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PFDA (335-76-2)


783 References Were Found:

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Limited reproductive impairment in a passerine bird species exposed along a perfluoroalkyl acid (PFAA) pollution gradient

Authors: Groffen, T; Lasters, R; Lopez-Antia, A; Prinsen, E; Bervoets, L; Eens, M (2019) Science of the Total Environment 652:718-728. HERO ID: 5080648

[Less] Although bird eggs have been used in biomonitoring studies on perfluoroalkyl acids (PFAAs), effects . . . [More] Although bird eggs have been used in biomonitoring studies on perfluoroalkyl acids (PFAAs), effects of environmental concentrations on reproduction remain largely unknown in wild birds. In the present study we examined the associations between the concentrations of 4 perfluoroalkyl sulfonic acids (PFSAs) and 11 perfluoroalkyl carboxylic acids (PFCAs) in the eggs of great tits (Parus major), collected along a distance gradient from a pollution source, and multiple reproductive parameters (including the start of egg laying, clutch size, hatching success, fledging success and total breeding success) along with egg shell thickness and body condition of the nestlings.
The PFAA concentrations measured at the plant site were among the highest ever reported in wild bird eggs. PFAA concentrations decreased sharply with increasing distance (0–11 km) from the plant, but remained relatively elevated in the adjacent sites. PFAAs were grouped into principal components (PCs) to prevent collinearity. High concentrations of PFOS, PFDS, PFDoDA, PFTrDA and PFTeDA (grouped as PC1) were associated with a reduced hatching success of nests where at least one egg hatched, thinner egg shells and increased survival of the hatched chicks. High concentrations of PFDA (PC2) were associated with a reduced hatching success, especially in nests where no eggs hatched, an earlier start of egg laying and a reduction of total breeding success, mainly caused by the failure in hatching.
Although the major manufacturer of PFAAs phased out the production of perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS), perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) and related products in 2002, concentrations appear to have increased since previous measurements. Surprisingly, despite the very high concentrations close to the fluorochemical plant, there was no clear evidence for reproductive impairment as the observed associations between PFAA concentrations and reproductive parameters were rather limited compared to previous studies in songbirds. These findings also suggest potential differences in sensitivity between species.

Capsule
Despite the very high PFAA concentrations at the perfluorochemical hotspot, correlations with reproductive parameters were limited.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Evironmental pollutant perfluorodecanoic acid upregulates cIAP2 to suppress gastric cell senescence

Authors: Zhang, Z; Song, N; Peng, Y; Fan, Z; Han, M; Zhao, M; Dong, T; Liu, S (2019) Oncology Reports 41:981-988. HERO ID: 5097956

[Less] The role of perfluorodecanoic acid (PFDA) in gastric carcinogenesis and its mechanism remains unknown. . . . [More] The role of perfluorodecanoic acid (PFDA) in gastric carcinogenesis and its mechanism remains unknown. Our previous research revealed that PFDA regulated the growth of human gastric cells. However, its core molecules and basic mechanisms are still not clear. In the present study, cDNA microarrays were used to determine mRNA changes in AGS cells after treatment with PFDA. DAVID analysis of the genes with >2‑fold increased expression in microarray data revealed five genes which were involved in cancer pathways. The most upregulated gene was cIAP2, whose upregulation in AGS was confirmed by western blot analysis and quantitative PCR (qPCR) analyses. In order to investigate the role of cIAP2 in cell proliferation, cIAP2 siRNA was employed to regulate cIAP2 expression following PFDA treatment. The results revealed that the growth rate of cIAP2‑knockdown cells was reduced by about 50% compared to the control. Given that our previous flow cytometric assays revealed no significant change (3.7 vs. 6.4%) in the percentage of apoptotic cells when PFDA was added to the medium and cIAP2 expression was upregulated, we next applied flow cytometry to assess whether cIAP2 would lead to cell cycle variations. The research data revealed that the proportion of cells in the G1, S and G2 phases was not significantly altered with the decrease of cIAP2 expression. Finally, the role of cIAP2 in AGS cell senescence was investigated, and the results indicated that cell senescence was significantly increased in the cIAP2 siRNA group in comparison to the control siRNA group. Since p53 has been identified as a tumor suppressor and its molecular alterations are common in different human tumors, we investigated the relationship of p53 with cIAP2. The experimental results demonstrated that cIAP2 regulated the expression of p53 and thus was likely to be a potential mechanism for PFDA‑induced growth promotion. Overall, the results revealed that PFDA may suppress cellular senescence induced by p53 through the regulation of cIAP2 protein expression.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Exploring sex differences in human health risk assessment for PFNA and PFDA using a PBPK model

