Health & Environmental Research Online (HERO)


Uranium


28,879 References Were Found:

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Base-Driven Assembly of Large Uranium Oxo/Hydroxo Clusters

Authors: Biswas, B; Mougel, V; Pécaut, J; Mazzanti, M (In Press) HERO ID: 1423239


The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

A survey of arsenic, manganese, boron, thorium, and other toxic metals in the groundwater of a West Bengal, India neighbourhood

Authors: Bacquart, T; Bradshaw, K; Frisbie, S; Mitchell, E; Springston, G; Defelice, J; Dustin, H; Sarkar, B (In Press) Metallomics. HERO ID: 1070432

[Less] Around 150 million people are at risk from arsenic-contaminated groundwater in India and Bangladesh. . . . [More] Around 150 million people are at risk from arsenic-contaminated groundwater in India and Bangladesh. Multiple metal analysis in Bangladesh has found other toxic elements above the World Health Organization (WHO) health-based drinking water guidelines which significantly increases the number of people at risk due to drinking groundwater. In this study, drinking water samples from the Bongaon area (North 24 Parganas district, West Bengal, India) were analyzed for multiple metal contamination in order to evaluate groundwater quality on the neighbourhood scale. Each sample was analyzed for arsenic (As), boron (B), barium (Ba), chromium (Cr), manganese (Mn), molybdenum (Mo), nickel (Ni), lead (Pb), and uranium (U). Arsenic was found above the WHO health-based drinking water guideline in 50% of these tubewells. Mn and B were found at significant concentrations in 19% and 6% of these tubewells, respectively. The maps of As, Mn, and B concentrations suggest that approximately 75% of this area has no safe tubewells. The concentrations of As, Mn, B, and many other toxic elements are independent of each other. The concentrations of Pb and U were not found above WHO health-based drinking water guidelines but they were statistically related to each other (p-value = 0.001). An analysis of selected isotopes in the Uranium, Actinium, and Thorium Radioactive Decay Series revealed the presence of thorium (Th) in 31% of these tubewells. This discovery of Th, which does not have a WHO health-based drinking water guideline, is a potential public health challenge. In sum, the widespread presence and independent distribution of other metals besides As must be taken into consideration for drinking water remediation strategies involving well switching or home-scale water treatment.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Twenty-four-hour urinary trace element excretion: Reference intervals and interpretive issues

Authors: Sieniawska, CE; Jung, LC; Olufadi, R; Walker, V (In Press) Annals of Clinical Biochemistry. HERO ID: 1015724

[Less] BACKGROUND: Introduction of inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) into clinical laboratories . . . [More] BACKGROUND: Introduction of inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) into clinical laboratories has led to an increasing application of analyses to risk assessment for toxicity from environmental exposure to trace elements, and in occupational monitoring. Interpretation of results from random urine samples may be problematic and measurement of excretion over 24 h is sometimes preferable. Recent reference data are sparse. METHODS: Twenty-four-hour urine samples from 111 healthy adults from the renal stones clinic in Southampton, UK, were analysed for 31 trace elements using ICP-MS and for zinc using atomic absorption spectroscopy. Non-parametric 0.95 coverage intervals were determined for trace element excretion per 24 h and as a ratio to creatinine, for the full study cohort and separately for men (n = 77) and women (n = 34). RESULTS: Beryllium was undetectable in 95% of samples, bismuth in 87% and uranium in 75%. In comparison with published ranges, reference intervals for this cohort were higher for molybdenum, tin and vanadium, and for arsenic due to inclusion of fish arsenicals. Aluminium, chromium, iron, lead and mercury were lower. In our cohort, 24-h excretion of 17 elements was significantly higher in men than in women. However, when expressed as trace element to creatinine ratios, the situation reversed strikingly. Because of their lower creatinine excretion, ratios for 18 elements were significantly higher for women. CONCLUSIONS: New adult reference intervals were obtained for 24-h urine trace element excretion. Trace element:creatinine ratios must be used cautiously, with separate ranges for men and women.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Thermodynamic properties of ternary Me-Ga-In (Me = La, U) alloys in a fused Ga-In/LiCl-KCl system

Authors: Novoselova, A; Smolenski, V; Volkovich, VA; Luk'yanova, Ya (2019) HERO ID: 5075390


The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Synthesis and characterization of amidoxime modified chitosan/bentonite composite for the adsorptive removal and recovery of uranium from seawater

