Health & Environmental Research Online (HERO)


PFDA (335-76-2)


850 References Were Found:

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Multifunctional Antibacterial Materials Comprising Water Dispersible Random Copolymers Containing a Fluorinated Block and Their Application in Catheters

Authors: Li, W; Zhang, H; Li, X; Yu, H; Che, C; Luan, S; Ren, Y; Li, S; Liu, P; Yu, X; Li, X (2020) ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 12:7617-7630. HERO ID: 6326249

[Less] Inhibiting the attachment of bacteria and the formation of biofilms on surfaces of materials and devices . . . [More] Inhibiting the attachment of bacteria and the formation of biofilms on surfaces of materials and devices is the key to ensure public safety and is also the focus of attention and research. Here we report on the synthesis of multifunctional antibacterial materials based on water dispersible random copolymers containing a fluorinated block, poly(acrylic acid-co-1H,1H,2H,2H-perfluorododecyl acrylate) (PAA-co-PFDA), and poly(hexamethylene biguanide) hydrochloride (PHMB). PAA-co-PFDA copolymers were synthesized through a simple free radical polymerization. After lightly cross-linking of PAA-co-PFDA and complexation with PHMB, multifunctional antibacterial PAA-co-PFDA/PHMB complex nanoparticles were generated, which can form transparent coatings on various substrates. The resultant coating has aggregation-induced emission character which can be used to observe the uniformity of the coating on a catheter and has a potential application as a fluorescence probe. It has been demonstrated that the PAA-co-PFDA/PHMB complex nanoparticle coatings can resist bacterial adhesion in physiological environment and exhibit excellent antibacterial activity in infection environment. In vitro and in vivo experiments indicated that the PAA-co-PFDA/PHMB complex nanoparticle coated catheters exhibited excellent antibacterial activity and possessed good biocompatibility. This method is simple and scalable, which is important for future commercialization. The attractive multifunctional properties of the PAA-co-PFDA/PHMB complex nanoparticles, such as antifouling, antimicrobial, emission, and pH-responsive release character, have great potential application in a wide range of biomedical fields.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Exposure to Perfluoroalkyl Substances in a Cohort of Women Firefighters and Office Workers in San Francisco

Authors: Trowbridge, J; Gerona, RR; Lin, T; Rudel, RA; Bessonneau, V; Buren, H; Morello-Frosch, R (2020) Environmental Science and Technology 54:3363-3374. HERO ID: 6311630

[Less] Studies of firefighters have shown increased exposures to carcinogenic compounds and elevated rates . . . [More] Studies of firefighters have shown increased exposures to carcinogenic compounds and elevated rates of certain cancers compared to the general population, yet this research has focused almost exclusively on men. To address this gap, the Women Firefighters Biomonitoring Collaborative created a biological sample archive and analyzed levels of perfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) among women firefighters (N = 86) and office workers (N = 84) in San Francisco. Serum samples were collected and analyzed using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) to measure and compare PFAS levels between firefighters and office workers. 7 of 12 PFAS congeners were detected in the least 70% of the study population, and 4 congeners were detected in 100% of participants. In regression models comparing PFAS levels by occupation and adjusting for potential confounders, firefighters had higher geometric mean concentrations of PFAS compared to office workers PFHxS (2.22 (95% CI = 1.55, 3.18)), PFUnDA (1.83 (95% CI = 0.97, 3.45)), and PFNA (1.26 (95% CI = 1.01, 1.58)). Among firefighters, occupational position predicted exposure-firefighters and officers had higher PFNA, PFOA, PFDA, and PFUnDA levels compared to drivers. Women firefighters are exposed to higher levels of some PFAS compared to office workers, suggesting that some of these exposures may be occupationally related.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

A global atmospheric chemistry model for the fate and transport of PFCAs and their precursors

Authors: Thackray, CP; Selin, NE; Young, CJ (2020) Environmental Science: Processes & Impacts 22:285-293. HERO ID: 6311636

