Health & Environmental Research Online (HERO)


Arsenic Hazard ID

Show Project Details Hide Project Details
233 References Were Found:

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Phosphorus-arsenic interactions in variable-charge soils in relation to arsenic mobility and bioavailability

Authors: Bolan, N; Mahimairaja, S; Kunhikrishnan, A; Choppala, G (In Press) Science of the Total Environment. HERO ID: 1579241

[Less] Phosphorus (P) influences arsenic (As) mobility and bioavailability which depends on the charge components . . . [More] Phosphorus (P) influences arsenic (As) mobility and bioavailability which depends on the charge components of soil. The objective of this study was to examine P-As interaction in variable-charge allophanic soils in relation to P-induced As mobilization and bioavailability. In this work, the effect of P on arsenate [As(V)] adsorption and desorption was examined using a number of allophanic and non-allophanic soils which vary in their anion adsorption capacity. The effect of P on As uptake by Indian mustard (Brassica juncea L.) plants was examined using a solution culture, and a soil plant growth experiment involving two As-spiked allophanic and non-allophanic soils which vary in their anion adsorption capacity, and a field As-contaminated sheep dip soil. Arsenate adsorption increased with an increase in the anion adsorption capacity of soils. The addition of P resulted in an increase in As desorption, and the effect was more pronounced in the case of allophanic soil. In the case of both As-spiked soils and field contaminated sheep-dip soil, application of P increased the desorption of As, thereby increasing its bioavailability. The effect of P on As uptake was more pronounced in the high anion adsorbing allophanic than low adsorbing non-allophanic soil. In the case of solution culture, As phytoavailability decreased with increasing concentration of P which is attributed to the competition of P for As uptake by roots. While increasing P concentration in solution decreased the uptake of As, it facilitated the translocation of As from root to shoot. The net effect of P on As phytoavailability in soils depends on the extent of P-induced As mobilization in soils and P-induced competition for As uptake by roots. The P-induced mobilization of As could be employed in the phytoremediation of As-contaminated sites. However, care must be taken to minimize the leaching of As mobilized through the P-induced desorption, thereby resulting in groundwater and off site contamination.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Stabilization of tetrahedral P4 and As4 molecules as guests in polymeric and spherical environments

Authors: Schwarzmaier, C; Schindler, A; Heindl, C; Scheuermayer, S; Peresypkina, EV; Virovets, AV; Neumeier, M; Gschwind, R; Scheer, M (In Press) Angewandte Chemie (International Edition). HERO ID: 2064217

[Less] As you like it: [Ag(η(2) -As4 )2 ](+) [pftb](-) can be used to store yellow arsenic (As4 ). From it, . . . [More] As you like it: [Ag(η(2) -As4 )2 ](+) [pftb](-) can be used to store yellow arsenic (As4 ). From it, As4 can be easily released to give concentrated, light-stable solutions. These As4 solutions, and those of white phosphorus (P4 ), allowed molecular As4 and P4 to be encapsulated inside giant, spherical aggregates and polymeric matrices, enabling the first determination of their EE (E=P, As) bond lengths by diffraction methods.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Arsenite evokes IL-6 secretion, autocrine regulation of STAT3 signaling, and miR-21 expression, processes involved in the EMT and malignant transformation of human bronchial epithelial cells

Authors: Luo, F; Xu, Y; Ling, M; Zhao, Y; Xu, W; Liang, X; Jiang, R; Wang, B; Bian, Q; Liu, Q (In Press) Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology. HERO ID: 2064223

