Health & Environmental Research Online (HERO)


8:2 monoPAP (57678-03-2)


9 References Were Found:

Archival Material
Archival Material

M566820: Mono[2-(perfluorooctyl)ethyl] phosphate. CAS number: 57678-03-2

Author: TRC Canada (2017) Available online at https://www.trc-canada.com/products-listing/. (Aug 4, 2017). [Website] HERO ID: 3981232


Technical Report
Technical Report

ACE and JChem acidity and basicity calculator, ACE UKY-4.2 & Marvin JS by ChemAxon: 8:2 Fluorotelomer phosphate monoester (8:2 monoPAP; CASRN 57678-03-2)

Authors: Grossman, RB; Finkel, R (2017) Lexington, KY: University of Kentucky & Pearson Education. HERO ID: 3982642


The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Uptake of 8:2 perfluoroalkyl phosphate diester and its degradation products by carrot and lettuce from compost-amended soil

Authors: Bizkarguenaga, E; Zabaleta, I; Prieto, A; Fernández, LA; Zuloaga, O (2016) Chemosphere 152:309-317. HERO ID: 3857361

[Less] The present work studied the uptake of 8:2 perfluoroalkyl phosphate diester (diPAP) by two different . . . [More] The present work studied the uptake of 8:2 perfluoroalkyl phosphate diester (diPAP) by two different crops (lettuce and carrot) and two different amended soils. Firstly, the possible degradation of 8:2 diPAP in the absence of crop was studied and 8:2 monoPAP (monophosphate), 8:2 FTCA (saturated fluorotelomer carboxylate), 8:2 FTUCA (unsaturated fluorotelomer carboxylate), 7:3 FTCA (saturated fluorotelomer carboxylate), PFHpA (perfluoroheptanoic acid), PFHxA (perfluorohexanoic acid) and PFOA (perfluorooctanoic acid) were detected. In the presence of crops, different degradation products were detected in the soil and, while PFNA (perfluorononanoic acid), PFHpA, PFHxA, PFPeA (perfluoropentacoic acid), PFBA (perfluorobutanoic acid), 7:3 FTCA and PFOA were determined in the cultivation media when carrot was grown, PFOA was the only degradation product detected in the case of lettuce experiments. Regarding the uptake in carrot, all the degradation products except 7:3 FTCA were translocated from the soil to the carrot. Carrot core, peel and leaves bioconcentration factors, BCFs, were determined for 8:2 diPAP and its degradation products. Values lower than method detection limits for core and low BCFs in peel (0.025-0.042) and leaves (0.028-0.049) were achieved for 8:2 diPAP. Regarding to the degradation products, the higher their water solubility, the higher the plant translocation. In this sense, the lower the carbon chain length of PFCAs, the higher the BCFs determined (PFBA > PFHxA > PFHpA > PFOA > PFNA). In general, lower total BCFs were achieved when the total organic carbon of the soils increased. For lettuce experiments, 8:2 diPAP (0.04-0.18) and PFOA (0.28-1.57) were only determined in lettuce heart.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Simultaneous determination of perfluorinated compounds and their potential precursors in mussel tissue and fish muscle tissue and liver samples by liquid chromatography-electrospray-tandem mass spectrometry

Authors: Zabaleta, I; Bizkarguenaga, E; Prieto, A; Ortiz-Zarragoitia, M; Fernández, LA; Zuloaga, O (2015) Journal of Chromatography A 1387:13-23. HERO ID: 2851012

