Health & Environmental Research Online (HERO)


Uranium


28,797 References Were Found:

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Base-Driven Assembly of Large Uranium Oxo/Hydroxo Clusters

Authors: Biswas, B; Mougel, V; Pécaut, J; Mazzanti, M (In Press) HERO ID: 1423239


The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

A survey of arsenic, manganese, boron, thorium, and other toxic metals in the groundwater of a West Bengal, India neighbourhood

Authors: Bacquart, T; Bradshaw, K; Frisbie, S; Mitchell, E; Springston, G; Defelice, J; Dustin, H; Sarkar, B (In Press) Metallomics. HERO ID: 1070432

[Less] Around 150 million people are at risk from arsenic-contaminated groundwater in India and Bangladesh. . . . [More] Around 150 million people are at risk from arsenic-contaminated groundwater in India and Bangladesh. Multiple metal analysis in Bangladesh has found other toxic elements above the World Health Organization (WHO) health-based drinking water guidelines which significantly increases the number of people at risk due to drinking groundwater. In this study, drinking water samples from the Bongaon area (North 24 Parganas district, West Bengal, India) were analyzed for multiple metal contamination in order to evaluate groundwater quality on the neighbourhood scale. Each sample was analyzed for arsenic (As), boron (B), barium (Ba), chromium (Cr), manganese (Mn), molybdenum (Mo), nickel (Ni), lead (Pb), and uranium (U). Arsenic was found above the WHO health-based drinking water guideline in 50% of these tubewells. Mn and B were found at significant concentrations in 19% and 6% of these tubewells, respectively. The maps of As, Mn, and B concentrations suggest that approximately 75% of this area has no safe tubewells. The concentrations of As, Mn, B, and many other toxic elements are independent of each other. The concentrations of Pb and U were not found above WHO health-based drinking water guidelines but they were statistically related to each other (p-value = 0.001). An analysis of selected isotopes in the Uranium, Actinium, and Thorium Radioactive Decay Series revealed the presence of thorium (Th) in 31% of these tubewells. This discovery of Th, which does not have a WHO health-based drinking water guideline, is a potential public health challenge. In sum, the widespread presence and independent distribution of other metals besides As must be taken into consideration for drinking water remediation strategies involving well switching or home-scale water treatment.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Twenty-four-hour urinary trace element excretion: Reference intervals and interpretive issues

Authors: Sieniawska, CE; Jung, LC; Olufadi, R; Walker, V (In Press) Annals of Clinical Biochemistry. HERO ID: 1015724

[Less] BACKGROUND: Introduction of inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) into clinical laboratories . . . [More] BACKGROUND: Introduction of inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) into clinical laboratories has led to an increasing application of analyses to risk assessment for toxicity from environmental exposure to trace elements, and in occupational monitoring. Interpretation of results from random urine samples may be problematic and measurement of excretion over 24 h is sometimes preferable. Recent reference data are sparse. METHODS: Twenty-four-hour urine samples from 111 healthy adults from the renal stones clinic in Southampton, UK, were analysed for 31 trace elements using ICP-MS and for zinc using atomic absorption spectroscopy. Non-parametric 0.95 coverage intervals were determined for trace element excretion per 24 h and as a ratio to creatinine, for the full study cohort and separately for men (n = 77) and women (n = 34). RESULTS: Beryllium was undetectable in 95% of samples, bismuth in 87% and uranium in 75%. In comparison with published ranges, reference intervals for this cohort were higher for molybdenum, tin and vanadium, and for arsenic due to inclusion of fish arsenicals. Aluminium, chromium, iron, lead and mercury were lower. In our cohort, 24-h excretion of 17 elements was significantly higher in men than in women. However, when expressed as trace element to creatinine ratios, the situation reversed strikingly. Because of their lower creatinine excretion, ratios for 18 elements were significantly higher for women. CONCLUSIONS: New adult reference intervals were obtained for 24-h urine trace element excretion. Trace element:creatinine ratios must be used cautiously, with separate ranges for men and women.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Analysis of the association between ionizing radiation and mortality in uranium workers from five plants involved in the nuclear fuel production cycle in France

Authors: Bouet, S; Davesne, E; Samson, E; Jovanovic, I; Blanchardon, E; Challeton-De Vathaire, C; Richardson, DB; Leuraud, K; Laurier, D; Laurent, O (2019) HERO ID: 5020290

[Less] PURPOSE: The aim is to investigate associations between mortality and exposure to ionizing . . . [More] PURPOSE: The aim is to investigate associations between mortality and exposure to ionizing radiation in a cohort of uranium workers with potential for internal and external radiation exposures.

