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FtOH 8:2 (678-39-7)


12 References Were Found:

Archival Material
Archival Material

Study information: CEBS accession number 002-02182-0001-0000-6: Fluorotelomer alcohol 8+2

Author: NTP (2017) Available online at https://tools.niehs.nih.gov/cebs3/ntpViews/?studyNumber=002-02182-0001-0000-6. (Aug 5, 2017). [Website] HERO ID: 3860304

[Less] CEBS Accession Number: 002-02182-0001-0000-6 Chemical Name: Fluorotelomer Alcohol 8+2 CASRN: 678-39-7 NTP . . . [More] CEBS Accession Number: 002-02182-0001-0000-6
Chemical Name: Fluorotelomer Alcohol 8+2
CASRN: 678-39-7
NTP Study Type: Genetic Toxicology - Bacterial Mutagenicity
NTP Study ID: A74889
Vehicle Control: Dimethyl Sulfoxide
Study Result: Negative

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Perfluoroalkylated compounds induce cell death and formation of reactive oxygen species in cultured cerebellar granule cells

Authors: Reistad, T; Fonnum, F; Mariussen, E (2013) Toxicology Letters 218:56-60. HERO ID: 2150117

[Less] The present communication investigates the effects of different perfluoroalkylated compounds (PFCs) . . . [More] The present communication investigates the effects of different perfluoroalkylated compounds (PFCs) on formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and cell death in cultured cerebellar granule cells. This allows direct comparison with similar effects found for other environmental contaminants like polychlorinated biphenyls and brominated flame-retardants. The increase in ROS formation and cell death was assayed using the fluorescent probe 2,7-dichlorofluorescin diacetate (DCFH-DA) and the trypan blue exclusion assay. The effects of the PFCs were structure dependent. Cell death was induced at relatively low concentrations by perfluorooctyl sulfonate (PFOS), perfluorooctane sulfonylamide (PFOSA) and the fluorotelomer alcohol 1H, 1H, 2H, 2H-perfluorodecanol (FTOH 8:2) with EC(50)-values of 62 ± 7.6, 13 ± 1.8 and 15 ± 4.2 μM (mean ± SD) respectively. PFOS, perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) and PFOSA induced a concentration dependent increase in ROS formation with EC(50)-values of 27 ± 9.0, 25 ± 11 and 57 ± 19μM respectively. Reduced cell viability and ROS formation were observed at concentration level close to what is found in serum of occupationally exposed workers. The effect of PFCs on ROS formation and cell viability was compared with other halogenated compounds and future investigations should emphasize effects of mixtures and how physical chemical properties of the compounds influence their toxicity.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Covalent binding of fluorotelomer unsaturated aldehydes (FTUALs) and carboxylic acids (FTUCAs) to proteins

Authors: Rand, AA; Mabury, SA (2013) Environmental Science and Technology 47:1655-1663. HERO ID: 3859260

[Less] Fluorotelomer unsaturated carboxylic acids and aldehydes (FTUCAs and FTUALs) are intermediate compounds . . . [More] Fluorotelomer unsaturated carboxylic acids and aldehydes (FTUCAs and FTUALs) are intermediate compounds that form from the biotransformation of fluorotelomer-based compounds. Previous evidence that FTUCAs and FTUALs bind to biological nucleophiles has indicated that protein binding might give rise to toxicity resulting from protein function disruption. The current study assesses the reactivity of FTUALs and FTUCAs by probing the covalent interactions of FTUALs and FTUCAs with proteins present in rat liver microsomes and bovine blood plasma. The FTUALs exhibited significant levels of protein covalent binding, with binding levels ranging from 20.1 (±2.8)% to 71.3 (±19.5)% in microsomes and 24.0 (±1.5)% to 82.5 (±14.0)% in blood plasma. By contrast, the FTUCAs did not exhibit any apparent covalent binding. Bovine serum albumin (BSA) was extracted and isolated from the plasma after incubation of 8:2 FTUAL (5-100 μM). Electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS) was used to investigate the stoichiometry of 8:2 FTUAL covalently bound to BSA; three measurable FTUAL adducts were formed with BSA. To compare the percent binding results from the FTUAL microsome incubation experiments, 8:2 FTOH was incubated in microsomes to determine the protein binding associated with the biotransformation of 8:2 FTOH. Results from this study showed that the biotransformation of 8:2 FTOH yielded 26.1 (±3.0)% binding, and was statistically similar to the percent binding associated with 8:2 FTUAL exposure (p > 0.05), indicating that the binding of 8:2 FTUAL to proteins might be a primary fate in the biotransformation of 8:2 FTOH.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Fluorochemicals used in food packaging inhibit male sex hormone synthesis

