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Arsenic Hazard ID

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The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

[6]-Gingerol isolated from ginger attenuates sodium arsenite induced oxidative stress and plays a corrective role in improving insulin signaling in mice

Authors: Chakraborty, D; Mukherjee, A; Sikdar, S; Paul, A; Ghosh, S; Khuda-Bukhsh, AR (In Press) Toxicology Letters. HERO ID: 1015815

[Less] Arsenic toxicity induces type 2 diabetes via stress mediated pathway. In this study, we attempt to reveal . . . [More] Arsenic toxicity induces type 2 diabetes via stress mediated pathway. In this study, we attempt to reveal how sodium arsenite (iAs) could induce stress mediated impaired insulin signaling in mice and if an isolated active fraction of ginger, [6]-gingerol could attenuate the iAs intoxicated hyperglycemic condition of mice and bring about improvement in their impaired insulin signaling. [6]-Gingerol treatment reduced elevated blood glucose level and oxidative stress by enhancing activity of super oxide dismutase (SOD), catalase, glutathione peroxidase (GPx) and GSH. [6]-Gingerol also helped in increasing plasma insulin level, brought down after iAs exposure. iAs treatment to primary cell culture of β-cells and hepatocytes in vitro produced cyto-degenerative effect and accumulated reactive oxygen species (ROS) in pancreatic β-cells and hepatocytes of mice. [6]-Gingerol appeared to inhibit/intervene iAs induced cyto-degeneration of pancreatic β-cells and hepatocytes, helped in scavenging the free radicals. The over-expression of TNFα and IL6 in iAs intoxicated mice was down-regulated by [6]-gingerol treatment. iAs intoxication reduced expression levels of GLUT4, IRS-1, IRS-2, PI3K, AKT, PPARγ signaling molecules; [6]-gingerol mediated its action through enhancing the expressions of these signaling molecules, both at protein and mRNA levels. Thus, our results suggest that [6]-gingerol possesses an anti-hyperglycemic property and can improve impaired insulin signaling in arsenic intoxicated mice.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

[Distribution of arsenic in surface water in Tibet]

Authors: Wang, MG; Li, SH; Wang, H; Xiao, TF; Zheng, BS (2012) HERO ID: 1337268

[Less] This research was aimed on studying the arsenic distribution of water in Yarlung Zangbo and Singe Zangbo . . . [More] This research was aimed on studying the arsenic distribution of water in Yarlung Zangbo and Singe Zangbo basins in Tibet. Results showed that arsenic concentrations were different in different types of the water. The sequence of arsenic concentration from high to low was hot spring water (4920 microg x L(-1) +/- 1520 microg x L(-1), n =2), salt lake water (2180 microg x L(-1) +/- 3840 microg x L(-1), n =7), well water (194 microg x L(-1), n = 1), freshwater lake water (163 microg x L(-1) +/- 202 microg x L(-1), n =2) and stream water (35.5 microg x L(-1) +/- 57.0 microg x L(-1), n=74). The high arsenic concentration in surface water in Singe Zangbo and the upstream of Yarlung Zangbo were found. The average concentration of arsenic in water from Singe Zangbo (58.4 microg x L(-1) +/- 69.9 microg x L(-1), n = 39) was significantly higher than that from Yarlung Zangbo (10.8 microg x L(-1) +/- 16.9 microg x L(-1), n = 30). Arsenic concentration in 43.2% of stream water samples and all of the hot springs, saline lakes and well water were higher than 10 microg x L(-1). Yarlung Zangbo and Singe Zangbo are important sources of drinking water for the local people. There is a high risk for the local people who may suffer from chronic arsenic poisoning.

