Exposure to di-butyl phthalate (DBP) exerts negative effects on female fertility in animal models, but human studies remain limited. Here, the effects of DBP exposure on mural granulosa cell function were investigated in primary cultures from women undergoing in vitro fertilization. Cultured cells treated with various doses of DBP (0, 0.01μg/mL, 0.1μg/mL, 1μg/mL, 10μg/mL, or 100μg/mL) for 48h were assessed using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and qRT-PCR. Treatment with 100μg/mL DBP resulted in significantly lower 17β-estradiol and progesterone production (p<0.01). It also resulted in altered mRNA expression of steroidogenic, angiogenic, and epidermal growth factor-like growth factor genes: CYP11A1 (p<0.001), CYP19A1 (aromatase) (p<0.001), VEGF-A (p<0.02), BTC (p=0.009), and EREG (p=0.04). StAR expression was impaired after exposure to both 10 and 100μg/mL (p<0.03 and p<0.001, respectively). Our results indicate that in vitro exposure of granulosa cells to high doses of DBP alters cell functions.