Health & Environmental Research Online (HERO)


Diisononyl Phthalate (DINP)

Show Project Details Hide Project Details
1,061 References Were Found:

Technical Report
Technical Report

Human health tier II assessment for diisononyl phthalates and related compounds

Author: NICNAS (2017) HERO ID: 3687925


Technical Report
Technical Report

Diisononyl phthalate chemical sampling information

Author: OSHA (2017) HERO ID: 3688043


Technical Report
Technical Report

Opinion of the Scientific Panel on Food Additives, Flavourings, Processing Aids and Materials in Contact with Food (AFC) on a request from the Commission related to di-isononylphthalate (DINP) for use in food contact materials. Question N° EFSA-Q-2003-194. The EFSA Journal 244, 1-18

Author: OSHA (2017) HERO ID: 3688079


The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Epigenetic impacts of endocrine disruptors in the brain

Authors: Walker, DM; Gore, AC (2017) Frontiers in Neuroendocrinology 44:1-26. [Review] HERO ID: 3688561

[Less] The acquisition of reproductive competence is organized and activated by steroid hormones acting upon . . . [More] The acquisition of reproductive competence is organized and activated by steroid hormones acting upon the hypothalamus during critical windows of development. This review describes the potential role of epigenetic processes, particularly DNA methylation, in the regulation of sexual differentiation of the hypothalamus by hormones. We examine disruption of these processes by endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs) in an age-, sex-, and region-specific manner, focusing on how perinatal EDCs act through epigenetic mechanisms to reprogram DNA methylation and sex steroid hormone receptor expression throughout life. These receptors are necessary for brain sexual differentiation and their altered expression may underlie disrupted reproductive physiology and behavior. Finally, we review the literature on histone modifications and non-coding RNA involvement in brain sexual differentiation and their perturbation by EDCs. By putting these data into a sex and developmental context we conclude that perinatal EDC exposure alters the developmental trajectory of reproductive neuroendocrine systems in a sex-specific manner.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Determination of phthalate esters in distillates by ultrasound-vortex-assisted dispersive liquid-liquid micro-extraction (USVADLLME) coupled with gas chromatography/mass spectrometry

Authors: Montevecchi, G; Masino, F; Zanasi, L; Antonelli, A (2017) Food Chemistry 221:1354-1360. HERO ID: 3515158

[Less] A method for the extraction of phthalate esters (PAEs) by Ultrasound-Vortex-Assisted Dispersive Liquid-Liquid . . . [More] A method for the extraction of phthalate esters (PAEs) by Ultrasound-Vortex-Assisted Dispersive Liquid-Liquid Micro-Extraction (USVADLLME) approach was optimised and applied for the first time to a historical series of brandies. These contaminants are widely spread in the environment as a consequence of about half century of use in different fields of applications. The concern about these substances and the recent legal restrictions of China in distillates import need a quick and sensitive method for their quantification. The proposed method, moreover, is environmentally oriented due to the disposal of micro-quantities of solvent required. In fact, sub-ppm-limits of detection were achieved with a solvent volume as low as 160μL. The analysed samples were within the legal limits, except for some very ancient brandies whose contamination was probably due to a PAEs concentration effect as a consequence of long ageing and for the use of plastic pipelines no more operative.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

How to solve the problem of co-elution between two compounds in liquid chromatography through the first UV derivative spectrum. A trial on alternative plasticizers to di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate

Authors: Masse, M; Genay, S; Feutry, F; Simon, N; Barthélémy, C; Sautou, V; Décaudin, B; Odou, P; For The Armed Study Group, P (2017) Talanta 162:187-192. HERO ID: 3540857

[Less] To meet new regulations, alternative plasticizers to di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) are now commonly . . . [More] To meet new regulations, alternative plasticizers to di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) are now commonly used in the manufacturing of medical devices. These are: acetyl tri-n-butyl citrate (ATBC), bis (2-ethylhexyl)adipate (DEHA), dioctyl terephtalate (DEHT), di-isononylphtalate (DINP), diisononylcyclohexane-1.2-dicarboxylate (DINCH) and trioctyltrimellilate (TOTM). An HPLC-UV analysis was previously developed to characterize four of them. However, two compounds were systematically co-eluated: DEHP with DEHA and DEHT with DINP. The first derivative of UV spectra and photodiode array detection allow the quantification of DEHA and DINP. Moreover, for each plasticizer, maximum wavelength absorbance was chosen to be as specific as possible. Quantification ranged from 0.3 to 750µg/mL according to the plasticizer. The assays were validated by analysis of variance. Our method was validated by determining the following parameters: specificity, linearity, limits of detection and quantification. The relative biases were inferior to 5% for ATBC, DEHP, DEHA and DINCH and inferior to 10% for DEHT, DINP and TOTM. Plasticizers were extracted with tetrahydrofuran and methanol. The developed method was then used to determine the composition of plasticizers in several medical devices used in clinical service. The major plasticizers were quantified from 19% to 40% w/w, traces of DEHT were found in six medical devices and DEHP in five.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Exposure of hospitalised pregnant women to plasticizers contained in medical devices

Authors: Marie, C; Hamlaoui, S; Bernard, L; Bourdeaux, D; Sautou, V; Lémery, D; Vendittelli, F; Sauvant-Rochat, MP (2017) BMC Women's Health 17:45. HERO ID: 3860234

[Less] BACKGROUND: Medical devices (MDs) in polyvinyl chloride (PVC) are not a well-known . . . [More] BACKGROUND: Medical devices (MDs) in polyvinyl chloride (PVC) are not a well-known source of exposure to plasticizers, in particular during pregnancy. Because of its toxicity, the di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) has been replaced by other plasticizers such as di (isononyl)-cyclohexane-1,2-dicarboxilic acid (DINCH), tri-octyltrimellitate (TOTM) and di-(isononyl) phthalate (DiNP). Our study aimed to quantify the plasticizers (DEHP and alternative plasticizers) contained in PVC medical devices used for hospitalised pregnant women and to describe which these MDs had been used (type, number, duration of exposure).

