Health & Environmental Research Online (HERO)


PFHxA (307-24-4)


6 References Were Found:

Technical Report
Technical Report

Safety data sheet. Version 5.2. Undecafluorohexanoic acid. Product number 29226. CAS-No 307-24-4

Author: Sigma-Aldrich (2017) [Fact Sheet] HERO ID: 3980883


Archival Material
Archival Material

ChemSpider: Perfluorohexanoic acid (CAS Number 307-24-4)

Author: RSC (2015) Available online at http://www.chemspider.com/Chemical-Structure.60864.html. (Aug 6, 2017). [Website] HERO ID: 3980884


Technical Report
Technical Report

Estimation Programs Interface Suite™ for Microsoft® Windows, v 4.11: Perfluorohexanoic acid (PFHxA) (CASRN 307-24-4)

Author: U.S. EPA (2012) Washington, DC: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. [Fact Sheet] HERO ID: 3980882


The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Development of a fluorescence model for the binding of medium- to long-chain perfluoroalkyl acids to human serum albumin through a mechanistic evaluation of spectroscopic evidence

Authors: Hebert, PC; Macmanus-Spencer, LA (2010) Analytical Chemistry 82:6463-6471. HERO ID: 3856523

[Less] A novel model for measuring the strength of perfluoroalkyl acid (PFAA) binding to human serum albumin . . . [More] A novel model for measuring the strength of perfluoroalkyl acid (PFAA) binding to human serum albumin (HSA) by use of the protein's native fluorescence is described. The model is derived from published properties of HSA and its interactions with other surfactants; it is consistent with these properties and experimental observations. The model's validity has been tested with both medium- to long-chain PFAAs (perfluoroheptanoate, perfluorooctanoate, perfluorononanoate, perfluorodecanoate, perfluoroundecanoate, perfluorohexanesulfonate, and perfluorooctanesulfonate) and short-chain PFAAs (perfluorohexanoate and perfluorobutanesulfonate). These experiments confirm the model as a valid description for the binding of medium- to long-chain PFAAs to HSA. Results indicate at least 2-3 PFAAs bind to each protein with affinity on the order of 10(4) M(-1). These binding strengths exhibit a dependence on protein concentration. Measured PFAA binding constants are approximately 10% of those values reported for fatty acids of similar chain length; correcting for protein concentration suggests the binding strengths may be as low as 2-3% of the corresponding fatty acids' affinities. Like fatty acids, the carboxylate PFAAs exhibit a trend of generally increasing binding strength with increased chain length. The model does not appear valid for the binding of short-chain PFAAs to HSA. Hill binding coefficients, fluorescence intensity measurements, and wavelengths of maximum emission suggest short-chain PFAAs associate with HSA differently and fail to promote the same conformational changes in the protein's tertiary structure as the medium- to long-chain PFAAs.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Levels of perfluorinated chemicals in municipal drinking water from Catalonia, Spain: public health implications

Authors: Ericson, I; Domingo, JL; Nadal, M; Bigas, E; Llebaria, X; van Bavel, B; Lindström, G (2009) Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 57:631-638. HERO ID: 3857454

[Less] In this study, the concentrations of 13 perfluorinated compounds (PFCs) (PFBuS, PFHxS, PFOS, THPFOS, . . . [More] In this study, the concentrations of 13 perfluorinated compounds (PFCs) (PFBuS, PFHxS, PFOS, THPFOS, PFHxA, PFHpA, PFOA, PFNA, PFDA, PFUnDA, PFDoDA, PFTDA, and PFOSA) were analyzed in municipal drinking water samples collected at 40 different locations from 5 different zones of Catalonia, Spain. Detection limits ranged between 0.02 (PFHxS) and 0.85 ng/L (PFOA). The most frequent compounds were PFOS and PFHxS, which were detected in 35 and 31 samples, with maximum concentrations of 58.1 and 5.30 ng/L, respectively. PFBuS, PFHxA, and PFOA were also frequently detected (29, 27, and 26 samples, respectively), with maximum levels of 69.4, 8.55, and 57.4 ng/L. In contrast, PFDoDA and PFTDA could not be detected in any sample. The most contaminated water samples were found in the Barcelona Province, whereas none of the analyzed PFCs could be detected in two samples (Banyoles and Lleida), and only one PFC could be detected in four of the samples. Assuming a human water consumption of 2 L/day, the maximum daily intake of PFOS and PFOA from municipal drinking water would be, for a subject of 70 kg of body weight, 1.7 and 1.6 ng/kg/day. This is clearly lower than the respective Tolerable Daily Intake set by the European Food Safety Authority. In all samples, PFOS and PFOA also showed lower levels than the short-term provisional health advisory limit for drinking water (200 ng PFOS/L and 400 ng PFOA/L) set by the US Environmental Protection Agency. Although PFOS and PFOA concentrations found in drinking water in Catalonia are not expected to pose human health risks, safety limits for exposure to the remaining PFCs are clearly necessary, as health-based drinking water concentration protective for lifetime exposure is set to 40 ng/L for PFOA.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

The pKa values of PFOA and other highly fluorinated carboxylic acids

Author: Goss, KU (2008) Environmental Science and Technology 42:456-458. HERO ID: 3980872

[Less] The dissociated and nondissociated species of any organic acid differ largely in their physicochemical . . . [More] The dissociated and nondissociated species of any organic acid differ largely in their physicochemical behavior. The ratio of both species in aqueous systems is determined by the respective pKa value. For perfluorooctanoic acid recent fate-modeling studies have applied a pKa value of 2.8. This value likely is too high by 3 log units. Here, the correct value is estimated to be close to -0.5 based on analogy considerations and molecular modeling. Calculated pKa values for other highly fluorinated carboxylic acids are also presented.