Health & Environmental Research Online (HERO)


PFOA (335-67-1) and PFOS (1763-23-1)


882 References Were Found:

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Immunotoxicity and allergenic potential induced by topical application of perflurooctanic acid (PFOA) in a murine model

Authors: Shane, H; Lukomska, Ewa; Baur, R; Weatherly, L; Anderson, S (2020) HERO ID: 6505938


Journal Article
Journal Article

Micro-texturing of a WC-10Co-4Cr-Coated ASTM A479 Steel to Form a Super-Hydrophobic Surface

Authors: Kumar, V; Verma, R; Kango, S (2020) HERO ID: 6506027


The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Immediate effects of foot orthoses on lower limb biomechanics, pain, and confidence in individuals with patellofemoral osteoarthritis

Authors: Tan, JM; Middleton, KJ; Hart, HF; Menz, HB; Crossley, KM; Munteanu, SE; Collins, NJ (2020) Gait & Posture 76:51-57. HERO ID: 6315803

[Less] BACKGROUND: Foot orthoses are a recommended treatment for patellofemoral (PF) pain . . . [More] BACKGROUND: Foot orthoses are a recommended treatment for patellofemoral (PF) pain and a number of lower limb osteoarthritic (OA) conditions. However, their mechanism of effect is poorly understood.

RESEARCH QUESTION: To compare the immediate effects of foot orthoses and flat inserts on lower limb biomechanics, knee pain and confidence in individuals with PFOA.

METHODS: Twenty-one participants (14 females; mean ± SD age 58 ± 8 years) with PFOA underwent three-dimensional motion analysis during level-walking, stair ascent, and stair descent under three footwear conditions: (i) their own shoes; (ii) prefabricated foot orthoses; and (iii) flat shoe inserts. Participants reported their average levels of knee pain and confidence after each task. Data were analysed with repeated-measures analysis of variance (ANOVA), effect sizes (partial eta squared), and Bonferroni post-hoc tests.

RESULTS: During level-walking, there was a significant main effect of foot orthoses on peak ankle dorsiflexion angle (F2 = 0.773, p < 0.001, ƞ2 = 0.773) and peak ankle external dorsiflexion moment (F2 = 0.356, p = 0.046, ƞ2 = 0.356). Foot orthoses decreased the peak ankle dorsiflexion angle compared to the flat insert and shoe conditions, and decreased the peak ankle external dorsiflexion moment relative to flat inserts. During stair descent, there was a significant main effect of foot orthoses on peak ankle external dorsiflexion moment (F2 = 0.823, p = 0.006, ƞ2 = 0.738), with a trend towards lower peak dorsiflexion moment for foot orthoses compared to the flat insert and shoe conditions. No significant main effects were observed during stair ascent. No other lower limb biomechanical changes were observed across all three conditions. Knee pain and confidence scores were not significantly different across the three conditions.

SIGNIFICANCE: Prefabricated foot orthoses altered sagittal plane biomechanics of the ankle during level-walking and stair descent in individuals with PFOA. Further research is required to determine whether these changes are clinically beneficial.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Exploring Orbit-Orbit Interaction in Relationship to Photoluminescence Quantum Efficiency in Perovskite Quantum Dots through Rashba Effect

Authors: Xu, H; Prabhakaran, P; Choi, S; Wang, M; Lee, KS; Hu, B (2020) Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters 11:1-6. HERO ID: 6322292

[Less] This study demonstrates the influence of the orbit-orbit interaction on the photoluminescence quantum . . . [More] This study demonstrates the influence of the orbit-orbit interaction on the photoluminescence quantum efficiency (PLQE) of metal halide perovskite quantum dots (QDs) through the Rashba effect. The orbit-orbit interaction between excitons was characterized by using the minimal excitation intensity required to generate a photoluminescence difference (ΔPL) between linearly and circularly polarized photoexcitations. It was observed that changing the surface functionalization from PFOA-OA to PFSH-OAm and OA can largely increase the minimal excitation intensity for generating ΔPL. This indicates that the orbit-orbit interaction is essentially decreased in CsPbBr1I2 QDs with surface functionalization. Simultaneously, the PLQE is increased from 39% to 59 and 72% in CsPbBr1I2 QDs upon surface functionalization. Furthermore, the PL lifetime is decreased with increasing the PLQE in CsPbBr1I2 QDs upon surface functionalization. This phenomenon implies that decreasing the orbit-orbit interaction can essentially weaken the Rashba effect and consequently reduce the disallowed transitions, leading to an enhancement in the PLQE in perovskite QDs.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Supplemental data: A global atmospheric chemistry model for the fate and transport of PFCAs and their precursors