[Less] Perfluorocarboxylic acids (PFCAs) are environmental contaminants that are highly persistent, and many . . . [More] Perfluorocarboxylic acids (PFCAs) are environmental contaminants that are highly persistent, and many are bio-accumulative and have been detected along with their atmospheric precursors far from emission sources. The overall importance of precursor emissions as an indirect source of PFCAs to the environment is uncertain. Previous studies have estimated the atmospheric source of PFCAs using models and degradation pathways of differing complexities, leading to quantitatively different results. We present results from simulations of atmospheric PFCA formation and fate using the chemical transport model GEOS-Chem. We simulate the most up-to-date chemistry available to our knowledge for the degradation of the precursors fluorotelomer alcohol (FTOH), fluorotelomer olefin (FTO), and fluorotelomer iodide (FTI), as well as the deposition and transport of the precursors, intermediates and end-products of the formation chemistry. We calculate yields of C3-C13 PFCAs formed from 4 : 2 to 12 : 2 fluorotelomer precursors and their deposition to the surface. We find that the ratio of long-chain to short-chain PFCAs increases strongly with distance from source regions. We compare our model results to remote deposition measurements and mid-latitude rainwater measurements. The model captures the observed relationship between rainwater abundance and PFCA chain length, as well as the average deposition rates at mid-latitude and Arctic sites, but underestimates the deposition of PFDoA, PFDA, and TFA at mid-latitudes and PFNA at the Devon Ice Cap. We provide estimates of cumulative PFCA deposition globally. We find that given the most recent emission inventory, the atmospheric source of PFCAs is 6-185 tonnes per year globally and 0.1-2.1 tonnes per year to the Arctic.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Optimization and validation of a method based on QuEChERS extraction and liquid chromatographic-tandem mass spectrometric analysis for the determination of perfluoroalkyl acids in strawberry and olive fruits, as model crops with different matrix characteristics

Authors: Scordo, CVA; Checchini, L; Renai, L; Orlandini, S; Bruzzoniti, MC; Fibbi, D; Mandi, L; Ouazzani, N; Del Bubba, M (2020) HERO ID: 6326245

[Less] A QuEChERS method was optimized and validated for the LC-MS/MS analysis of perfluoro-n-pentanoic acid . . . [More] A QuEChERS method was optimized and validated for the LC-MS/MS analysis of perfluoro-n-pentanoic acid (PFPeA), perfluoro-1-butanesulfonic acid (PFBuS), perfluoro-n-hexanoic acid (PFHxA), perfluoro-n-heptanoic acid (PFHpA), perfluoro-1-hexanesulfonic acid (PFHxS), perfluoro-n-octanoic acid (PFOA), perfluoro-n-nonanoic acid (PFNA), perfluoro-1-octanesulfonic acid (PFOS) and perfluoro-n-decanoic acid (PFDA) in freeze-dried strawberry and olive, as model fruits characterized by very different chemical compositions. The method was evaluated for apparent recovery, intra-day and inter-day precision, matrix effect and recovery. The method optimized for strawberry provided for most compounds absolute values of matrix effect (|ME%|) ≤ 11%, except for PFHxA, which showed a signal suppression of 22%. The extraction efficiency was tested at the spike levels 500-5000 pg/g d.w. for PFPeA, PFBuS, and PFHxA, and 100-1000 pg/g d.w. for the other target analytes, evidencing as a whole recoveries in the range of 65-89%. For olive fruits, due to their high fat content, an ultrasound-assisted extraction was necessary to obtain an efficient sample disgregation so as to increase the extraction yield and its precision. Moreover, a d-SPE clean-up with GCB allowed to achieve |ME%| ≤ 8% (except for PFBuS, which showed a signal enhancement of 19%) and recoveries calculated at the aforementioned spike levels were in the range 75-97%. The two methods provided very good linearity (R2 ≥ 0.9984) from 10,000 pg/g down to compound specific quantification limits, which were included in the ranges of 2.9-393 pg/g and 2.6-127 pg/g for strawberry and olive fruit, respectively. The methods were applied to the analysis of PFAAs in strawberry and olive fruits commercially available in two Italian supermarkets, as well as obtained under irrigation with various treated wastewaters (TWWs), evidencing in both cases a higher PFAAs occurrence in olives than in strawberry. However, PFAAs concentrations determined in the investigated fruit matrixes were quite low, being their sum 1.9 ng/g d.w. in the worst case (i.e. olive fruits grown under irrigation with TWWs).