Authors: Kim, SJ; Choi, EJ; Choi, GW; Lee, YB; Cho, HY (2019) Archives of Toxicology 93:311-330. HERO ID: 5063958

[Less] Perfluorononanoic acid (PFNA) and perfluorodecanoic acid (PFDA), which are classified as perfluoroalkyl . . . [More] Perfluorononanoic acid (PFNA) and perfluorodecanoic acid (PFDA), which are classified as perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs), have been widely used in industrial applications as a surface protectant. PFASs have been detected in wildlife and in humans around the globe. The purposes of this study are to develop and validate a physiologically based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) model for detecting PFNA and PFDA in male and female rats, and to apply the model to a human health risk assessment regarding the sex difference. A PBPK model of PFNA and PFDA was established based on an in vivo study in male and female rats. Analytes in biological samples (plasma, nine tissues, urine, and feces) were determined by ultra-liquid chromatography coupled tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS) method. PFNA and PFDA showed a gender differences in the elimination half-life and volume of distribution. The tissue-plasma partition coefficients were the highest in the liver in both male and female rats. The predicted rat plasma and urine concentrations simulated and fitted were in good agreement with the observed values. The PBPK models of PFNA and PFDA in male and female rats were then extrapolated to a human PBPK model based on human physiological parameters. The external doses were calculated at 3.35 ng/kg/day (male) and 17.0 ng/kg/day (female) for PFNA and 0.530 ng/kg/day (male) and 0.661 ng/kg/day (female) for PFDA. Human risk assessment was estimated using Korean biomonitoring values considering the gender differences. This study provides valuable insight into human health risk assessment regarding PFNA and PFDA exposure.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Perfluoroalkyl substances and metabolic syndrome

Authors: Christensen, KY; Raymond, M; Meiman, J (2019) International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health 222:147-153. HERO ID: 5080398

[Less] BACKGROUND: Perfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) are a class of contaminants used in many . . . [More] BACKGROUND: Perfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) are a class of contaminants used in many industrial applications and consumer products. Certain PFAS are regulated or voluntarily limited due to concern about environmental persistence and adverse health effects.

OBJECTIVES: In this analysis we examine PFAS levels and their association with metabolic syndrome and its components, using a representative sample of the U.S.

POPULATION:

METHODS: Data on PFAS levels and metabolic syndrome components were collected from the 2007-2008, 2009-2010, 2011-2012, and 2013-2014 cycles of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Twelve different PFAS were measured in serum samples from participants. Logistic regression models were used to identify associations between metabolic syndrome, its individual components, and serum PFAS concentrations.

RESULTS: Over one-third (37%) of participants met the definition for metabolic syndrome, with increased waist circumference and elevated glucose being the most commonly reported components. Seven PFAS were detected in at least 30% of participants and were examined in subsequent analyses (PFDA, PFOA, PFOS, PFHxS, MPAH, PFNA, PFUnDA). The PFAS with the highest concentrations was PFOS (median 8.4 ng/mL), followed by PFOA, PFHxS and PFNA. After adjusting for potential confounders, PFNA was associated with increased risk of metabolic syndrome and well as several individual components, while the highest levels of PFHxS were associated with elevated triglycerides. Other PFAS were associated with decreased risk of at least one outcome.