[Less] Arsenite is an established human carcinogen, and arsenite-induced inflammation contributes to malignant . . . [More] Arsenite is an established human carcinogen, and arsenite-induced inflammation contributes to malignant transformation of cells, but the molecular mechanisms by which cancers are produced remain to be established. The present results showed that, evoked by arsenite, secretion of interleukin-6 (IL-6), a pro-inflammatory cytokine, led to the activation of STAT3, a transcription activator, and to increased levels of a microRNA, miR-21. Blocking IL-6 with anti-IL-6 antibody and inhibiting STAT3 activation reduced miR-21 expression. For human bronchial epithelial cells, cultured in the presence of anti-IL-6 antibody for 3days, the arsenite-induced EMT and malignant transformation were reversed. Thus, IL-6, acting on STAT3 signaling, which up-regulates miR-21in an autocrine manner, contributes to the EMT induced by arsenite. These data define a link from inflammation to EMT in the arsenite-induced malignant transformation of HBE cells. This link, mediated through miRNAs, establishes a mechanism for arsenite-induced lung carcinogenesis.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Effects of As levels on radial oxygen loss and As speciation in rice

Authors: Wu, C; Li, H; Ye, Z; Wu, F; Wong, MH (In Press) Environmental Science and Pollution Research. HERO ID: 2064224

[Less] Greenhouse experiment was conducted to examine effects of arsenic (As) on iron plaque formation, radial . . . [More] Greenhouse experiment was conducted to examine effects of arsenic (As) on iron plaque formation, radial oxygen loss, As accumulation, and speciation in rice. Three genotypes were grown in soil with three different concentrations of As. The stress of As caused a slight increase of iron plaque formation (P > 0.05) and a decrease in the rates of radial oxygen loss (ROL; P < 0.01). The results of As speciation showed that the percentages of DMA increased from 19-28 % to 53-58 %, while the percentages of inorganic As decreased from 53-58 % to 36-42 % with the increasing soil As concentrations, indicating a strong environmental influence on As species in rice grain. The present study showed that elevated soil As may induce As toxicity towards rice plants, leading to the decrease of ROL; environmental factors could influence As methylation or As species transportation. Our study provided useful information on As tolerance and accumulation in rice which may contribute to reducing the health risk posed by As contamination in rice.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

LC-ICP-MS analysis of arsenic compounds in dominant seaweeds from the Thermaikos Gulf (Northern Aegean Sea, Greece)

Authors: Pell, A; Kokkinis, G; Malea, P; Pergantis, SA; Rubio, R; López-Sánchez, JF (In Press) Chemosphere. HERO ID: 2064233

[Less] The content of total arsenic and arsenic compounds in the dominant seaweed species in the Thermaikos . . . [More] The content of total arsenic and arsenic compounds in the dominant seaweed species in the Thermaikos Gulf, Northern Aegean Sea was determined in samples collected in different seasons. Total arsenic was determined by acid digestion followed by ICP-MS. Arsenic speciation was analyzed by water extraction followed by LC-ICP-MS. Total arsenic concentrations in the seaweeds ranged from 1.39 to 55.0mgkg(-1). Cystoseira species and Codium fragile showed the highest total As contents, while Ulva species (U. intestinalis, U. rigida, U. fasciata) had the lowest Arsenosugars, the most common arsenic species in seaweeds, were found in all samples, and glycerol-arsenosugar was the most common form; however, phosphate-arsenosugar and sulfate-arsenosugar were also present. Inorganic arsenic was measured in seven algae species and detected in another. Arsenate was the most abundant species in Cystoseira barbata (27.0mgkg(-1)). Arsenobetaine was measured in only one sample. Methylated arsenic species were measured at very low concentrations. The information should contribute to further understanding the presence of arsenic compounds in dominant seaweeds from the Thermaikos Gulf.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

FLVCR is necessary for erythroid maturation, may contribute to platelet maturation, but is dispensable for normal hematopoietic stem cell function

Authors: Byon, JCH; Chen, J; Doty, RT; Abkowitz, JL (In Press) Blood. HERO ID: 2064237

