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Arsenic (Inorganic)

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The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Members of rice plasma membrane intrinsic proteins subfamily are involved in arsenite permeability and tolerance in plants

Authors: Mosa, KA; Kumar, K; Chhikara, S; Mcdermott, J; Liu, Z; Musante, C; White, JC; Dhankher, OP (In Press) Transgenic Research. HERO ID: 1015734

[Less] Rice accumulates high level of arsenic (As) in its edible parts and thus plays an important role in . . . [More] Rice accumulates high level of arsenic (As) in its edible parts and thus plays an important role in the transfer of As into the food chain. However, the mechanisms of As uptake and its detoxification in rice are not well understood. Recently, members of the Nodulin 26-like intrinsic protein (NIP) subfamily of plant aquaporins were shown to transport arsenite in rice and Arabidopsis. Here we report that members of the rice plasma membrane intrinsic protein (PIP) subfamily are also involved in As tolerance and transport. Based on the homology search with the mammalian AQP9 and yeast Fps1 arsenite transporters, we identified and cloned five rice PIP gene subfamily members. qRT-PCR analysis of PIPs in rice root and shoot tissues revealed a significant down regulation of transcripts encoding OsPIP1;2, OsPIP1;3, OsPIP2;4, OsPIP2;6, and OsPIP2;7 in response to arsenite treatment. Heterologous expression of OsPIP2;4, OsPIP2;6, and OsPIP2;7 in Xenopus laevis oocytes significantly increased the uptake of arsenite. Overexpression of OsPIP2;4, OsPIP2;6, and OsPIP2;7 in Arabidopsis yielded enhanced arsenite tolerance and higher biomass accumulation. Further, these transgenic plants showed no significant accumulation of As in shoot and root tissues in long term uptake assays. Whereas, short duration exposure to arsenite caused both active influx and efflux of As in the roots. The data suggests a bidirectional arsenite permeability of rice PIPs in plants. These rice PIPs genes will be highly useful for engineering important food and biofuel crops for enhanced crop productivity on contaminated soils without increasing the accumulation of toxic As in the biomass or edible tissues.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Long-Term Prospective Study of 6104 Survivors of Arsenic Poisoning During Infancy Due to Contaminated Milk Powder in 1955

Authors: Tanaka, H; Tsukuma, H; Oshima, A (In Press) Journal of Epidemiology. HERO ID: 710977

[Less] Background: In 1955, an outbreak of arsenic poisoning caused by ingestion of arsenic-contaminated dry . . . [More] Background: In 1955, an outbreak of arsenic poisoning caused by ingestion of arsenic-contaminated dry milk occurred in western Japan. We assessed the excess mortality among Japanese who were poisoned during this episode as infants.Methods: We identified and enrolled 6104 survivors (mean age at enrollment, 27.4 years) who had ingested contaminated milk when they were age 2 years or younger; they were followed until 2006 (mean duration of follow-up, 24.3 years). Death certificates of subjects who died between 1982 and 2006 were examined to calculate cause-specific standardized mortality ratios (SMRs) using the mortality rate among Osaka residents as the standard.Results: There was no significant excess overall mortality (SMR: 1.1, 95% confidence interval: 1.0-1.2). However, significant excess mortality in both sexes was observed from diseases of the nervous system (3.7, 1.9-6.2). Excess mortality from all causes of death decreased to unity beyond 10 years after study enrollment. The 408 men who were unemployed at the time of enrollment in the study had a significantly elevated risk of death from diseases of the nervous system (25.3, 10.8-58.8), respiratory diseases (8.6, 3.1-16.8), circulatory diseases (3.2, 1.6-5.2), and external causes (2.6, 1.4-4.1).Conclusions: As compared with the general population, survivors of arsenic poisoning during infancy had a significantly higher mortality risk from diseases of the nervous system.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Comment on Polymerization of silicate on hematite surfaces and its influence on arsenic sorption

