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Phthalates – Targeted Search for Epidemiological Studies

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504 References Were Found:

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Structural diversity of manganese(II) complexes containing 2,2 '-dipyridylamine and benzenedicarboxylates. Conformational analysis of tere-, iso- and phthalate ions: An experimental and quantum chemical approach

Authors: Radovanovic, L; Rogan, J; Poleti, D; Rodic, MV; Begovic, N (2016) Inorganica Chimica Acta 445:46-56. HERO ID: 3230584

[Less] Four novel manganese(II) complexes with 2,2'-dipyridylamine (dipya) and various benzenedicarboxylate, . . . [More] Four novel manganese(II) complexes with 2,2'-dipyridylamine (dipya) and various benzenedicarboxylate, BDC, ligands as anions of phthalic (pht), isophthalic (ipht) and terephthalic (tpht) acids were hydrothermally synthesized, namely, [Mn(dipya)(pht)(H2O)](2) (1), [Mn(dipya)(ipht)](n) (2), [Mn(dipya) 2(tpht)](n) (3), and [Mn(dipya)(H2O)(4)](tpht) (4). All complexes were characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction, TG/DSC analysis and IR spectroscopy. The obtained complexes display a plenty of different structural features, including geometry of central metal atoms, BDC coordination modes and crystal packing. The coordination numbers of Mn(II) are different: 5 (in 2), 6 (in 3 and 4) and 7 (in 1). 3D networks in 1-4 are determined by strong non-covalent interactions. A survey of the Cambridge Structural Database for BDC complexes was performed in order to analyze orientation of COO groups. The energies of various BDC conformers were calculated by the second order Moller-Plesset perturbation theory and three hybrid HF/DFT methods with 6-311G** basis set. To explain different behavior, BDC ions were also examined by Localized Molecular Orbital Energy Decomposition and Natural Bond Orbital analyses. Experimental and calculated geometries are in agreement, showing that tpht and ipht anions prefer the planar conformation, while in pht anions COO groups are inclined and make complementary angles relative to the aromatic rings. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Using physiologically based pharmacokinetic modeling and benchmark dose methods to derive an occupational exposure limit for N-methylpyrrolidone

Authors: Poet, TS; Schlosser, PM; Rodriguez, CE; Parod, RJ; Rodwell, DE; Kirman, CR (2016) Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology 76:102-112. HERO ID: 3223200

[Less] The developmental effects of NMP are well studied in Sprague-Dawley rats following oral, inhalation, . . . [More] The developmental effects of NMP are well studied in Sprague-Dawley rats following oral, inhalation, and dermal routes of exposure. Short-term and chronic occupational exposure limit (OEL) values were derived using an updated physiologically based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) model for NMP, along with benchmark dose modeling. Two suitable developmental endpoints were evaluated for human health risk assessment: (1) for acute exposures, the increased incidence of skeletal malformations, an effect noted only at oral doses that were toxic to the dam and fetus; and (2) for repeated exposures to NMP, changes in fetal/pup body weight. Where possible, data from multiple studies were pooled to increase the predictive power of the dose-response data sets. For the purposes of internal dose estimation, the window of susceptibility was estimated for each endpoint, and was used in the dose-response modeling. A point of departure value of 390 mg/L (in terms of peak NMP in blood) was calculated for skeletal malformations based on pooled data from oral and inhalation studies. Acceptable dose-response model fits were not obtained using the pooled data for fetal/pup body weight changes. These data sets were also assessed individually, from which the geometric mean value obtained from the inhalation studies (470 mg*hr/L), was used to derive the chronic OEL. A PBPK model for NMP in humans was used to calculate human equivalent concentrations corresponding to the internal dose point of departure values. Application of a net uncertainty factor of 20-21, which incorporates data-derived extrapolation factors, to the point of departure values yields short-term and chronic occupational exposure limit values of 86 and 24 ppm, respectively.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Indoor/outdoor PM2.5 elemental composition and organic fraction medications, in a Greek hospital

Authors: Loupa, G; Zarogianni, AM; Karali, D; Kosmadakis, I; Rapsomanikis, S (2016) Science of the Total Environment 550:727-735. HERO ID: 3230418