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Prenatal exposure to perfluorodecanoic acid is associated with lower circulating concentration of adrenal steroid metabolites during mini puberty in human female infants. The odense child cohort

Authors: Jensen, RC; Glintborg, D; Gade Timmermann, CA; Nielsen, F; Kyhl, HB; Frederiksen, H; Andersson, AM; Juul, A; Sidelmann, JJ; Andersen, HR; Grandjean, P; Andersen, MS; Jensen, TK (2020) Environmental Research 182:109101. HERO ID: 6311643

[Less] BACKGROUND: Fetal programming of the endocrine system may be affected by exposure to . . . [More] BACKGROUND: Fetal programming of the endocrine system may be affected by exposure to perfluoroalkyl substances (PFAAs), as they easily cross the placental barrier. In vitro studies suggest that PFAAs may disrupt steroidogenesis. "Mini puberty" refers to a transient surge in circulating androgens, androgen precursors, and gonadotropins in infant girls and boys within the first postnatal months. We hypothesize that prenatal PFAA exposure may decrease the concentrations of androgens in mini puberty.

OBJECTIVES: To investigate associations between maternal serum PFAA concentrations in early pregnancy and serum concentrations of androgens, their precursors, and gonadotropins during mini puberty in infancy.

METHODS: In the prospective Odense Child Cohort, maternal pregnancy serum concentrations of five PFAAs: Perfluorohexane sulfonic acid (PFHxS), perfluorooctane sulfonic acid (PFOS), perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA), perfluorononanoic acid (PFNA), and perfluorodecanoic acid (PFDA) were measured at median gestational week 12 (IQR: 10, 15) in 1628 women. Among these, offspring serum concentrations of dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA), dehydroepiandrosterone-sulfate (DHEAS), androstenedione, 17-hydroxyprogesterone (17-OHP), testosterone, luteinizing (LH) and follicle stimulating hormones (FSH) were measured in 373 children (44% girls; 56% boys) at a mean age of 3.9 (±0.9 SD) months. Multivariate linear regression models were performed to estimate associations.

RESULTS: A two-fold increase in maternal PFDA concentration was associated with a reduction in DHEA concentration by -19.6% (95% CI: -32.9%, -3.8%) in girls. In girls, also, the androstenedione and DHEAS concentrations were decreased, albeit non-significantly (p < 0.11), with a two-fold increase in maternal PFDA concentration. In boys, no significant association was found between PFAAs and concentrations of androgens, their precursors, and gonadotropins during mini puberty.

CONCLUSION: Prenatal PFDA exposure was associated with significantly lower serum DHEA concentrations and possibly also with lower androstenedione and DHEAS concentrations in female infants at mini puberty. The clinical significance of these findings remains to be elucidated.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Variabilities in concentrations of selected perfluoroalkyl acids among normotensives and hypertensives across various stages of glomerular function

Author: Jain, RB (2020) Archives of Environmental and Occupational Health 1-11. HERO ID: 6311650

[Less] Data (N = 10643) from National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey for US adults aged > = 20 years . . . [More] Data (N = 10643) from National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey for US adults aged > = 20 years for 2003-2016 were analyzed to evaluate how concentrations of selected perfluoroalkyl acids (PFAA) vary among normotensives and hypertensives across various stages of glomerular function (GF) namely from stage 1 to stage 3B/4. Regression models stratified by GF stages and hypertension status were fitted for each of the five PFAAs, namely, PFOA, PFOS, PFDA, PFHxS, and PFNA. For the total population, hypertensives had higher adjusted levels than normotensives for GF-1, GF-2, and GF-3A with highest differences being at GF-3A for every PFAA. At GF-3B/4, hypertensives had lower adjusted geometric means (AGM) than normotensives. While AGMs for PFAA for hypertensives followed inverted U-shaped distributions with points of inflections at GF-3A, for normotensives the points of inflections were at GF-2 or GF-3A.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Contaminant levels and endocrine disruptive effects in Clarias gariepinus exposed to simulated leachate from a solid waste dumpsite in Calabar, Nigeria