[Less] An analytical method for the simultaneous determination in fish liver and muscle tissue and mussel samples . . . [More] An analytical method for the simultaneous determination in fish liver and muscle tissue and mussel samples of 14 perfluorinated compounds (PFCs), including three perfluoroalkylsulfonates (PFSAs), seven perfluorocarboxylic acids (PFCAs), three perfluorophosphonic acids (PFPAs) and perfluorooctanesulfonamide (PFOSA), and 10 potential precursors, including four polyfluoroalkyl phosphates (PAPs), four fluorotelomer saturated acids (FTCAs) and two fluorotelomer unsaturated acids (FTUCAs), was developed in the present work. Different clean-up strategies by means of solid-phase extraction (SPE) using a mix-mode weak anion exchanger (WAX), reverse phase Envi-Carb or a combination of them was optimized and evaluated for the clean-up of focused ultrasonic solid-liquid (FUSLE) extracts before the analysis by liquid chromatography-triple quadrupole tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). Mix-mode WAX coupled in-line to Envi-Carb was finally selected since it rendered the cleanest extracts and minimum matrix effect. The FUSLE-SPE-LC-MS/MS methodology was validated in terms of recovery, precision and method detection limits (MDLs). Apparent recovery values in the 65-116%, 59-119% and 67-126% range and MDLs in the 0.1-2.7 ng/g, 0.1-3.8 ng/g and 0.2-3.1ng/g range were obtained for liver, mussel and fish muscle tissue samples, respectively. The method developed was applied to the analysis of grey mullet liver (Chelon labrosus) and mussel (Mytilus galloprovincialis) samples from the Basque Coast (North of Spain) and Yellowfin tuna muscle tissue (Thunnus albacares) samples from the Indian Ocean. To the best of our knowledge this is the first method that describes the simultaneous determination of 14 PFCs and 10 potential precursors in fish liver, fish muscle tissue and mussel samples. Besides, this is the first time that 8:2 monosubstituted polyfluorodecyl phosphate (8:2 monoPAP) and 8:2 disubstituted polyfluorodecyl phosphate (8:2 diPAP) were detected in mussel and tuna samples, respectively.

Technical Report
Technical Report

Draft toxicological profile for perfluoroalkyls

Author: ATSDR (2015) HERO ID: 3859918


The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Simultaneous determination of mono- and disubstituted polyfluoroalkyl phosphates in drinking water by liquid chromatography-electrospray tandem mass spectrometry

Authors: Ding, H; Peng, H; Yang, M; Hu, J (2012) Journal of Chromatography A 1227:245-252. HERO ID: 1038497

[Less] A sensitive liquid chromatography-electrospray tandem mass spectrometry method was established for the . . . [More] A sensitive liquid chromatography-electrospray tandem mass spectrometry method was established for the simultaneous determination of five monosubstituted polyfluoroalkyl phosphates (monoPAPs) and eight disubstituted polyfluoroalkyl phosphates (diPAPs) in drinking water. Complete separation and good retention for 13 polyfluoroalkyls phosphates (PAPs) were achieved with a Waters ACUITY UPLC BEH C8 column using a mixture of methanol/water containing 0.1% NH₄OH as the mobile phases. Extraction of drinking water samples was performed on weak anion exchange (WAX) cartridges, and the recoveries of target compounds were from 65 to 110%. The limits of quantization (LOQs) for 13 analytes were in the range of 0.4-40 ng/L. This method was applied to analyze the PAPs in drinking water samples from three cities in China. Of the 13 PAPs, six PAPs including 6:2 monoPAP (13.0 ng/L), 8:2 monoPAP (3.6 ng/L), 10:1 monoPAP (4.3-70.3 ng/L), 10:2 monoPAP (1.4-5.6 ng/L), 8:2 diPAP (0.10 ng/L), and 10:1 diPAP (0.8-3.8 ng/L) were detected.

Technical Report
Technical Report

Estimation Programs Interface Suite™ for Microsoft® Windows, v 4.11: 8:2 Fluorotelomer phosphate monoester (CASRN 57678-03-2)

Author: U.S. EPA (2012) Washington, DC: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. [Fact Sheet] HERO ID: 3981229


The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Exploring indirect sources of human exposure to perfluoroalkyl carboxylates (PFCAs): evaluating uptake, elimination, and biotransformation of polyfluoroalkyl phosphate esters (PAPs) in the rat

Authors: D'eon, JC; Mabury, SA (2011) Environmental Health Perspectives 119:344-350. HERO ID: 2580387

[Less] BACKGROUND: Perfluorinated carboxylic acids (PFCAs) are ubiquitous in human sera worldwide. . . . [More] BACKGROUND: Perfluorinated carboxylic acids (PFCAs) are ubiquitous in human sera worldwide. Biotransformation of the polyfluoroalkyl phosphate esters (PAPs) is a possible source of PFCA exposure, because PAPs are used in food-contact paper packaging and have been observed in human sera.