Authors: Padungthon, S; SenGupta, A (In Press) Environmental Science and Technology. HERO ID: 1579301


The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Increased expression of p21Waf1/Cip1 and JNK with costimulation of prostate cancer cell activation by an siRNA Egr-1 inhibitor

Authors: Parra, E; Gutiérrez, L; Ferreira, J (In Press) Oncology Reports. HERO ID: 1597292

[Less] The p21Waf1/Cip1 protein (hereafter, p21) and the c‑Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) are two well-characterized . . . [More] The p21Waf1/Cip1 protein (hereafter, p21) and the c‑Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) are two well-characterized cell modulators that play a crucial role in cell differentiation, senescence and apoptosis. Here, we report that transcription of the p21Waf1/Cip1 and JNK-1 genes is affected by inhibition of the early growth response-1 (Egr-1) in response to a small interfering RNA [siRNA)-Egr-1] in LNCaP and PC-3 prostate carcinoma cell lines. The expression levels of protein were determined by western blotting, and apoptosis was measured by propidium iodide staining and flow cytometric analysis. Inhibition of Egr-1, p21 and JNK-1 was carried out by siRNAs. LNCaP and PC-3 cells exhibited readily detectable Egr-1, JNK and p21, even in low serum medium without the addition of other exogenous agents. The expression of Egr-1, p21 and JNK was strongly increased after treatment of the cells with TPA, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) or arsenite. Suppression of Egr-1 expression by siRNA abrogated the ability of TPA to induce Egr-1 and JNK-1 activities, moderately increasing the p21 activity and abrogating the anti-apoptotic effect of Egr-1 observed in the prostate cancer cell lines. Moreover, blockade of p21 and JNK was unable to decrease the activity of Egr-1, while siRNA against p21 abrogated the pro‑apoptotic effect of p21. The results demonstrated that Egr-1 acts as a key player in prostate tumor cell growth and survival, while p21 plays a key pro‑apoptotic role in LNCaP and PC-3 prostate carcinoma cell lines.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

(75)As, (63)Cu NMR and NQR characterization of selected arsenic minerals

Authors: Lehmann-Horn, JA; Miljak, DG; Bastow, TJ (In Press) Solid State Nuclear Magnetic Resonance. HERO ID: 1597306

[Less] The direct measurement and identification of solid state arsenic phases using (75)As NMR is made difficult . . . [More] The direct measurement and identification of solid state arsenic phases using (75)As NMR is made difficult by the simultaneous conditions of large quadrupole moment and low coordination symmetry in many compounds. However, specific arsenic minerals can efficiently be detected and discriminated via nuclear quadrupolar resonance (NQR). We report on the first NMR and NQR measurements in the natural minerals enargite (Cu3AsS4), niccolite (NiAs), arsenopyrite (FeAsS) and loellingite (FeAs2). The NQR frequencies have been determined from both high-field NMR powder patterns and via zero-field frequency sweeps. Density functional theory (DFT) based ab initio calculations support the experimental results. The compounds studied here are common in terms of the known set of As-containing minerals. They are sometimes encountered in the context of base metal or gold mining. The study represents a significant addition to the list of arsenic minerals that can now be detected with NQR techniques.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Chronic exposure to arsenic, estrogen, and their combination causes increased growth and transformation in human prostate epithelial cells potentially by hypermethylation-mediated silencing of MLH1

Authors: Treas, J; Tyagi, T; Singh, KP (In Press) Prostate. HERO ID: 1677527

[Less] BACKGROUND: Chronic exposure to arsenic and estrogen is associated with risk of prostate . . . [More] BACKGROUND: Chronic exposure to arsenic and estrogen is associated with risk of prostate cancer, but their mechanism is not fully understood. Additionally, the carcinogenic effects of their co-exposure are not known. Therefore, the objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of chronic exposure to arsenic, estrogen, and their combination, on cell growth and transformation, and identify the mechanism behind these effects.