Authors: Rosenmai, AK; Nielsen, FK; Pedersen, M; Hadrup, N; Trier, X; Christensen, JH; Vinggaard, AM (2013) Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology 266:132-142. HERO ID: 2919164

[Less] Polyfluoroalkyl phosphate surfactants (PAPS) are widely used in food contact materials (FCMs) of paper . . . [More] Polyfluoroalkyl phosphate surfactants (PAPS) are widely used in food contact materials (FCMs) of paper and board and have recently been detected in 57% of investigated materials. Human exposure occurs as PAPS have been measured in blood; however knowledge is lacking on the toxicology of PAPS. The aim of this study was to elucidate the effects of six fluorochemicals on sex hormone synthesis and androgen receptor (AR) activation in vitro. Four PAPS and two metabolites, perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) and 8:2 fluorotelomer alcohol (8:2 FTOH) were tested. Hormone profiles, including eight steroid hormones, generally showed that 8:2 diPAPS, 8:2 monoPAPS and 8:2 FTOH led to decreases in androgens (testosterone, dehydroepiandrosterone, and androstenedione) in the H295R steroidogenesis assay. Decreases were observed for progesterone and 17-OH-progesterone as well. These observations indicated that a step prior to progestagen and androgen synthesis had been affected. Gene expression analysis of StAR, Bzrp, CYP11A, CYP17, CYP21 and CYP19 mRNA showed a decrease in Bzrp mRNA levels for 8:2 monoPAPS and 8:2 FTOH indicating interference with cholesterol transport to the inner mitochondria. Cortisol, estrone and 17β-estradiol levels were in several cases increased with exposure. In accordance with these data CYP19 gene expression increased with 8:2 diPAPS, 8:2 monoPAPS and 8:2 FTOH exposures indicating that this is a contributing factor to the decreased androgen and the increased estrogen levels. Overall, these results demonstrate that fluorochemicals present in food packaging materials and their metabolites can affect steroidogenesis through decreased Bzrp and increased CYP19 gene expression leading to lower androgen and higher estrogen levels.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Effects of per- and polyfluorinated compounds on adult rat testicular cells following in vitro exposure

Authors: Lindeman, B; Maass, C; Duale, N; Gützkow, KB; Brunborg, G; Andreassen, A (2012) Reproductive Toxicology 33:531-537. HERO ID: 1289828

[Less] Testicular toxicity is observed following exposure of rats to per- and polyfluorinated compounds (PFCs). . . . [More] Testicular toxicity is observed following exposure of rats to per- and polyfluorinated compounds (PFCs). Such compounds were also shown to induce oxidative stress and changes in ABC efflux transporters e.g. P-gp, implying two mechanisms which may contribute to testicular toxicity. We studied the toxicity of four PFCs (PFOA, PFNA, 8:2 FTOH and 6:2 FTOH) on primary rat testicular cells. DNA damage was studied by the comet assay including Fpg enzyme treatment to detect oxidative lesions. The levels of the ABC efflux transporters Bcrp1, Oat2 and P-gp were studied by real-time RT-PCR or flow cytometry. A PFNA associated increase in DNA SSBs was attributed to a subpopulation of moderately damaged cells possibly associated with cytotoxicity. No significant increase in oxidative DNA damage was measured for any of the PFCs. Expression levels of ABC efflux transporters suggest that PFCs may increase expression levels of the P-gp protein and the Oat2 gene.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Effects of fluorotelomer alcohol 8:2 FTOH on steroidogenesis in H295R cells: targeting the cAMP signalling cascade

Authors: Liu, C; Zhang, X; Chang, H; Jones, P; Wiseman, S; Naile, J; Hecker, M; Giesy, JP; Zhou, B (2010) Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology 247:222-228. HERO ID: 1403123