Authors: Anirudhan, TS; Lekshmi, GS; Shainy, F (2019) HERO ID: 5075394

[Less] A novel amidoxime functionalized adsorbent, poly(amidoxime)-grafted-chitosan/bentonite composite [P(AO)-g-CTS/BT] . . . [More] A novel amidoxime functionalized adsorbent, poly(amidoxime)-grafted-chitosan/bentonite composite [P(AO)-g-CTS/BT] was prepared by in situ intercalative polymerization of acrylonitrile (AN) and 3-hexenedinitrile (3-HDN) onto chitosan/bentonite composite using ethylene glycol dimethacrylate (EGDMA) as cross linking agent and potassium peroxy disulphate (K2S2O8) as free radical initiator. The adsorbent was characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), X-ray diffraction (XRD), Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS), BET surface area analyser and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). Nitrile groups from two monomers converted to amidoxime groups and therefore, increases the adsorption efficiency of uranium(VI) [U(VI)] from seawater. The optimum pH for U(VI) adsorption was found to be 8.0. The adsorbent dosage of 2.0 g/L was sufficient for the complete removal of U(VI) from seawater. The kinetic data fitted well with pseudo-second-order kinetic model which assumes the presence of chemisorption. The equilibrium attained within 60 min and well agreement of equilibrium data with Langmuir adsorption model confirms monolayer coverage of U(VI) onto P(AO)-g-CTS/BT. The maximum adsorption capacity was found to be 49.09 mg/g. Spent adsorbent was effectively regenerated using 0.1 N HCl. Six cycles of adsorption-desorption experiments were conducted to study the practical applicability and repeated use of the adsorbent. The feasibility of the adsorbent was also tested using natural seawater. The results show that P(AO)-g-CTS/BT is a promising adsorbent for the removal of U(VI) from seawater.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Enhancement of organic matter maturation because of radiogenic heat from uranium: A case study from the Ordos Basin in China

Authors: Zhang, Fan; Jiao, Y; Wu, L; Rong, Hui; Li, J; Wan, Dun (2019) HERO ID: 5075452


The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Heterobimetallic Uranium-Nickel/Palladium/Platinum Complexes of Phosphinoaryl Oxide Ligands: A Theoretical Probe for Metal-Metal Bonding and Electronic Spectroscopy

Authors: Bi, YT; Li, L; Guo, YR; Pan, QJ (2019) HERO ID: 5075455

[Less] Heterobimetallic uranium-transition metal (U-TM) complexes have abundant active centers (two metals . . . [More] Heterobimetallic uranium-transition metal (U-TM) complexes have abundant active centers (two metals and several ancillary ligands with various donor atoms) and possible metal-metal bonding interaction, leading to diversified electronic structures and rather complicated electronic transition types. In this regard, a comprehensive and systematic theoretical study is highly desired although challenging. In the work, density functional theory (DFT) was utilized to examine a series of uranium-group 10 metal complexes supported by bidentate phosphinoaryl oxide ligands (labeled as L). TM (Ni, Pd, and Pt), uranium oxidation state (IV and III) and axial donor (I, Br, Cl, F, Me3SiO, and vacant) were varied. Calculations demonstrate an intrinsic TM → U dative bond. The order of bond strength of U-Ni > U-Pt > U-Pd is suggested by the formal shortness ratios, quantum theory of atoms in molecule (QTAIM) data, interaction energy ( Eint), and bond orders calculated at various levels of theory. It is further evidenced by relativistic effects of heavy metal, natural orbital population and electronic spectroscopy. Regarding U-Ni complexes with different axial donors, metal-metal distances are found to be linearly correlated with QTAIM data/ Eint/bond orders. Experimental UV-vis-NIR spectra were well reproduced by time-dependent DFT calculations. Complicated visible-light absorption bands, whose understanding remains unclear for many experimentally known heterobimetallic complexes, were rationalized in the work, along with NIR bands assigned as 5f → 5f transitions.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Highly selective extraction of uranium from nitric acid medium with phosphine oxide functionalized pillar[5]arenes in room temperature ionic liquid (vol 192, pg 152, 2018)

Authors: Chen, L; Wang, Y; Yuan, X; Ren, Yi; Liu, N; Yuan, L; Feng, Wen (2019) HERO ID: 5075461


The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Production of more ideal uranium trioxide microspheres for the sol-gel microsphere pelletization process without the use of carbon

Authors: Hunt, RD; Collins, JL; Lloyd, MH; Finkeldei, SC (2019) HERO ID: 5075494


The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Mussel-inspired antifouling magnetic activated carbon for uranium recovery from simulated seawater

Authors: Zhang, F; Zhang, H; Chen, R; Liu, Q; Liu, J; Wang, C; Sun, Z; Wang, J (2019) HERO ID: 5075500

[Less] Undesirable bio-adhesion of microalgae on adsorbent can influence its adsorption capacity. In this report, . . . [More] Undesirable bio-adhesion of microalgae on adsorbent can influence its adsorption capacity. In this report, we fabricated a novel mussel-inspired antifouling magnetic activated carbons which derived orange peel by integrated biosorption-pyrolysis process (MACs@PDA-Ag), via co-functionalization of poly-dopamine (PDA) and Ag nanoparticles (AgNPs), for the recovery of uranium (VI) from simulated seawater with antimicrobial adhesion performance; this process did not require an additional reducing agent. The effect of pH, concentration, contact time, fouling test against nitzschia closterium f.minutissima (GY-H8) were studied. Compared with MACs (632.91 mg/g at pH 7.0), the calculated maximum adsorption capacity of MACs@PDA-Ag increased to 657.89 mg/g at pH 8.0 and showed good recyclability. These data all fitted well with the Langmuir and pseudo-second order models. The possible removal mechanism by XPS is chelation (catechol hydroxyls, amine/imine units, the metal-oxygen and carboxylic) with uranium (VI). The antifouling tests indicated that the AgNPs-modified materials displayed the antimicrobial adhesion behavior, and the viability of the microorganism was not impacted. Thereby, the direct deposition of AgNPs onto the adsorbent has shown great potential for uranium (VI) recovery with an antifouling benefit and is environmentally friendly.