OBJECTIVES: We determined pharmacokinetic parameters for the PAP monoesters (monoPAPs) and PAP diesters (diPAPs), as well as biotransformation yields to the PFCAs, using a rat model.

METHODS: The animals were dosed intravenously or by oral gavage with a mixture of 4:2, 6:2, 8:2, and 10:2 monoPAP or diPAP chain lengths. Concentrations of the PAPs and PFCAs, as well as metabolic intermediates and phase II metabolites, were monitored over time in blood, urine, and feces.

RESULTS: The diPAPs were bioavailable, with bioavailability decreasing as the chain length increased from 4 to 10 perfluorinated carbons. The monoPAPs were not absorbed from the gut; however, we found evidence to suggest phosphate-ester cleavage within the gut contents. We observed biotransformation to the PFCAs for both monoPAP and diPAP congeners.

CONCLUSIONS: Using experimentally derived biotransformation yields, perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) sera concentrations were predicted from the biotransformation of 8:2 diPAP at concentrations observed in human serum. Because of the long human serum half-life of PFOA, biotransformation of diPAP even with low-level exposure could over time result in significant exposure to PFOA. Although humans are exposed directly to PFCAs in food and dust, the pharmacokinetic parameters determined here suggest that PAP exposure should be considered a significant indirect source of human PFCA contamination.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Biodegradation of polyfluoroalkyl phosphates as a source of perfluorinated acids to the environment

Authors: Lee, H; D'eon, J; Mabury, SA (2010) Environmental Science and Technology 44:3305-3310. HERO ID: 1274414

[Less] Wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) have been identified as a major source of perfluorocarboxylates . . . [More] Wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) have been identified as a major source of perfluorocarboxylates (PFCAs) to aqueous environments. The observed increase in PFCA mass flows from WWTP influent to effluent suggests the biodegradation of commercial fluorinated materials within the WWTP. Commercial fluorinated surfactants are used as greaseproofing agents in food-contact paper products as well as leveling and wetting agents. As WWTPs are likely the major fate of these surfactants, their biodegradation may be a source of PFCA production. One class of commercial surfactants, the polyfluoroalkyl phosphates (PAPs), have been observed in WWTP sludge. While PAPs have been shown to degrade into PFCAs in a rat model, the present study investigates their microbial fate to determine whether the biodegradation of PAPs within a WWTP-simulated system will contribute to the load of PFCAs released. PAPs are applied commercially in mixed formulations of different chain lengths and substitution at the phosphate center. The effect of chain length and phosphate substitution on the biodegradation of PAPs was investigated by incubating mixtures of 4:2, 6:2, 8:2, and 10:2 monosubstituted PAPs (monoPAPs) in an aerobic microbial system and by separately incubating the 6:2 monoPAP and 6:2 disubstituted PAP (diPAP) for 92 days. Headspace sampling revealed production of the fluorotelomer alcohols (FTOHs) from the hydrolysis of the PAP phosphate ester linkages. Analysis of the aqueous phase revealed microbial transformation of the PAPs to the final PFCA products was possible. The majority of the oxidation products observed were consistent with previous investigations that have suggested fluorotelomer precursor compounds degrade predominantly via a beta-oxidation-like mechanism. However, in this study, the detection of odd-chain PFCAs suggests that other pathways may be important. The present study demonstrated microbially mediated biodegradation of PAPs to PFCAs. This observation, together with the diPAP concentrations observed in WWTP sludge, suggest PAPs-containing commercial products may be a significant contributor to the increased PFCA mass flows observed in WWTP effluents.