Health & Environmental Research Online (HERO)


PFHxS (355-46-4)


951 References Were Found:

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Perfluoroalkyl substances and anthropomorphic measures in children (ages 3-11 years), NHANES 2013-2014

Authors: Scinicariello, F; Buser, MC; Abadin, HG; Attanasio, R (2020) HERO ID: 6391244

[Less] BACKGROUND: Perfluoroalkyl acids (PFAAs) are man-made compounds that are persistent . . . [More] BACKGROUND: Perfluoroalkyl acids (PFAAs) are man-made compounds that are persistent in the environment and highly bioaccumulative in the body. Humans are exposed to a mixture of these substances, and the effects of these mixtures may be different than the effects noted for individual compounds. Prenatal exposure to PFAAs has been associated with decreased birth weight. The objective of the present study is to evaluate concurrent serum PFAA levels, as single compounds and as mixtures, in relation to anthropomorphic measures in children.

METHODS: Using multivariate linear regression, we evaluated the association between single or PFAA mixtures and with height-for-age (HAZ), weight-for-age (WAZ), and BMI (BMIZ) z-scores in children (ages 3-11 years) participants of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2013-2014. Analyses were also stratified by sex. The PFAA mixture was based on relative potency factors express in terms of PFOA equivalency (CmixRPFi) or as molar sum of the PFAA congeners (∑molPFAA).

RESULTS: There was a statistically significant association of PFHxS and PFOS with decreased HAZ in boys. The significantly decreased HAZ in boys was also found when the PFAAs were analyzed as mixtures: CmixRPFi (β = -0.33; 95%CI: 0.63, -0.04) or ΣmolPFAAs (β = -0.30; 95%CI: 0.56, -0.04). In boys, PFHxS was also associated with decreased WAZ and BMIZ. The only statistically significant association found in girls was between decreased HAZ and PFHxS.

CONCLUSIONS: We found sex differences in the association between concurrent serum PFAA levels and anthropomorphic measures in children 3-11 years old. PFAA levels, as single congeners or as mixture concentrations were associated with decreased height-for-age z-score in boys.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Removal of eight perfluoroalkyl acids from aqueous solutions by aeration and duckweed

Authors: Zhang, W; Liang, Y (2020) Science of the Total Environment 724:138357. HERO ID: 6356904

[Less] Poly- and perfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) are surfactants. Leveraging their surface active feature, . . . [More] Poly- and perfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) are surfactants. Leveraging their surface active feature, this work investigated using aeration to remove perfluoroalkyl acids (PFAAs) from aqueous solutions. Eight PFAAs were spiked to either deionized water or Hoagland solution at three pHs. After 7 h of aeration, removals of perfluorobutanoic acid (PFBA), perfluoropentanoic acid (PFPeA), perfluorobutanesulfonic acid (PFBS), and perfluorohexanoic acid (PFHxA) were marginal and much lower than those of and perfluoroheptanoic acid (PFHpA), perfluorohexanesulfonic acid (PFHxS), perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA), perfluorooctanesulfonic acid (PFOS). In deionized water, close to 80% of PFOA and PFOS at 200 ppb were removed when the pH was 2.3. The Hoagland solution at pH 2.3 and 5.0 benefited removal of long-chain PFAS at 2 ppb, but not at 200 ppb. With duckweed growing on the Hoagland solution surface, >95% of PFHpA, PFHxS, PFOA, and PFOS at 200 ppb were removed after 2 weeks. Aeration enhanced duckweed uptake of PFHxS, PFOA, and PFOS at 2 ppb significantly. Specific to PFOS, duckweed accumulated 14.4% of this compound initially spiked at 2 ppb in 2 weeks. These results demonstrated that aeration plus duckweed could be a viable and scalable remediation solution for surface water contaminated by PFAS.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Evaluation of residues in hen eggs after exposure of laying hens to water containing per- and poly-fluoroalkyl substances

Authors: Wilson, TB; Stevenson, G; Crough, R; de Araujo, J; Fernando, N; Anwar, A; Scott, T; Quinteros, JA; Scott, PC; Archer, MJG (2020) HERO ID: 6356902

[Less] Per- and poly-fluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) have been used in aqueous film-forming foams (AFFF) used . . . [More] Per- and poly-fluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) have been used in aqueous film-forming foams (AFFF) used in firefighting, resulting in soil and groundwater contamination and leading to human exposure via animal products grown in contaminated areas. This study reports the relationship between PFAS intake by hens and the PFAS concentrations in the edible parts of eggs. Laying hens were exposed via drinking water to different concentrations of four PFAS compounds (Perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS), Perfluorohexane sulfonate (PFHxS), Perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) and Perfluorohexanoic acid (PFHxA)) over 61 days. Egg PFAS residues were assessed for a further 30 days after exposure ceased. The target concentrations of PFAS were 0, 0.3, 3, 30 and 300 µg/L for the treatment groups T1-T5, respectively, and PFAS residues were determined from the eggs collected every second day. There was a linear correlation between the PFAS concentrations in the drinking water of hens and those detected in the egg, which could be useful in estimating PFAS concentrations in the egg by measuring water concentrations. Exposure of hens to drinking water with PFAS concentrations below the Australian Government Department of Health limits (PFOS/PFHxS, 0.07 µg/L; PFOA, 0.56 µg/L), and with no other sources of PFAS exposure, is unlikely to result in egg PFAS concentrations that would exceed the 10% limit set by Food Standards Australia New Zealand (FSANZ) for human consumption. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Examining NTA performance and potential using fortified and reference house dust as part of EPA's Non-Targeted Analysis Collaborative Trial (ENTACT)

Authors: Newton, , SR; Sobus, , JR; