Health & Environmental Research Online (HERO)


Phthalates – Targeted Search for Epidemiological Studies

Show Project Details Hide Project Details
504 References Were Found:

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Structural diversity of manganese(II) complexes containing 2,2 '-dipyridylamine and benzenedicarboxylates. Conformational analysis of tere-, iso- and phthalate ions: An experimental and quantum chemical approach

Authors: Radovanovic, L; Rogan, J; Poleti, D; Rodic, MV; Begovic, N (2016) Inorganica Chimica Acta 445:46-56. HERO ID: 3230584

[Less] Four novel manganese(II) complexes with 2,2'-dipyridylamine (dipya) and various benzenedicarboxylate, . . . [More] Four novel manganese(II) complexes with 2,2'-dipyridylamine (dipya) and various benzenedicarboxylate, BDC, ligands as anions of phthalic (pht), isophthalic (ipht) and terephthalic (tpht) acids were hydrothermally synthesized, namely, [Mn(dipya)(pht)(H2O)](2) (1), [Mn(dipya)(ipht)](n) (2), [Mn(dipya) 2(tpht)](n) (3), and [Mn(dipya)(H2O)(4)](tpht) (4). All complexes were characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction, TG/DSC analysis and IR spectroscopy. The obtained complexes display a plenty of different structural features, including geometry of central metal atoms, BDC coordination modes and crystal packing. The coordination numbers of Mn(II) are different: 5 (in 2), 6 (in 3 and 4) and 7 (in 1). 3D networks in 1-4 are determined by strong non-covalent interactions. A survey of the Cambridge Structural Database for BDC complexes was performed in order to analyze orientation of COO groups. The energies of various BDC conformers were calculated by the second order Moller-Plesset perturbation theory and three hybrid HF/DFT methods with 6-311G** basis set. To explain different behavior, BDC ions were also examined by Localized Molecular Orbital Energy Decomposition and Natural Bond Orbital analyses. Experimental and calculated geometries are in agreement, showing that tpht and ipht anions prefer the planar conformation, while in pht anions COO groups are inclined and make complementary angles relative to the aromatic rings. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Using physiologically based pharmacokinetic modeling and benchmark dose methods to derive an occupational exposure limit for N-methylpyrrolidone

Authors: Poet, TS; Schlosser, PM; Rodriguez, CE; Parod, RJ; Rodwell, DE; Kirman, CR (2016) Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology 76:102-112. HERO ID: 3223200

[Less] The developmental effects of NMP are well studied in Sprague-Dawley rats following oral, inhalation, . . . [More] The developmental effects of NMP are well studied in Sprague-Dawley rats following oral, inhalation, and dermal routes of exposure. Short-term and chronic occupational exposure limit (OEL) values were derived using an updated physiologically based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) model for NMP, along with benchmark dose modeling. Two suitable developmental endpoints were evaluated for human health risk assessment: (1) for acute exposures, the increased incidence of skeletal malformations, an effect noted only at oral doses that were toxic to the dam and fetus; and (2) for repeated exposures to NMP, changes in fetal/pup body weight. Where possible, data from multiple studies were pooled to increase the predictive power of the dose-response data sets. For the purposes of internal dose estimation, the window of susceptibility was estimated for each endpoint, and was used in the dose-response modeling. A point of departure value of 390 mg/L (in terms of peak NMP in blood) was calculated for skeletal malformations based on pooled data from oral and inhalation studies. Acceptable dose-response model fits were not obtained using the pooled data for fetal/pup body weight changes. These data sets were also assessed individually, from which the geometric mean value obtained from the inhalation studies (470 mg*hr/L), was used to derive the chronic OEL. A PBPK model for NMP in humans was used to calculate human equivalent concentrations corresponding to the internal dose point of departure values. Application of a net uncertainty factor of 20-21, which incorporates data-derived extrapolation factors, to the point of departure values yields short-term and chronic occupational exposure limit values of 86 and 24 ppm, respectively.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Decreased cervical length in relation to phthalate levels during pregnancy

Authors: Cantonwine, D; Venkatesh, KK; Ferguson, KK; Jankowski, M; Meeker, JD; Mcelrath, TF (2016) American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 214:S101-S101. [Abstract] HERO ID: 3230524


The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Urinary phthalates increase PAPP-A levels early in pregnancy

Authors: Cantonwine, DE; Meeker, JD; Ferguson, KK; Wilkins-Haug, LE; Lambert-Messerlian, G; McElrath, TF (2016) American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 214:S394. [Abstract] HERO ID: 3230525


The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Concentrations of "legacy" and novel brominated flame retardants in matched samples of UK kitchen and living room/bedroom dust