METHODS: Workers employed for at least 6 months between 1958 and 2006 in five plants involved in the French nuclear fuel cycle were included and followed up between 1968 and 2013. Cause-specific standardized mortality ratios were calculated. Analyses of associations between individual cumulative radiation dose (both internal and external, lagged by 5-15 years) and mortality were conducted using Poisson regression.

RESULTS: The cohort includes 4541 workers. The mean cumulative external dose was 11.12 mGy. Mean cumulative internal doses ranged, depending on modelling hypotheses, from 0.05 to 0.09 mGy (liver) and from 4.22 to 10.90 mGy (lung). At the end of the follow-up, 838 workers were deceased and 28 lost to follow-up. A healthy worker effect was observed. The risk of prostate and lung cancers mortality was significantly higher for workers exposed to cumulative external dose above 50 mGy compared to non-exposed, but these associations were based only on three cases and became non-significant, although of similar magnitude, after adjustment for smoking. Associations with internal dose showed no consistent pattern.

CONCLUSIONS: For the first time, a study was conducted in a French cohort of uranium workers with a complete reconstruction of internal dose. Results are preliminary and must be interpreted with caution because of the limited cohort size and significant sources of uncertainty. Future steps of this study will overcome these limitations.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

The human biomonitoring study in Serbia: Background levels for arsenic, cadmium, lead, thorium and uranium in the whole blood of adult Serbian population

Authors: Stojsavljević, A; Borković-Mitić, S; Vujotić, L; Grujičić, D; Gavrović-Jankulović, M; Manojlović, D (2019) Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety 169:402-409. HERO ID: 5020147

[Less] The purpose of this study was to establish reference values (RVs) for the occupationally- and environmentally-important . . . [More] The purpose of this study was to establish reference values (RVs) for the occupationally- and environmentally-important toxic elements in the whole blood of adult Serbian population for the first time. Contaminated drinking water with arsenic, high share of smokers in the country, removing tetraethyl lead from the gasoline and war attack at the end of the twentieth century were some of the reasons to provide background information for arsenic (As), cadmium (Cd), lead (Pb), thorium (Th), and uranium (U) in the blood of the Serbian population. The whole blood samples were collected from the healthy respondents living in the Belgrade and surrounding areas of the capital (n = 305; w/m ratio = 154/151; mean age: 41 ± 2). The concentrations of toxic metals were determined by inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). Reference values were estimated as the lower limit (LL) and upper limit (UL) of the 95% confidence interval (CI), together with the selected percentiles (P2.5-P97.5). The obtained geometric mean (GM) for As, Cd, Pb, Th, and U were: 0.50 ng/g, 0.32 ng/g, 20.94 ng/g, 0.30 ng/g, and 0.06 ng/g, respectively. The influences of age, sex and lifestyle on results were considered. Women have significantly higher levels of Cd and Th than men. The increased level of Th was observed in the aged group below 40 years, while smokers had significantly higher levels of Pb and double higher level of Cd in the blood than non-smokers (p < 0.05). In comparison with other population groups worldwide, the Serbian population had significantly higher levels of Th and U (up to 100 times higher). These findings could contribute to better understanding of the molecular basis for the development of various health hazards, including the increased incidence of cancer among the Serbian population which need be confirmed by clinical studies.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Amidoxime functionalized Polymers of Intrinsic Microporosity (PIM-1) electrospun ultrafine fibers for rapid removal of uranyl ions from water

Authors: Satilmis, B; Isik, T; Demir, MM; Uyar, T (2019) HERO ID: 5077205


The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Development of Pa-231 AMS measurements to improve radiological dose assessment from uranium mining and milling

Authors: Medley, P; Tims, SG; Froehlich, MB; Fifield, LK; Bollhoefer, A; Wallner, A; Pavetich, S (2019) HERO ID: 5077218


The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Validating (MNF) transform to determine the least inherent dimensionality of ASTER image data of some uranium localities at Central Eastern Desert, Egypt

Authors: Shawky, MM; El-Arafy, RA; El Zalaky, MA; Elarif, T (2019) HERO ID: 5077226


Journal Article
Journal Article

A Self-Assembled Supramolecular Material Containing Phosphoric Acid for Ultrafast and Efficient Capture of Uranium from Acidic Solutions

Authors: Pan, N; Jin, Y; Wang, X; Hu, X; Chi, F; Zou, Hao; Xia, C (2019) HERO ID: 5077234


The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Assessment of the impact of diversification of uranium switching on the risk of its non-energy use

Author: Glebov, V (2019) HERO ID: 5077237