Chapter 10 Health: Impacts of salinity, arsenic and drought in south-western Bangladesh
Authors: Abedin, MA; Habiba, U; Shaw, R
In Shaw, R; Tran, P (Eds.), Environment disaster linkages (pp. 165-193). Bingley, Yorkshire, UK: Emerald Publishing Group Ltd..
HERO ID: 1337543
The southwest coastal region is part of an inactive delta of large Himalayan rivers and is protected . . .
The southwest coastal region is part of an inactive delta of large Himalayan rivers and is protected from tidal surge by the Sundarbans mangrove forest. This area is the hub of all types of disasters such as cyclones, tidal surges, floods, drought, salinity intrusions, repeated waterlogging, and land subsidence. Cyclonic tidal surges and floods are the more common disasters, and their effects are frequently experienced at the local level. But silent and invisible disasters such as increased salinity, arsenic contamination, and drought affect local livelihoods, people, and environments in this region. The vulnerability of southwest region to increased salinity, arsenic contamination, and drought are the result of a complex interrelationship among biophysical, social, economical, and technological characteristics of the country. Moreover, in the current and foreseeable future, the country is likely to be affected by the biggest, most long-lasting, and global scale but silent disaster: increased salinity, natural arsenic contamination, and drought. Therefore, this region is thought to be the most disaster-prone region in Bangladesh because of natural disasters and highly vulnerable to the effects of climate change.