Authors: Kuang, J; Ma, Y; Harrad, S (2016) Chemosphere 149:224-230. HERO ID: 3230512

[Less] Concentrations of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs), hexabromocyclododecanes (HBCDDs) and 5 novel . . . [More] Concentrations of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs), hexabromocyclododecanes (HBCDDs) and 5 novel brominated flame retardants (NBFRs) were measured in paired samples of kitchen and living room/bedroom dust sampled in 2015 from 30 UK homes. BDE-209 was most abundant (22-170,000 ng/g), followed by γ-HBCDD (1.7-21,000 ng/g), α-HBCDD (5.2-4,900 ng/g), β-HBCDD (2.3-1,600 ng/g), BDE-99 (2.6-1,440 ng/g), BDE-47 (0.4-940 ng/g), decabromodiphenyl ethane (DBDPE) (nd-680 ng/g) and bis(2-ethylhexyl)-3,4,5,6-tetrabromo-phthalate (BEH-TEBP) (2.7-630 ng/g). The concentrations in kitchens and living rooms/bedrooms are moderate compared with previous studies. Concentrations of BDE-209 in living room/bedroom dust were significantly lower and those of DBDPE significantly higher (p < 0.05) compared to concentrations recorded in UK house dust in 2006 and 2007. This may reflect changes in UK usage of these BFRs. All target BFRs were present at higher concentrations in living rooms/bedrooms than kitchens. With the exception of BDE-28, pentabromoethylbenzene (PBEB) and DBDPE, these differences were significant (p < 0.05). No specific source was found that could account for the higher concentrations in living rooms/bedrooms.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

The non-genomic effects of endocrine-disrupting chemicals on mammalian sperm

Authors: Tavares, RS; Escada-Rebelo, S; Correia, M; Mota, PC; Ramalho-Santos, J (2016) Reproduction 151:R1-R13. [Review] HERO ID: 3230537

[Less] Exposure to toxicants present in the environment, especially the so-called endocrine-disrupting chemicals . . . [More] Exposure to toxicants present in the environment, especially the so-called endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs), has been associated with decreased sperm quality and increased anomalies in male reproductive organs over the past decades. Both human and animal populations are continuously exposed to ubiquitous synthetic and natural-occurring EDCs through diet, dermal contact and/or inhalation, therefore potentially compromising male reproductive health. Although the effects of EDC are likely induced via multiple genomic-based pathways, their non-genomic effects may also be relevant. Furthermore, spermatozoa are transcriptionally inactive cells that can come in direct contact with EDCs in reproductive fluids and secretions and are therefore a good model to address non-genomic effects. This review thus focuses on the non-genomic effects of several important EDCs relevant to mammalian exposure. Notably, EDCs were found to interfere with pre-existing pathways inducing a panoply of deleterious effects to sperm function that included altered intracellular Ca(2) (+) oscillations, induction of oxidative stress, mitochondrial dysfunction, increased DNA damage and decreased sperm motility and viability, among others, potentially jeopardizing male fertility. Although many studies have used non-environmentally relevant concentrations of only one compound for mechanistic studies, it is important to remember that mammals are not exposed to one, but rather to a multitude of environmental EDCs, and synergistic effects may occur. Furthermore, some effects have been detected with single compounds at environmentally relevant concentrations.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

A new sesquiterpenoid quinone with cytotoxicity from Abelmoschus sagittifolius

Authors: Chen, DL; Xiao-Po, Z; Guo-Xu, M; Hai-Feng, W; Jun-Shan, Y; Xu-Dong, X (2016) Natural Product Research 30:565-569. HERO ID: 5750984

[Less] A new sesquiterpenoid quinone, Acyl hibiscone B (1), together with five known compounds, (R)-lasiodiplodin . . . [More] A new sesquiterpenoid quinone, Acyl hibiscone B (1), together with five known compounds, (R)-lasiodiplodin (2), (R)-de- O -methyllasiodiplodin, (3) dibutyl phthalate (4), (R)-9-phenylnonan-2-ol (5) and hibiscone B (6), was obtained from the stem tuber of Abelmoschus sagittifolius . The structure of compound 1 was elucidated by analysing its ¹H and ¹³C NMR, ¹H- ¹H COSY, HSQC, HMBC, NOESY and HR-ESI-MS values. Compound 1 showed significant cytotoxicity against Hela and HepG-2 human cancer cell lines.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

A reference method for measuring emissions of SVOCs in small chambers

Authors: Wu, Y; Cox, SS; Xu, Y; Liang, Y; Won, D; Liu, X; Clausen, P; Rosell, L; Benning, JL; Zhang, Y; Little, JC (2016) Building and Environment 95:126-132. HERO ID: 3230510