Authors: Thackray, CP; Selin, NE; Young, CJ (2020) Environmental Science: Processes & Impacts 22. [Supplemental Data] HERO ID: 6589940

[Less] Perfluorocarboxylic acids (PFCAs) are environmental contaminants that are highly persistent, and many . . . [More] Perfluorocarboxylic acids (PFCAs) are environmental contaminants that are highly persistent, and many are bio-accumulative and have been detected along with their atmospheric precursors far from emission sources. The overall importance of precursor emissions as an indirect source of PFCAs to the environment is uncertain. Previous studies have estimated the atmospheric source of PFCAs using models and degradation pathways of differing complexities, leading to quantitatively different results. We present results from simulations of atmospheric PFCA formation and fate using the chemical transport model GEOS-Chem. We simulate the most up-to-date chemistry available to our knowledge for the degradation of the precursors fluorotelomer alcohol (FTOH), fluorotelomer olefin (FTO), and fluorotelomer iodide (FTI), as well as the deposition and transport of the precursors, intermediates and end-products of the formation chemistry. We calculate yields of C3-C13 PFCAs formed from 4 : 2 to 12 : 2 fluorotelomer precursors and their deposition to the surface. We find that the ratio of long-chain to short-chain PFCAs increases strongly with distance from source regions. We compare our model results to remote deposition measurements and mid-latitude rainwater measurements. The model captures the observed relationship between rainwater abundance and PFCA chain length, as well as the average deposition rates at mid-latitude and Arctic sites, but underestimates the deposition of PFDoA, PFDA, and TFA at mid-latitudes and PFNA at the Devon Ice Cap. We provide estimates of cumulative PFCA deposition globally. We find that given the most recent emission inventory, the atmospheric source of PFCAs is 6-185 tonnes per year globally and 0.1-2.1 tonnes per year to the Arctic.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Correction to: A transgenerational toxicokinetic model and its use in derivation of Minnesota PFOA water guidance

Authors: Goeden, HM; Greene, CW; Jacobus, JA (2020) Journal of Exposure Science and Environmental Epidemiology 30:395. [Erratum] HERO ID: 6315805

[Less] An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via a link at the top of the paper . . . [More] An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via a link at the top of the paper.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Correction: Guideline levels for PFOA and PFOS in drinking water: the role of scientific uncertainty, risk assessment decisions, and social factors

Authors: Cordner, A; De La Rosa, VY; Schaider, LA; Rudel, RA; Richter, L; Brown, P (2020) Journal of Exposure Science and Environmental Epidemiology. [Erratum] HERO ID: 6315692

[Less] An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via a link at the top of the paper . . . [More] An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via a link at the top of the paper.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Patellofemoral alignment and geometry and early signs of osteoarthritis are associated in patellofemoral pain population

Authors: Eijkenboom, JFA; van der Heijden, RA; de Kanter, JLM; Oei, EH; Bierma-Zeinstra, SMA; van Middelkoop, M (2020) Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science. HERO ID: 6315757

[Less] BACKGROUND: Patellofemoral pain (PFP) patients show increased prevalence of patellar . . . [More] BACKGROUND: Patellofemoral pain (PFP) patients show increased prevalence of patellar malalignment. Structural and alignment abnormalities of the patellofemoral joint (PFJ) may play a role in development of PFP and patellofemoral osteoarthritis (PFOA).

OBJECTIVES: Evaluating associations of patellofemoral alignment and femoral geometry with bony and cartilaginous abnormalities in PFP patients and healthy control subjects.

METHODS: Data from a case-control study were used (64 PFP subjects, 70 control subjects, 57% female, age 23.2 (6.4)). Alignment and femoral geometry measures in the PFJ were determined using MRI. Structural abnormalities in the PFJ associated with OA (bone marrow lesions, osteophytes, minor cartilage defects and Hoffa-synovitis), quantified cartilage composition (T1ρ relaxation times) in the PFJ and perfusion within the patellar bone were examined using different MRI techniques. Associations were analyzed using regression analyses, adjusted for potential confounders.