Journal Article
Journal Article

[The polymorphism of matrix Gla-protein gene in ischemic atherothrombotic stroke patients]

(2012) HERO ID: 1337269

[Less] Matrix Gla protein (MGP) gene allelic polymorphism in 170 patients with ischemic atherothrombotic stroke . . . [More] Matrix Gla protein (MGP) gene allelic polymorphism in 170 patients with ischemic atherothrombotic stroke (IATS) and in 124 healthy people was determined. It was shown that in patients with IATS interrelation of main homozygotes, heterozygotes and minor homozygotes is 61,2, 31,2, 7,6% for T-138 --> C (rs1800802) promoter polymorphism (in control -59.7, 35.6, 4.8%, P = 0.521 by chi2-test); 35.9, 48.8, 15.3% for G(-7) --> A (rs1800801) polymorphism of promotor (in control--43.5, 50.0, 6.5%, P = 0.051); 39.4, 48.8, 11.8% for Thr83 --> Ala (rs4236) polymorphism of 4 exon (in control - 34.7, 53.2, 12.1%, P = 0.701). Significant differences in the frequency of G(-7) --> A polymorphism between patients with IATS and control group were revealed only for women (P = 0.022). The results obtained suggest that the A/A-variant of MGP gene promotor (G(-7) --> A polymorphism) is associated with an increased risk of IATS in female persons in the Ukrainian population.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

[Accumulation characteristics of arsenic in suburban soils of Beijing]

Authors: Qi, J; Wang, ME; Wang, ZQ; Ouyang, ZY (2012) HERO ID: 1337299

[Less] Various land uses and enormous environmental pressures are characteristics of suburbs. Full understanding . . . [More] Various land uses and enormous environmental pressures are characteristics of suburbs. Full understanding of suburban soil pollution is necessary for urban planning and development. In this study, 167 surface soil samples (0-20 cm) located in suburbs of Beijing between the fifth and sixth ring road were collected based on the 3 km x 3 km grids. The purpose of our investigation is to reveal the accumulating characteristics of As in Beijing suburbs. Results showed that arsenic contents in suburban soils of Beijing ranged from 2.89 mg x kg(-1) to 11.38 mg x kg(-1), with mean of 7.11 mg x kg(-1). The means were in the range of the background values reported in late 1990s, but the values of each quantile were lower than the soil background values reported in early 1980s. Factor analysis suggested that As in Beijing suburban soil shared the same group as those elements coming from parent materials such as Co, Mn and Ni. The spatial distribution map using Kriging interpolation showed that As contents in northwestern, eastern and southeastern parts were higher than those in northeastern and southwestern parts. Those plots with contents of the highest 25% were all located near the pollution sources, while most of those with the lowest 25% contents located far from the pollution sources. Comparison of As contents in different land uses showed that human activities had influence on the accumulation of As in soils. Inhabitation areas and agricultural fields had higher As contents than the green lands and vacant lands. Pollution sources significantly affected the accumulation of As in soils of inhabitation areas, green lands and vacant lands. Arsenic contents in soils near factories were significantly higher than those far from factories and traffic corridors. To sum up, the spatial distributions of As contents in soils in Beijing suburban area were generally determined by the distributions of parent materials, while human activities increased the accumulation of As in soils to some degree.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

[Establishment of a mouse model of ovarian oxidative stress]

Authors: Wang, XN; Zhang, CJ; Zhang, Y; Ru, X; Gong, QQ (2012) HERO ID: 1337462

[Less] OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the feasibility of establishing a mouse model of ovarian oxidative . . . [More] OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the feasibility of establishing a mouse model of ovarian oxidative stress by intraperitoneal injections of arsenic sodium.

METHODS: Twenty adult female Kunming mice were randomized equally into the normal control group and ovarian oxidative stress model group for intraperitoneal injections of 0.5 ml distilled water and 8 mg/kg arsenic sodium solution every other day, respectively. After 8 injections, the mice were sacrificed for histological observation of the ovarian sections and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) of serum estradiol (E(2)) and pregnendione (P) levels ande contents of reactive oxygen species (ROS) , malondialdehyde (MDA), superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) in the ovary homogenate.