METHODS: The plasticizers contained in the MDs used for daily care in the Obstetrics Department of a French University Hospital were extracted from PVC (after contact with a chloroform solution), identified and quantified by gas-chromatography-mass-spectrometry analysis. A total of 168 pregnant women hospitalised in the Obstetrics Department with at least one catheter were included in the observational study. The median number of MDs containing plasticizers used and the daily duration of exposure to the MDs were compared in three groups of pregnant women: "Pathology group" (women hospitalised for an obstetric disorder who did not give birth during this hospitalisation; n = 52), "Pathology and delivery group" (hospitalised for an obstetric disorder and who gave birth during this stay; n = 23) and "Delivery group" (admitted for planned or spontaneous delivery without obstetric disorder; n = 93).

RESULTS: DiNP, TOTM and DINCH were the predominant plasticizers contained in the MDs at an amount of 29 to 36 g per 100 g of PVC. Women in the "Pathology group" (preterm labour or other pathology) were exposed to a median number of two MDs containing TOTM and one MD containing DiNP, fewer than those in the "Pathology and delivery group" (p < 0.05). Women in the "Pathology group" had a median exposure of 3.4 h/day to MDs containing DiNP and 8.2 h/day to MDs containing TOTM, longer than those in the "Delivery group" (p < 0.01).

CONCLUSIONS: Our study shows that the medical management of pregnant women in a hospital setting entails exposure to MDs containing alternative plasticizers (DiNP, TOTM and DINCH).

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Identification and quantification by (1)H nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy of seven plasticizers in PVC medical devices

Authors: Genay, S; Feutry, F; Masse, M; Barthélémy, C; Sautou, V; Odou, P; Décaudin, B; Azaroual, N; Armed Study Group (2017) Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry 409:1271-1280. HERO ID: 3540860

[Less] Medical devices are generally made of polyvinyl chloride plasticized by six authorized plasticizers . . . [More] Medical devices are generally made of polyvinyl chloride plasticized by six authorized plasticizers as alternatives to di-(2-ethylhexyl)-phthalate (DEHP) classified as reprotoxic class 1b. These are acetyl tri-n-butyl citrate (ATBC), di-(2-ethylhexy) adipate (DEHA), di-(2-ethylhexyl) terephthalate (DEHT), di-isononyl cyclohexane-1,2-dicarboxylate (DINCH), di-isononyl phthalate (DINP), and tri-octyl trimellitate (TOTM). The main objective of this study was to propose a new method using (1)H NMR spectroscopy to determine and quantify these seven plasticizers in PVC sheets, standard infusion tubings, and commercially available medical devices. Two techniques were compared: dissolution in deuterated tetrahydrofuran and extraction by deuterated chloroform. Plasticizer (1)H NMR spectra were very similar in both deuterated solvents; dissolution and extraction provided similar results. The sensitivity of this method enabled us to detect and quantify the presence of minor plasticizers in PVC. In nine commercially available samples, the major plasticizer was identified and quantified by (1)H NMR. In six samples, one, two, or three minor plasticizers were identified and also quantified. DEHP was detected in only one tubing. NMR is therefore very convenient for studying plasticizers contained in medical devices. Only small quantities of solvents and sample are required. It is not necessary to dilute samples to enter a quantification range, and it is sufficiently sensitive to detect contaminants.

Technical Report
Technical Report

Human health tier II assessment for Propane, 1-bromo-

Author: NICNAS (2017) HERO ID: 3827327


Journal Article
Journal Article

Reproducibility discrepancies following reanalysis of raw data for a previously published study on diisononyl phthalate (DINP) in rats

Authors: Chen, M; Alyea, R; Morfeld, P; Otter, R; Kemmerling, J; Palermo, C (2017) Data in Brief 13:208-213. HERO ID: 3859100

[Less] A 2011 publication by Boberg et al. entitled "Reproductive and behavioral effects of diisononyl . . . [More] A 2011 publication by Boberg et al. entitled "Reproductive and behavioral effects of diisononyl phthalate (DINP) in perinatally exposed rats" [1] reported statistically significant changes in sperm parameters, testicular histopathology, anogenital distance and retained nipples in developing males. Using the statistical methods as reported by Boberg et al. (2011) [1], we reanalyzed the publically available raw data ([dataset] US EPA (United States Environmental Protection Agency), 2016) [2]. The output of our reanalysis and the discordances with the data as published in Boberg et al. (2011) [1] are highlighted herein. Further discussion of the basis for the replication discordances and the insufficiency of the Boberg et al. (2011) [1] response to address them can be found in a companion letter of correspondence (doi: 10.1016/j.reprotox.2017.03.013.; (Morfeld et al., 2011) [3]).