RESULTS: Lateral patellar tilt was negatively associated with presence of osteophytes on both patella (OR 0.91; 95% CI 0.84 to 0.98), anterior femur (OR 0.92; 95% CI 0.84 to 0.99) and minor cartilage defects on patella (OR 0.91; 95% CI 0.84 to 0.99). Patella alta was positively associated with the presence of bone marrow lesions in the patella and minor cartilage defects (OR 48.33; 95% CI 4.27 to 547.30 and OR 17.51; 95% CI 1.17 to 262.57, respectively). Patella alta and medial patellar translation were positively associated with T1ρ relaxation times within trochlear cartilage (β 5.2; 95% CI 0.77 to 9.58, and 0.36; 95% CI 0.08 to 0.64, respectively). None of the alignment and geometry measures were associated with bone perfusion.

CONCLUSION: Our study implies that associations between patellofemoral alignment and geometry and structural joint abnormalities linked to OA are already present in both PFP patients and healthy control subjects.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Environmental contamination and human exposure to PFASs near a fluorochemical production plant: Review of historic and current PFOA and GenX contamination in the Netherlands

Authors: Gebbink, WA; van Leeuwen, SPJ (2020) Environment International 137:105583. [Review] HERO ID: 6305899

[Less] Fluorochemical production plants (FPP) are primary emission sources of per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances . . . [More] Fluorochemical production plants (FPP) are primary emission sources of per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) to the local environment. An FPP located in the Netherlands has historically used perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) for fluoropolymer production and is currently using GenX (HFPO-DA; 2,3,3,3-tetrafluoro-2-(heptafluoropropoxy)propionic acid) as a replacement. This study reviewed existing data from open access reports and peer reviewed publications on the environmental presence of PFOA and GenX in environmental matrices such as surface water, groundwater, soil and vegetation. Published data on human exposure to PFOA and GenX (i.e. via drinking water and food as well as blood monitoring) were reviewed in order to assess the influence of the FPP on contamination of the local population. Concentrations in environmental and human exposure samples were compared to (inter)national quality standards or risk limits. The data showed higher PFOA and GenX concentrations in surface water, groundwater, soil and vegetation samples taken close to point sources, and the highest observed concentrations exceeded these standards and limits (except for PFOA in soil). Drinking water and food also contained higher PFOA and GenX concentrations in samples taken close to point sources compared to samples further away. Tolerable daily intake (TDIs) for both PFASs were exceeded, however, only in a maximum exposure scenario. Blood monitoring of the local population near the FPP, and FPP workers, confirmed high exposure can occur as blood concentrations of several individuals exceeded the safe level. This paper provides a comprehensive overview on PFOA and GenX contamination close to point sources in the Netherlands.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Perfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) in tern eggs from St. Brandon's Atoll, Indian Ocean

Authors: van Der Schyff, V; Kwet Yive, NSC; Polder, A; Cole, NC; Bouwman, H (2020) Marine Pollution Bulletin 154:111061. HERO ID: 6311633

[Less] Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) are anthropogenic fluorinated compounds of concern for human . . . [More] Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) are anthropogenic fluorinated compounds of concern for human and environmental health. There is no data on PFAS concentrations in marine bird eggs from the Western Indian Ocean. We analysed eight PFAS in eggs of fairy terns (Gygis alba), sooty terns (Onychoprion fuscatus), and common noddies (Anous stolidus) from St. Brandon's Atoll. Fairy tern eggs contained the highest concentrations, followed by sooty terns and common noddies. Perfluoroundecanoic acid (PFUdA) had the highest mean concentration (2.3 ng/g wm), followed by perfluorooctane sulfonic acid (PFOS) (2.0 ng/g wm), and perfluorononanoic acid (PFNA) (0.93 ng/g wm) in fairy tern eggs. Concentrations of all PFAS were lower than values found in literature. PFOS and PFOA concentrations were three orders of magnitude lower than toxicity reference values and levels of lowest-observed-adverse-effect-level concentrations. Eggs from St. Brandon's would be useful to monitor background changes on a regional and perhaps global scale.