RESULTS: Numerous atretic follicles were found in the ovaries of mice in the model group with obviously reduced growing follicles. Compared with those in the normal control group, the contents of ROS and MDA increased and SOD and GSH-Px levels in the ovarian homogenate decreased significantly in the model group (P<0.05).

CONCLUSION: A mouse model of ovarian oxidative stress can be established by intraperitoneal injections of arsenic sodium.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

[Stress granules in the cells with intact and discrupted microtubules: analysis with new algorithm of image processing]

Authors: Sablina, AA; Chudinova, EM; Nadezhdina, ES; Ivanov, PA (2012) HERO ID: 1337662

[Less] Stress granules--temporary RNP structures that are formed in cells under stress. They are studied mainly . . . [More] Stress granules--temporary RNP structures that are formed in cells under stress. They are studied mainly by means of fluorescence microscopy with the quantitative analysis of cell images. We have developed a new algorithm for automatic detection of stress granules in the cytoplasm of cultured animal cells having non-uniform cytoplasmic background. Using this approach, we have found that visible stress granules are formed in cells as "all or nothing", and their number in cells is rather constant. We also show that disruption of cellular microtubules lead to a decrease in the average size of stress granules and an increase in their number in the cell.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

[Prenosological neuro-psychiatric disorders among schoolchildren and their relationship to environmental factors]

Author: Zorina, IG (2012) Vestnik Rossiiskoi Akademii Meditsinskikh Nauk 30-34. HERO ID: 1337907

[Less] Environmental factor is one of the most accurate indicators of determining the health of the population, . . . [More] Environmental factor is one of the most accurate indicators of determining the health of the population, especially in childhood and adolescence. A significant increase in the amount of data on the status of school health and the environment are the most precise and correct, in view of causation, to evaluate an individual's health at prenosological level in the presence of a specialized database of automated systems. The aim of our study--the study of fundamental interactions and patterns of environmental factors in general and neuropsychiatric disease in schoolchildren of the city of Chelyabinsk. Revealed that among the multi-pollutant air Chelyabinsk first and second rank positions are occupied by selectively harmful to the central nervous system (lead, arsenic, manganese), or have complex adverse effects on the central nervous system, combined with damaging effects on the respiratory and cardio-vascular, urogenital system and blood forming organs, involving the immune mechanism (chromium compounds, lead, arsenic, carbon monoxide and manganese).

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

[Chronic arsenic poisoning and idiopathic portal hypertension: report of a case]

Authors: Wang, Z; Jiang, Y; Yang, CQ; Liu, DG (2012) HERO ID: 1339176


The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

[Mechanism of the apoptosis of rat pancreas islet β cell strain (INS-1 cells) induced by sodium arsenite]

Authors: Pan, X; Jiang, LP; Zhong, LF; Geng, CY; Sun, XC (2012) HERO ID: 1339177

[Less] OBJECTIVE: To study mechanism of the apoptosis of rat pancreas islet β cell strain . . . [More] OBJECTIVE: To study mechanism of the apoptosis of rat pancreas islet β cell strain (INS-1 cells) induced by sodium arsenite.

METHODS: INS-1 cells were exposed to sodium arsenite at the different concentrations. MTT assay was used to detect the viability of INS-1 cells. The potentials on mitochondrial membrane and lysosome membrane of INS-1 cells were determined with the fluorescence spectrophotometer. The apoptotic levels of INS-1 cells exposed to sodium arsenite were observed by a fluorescence microscope and flow cytometry.