METHODS: RWPE-1 human prostate epithelial cells were chronically exposed to arsenic and estrogen alone and in combination. Cell growth was measured by cell count and cell cycle, whereas cell transformation was evaluated by colony formation assay. Gene expression was measured by quantitative real-time PCR and confirmed at protein level by Western blot analysis. MLH1 promoter methylation was determined by pyrosequencing method.

RESULTS: Exposure to arsenic, estrogen, and their combinations increases cell growth and transformation in RWPE-1 cells. Increased expression of Cyclin D1 and Bcl2, whereas decreased expression of mismatch repair genes MSH4, MSH6, and MLH1 was also observed. Hypermethylation of MLH1 promoter further suggested the epigenetic inactivation of MLH1 expression in arsenic and estrogen treated cells. Arsenic and estrogen combination caused greater changes than their individual treatments.

CONCLUSIONS: Findings of this study for the first time suggest that arsenic and estrogen exposures cause increased cell growth and survival potentially through epigenetic inactivation of MLH1 resulting in decreased MLH1-mediated apoptotic response, and consequently increased cellular transformation. Prostate 9999: XX-XX, 2013. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Arsenic contamination of coarse-grained and nanostructured nitinol surfaces induced by chemical treatment in hydrofluoric acid

Authors: Korotin, DM; Bartkowski, S; Kurmaev, EZ; Borchers, C; Müller, M; Neumann, M; Gunderov, DV; Valiev, RZ; Cholakh, SO (In Press) Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part B: Applied Biomaterials. HERO ID: 1255514

[Less] XPS measurements of coarse-grained and nanostructured nitinol (Ni(50.2) Ti(49.8) ) before and after . . . [More] XPS measurements of coarse-grained and nanostructured nitinol (Ni(50.2) Ti(49.8) ) before and after chemical treatment in hydrofluoric acid (40% HF, 1 min) are presented. The nanostructured state, providing the excellent mechanical properties of nitinol, is achieved by severe plastic deformation. The near-surface layers of nitinol were studied by XPS depth profiling. According to the obtained results, a chemical treatment in hydrofluoric acid reduces the thickness of the protective TiO(2) oxide layer and induces a nickel release from the nitinol surface and an arsenic contamination, and can therefore not be recommended as conditioning to increase the roughness of NiTi-implants. A detailed evaluation of the resulting toxicological risks is given.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Immunohistochemical analysis of PDK1 expression in breast cancer

Author: Arsenic, R (In Press) HERO ID: 2337224

[Less] BACKGROUND: 3-phosphoinositide-dependent protein kinase-1 (PDK1) functions downstream . . . [More] BACKGROUND: 3-phosphoinositide-dependent protein kinase-1 (PDK1) functions downstream of phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PIK3) and activates members of the AGC family of protein kinases that are known to play crucial roles in physiological processes associated with cell metabolism, growth, proliferation and survival. Changes in the expression and activity of PDK1 and several AGC kinases have been linked to human disease, including cancer.

METHODS: We used immunohistochemical analysis to determine PDK1 expression in 241 tumors from patients with breast cancer in which we had previously analyzed PIK3CA mutation status.

RESULTS: Moderate or high expression of PDK1 was observed in 213 of the 241 cases (88%). There was no correlation between PIK3CA mutation status and PDK1 overexpression.