[Less] Previous studies have demonstrated that perfluorinated chemicals (PFCs) can affect reproduction by disruption . . . [More] Previous studies have demonstrated that perfluorinated chemicals (PFCs) can affect reproduction by disruption of steroidogenesis in experimental animals. However, the underlying mechanism(s) of this disruption remain unknown. Here we investigated the effects and mechanisms of action of 1H, 1H, 2H, 2H-perfluoro-decan-1-ol (8:2 FTOH) on steroidogenesis using a human adrenocortical carcinoma cell line (H295R) as a model. H295R cells were exposed to 0, 7.4, 22.2 or 66.6 microM 8:2 FTOH for 24h and productions of progesterone, 17alpha-OH-progesterone, androstenedione, testosterone, deoxycorticosterone, corticosterone and cortisol were quantified by HPLC-MS/MS. With the exception of progesterone, 8:2 FTOH treatment significantly decreased production of all hormones in the high dose group. Exposure to 8:2 FTOH significantly down-regulated cAMP-dependent mRNA expression and protein abundance of several key steroidogenic enzymes, including StAR, CYP11A, CYP11B1, CYP11B2, CYP17 and CYP21. Furthermore, a dose-dependent decrease of cellular cAMP levels was observed in H295R cells exposed to 8:2 FTOH. The observed responses are consistent with reduced cellular cAMP levels. Exposure to 8:2 FTOH resulted in significantly less basal (+GTP) and isoproterenol-stimulated adenylate cyclase activities, but affected neither total cellular ATP level nor basal (-GTP) or NaF-stimulated adenylate cyclase activities, suggesting that inhibition of steroidogenesis may be due to an alteration in membrane properties. Metabolites of 8:2 FTOH were not detected by HPLC-MS/MS, suggesting that 8:2 FTOH was not metabolized by H295R cells. Overall, the results show that 8:2 FTOH may inhibit steroidogenesis by disrupting the cAMP signalling cascade.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Combined effects of polyfluorinated and perfluorinated compounds on primary cultured hepatocytes from rare minnow (Gobiocypris rarus) using toxicogenomic analysis

Authors: Wei, YH; Shi, XJ; Zhang, HX; Wang, JS; Zhou, BS; Dai, JY (2009) Aquatic Toxicology 95:27-36. HERO ID: 1274180

[Less] Polyfluorinated and perfluorinated compounds (PFCs) are used in numerous commercial products and have . . . [More] Polyfluorinated and perfluorinated compounds (PFCs) are used in numerous commercial products and have been ubiquitously detected in the environment as well as in the blood of humans and wildlife. To assess the combined effects caused by PFCs in mixtures, gene expression profiles were generated using a custom cDNA microarray to detect changes in primary cultured hepatocytes of rare minnows exposed to six individual PFCs (perfluorooctanoic acid, perfluorononanoic acid, perfluorodecanoic acid, perfluorododecanoic acid, perfluorooctane sulfonate, and 8:2 fluorotelomer alcohol) and four formulations of the PFCs mixtures. Mixtures as well as individual compounds consistently regulated a particular gene set, which suggests that these conserved genes may play a central role in the toxicity mediated by PFCs. Specifically, a number of genes regulated by the mixtures were identified in this study, which were not affected by exposure to any single component. These genes are implicated in multiple biological functions and processes, including fatty acid metabolism and transport, xenobiotic metabolism, immune responses, and oxidative stress. More than 80% of the altered genes in the PFOA- and PFOS-dominant mixture groups were of the same gene set, while the gene expression profiles from single PFOA and PFOS exposures were not as similar. This work contributes to the development of toxicogenomic approaches in combined toxicity assessment and allows for comprehensive insights into the combined action of PFCs mixtures in multiple environmental matrices.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Fluorotelomer alcohols induce hepatic vitellogenin through activation of the estrogen receptor in male medaka (Oryzias latipes)

Authors: Ishibashi, H; Yamauchi, R; Matsuoka, M; Kim, JW; Hirano, M; Yamaguchi, A; Tominaga, N; Arizono, K (2008) Chemosphere 71:1853-1859. HERO ID: 1276132

[Less] Here we report on the in vivo estrogenic effects of two fluorotelomer alcohols, such as 1H,1H,2H,2H-perfluorooctan-1-ol . . . [More] Here we report on the in vivo estrogenic effects of two fluorotelomer alcohols, such as 1H,1H,2H,2H-perfluorooctan-1-ol (6:2 FTOH) and 1H,1H,2H,2H-perfluorodecan-1-ol (8:2 FTOH), in male medaka (Oryzias latipes). An in vitro yeast two-hybrid assay indicated a significant, dose-dependent interaction between medaka estrogen receptor alpha (ERalpha) and coactivator TIF2 upon treatment with 6:2 FTOH, 8:2 FTOH or 2,2,3,3,4,4,5,5,6,6,7,7,8,8,9,9,10,10,10-nonadecafluoro-1-decanol (NFDH). The relative ranks of tested chemicals on the estrogenic effects for medaka ERalpha descended in the order of estradiol-17beta (100)>6:2 FTOH (0.16)>NFDH (0.016)>8:2 FTOH (0.0044). In contrast, no interaction with the ERalpha was observed upon treatment with perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS), perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA), perfluorononanoic acid (PFNA), perfluorododecanoic acid (PFDA) or perfluoroundecanoic acid (PFUnDA). Expression analysis of hepatic vitellogenin (VTG) protein showed estrogenic potentials with, 6:2 FTOH and 8:2 FTOH, indicative of the induction of VTG synthesis in the livers of male medaka. We also investigated mRNA expression levels of two ER subtypes (ERalpha and beta) and two VTGs (VTG I and VTG II) in the livers of male medaka following exposure to FTOHs. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction analyses revealed that hepatic ERalpha, VTG I, and VTG II mRNA responded rapidly to FTOHs such as 6:2 FTOH and 8:2 FTOH after 8-h exposure, whereas no effects of these compounds on ERbeta mRNA transcription were observed. These results from both in vitro and in vivo assays strongly suggest that certain FTOHs, such as 6:2 FTOH and 8:2 FTOH, induce hepatic VTG through activation of ERalpha in male medaka.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Estrogenic effects of fluorotelomer alcohols for human estrogen receptor isoforms alpha and beta in vitro