CONCLUSIONS: Associations between PFAS and metabolic syndrome are inconsistent within and across studies. PFNA was consistently associated with increased risk for components of the syndrome, a finding that warrants further investigation.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Variation in PFAA concentrations and egg parameters throughout the egg-laying sequence in a free-living songbird (the great tit, Parus major): Implications for biomonitoring studies

Authors: Lasters, R; Groffen, T; Lopez-Antia, A; Bervoets, L; Eens, M (2019) Environmental Pollution 246:237-248. HERO ID: 5080472

[Less] Over the past decades, there has been growing scientific attention and public concern towards perfluoroalkyl . . . [More] Over the past decades, there has been growing scientific attention and public concern towards perfluoroalkyl acids (PFAAs), due to their widespread presence in the environment and associations with adverse effects on various organisms. Bird eggs have often been used as less-invasive biomonitoring tools for toxicological risk assessments of persistent organic pollutants, including some PFAAs. Hereby, it is typically assumed that one random egg is representative for the PFAA concentrations of the whole clutch. However, variation of PFAA concentrations within clutches due to laying sequence influences can have important implications for the egg collection strategy and may impede interpretations of the quantified concentrations. Therefore, the main objective of this paper was to study variation patterns and possible laying sequence associations with PFAA concentrations in eggs of the great tit (Parus major). Eight whole clutches (4-8 eggs) were collected at a location in the Antwerp region, situated about 11 km from a known PFAA point source. The ∑ PFAA concentrations ranged from 8.9 to 75.1 ng g-1 ww. PFOS concentrations ranged from 6.7 to 55.1 ng g-1 ww and this compound was the dominant contributor to the total PFAA profile (74%), followed by PFDoA (7%), PFOA (7%), PFDA (5%), PFTrA (4%) and PFNA (3%). The within-clutch variation (70.7%) of the ∑ PFAA concentrations was much larger than the among-clutch variation (29.3%) and concentrations decreased significantly for some PFAA compounds throughout the laying sequence. Nevertheless, PFAA concentrations were positively and significantly correlated between some egg pairs within the same clutch, especially between egg 1 and egg 3. For future PFAA biomonitoring studies, we recommend to consistently collect the same egg along the laying sequence, preferably the first or third egg if maximizing egg exposure metrics is the main objective.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Perfluoroalkyl substances in diamondback terrapins (Malaclemys terrapin) in coastal South Carolina

Authors: Bangma, JT; Ragland, JM; Rainwater, TR; Bowden, JA; Gibbons, JW; Reiner, JL (2019) Chemosphere 215:305-312. HERO ID: 5080394

[Less] This study focused on an estuarine wildlife species exhibiting high site fidelity and ubiquitous distribution . . . [More] This study focused on an estuarine wildlife species exhibiting high site fidelity and ubiquitous distribution in coastal environments along the Atlantic and Gulf coasts of the United States to monitor per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS). A total of 75 diamondback terrapin (Malaclemys terrapin) plasma samples were collected from five creeks associated with Kiawah (Oyster Creek, Fiddler Creek, Sandy Creek, Gnat Creek) and Edisto (Townsend Creek) islands in Charleston County, South Carolina and investigated for 15 legacy PFAS. Of those, PFHxS was the only PFAS found in all terrapin plasma samples. Four additional PFAS were routinely detected (greater than 90% of the samples) and were included in statistical analyses: PFOS, PFNA, PFDA, and PFUnA. Sex-differences were observed for two creeks with male plasma containing higher PFAS than female plasma (PFHxS at Townsend Creek, PFOS at Oyster Creek). Sex-specific site differences in PFAS concentrations were observed primarily for males, suggesting male terrapins may be more sensitive indicators of localized contaminant profiles than females. Three PFAS were observed to have negative correlations with body mass: PFOS in males (p = 0.045, tau = -0.220), PFNA in males (p = 0.016, tau = -0.269), and PFHxS in both males (p = 0.007, tau = -0.302) and females (p = 0.001, tau = -0.379). No relationships for body mass and PFDA and PFUnA were observed.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Perfluoroalkyl substances follow inverted U-shaped distributions across various stages of glomerular function: Implications for future research