CONCLUSION: Our findings indicate that PDK1 is independently activated in breast cancer and not only as part of the PIK3CA pathway, suggesting that PDK1 plays a specific and distinct role from the canonical PIK3/Akt pathway and promotes oncogenesis independently of AKT. Our data implicate PDK-1 and downstream components of the PDK-1 signaling pathway as promising therapeutic targets for the treatment of breast cancer.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Reduced-intensity Allogeneic Transplantation using Alemtuzumab from HLA-Matched Related, Unrelated or Haploidentical Related Donors for Patients with Hematologic Malignancies

Authors: Kanda, J; Long, GD; Gasparetto, C; Horwitz, ME; Sullivan, KM; Chute, JP; Morris, A; Shafique, M; Li, Z; Chao, NJ; Rizzieri, DA (In Press) Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation. HERO ID: 2149126

[Less] We present a comparative study on 124 patients with hematologic malignancies who had undergone reduced-intensity . . . [More] We present a comparative study on 124 patients with hematologic malignancies who had undergone reduced-intensity conditioning and then received a transplant from an HLA-matched related (MRD), an HLA-matched unrelated (MUD), or an HLA-haploidentical related (HAPLO) donor. The conditioning regimen, which consisted of fludarabine, melphalan or busulfan, and alemtuzumab, was administered to patients with lymphoid (n = 62) or myeloid disease (n = 62). Mycophenolate mofetil was used as prophylaxis for graft-versus-host disease (GVHD), and 38, 58, and 33 patients received transplants from MRD, MUD, and HAPLO donors, respectively. Only 2 patients experienced primary graft failure (GF) after melphalan-based regimen, whereas 8 of the 17 patients who received a transplant from HAPLO donors experienced a primary GF after busulfan-based regimen. The cumulative incidence of grade III-IV acute GVHD in engrafted patients who had received transplants from MRD, MUD, or HAPLO donors was 3%, 11%, and 27%, respectively, and the 2-year overall survival (OS) rates were 51%, 22%, and 23%, respectively. According to multivariate analysis, transplantation from either MUD or HAPLO donors compared with MRD were adverse factors that affected the OS (P = 0.006 and P = 0.002, respectively). In conclusion, the reduced-intensity regimen that included fludarabine, busulfan or melphalan, and alemtuzumab, using only mycophenolate mofetil as the GVHD prophylaxis, conferred favorable outcomes in the MRD group but lower survival rates in the MUD and HAPLO groups. The busulfan-based regimen led to a high incidence of GF in the HAPLO group, suggesting the need for modification or intensification of immunosuppression.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Residual Gastric Volume Estimated with a New Radiological Volumetric Model: Relationship with Weight Loss After Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy

Authors: Vidal, P; Ramón, JM; Busto, M; Domínguez-Vega, G; Goday, A; Pera, M; Grande, L (In Press) Obesity Surgery. HERO ID: 2149142

[Less] BACKGROUND: The volume of the gastric reservoir appears crucial to explain the success . . . [More] BACKGROUND: The volume of the gastric reservoir appears crucial to explain the success of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) in the treatment of morbid obesity. The aims of this study were to describe a new, easy model to estimate gastric reservoir volume after LSG; to evaluate the volumetric changes 1 year after surgery; and to analyze their relationship with weight loss.

METHODS: This is a prospective observational study of all patients undergoing LSG in the Department of Surgery at our institution. The gastric reservoir was evaluated radiologically considering the image as a complex geometrical shape with two components: a cylinder (gastric body) and a truncated cone (antrum). Radiologic assessment using this new model was performed at 1 and 12 months after surgery. Moreover, body mass index and percentage of excess weight loss (%EWL) were evaluated at 3, 6, 12, and 18 months after LSG.

RESULTS: Forty-five patients (34 F/11 M) with a mean age of 46.9 years were included. A significant increase in total gastric reservoir volume (124.8 ± 58.7 and 188.6 ± 76.4 mL at 1 and 12 months, respectively; p = 0.001) was observed. No statistically significant differences were observed comparing volume of the two components at the two time points. The %EWL at 18 months was inversely correlated with reservoir volume changes at 12 months after LSG (p = 0.006).

CONCLUSIONS: We describe an easy volumetric model to estimate the size of the gastric reservoir after LSG. Moreover, a direct relationship between an increase in gastric reservoir volume and a lower weight loss after surgery was documented.