[Less] In the newly constructed General Hospital of Kavala, Greece, air quality was monitored in two indoor . . . [More] In the newly constructed General Hospital of Kavala, Greece, air quality was monitored in two indoor locations (the Triage room at the emergency department and the Laboratory of bio-pathology) and also outdoors. Indoor PM2.5 filter samples were collected at both rooms and outdoors, in the yard of the hospital. PM2.5 organic content and elemental composition were determined. Analyses of selected organic compounds in PM2.5 samples, revealed that chemicals from medications were distributed in the air of the hospital. Qualitatively, dehydrocholic acid, hydrocortisone acetate, gama-bufotalin, syrosingopine, dimethyl phthalate and o,p'-DDT were found in the Triage. In the bio-pathology laboratory, triethoxypentylsilane and carbohydrazide were also found. An unexpected air pollutant pathway was the pneumatic system which delivered the blood samples from the emergency department to the bio-pathology laboratory, as the presence of gama-bufotalin and syrosingopine was found in the aerosol samples from both locations. Indoor PM2.5 24-h average mass concentration ranged from 10.16μgm(-3) to 21.87μgm(-3) in the laboratory and between 9.86μgm(-3) to 26.27μgm(-3) in the Triage room, where the limit value set for human health protection, i.e. 25μgm(-3) for 24h, was exceeded once. The I/O 24-h average PM2.5 mass concentration ratio, ranged from 0.74-1.11 in the Triage and from 0.67-1.07 in the Lab, respectively. On the contrary, the I/O elemental concentration ratios were below unity for the whole campaign, indicating an outdoor origin of the monitored elements (Al, Si, Br, P, S, Na, K, Mg, Ca, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mn, Ni, Pb, Ti and Zn). This finding was also confirmed by high sulfur I/O ratios in both rooms. The diurnal variations of PM2.5, Black Carbon, CO2 concentrations and microclimatic conditions were also monitored.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Decreased cervical length in relation to phthalate levels during pregnancy

Authors: Cantonwine, D; Venkatesh, KK; Ferguson, KK; Jankowski, M; Meeker, JD; Mcelrath, TF (2016) American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 214:S101-S101. [Abstract] HERO ID: 3230524


The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Urinary phthalates increase PAPP-A levels early in pregnancy

Authors: Cantonwine, DE; Meeker, JD; Ferguson, KK; Wilkins-Haug, LE; Lambert-Messerlian, G; McElrath, TF (2016) American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 214:S394. [Abstract] HERO ID: 3230525


The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Determination of phthalate esters in teas and tea infusions by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry

Authors: Du, L; Ma, L; Qiao, Y; Lu, Y; Xiao, D (2016) Food Chemistry 197 Pt B:1200-1206. HERO ID: 3070928

[Less] Phthalate esters (PAEs), a group of environmental pollutants which are carcinogenic to human body, have . . . [More] Phthalate esters (PAEs), a group of environmental pollutants which are carcinogenic to human body, have been detected in teas. In this work, five PAEs in teas and tea infusions were quantitatively determined by a modified simultaneous distillation extraction (SDE) coupled with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. After the optimization of SDE, the proposed method afforded a wide range of linearity and high linear regression coefficients with the limits of detection range of 0.24-3.72μg/kg. The average recoveries were 79.83-116.67% for tea samples and 78.22-101.64% for tea infusions with all the relative standard deviations below 20%. The total content of five PAEs in teas was 1.135-3.734mg/kg and the total dissolving ratio of five PAEs from tea to infusion was 19.05-28.07% for the selected tea samples. The risk assessment result of all the selected tea samples demonstrated that the population with the habit of drinking tea won't cause risk to human health.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Concentrations of "legacy" and novel brominated flame retardants in matched samples of UK kitchen and living room/bedroom dust

Authors: Kuang, J; Ma, Y; Harrad, S (2016) Chemosphere 149:224-230. HERO ID: 3230512

[Less] Concentrations of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs), hexabromocyclododecanes (HBCDDs) and 5 novel . . . [More] Concentrations of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs), hexabromocyclododecanes (HBCDDs) and 5 novel brominated flame retardants (NBFRs) were measured in paired samples of kitchen and living room/bedroom dust sampled in 2015 from 30 UK homes. BDE-209 was most abundant (22-170,000 ng/g), followed by γ-HBCDD (1.7-21,000 ng/g), α-HBCDD (5.2-4,900 ng/g), β-HBCDD (2.3-1,600 ng/g), BDE-99 (2.6-1,440 ng/g), BDE-47 (0.4-940 ng/g), decabromodiphenyl ethane (DBDPE) (nd-680 ng/g) and bis(2-ethylhexyl)-3,4,5,6-tetrabromo-phthalate (BEH-TEBP) (2.7-630 ng/g). The concentrations in kitchens and living rooms/bedrooms are moderate compared with previous studies. Concentrations of BDE-209 in living room/bedroom dust were significantly lower and those of DBDPE significantly higher (p < 0.05) compared to concentrations recorded in UK house dust in 2006 and 2007. This may reflect changes in UK usage of these BFRs. All target BFRs were present at higher concentrations in living rooms/bedrooms than kitchens. With the exception of BDE-28, pentabromoethylbenzene (PBEB) and DBDPE, these differences were significant (p < 0.05). No specific source was found that could account for the higher concentrations in living rooms/bedrooms.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Mono(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate accumulation disturbs energy metabolism of fat cells

Authors: Chiang, HC; Kuo, YT; Shen, CC; Lin, YH; Wang, SL; Tsou, TC (2016) Archives of Toxicology 90:589-601. HERO ID: 2816877