[Less] Semi-volatile organic compounds (SVOCs) are indoor air pollutants that may have significant adverse . . . [More] Semi-volatile organic compounds (SVOCs) are indoor air pollutants that may have significant adverse effects on human health. Although emissions of volatile chemicals from building materials and consumer products are usually characterized in small chambers, few chamber studies have been conducted for SVOCs due to the challenges associated with analysis and the lack of validation procedures. There is an urgent need for a reliable and accurate chamber test method to verify these measurements. A reference method employing a specially-designed chamber has been developed and is undergoing extensive evaluation. A pilot inter-laboratory study (ILS) has been conducted with six laboratories performing chamber tests under identical conditions for di-2-ethylhexyl phthalate (DEHP). Results from this study showed inter-laboratory variations of 24% for DEHP emission rates, with closer agreement observed among intra-laboratory measurements for most of the participating laboratories. A mechanistic emission model fits well to the measured concentration profiles, demonstrating the feasibility of the proposed reference method to independently assess laboratory performance and validate SVOC emission tests. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Adverse effect of DEHP exposure on the serum insulin level of Balb/c mice

Authors: Wang, J; Li, J; Zahid, KR; Wang, Kun; Qian, Yan; Ma, P; Ding, S; Yang, Xu; Wang, X (2016) Molecular and Cellular Toxicology 12:83-91. HERO ID: 3230560

[Less] Di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) is a common indoor pollutant in the world, which may cause lots of . . . [More] Di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) is a common indoor pollutant in the world, which may cause lots of harmful effects in human including diabetes according to epidemiological studies. To explore the underlying role of DEHP in diabetes-like symptoms, Balb/c mice were chose to be the experimental animals in this paper. They were separated as eight groups as follows: (1) saline + normal diet (vehicle control), (2) 10 mg/kg.day DEHP + normal diet, (3) 50 mg/kg.day DEHP + normal diet, (4) 250 mg/kg.day DEHP + normal diet, (5) streptozotocin (STZ) + high fat diet (diabetes model), (6) 10 mg/kg.day DEHP + STZ + high fat diet, (7) 50 mg/kg.day DEHP + STZ + high fat diet, (8) 250 mg/kg.day DEHP + STZ + high fat diet. The biomarkers of this experiment include four groups: (1) general indicates: body weight and drinking water, (2) blood biomarkers: serum insulin and fasting glucose, (3) pathological examination: pancreas section and kidney section, and (4) biomarkers of oxidative stress: reactive oxygen species (ROS) and malondialdehyde (MDA) in liver cells. Our study results demonstrate that: (1) at our treatment levels DEHP cannot directly induce diabetes, but reduce serum insulin level in DEHP-exposed non-STZ-treated animals, (2) pathological examination finds that these is a dose -dependent damage in the pancreas in DE HP-exposed STZ-treated groups, and (3) the oxidative mechanism may be involved in this pathological process.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Urinary toxicokinetics of di-(isononyl)-cyclohexane-1,2-dicarboxylate (DINCH(®)) in humans following single oral administration

Authors: Völkel, W; Kiranoglu, M; Dettbarn, G; John, A; Jessel, S; Seidel, A; Fromme, H (2016) Toxicology Letters 248:16-24. HERO ID: 3202670

[Less] Phthalates such as di-2-ethylhexyl phthalate (DEHP) were restricted due to their toxic mainly reprotoxic . . . [More] Phthalates such as di-2-ethylhexyl phthalate (DEHP) were restricted due to their toxic mainly reprotoxic effects. Therefore compounds such as di-(isononyl)-cyclohexane-1,2-dicarboxylate (DINCH(®)) substitute these phthalates and the exposure of humanes to substitutes may occur. Here, kinetic data are presented to assess the exposure of humans. Male and female volunteers excreted nearly the complete orally administered dose (1mg/kg b.w. corresponding to the tolerable daily intake of EFSA) of di-(isononyl)-cyclohexane-1,2-dicarboxylate within 70h. More than 75% were excreted within 24h. Besides the main metabolite cyclohexane-1,2-dicarboxylic acid (CHDA) quantitated after hydrolysis four further metabolites of DINCH(®) are determined. Cyclohexane-1,2-dicarboxylic acid-mono-(7-hydroxy-4-methyl)octyl ester (OH-MINCH) is the main secondary metabolite with about 14% of the administered dose. Differences in excretion of all metabolites between male and females are small. Based on the generated toxicokinetic data exposure of 20 humans is recalculated from their spot urine sample collected in 2014 and the exposure are clearly below the current tolerable daily intake of 1mg/kg b.w.