[Less] Heme is a pleiotropic molecule that is important for oxygen and oxidative metabolism, most notably as . . . [More] Heme is a pleiotropic molecule that is important for oxygen and oxidative metabolism, most notably as the prosthetic group of hemoglobin and cytochromes. Since, excess free intracellular heme is toxic, organisms have developed mechanisms to tightly regulate its concentration. One mechanism is through active heme export by FLVCR. Previously, we have shown that FLVCR is necessary for embryonic and post-natal erythropoiesis. However, FLVCR is also expressed in numerous other tissues, including hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs). To explore a possible role for FLVCR in HSC function, we performed serial, competitive repopulation transplant experiments using FLVCR-deleted and control bone marrow cells, along with wild-type competitor cells. Loss of FLVCR did not impact HSC function under steady-state or myelotoxic stress conditions (such as arsenic or radiation exposure), nor did FLVCR deletion result in alterations in the various progenitor compartments. However, even when 95% of the donor bone marrow cells lacked FLVCR, all red cells in recipient mice were wild-type. This is due to the increased apoptosis of FLVCR-deleted proerythroblasts. Also, remarkably, loss of FLVCR increased megakaryocyte ploidy. Together, these findings show FLVCR is redundant in stem cells, but has critical and contrasting stage-specific roles in discrete hematopoietic lineages.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Bioaccumulation and the soil factors affecting the uptake of arsenic in earthworm, Eisenia fetida

Authors: Lee, B-T; Lee, S-W; Kim, K-R; Kim, K-W (In Press) Environmental Science and Pollution Research. HERO ID: 2064242

[Less] To better understand arsenic (As) bioaccumulation, a soil invertebrate species was exposed to 17 field . . . [More] To better understand arsenic (As) bioaccumulation, a soil invertebrate species was exposed to 17 field soils contaminated with arsenic due to mining activity. Earthworms (Eisenia fetida) were kept in the soils for 70 days under laboratory conditions, as body burden increased and failed to reach equilibrium in all soils. After 70 days of exposure, XANES spectra determined that As was biotransformed to a highly reduced form. Uptake kinetics for As was calculated using one compartment model. Stepwise multiple regression suggested that sorbed As in soils are bioaccessible, and uptake is governed by soil properties (iron oxide, sulfate, and dissolved organic carbon) that control As mobility in soils. As in soil solution are highly related to uptake rate except four soils which had relatively high chloride or phosphate. The results imply that uptake of As is through As interaction with soil characteristics as well as direct from the soil solution. Internal validation showed that empirically derived regression equations can be used for predicting As uptake as a function of soil properties within the range of soil properties in the data set.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Second-generation everolimus-eluting stents compared to first-generation drug-eluting stents in patients treated for multivessel disease

Authors: Minha, S; Barbash, IM; Dvir, D; Loh, JP; Badr, S; Kitabata, H; Pendyala, LK; Pichard, AD; Torguson, R; Waksman, R (In Press) Journal of Interventional Cardiology. HERO ID: 2064243

[Less] OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to compare the safety and efficacy of everolimus-eluting . . . [More] OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to compare the safety and efficacy of everolimus-eluting stents (EES) to first-generation drug-eluting stents (DES) in multivessel disease (MVD).

BACKGROUND: Second-generation EES have demonstrated superiority over first-generation DES for single-vessel disease, although the merits of EES in MVD are less established.

METHODS: A cohort of 1,285 patients (3,124 lesions) with ≥2 diseased vessels were treated with either first-generation DES (n = 1,002) or EES (n = 283). The rates of death, myocardial infarction, target lesion revascularization, target vessel revascularization, definite stent thrombosis, and major adverse cardiac events (MACE), defined as the combined incidence of target vessel revascularization, death, and non-fatal myocardial infarction, were compared at 1 year.

RESULTS: Baseline characteristics were similar except for a lower left ventricular ejection fraction and a lower incidence of stable angina pectoris in the first-generation DES group (P = 0.001 and 0.013, respectively). At 1 year, the MACE rate was lower in the EES group (9.5P% vs. 15.7%; P = 0.01). Multivariable analysis demonstrated that EES use predicted a higher chance of freedom from MACE at 1 year (hazard ratio 0.58 [0.38-0.87]; P = 0.009; 95% confidence interval).