[Less] Phthalates are lipophilic and tend to accumulate in adipose tissue, an important regulator of energy . . . [More] Phthalates are lipophilic and tend to accumulate in adipose tissue, an important regulator of energy balance and glucose homeostasis. The study aimed to determine whether cellular phthalate accumulation influenced fat cell energy metabolism. Following a 3-day treatment with adipogenesis-inducing medium and a 2-day treatment with adipogenesis-maintaining medium, 3T3-L1 cells differentiated into adipocytes in the presence of a phthalate at a clinically relevant concentration (30-300 μM) for another 6 days. Two phthalates, di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate and di-n-butylphthalate, and their metabolites, mono(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (MEHP) and mono-n-butylphthalate, were used here. The phthalate treatments caused no marked effect on cytotoxicity and adipogenesis. Only the MEHP-treated adipocytes were found having smaller lipid droplets; MEHP accumulated in cells in a dose- and time-dependent manner. The MEHP-treated adipocytes exhibited significant increases in lipolysis and glucose uptake; quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) analysis revealed correlated changes in expression of marker genes involved in adipogenesis, lipid metabolism, and glucose uptake. Analysis of oxygen consumption rate (a mitochondrial respiration indicator) and extracellular acidification rate (a glycolysis indicator) indicated a higher energy metabolism in the adipocytes. qPCR analysis of critical genes involved in mitochondrial biogenesis and/or energy metabolism showed that expression of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ coactivator-1α, sirtuin 3, and protein kinase A were significantly enhanced in the MEHP-treated adipocytes. In vitro evidence of MEHP impacts on lipolysis, glucose uptake/glycolysis, and mitochondrial respiration/biogenesis demonstrates that MEHP accumulation disturbs energy metabolism of fat cells.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Effect of dimethyl phthalate (DMP) on germination, antioxidant system, and chloroplast ultrastructure in Cucumis sativus L

Authors: Zhang, Y; Zhang, H; Sun, X; Wang, L; Du, N; Tao, Y; Sun, G; Erinle, KO; Wang, P; Zhou, C; Duan, S (2016) Environmental Science and Pollution Research 23:1183-1192. HERO ID: 3070944

[Less] Pollution of agricultural soils caused by widely employed plastic products, such as phthalic acid esters . . . [More] Pollution of agricultural soils caused by widely employed plastic products, such as phthalic acid esters (PAEs), are becoming widespread in China, and they have become a threat to human health and the environment. However, little information is available on the influence of PAEs on vegetable crops. In this study, effects of different dimethyl phthalate (DMP) treatments (0, 30, 50, 100, and 200 mg L(-1)) on seed germination and growth of cucumber seedlings were investigated. Although germination rate showed no significant difference compared to control, seed germination time was significantly delayed at DMP greater than 50 mg L(-1). Concentrations of DMP greater than 30 mg L(-1) reduced cucumber lateral root length and number. The measurement of five physiological indexes in cucumber leaves with increasing DMP concentration revealed a decrease in leaf chlorophyll content, while proline and H2O2 contents increased. Peroxidase (POD) and catalase (CAT) activities increased in cucumber plants under 30 and 50 mg L(-1) DMP treatments compared to control; while after a 7-day treatment, these activities were seriously reduced under 100 and 200 mg L(-1) DMP treatments. According to transmission electron microscopy (TEM) micrographic images, the control and 30 mg L(-1) DMP treatments caused no change to leaf chloroplast shape with well-structured thylakoid membrane and parallel pattern of lamellae. At concentrations higher than 30 mg L(-1), DMP altered the ultrastructure of chloroplast, damaged membrane structure, disordered the lamellae, and increased the number and volume of starch grains. Moreover, the envelope of starch grains began to degrade under 200 mg L(-1) DMP treatment.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

The classic EDCs, phthalate esters and organochlorines, in relation to abnormal sperm quality: a systematic review with meta-analysis

Authors: Wang, C; Yang, L; Wang, S; Zhang, Z; Yu, Y; Wang, M; Cromie, M; Gao, W; Wang, SL (2016) Scientific Reports 6:19982. HERO ID: 3230423

[Less] The association between endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) and human sperm quality is controversial . . . [More] The association between endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) and human sperm quality is controversial due to the inconsistent literature findings, therefore, a systematic review with meta-analysis was performed. Through the literature search and selection based on inclusion criteria, a total of 9 studies (7 cross-sectional, 1 case-control, and 1 pilot study) were analyzed for classic EDCs (5 studies for phthalate esters and 4 studies for organochlorines). Funnel plots revealed a symmetrical distribution with no evidence of publication bias (Begg's test: intercept = 0.40; p = 0.692). The summary odds ratios (OR) of human sperm quality associated with the classic EDCs was 1.67 (95% CI: 1.31-2.02). After stratification by specific chemical class, consistent increases in the risk of abnormal sperm quality were found in phthalate ester group (OR = 1.52; 95% CI: 1.09-1.95) and organochlorine group (OR = 1.98; 95% CI: 1.34-2.62). Additionally, identification of official data, and a comprehensive review of the mechanisms were performed, and better elucidated the increased risk of these classic EDCs on abnormal sperm quality. The present systematic review and meta-analysis helps to identify the impact of classic EDCs on human sperm quality. However, it still highlights the need for additional epidemiological studies in a larger variety of geographic locations.