Authors: Ibor, OR; Andem, AB; Eni, G; Arong, GA; Adeougn, AO; Arukwe, A (2020) Aquatic Toxicology 219:105375. HERO ID: 6311681

[Less] Solid waste dumpsites (SWDs) and landfills are significant sources of emerging contaminants to terrestrial . . . [More] Solid waste dumpsites (SWDs) and landfills are significant sources of emerging contaminants to terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. We have studied the endocrine disruptive effects of simulated leachate from a solid waste dumpsite in Calabar, Nigeria. Juvenile C. gariepinus were exposed to simulated leachate, diluted to 0:0 (control), 1:10, 1:50, 1:100 for 3, 7 and 14 days. In addition, 17β-estradiol (E2: 100 μg/L)-exposed positive control group was included. Hepatic transcripts for the genes encoding vitellogenin (vtg), estrogen receptor-α (er-α), and aromatase (cyp19a1) were analyzed by real-time PCR. Protein expression for Vtg and Cyp19 were measured by immunoblotting and plasma steroid hormones (testosterone: T and E2) were measured using enzyme immunoassay (EIA). Soil samples from the dumpsite were analyzed for selected group of contaminants showing that DEHP was the only detected phthalate ester (PE) at 1300 ± 400 ng/g. Further, perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) such as PFBS, PFOS, PFHxA, PFOA, PFNA, PFDA, PFUnDA and PFDoDA were detected in the soil samples from the dumpsite. We observed significant and apparent concentration-dependent increases in mRNA (vtg, er-α, and cyp19a1) and their corresponding functional protein products, after exposure to the simulated leachates. Further, the simulated leachate produced concentration-specific changes in plasma E2 and T levels. In general, the estrogenic endocrine and reproductive alterations in the exposed fish may directly be attributed to the PFASs and DEHP detected at the dumpsites. However, in addition to PFASs and DEHP, there could be other estrogenic contaminants in the leachate. Given the rapid utilization, for residential purposes, and increases in human settlement in areas around the Lemna SWDs, this study provides a direct cause-and-effect evidence of the potential contaminants at the dumpsite with significant environmental and human health consequences.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Perfluoroalkyl substances, airways infections, allergy and asthma related health outcomes - Implications of gender, exposure period and study design

Authors: Kvalem, HE; Nygaard, UC; Lødrup Carlsen, KC; Carlsen, KH; Haug, LS; Granum, B (2020) Environment International 134:105259. HERO ID: 6316210

[Less] INTRODUCTION: Exposure to perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) has been inconsistently . . . [More] INTRODUCTION: Exposure to perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) has been inconsistently associated with asthma, allergic diseases and airways infections in early childhood. The aim of the study was, therefore, to investigate the effect of childhood exposure to PFASs on asthma and allergy related outcomes and on airways infections before and during puberty using the prospective birth cohort Environment and Childhood Asthma (ECA) Study. Aspects of gender, exposure period and study design (cross-sectional and longitudinal) were also taken into consideration.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Included in the study was 378 participants with PFAS measurements at age 10 years and follow-up data at ages 10 years (cross sectional data) and 16 years (longitudinal data). Eight PFASs with at least 70% of measurements above the limit of quantification (LOQ) in the child's serum were included in the present study: perfluoroheptanoate (PFHpA), perfluorooctanoate (PFOA), perfluourononanoate (PFNA), perfluorodecanoate (PFDA), perfluoroundecanoate (PFUnDA), perfluorohexane sulfonate (PFHxS), perfluoroheptane sulfonate (PFHpS) and perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS). The PFAS levels were converted into interquartile range (IQR). In addition, perfluorooctane sulfonamide (PFOSA) detected in 60% of the samples, was recoded into "not detected /detected". Binomial, multinomial and linear regression were used, followed by Bonferroni adjustment to correct for multiple comparisons. Sensitivity analyses evaluating the effect of extreme PFAS values and gender were performed.