Authors: Jain, RB; Ducatman, A (2019) Environmental Research 169:476-482. HERO ID: 5080477

[Less] Data (N = 6844) from National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey for US adults aged ≥ 20 years . . . [More] Data (N = 6844) from National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey for US adults aged ≥ 20 years for the years 2007-2014 were analyzed to evaluate distributional characteristics of selected perfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) - perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA), perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS), perfluorodecanoic acid (PFDA), perfluorohexane sulfonate (PFHxS) and perfluorononanoic acid (PFNA) with declining glomerular function. The population was stratified according to the estimated glomerular filtration rates (eGFR) that accompany the stages of kidney disease, designated as glomerular function-1 (GF-1, eGFR>90 mL/min/1.73 m2); GF-2 (eGFR 60-89 mL/min/1.73 m2), GF-3A (eGFR 45-59 mL/min/1.73 m2), and GF-3B and 4 combined (eGFR 15-44 mL/min/1.73 m2). Unadjusted as well as adjusted geometric means for serum PFOA, PFDA, PFHxS, and PFNA increased as expected through stage GF-3A but decreased below the concentrations associated with GF-1 for those who were in GF-3B/4. For example, unadjusted geometric means for PFOA were 2.59, 3.02, 3.01, and 2.22 ng/mL for GF-1, GF-2, GF-3A, and GF-3B/4 respectively. Adjusted geometric means for PFOA were 2.34, 2.83, 2.83, and 1.81 ng/mL for GF-1, GF-2, GF-3A, and GF-3B/4 respectively. Thus, PFAS were found to follow inverted U-shaped distributions across different stages of glomerular function. For females, decreases in adjusted PFAS serum levels were initiated at GF-3A, while decreases for males began as early as GF-2. Usually, females are known to have lower levels of PFAS but when in GF-3A and GF-3B/4, females were found to have higher levels of PFAS than males. Thus, inverted U-shaped curves for males and females intersected between GF-2 and GF-3A for PFOA and PFHxS and at GF-3A for PFOS and PFNA. Associations between PFAS and biomarkers of kidney function may be modified in both magnitude and even in direction as kidney function deteriorates. These findings have implications for studies that evaluate associations between PFAS and disease states that affect kidney function, as well as outcome biomarkers known to be affected by kidney function.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Selective associations of recent low concentrations of perfluoroalkyl substances with liver function biomarkers: nhanes 2011 to 2014 data on us adults aged ≥20 years

Authors: Jain, RB; Ducatman, A (2019) Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine 61:293-302. HERO ID: 5080621

[Less] OBJECTIVE: Perfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) and liver function biomarkers were reexamined . . . [More] OBJECTIVE: Perfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) and liver function biomarkers were reexamined for relatively lower serum concentrations of PFAS observed in recent years.

METHODS: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2011 to 2014 data were analyzed for obese and nonobese participants for serum perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA), perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS), perfluorodecanoic acid (PFDA), perfluorohexane sulfonate (PFHxS), perfluorononanoic acid (PFNA) as well as four liver function biomarkers in risk-adjusted analysis.

RESULTS: Among obese participants only, alanine aminotransferase (ALT) was positively associated with PFOA (β = 0.07065, P < 0.01), PFHxS (β = 0.051349, P < 0.01), and with PFNA (β = 0.072742, P < 0.01). PFOA (β = 0.07422, P = 0.03) and PFNA (β = 0.077995, P < 0.01) were associated with gamma glutamyl transferase (GGT) in obese participants.