RESULTS: After exposure to sodium arsenite, the viability of INS-1 cells significantly decreased with the doses of sodium arsenite. At 24 h after exposure, the OD values of the mitochondrial membrane potentials declined observably with the doses of sodium arsenite (P < 0.01). At 48 h after exposure, the OD values of the lysosome membrane potentials significantly increased with the doses of sodium arsenite (P < 0.01). At 72 h after exposure, the apoptotic cells were observed under a fluorescence microscope and enhanced with the doses of sodium arsenite. The apoptosis cells with light blue, karyopyknosis, karyorrhexis, apoptotic body and chromatin concentration appeared. The results detected with flow cytometry indicated that after exposure, the apoptotic INS-1E cells significantly increased with the doses of sodium arsenite.

CONCLUSIONS: The sodium arsenite can induce the apoptosis of INS-1 cells through the mitochondria-lysosome pathway.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

[Surveillance and analysis on the pathogenic features of Salmonella in Guangdong province in 2010]

Authors: He, DM; Ke, BX; Deng, XL; Ke, CW; Liang, ZM; Tan, HL; Li, BS; Liu, MZ; Chen, JD (2012) HERO ID: 1339279

[Less] OBJECTIVE: In order to better understand the nature of Salmonella infection in diarrheal . . . [More] OBJECTIVE: In order to better understand the nature of Salmonella infection in diarrheal patients in Guangdong province, the study analyzed the serum types, antibiotic resistance and molecular determinants of the isolated Salmonella strains.

METHODS: In year 2010, 8405 diarrhea patients from 16 surveillant hospital in Guangzhou, Zhongshan, Dongguan, Zhuhai, Maoming, Yangjiang and Jiangmen cities in Guangdong province, were recruited in the study. A total of 8405 fecal specimen were collected and subjected to Salmonella isolation and culture. The isolated Salmonella strains were further analyzed via serotyping, antimicrobial susceptibility testing, and PFGE. The χ(2) test was applied to compare the differences between the isolated Salmonella strains in different seasons and districts. BioNumerics software was used to analyze the PFGE results in order to determine the correlation between different Salmonella strains.

RESULTS: The positive rate of the surveillant Salmonella in Guangdong province was 3.58% (301/8405) in 2010; with the gender ratio at 1.34:1 (166/124). Salmonella infection was found in all age groups, and most in infants, accounting for 57.48% (173/301). The isolated rates of Salmonella were separately 3.48% (61/1751), 4.97% (134/2695), 3.08% (73/2370) and 2.08% (33/1589) in the four seasons; and the difference was statistically significant (χ(2) = 27.29, P < 0.01). The isolated rates of Salmonella in different regions were as follows: Zhuhai 15.43% (25/162), Maoming 7.53% (18/239), Dongguan 6.51% (39/599), Yangjiang 3.64% (14/385), Zhongshan 3.03% (70/2309), Guangzhou 2.90% (126/4349) and Jiangmen 2.49% (9/362). The difference between regions was statistically significant (χ(2) = 100.75, P < 0.01). Except one strain of the isolated Salmonella cannot be serotyped, the other 300 strains were divided into 42 serotypes, of which Salmonella typhimurium and Salmonella enteritidis were dominant, account for 45.18% (136/301) and 10.96% (33/301) respectively. Although over 85% of Salmonella were sensitive to cephalosporin, ACSSuT resistance patterns (defined as resistance to at least ampicillin, chloramphenicol, streptomycin, sulfamethoxazole and tetracycline) reached 34.88% (105/301), the highest resistant rate was found in serotype Salmonella typhimurium, as high as 65.44% (89/136). 136 strains of Salmonella typhimurium were divided into 51 PFGE types, showed great genetic diversity. 33 strains of Salmonella enteritidis were divided into 18 PFGE types. The strains with same PFGE pattern may have different drug-resistant patterns, and vice versa.

CONCLUSION: Salmonella typhimurium and Salmonella enteritidis were the dominant serotypes causing infectious diarrhea in Guangdong province. Cephalosporin was the primary choice in clinical medicine. However, Salmonella typhimurium was resistant to drug most seriously in Guangdong province. There was no significant correlation between Salmonella resistance patterns and PFGE type.