RESULTS: In the cross sectional data at 10 years a positive statistically significant association was seen between PFHpA and asthma in girls. In the longitudinal data, PFNA, PFDA and PFUnDA were inversely associated with atopic dermatitis (AD) in girls and with PFHxS in all participants and in boys. Further, PFNA and PFHpS were positively associated with rhinitis in girls and with PFOA in all participants. There seems to be a suggestive pattern of increased risk of allergic sensitisation in all participants and a decreased risk in boys, but due to different results in main and sensitivity analyses these findings should be interpreted with caution. No associations were found between PFASs and lung function. For airways infections and longitudinal data, PFDA was inversely associated with common cold, while positive association was found for PFHpA, PFOA, PFHpS and PFOS and lower respiratory tract infections (LRTI).

DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: Our results lend further support for an immunosuppressive effect of PFASs on AD and LRTI. Gender seems to be important for some exposure-health associations. No clear pattern in exposure-health associations was observed with regard to exposure period or study design, with the exception of asthma where significant findings have mostly been reported in cross-sectional studies.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Associations between selected perfluoroalkyl acids in serum and hemoglobin in whole blood, a biomarker of anemia: Impact of deteriorating kidney function

Author: Jain, RB (2020) HERO ID: 6333438

[Less] Data (N = 11251) from National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) for 2003-2016 for US . . . [More] Data (N = 11251) from National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) for 2003-2016 for US adults aged ≥20 years were stratified by gender and anemia and analyzed to evaluate the associations between the concentrations of whole blood hemoglobin (WBHGB) and selected perfluoroalkyl acids (PFAAs) in serum by stages of glomerular filtration (GF). Investigated PFAAs were perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA), perfluorooctane sulfonic acid (PFOS), perfluorodecanoic acid (PFDA), perfluorohexane sulfonic acid (PFHxS), and perfluorononanoic acid (PFNA). Females with whole blood hemoglobin concentrations <12 g/dL and males with whole blood hemoglobin concentrations <13 g/dL were classified as being anemic. Regression models with log10 transformed concentrations of whole blood hemoglobin as dependent variable and age, poverty income ratio, body mass index, serum cotinine, daily alcohol intake, survey year, and log10 concentrations of one of the PFAA as independent variables were fitted. For anemic females, association between WBHGB and PFAA concentrations were uniformly positive across worsening stages of renal failure and percent increases for 10% increases in PFAAs varied between 0.03% and 0.39%. For anemic males, association between WBHGB and PFAA concentrations were positive except at GF-3A (45 ≤ eGFR<60 mL/min/1.73 m2) and percent increases for 10% increases in PFAAs varied between 0.02% and 0.53%. Thus, more often than not, presence of positive associations between WBHGB and PFAA among anemics imply elevated levels of PFAA are associated with higher levels of WBHGB. Similar results were observed for non-anemic males and females, however strengths of associations between whole blood hemoglobin and PFAAs were several fold higher among anemic compared to non-anemic participants. Hemoglobin is consistently associated with serum PFAAs.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Albumin is the major carrier protein for PFOS, PFOA, PFHxS, PFNA and PFDA in human plasma

Authors: Forsthuber, M; Kaiser, AM; Granitzer, S; Hassl, I; Hengstschläger, M; Stangl, H; Gundacker, C (2020) Environment International 137:105324. HERO ID: 6311640

[Less] Perfluoroalkyl (PFAS) substances are widespread in the environment and in organisms. The fact that exposure . . . [More] Perfluoroalkyl (PFAS) substances are widespread in the environment and in organisms. The fact that exposure to PFAS is associated with elevated cholesterol levels is a major concern for human health. Previous investigations, in which bovine serum albumin was frequently studied, indicate that PFOS, PFOA and PFNA bind to serum albumin. However, it is critical to know whether these and other PFAS have a preference for the protein or the lipid fraction in native human blood fractions. For this reason, blood samples from four young healthy volunteers (two women, two men, 23–31 years old) were used for protein size separation and fractionation by the Cohn method in combination with serial ultracentrifugation. The plasma fractions were analyzed for 11 PFAS using high-performance tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS/MS). Although the data are based on a small sample, they clearly show that albumin is the most important carrier protein for PFOS, PFOA, PFHxS, PFNA and PFDA in native human plasma. These five compounds have very little or no affinity for lipoproteins. The confirmation of their transport through albumin is important for the epidemiology of PFAS. The present results must be verified by the examination of a larger number of persons.