CONCLUSIONS: The use of EES in patients with MVD is safe with signals for improved effectiveness compared to first-generation DES. Randomized trials comparing new-generation DES to coronary artery bypass grafting surgery are warranted.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

High Resolution Mapping of Complex Traits with a Four-Parent Advanced Intercross Yeast Population

Authors: Cubillos, FA; Parts, L; Salinas, F; Bergström, A; Scovacricchi, E; Zia, A; Illingworth, CJ; Mustonen, V; Ibstedt, S; Warringer, J; Louis, EJ; Durbin, R; Liti, G (In Press) Genetics (Online). HERO ID: 2064246

[Less] A large fraction of human complex trait heritability is due to a high number of variants with small . . . [More] A large fraction of human complex trait heritability is due to a high number of variants with small marginal effects, and their interactions with genotype and environment. Such alleles are more easily studied in model organisms, where environment, genetic makeup and allele frequencies can be controlled. Here, we examine the effect of natural genetic variation on heritable traits in a very large pool of baker's yeast from a multi-parent 12(th) generation intercross. We selected four representative founder strains to produce the SGRP-4X mapping population, and sequenced 192 segregants to generate an accurate genetic map. Using these individuals, we mapped 25 loci linked to growth traits under heat stress, arsenite and paraquat, the majority of which were best explained by a diverging phenotype caused by a single allele in one condition. By sequencing pooled DNA from millions of segregants grown under heat stress, we further identified 34 and 39 regions selected in haploid and diploid pools respectively, with most of the selection against a single allele. While the most parsimonious model for the majority of loci mapped using either approach was the effect of an allele private to one founder, we could validate examples of pleiotropic effects, and complex allelic series at a locus. SGRP-4X is a deeply characterised resource that provides a framework for powerful and high-resolution genetic analysis of yeast phenotypes, and serves as a test bed for testing avenues to attack human complex traits.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Evaluation of short-term and long-term results after laparoscopic antireflux surgery: Esophageal manometry and 24-h pH monitoring versus quality of life index

Authors: Blazejczyk, K; Hoene, A; Glitsch, A; Busemann, A; Heidecke, CD; Patrzyk, M (In Press) Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery. HERO ID: 2064247

[Less] PURPOSE: The objective of this long-term study is to compare data on postoperative . . . [More] PURPOSE: The objective of this long-term study is to compare data on postoperative quality of life with objective functional measurements in patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease who have undergone laparoscopic antireflux surgery.

METHODS: Between 1995 and 2005, 162 patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease underwent laparoscopic surgery. A minimum of 4 years after surgery, 60 patients were contacted at random, 29 of whom agreed to follow-up examination. The following examinations were performed preoperatively, 6 months postoperatively, and 4-12 years postoperatively: esophageal manometry, 24-h gastroesophageal pH-metry, and assessment of patient quality of life based on the gastrointestinal quality of life index (GIQLI).

RESULTS: The number of postsurgical reflux episodes was reduced significantly, both at 6 months and at 4 or more years after surgery. The number of episodes dropped from 183 before surgery to 58 at 6 months after surgery and remained constant ≥4 years later. Surgery also produced a significant drop in reflux time, seen both 6 months and ≥4 years later. Six months after surgery, the median reflux time had fallen from 134 min (preoperatively) to 27 min, and at ≥ 4 years it was still significantly reduced at 35 min. Sphincter length (median preoperative length, 3 cm; median postoperative length (at 6 months and at ≥4 years), 4 cm) and sphincter pressure (median preoperative pressure, 3 mmHg; median at 6 months, 12 mmHg; median at ≥4 years, 10.9 mmHg) were significantly improved by surgery as well. Finally, surgery produced an improvement in quality of life. The median preoperative GIQLI was 102, while at 6 months after surgery it was 113 and at ≥4 years after surgery it was 124.

CONCLUSION: Laparoscopic fundoplication guarantees long-term improvement in symptoms and quality of life for patients suffering from gastroesophageal reflux disease. The effectiveness of reflux surgery can thus be demonstrated by long-term quality of life assessments and postoperative functional measurements. No statistically significant correlation between total score (DeMeester) and GIQLI could be demonstrated.