Authors: Ishibashi, H; Ishida, H; Matsuoka, M; Tominaga, N; Arizono, K (2007) Biological and Pharmaceutical Bulletin 30:1358-1359. HERO ID: 3857365

[Less] The present study demonstrates the estrogenic effects of fluorotelomer alcohols (FTOHs). In a yeast . . . [More] The present study demonstrates the estrogenic effects of fluorotelomer alcohols (FTOHs). In a yeast two-hybrid assay, treatment with 1H,1H,2H,2H-perfluorooctan-1-ol (6:2 FTOH), 1H,1H,2H,2H-perfluoro-decan-1-ol (8:2 FTOH) and 2,2,3,3,4,4,5,5,6,6,7,7,8,8,9,9,10,10,10-nonadecafluoro-1-decanol (NFDH) showed a dose-dependent interaction between the human estrogen receptor (hER) isoforms hERalpha or hERbeta ligand-binding domain and coactivator TIF2, whereas there were no estrogenic effects of perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) and perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) for these hERs. The estrogenic effects of FTOHs on hERalpha were higher than those on hERbeta, indicating a differential responsiveness of hERs to FTOHs. The relative ranks of tested chemicals on the estrogenic effects for hERalpha and hERbeta descended in the order of estradiol-17beta>6:2 FTOH>NFDH>8:2 FTOH. These results suggest that certain FTOHs including 6:2 FTOH, 8:2 FTOH and NFDH interact with hER isoforms alpha and beta in vitro. Further studies are necessary to investigate contamination levels, potential biological effects and the risks of these compounds on human health.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Estrogen-like properties of fluorotelomer alcohols as revealed by mcf-7 breast cancer cell proliferation

Authors: Maras, M; Vanparys, C; Muylle, F; Robbens, J; Berger, U; Barber, JL; Blust, R; De Coen, W (2006) Environmental Health Perspectives 114:100-105. HERO ID: 2952988

[Less] We investigated estrogen-like properties of five perfluorinated compounds using a combination of three . . . [More] We investigated estrogen-like properties of five perfluorinated compounds using a combination of three in vitro assays. By means of an E-screen assay, we detected the proliferation-promoting capacity of the fluorotelomer alcohols 1H,1H,2H,2H-perfluorooctan-1-ol (6:2 FTOH) and 1H,1H,2H,2H-perfluoro-decan-1-ol (8:2 FTOH). The more widely environmentally distributed compounds perfluoro-1-octane sulfonate, perfluorooctanoic acid, and perfluorononanoic acid did not seem to possess this hormone-dependent proliferation capacity. We investigated cell cycle dynamics using flow cytometric analyses of the DNA content of the nuclei of MCF-7 breast cancer cells. Exposure to both fluorotelomer alcohols stimulated resting MCF-7 cells to reenter the synthesis phase (S-phase) of the cell cycle. After only 24 hr of treatment, we observed significant increases in the percentage of cells in the S-phase. In order to further investigate the resemblance of the newly detected xenoestrogens to the reference compound 17beta-estradiol (E2), gene expression of a number of estrogen-responsive genes was analyzed by real-time polymerase chain reaction. With E2, as well as 4-nonylphenol and the fluorotelomer alcohols, we observed up-regulation of trefoil factor 1, progesterone receptor, and PDZK1 and down-regulation of ERBB2 gene expression. We observed small but relevant up-regulation of the estrogen receptor as a consequence of exposures to 6:2 FTOH or 8:2 FTOH. The latter finding suggests an alternative mode of action of the fluorotelomer alcohols compared with that of E2. This study clearly underlines the need for future in vivo testing for specific endocrine-related end points.