CONCLUSIONS: Recent lower levels of PFOA, PFHxS, and PFNA are associated with higher serum liver functions but only among obese participants. The findings are consistent with PFAS animal toxicology concerning steatosis.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Roles of gender and obesity in defining correlations between perfluoroalkyl substances and lipid/lipoproteins

Authors: Jain, RB; Ducatman, A (2019) Science of the Total Environment 653:74-81. HERO ID: 5080642

[Less] Data from National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) for 2005-2014 for those aged ≥20 years . . . [More] Data from National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) for 2005-2014 for those aged ≥20 years fasting for ≥8 h (N = 3629) were analyzed to evaluate the role that gender and obesity play in defining correlations between selected perfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) and total cholesterol (TC), low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL), high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL), and triglycerides. PFAS considered for analyses were: perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA), perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS), perfluorodecanoic acid (PFDA), perfluorononanoic acid (PFNA), perfluorohexane sulfonate (PFHxS), perfluoroundecanoic acid (PFUnDA), and 2-(N-methyl-perfluorooctane sulfonamido) acetic acid (Me-FOSAA). Gender and obesity stratified regression models were fitted to estimate associations between PFAS and lipid/lipoproteins with adjustments made for confounders. For obese males, but not for nonobese males, positive associations were found between TC and LDL with PFOA (β = 0.0519, p = 0.01 for TC and β = 0.0822, p = 0.03 for LDL), and PFNA (β = 0.0328, p = 0.03 for TC and β = 0.0679, p = 0.04 for LDL). For obese females, adjusted concentrations of TC increased with increase in the concentrations of PFDA (β = 0.0247, p = 0.048), PFNA (β = 0.0286, p = 0.04), and Me-PFOSAA (β = 0.0274, p = 0.02), and there was a positive association of LDL with PFOS (β = 0.0375, p = 0.04), PFDA (β = 0.0397, p = 0.047), and PFNA (β = 0.0593, p = 0.02). The findings, concerning the relationship of longer chain PFAS to serum lipids, suggest greater susceptibility to elevated TC and LDL cholesterol in the obese participants, with some differences between men and women. The key contributing modifiable risk for nonalcoholic steatosis is obesity, and, the development of nonalcoholic steatosis is recognized to be sexually dimorphic. The epidemiologic observation of a susceptible obese subgroup in our data is consistent with toxicology literature findings of disrupted cholesterol metabolism via induced steatosis following PFAS exposure. Gender differences affect serum concentration of PFAS during the reproductive years, and our data add a secondary question concerning whether they also affect the interaction between PFAS exposure and lipid handling in males and females.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Toxicokinetics of perfluorohexanoic acid (PFHxA), perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) and perfluorodecanoic acid (PFDA) in male and female Hsd:Sprague dawley SD rats following intravenous or gavage administration

Authors: Dzierlenga, AL; Robinson, VG; Waidyanatha, S; Devito, MJ; Eifrid, MA; Gibbs, ST; Granville, CA; Blystone, CR (2019) Xenobiotica 1-11. HERO ID: 5916078

[Less] Poly- and perfluorinated alkyl substances (PFAS) are environmentally persistent chemicals associated . . . [More] Poly- and perfluorinated alkyl substances (PFAS) are environmentally persistent chemicals associated with many adverse health outcomes. The National Toxicology Program evaluated the toxicokinetics (TK) of several PFAS to provide context for toxicologic findings.Plasma TK parameters and tissue (liver, kidney, brain) concentrations are reported for perfluorohexanoic acid (PFHxA), perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) or perfluorodecanoic acid (PFDA) after single-dose administration in male and female Hsd:Sprague-Dawley® (SD) rats.Generally, longer Tmax and elimination half-lives, and slower clearance f, were correlated with longer chain length. Male rats administered PFOA had a prolonged half-life compared to females (215 h vs. 2.75), while females had faster clearance and smaller plasma area under the curve (AUC). Females administered PFHxA had a shorter half-life (2 h vs. 9) than males and faster clearance with a smaller plasma AUC, although this was less pronounced than PFOA. There was no sex difference in PFDA half-life. Female rats administered PFDA had a higher plasma AUC/dose than males, and a slower clearance. PFDA had the highest levels in the liver of the PFAS evaluated.Profiling the toxicokinetics of these PFAS allows for comparison among subclasses, and more direct translation of rodent toxicity to human populations.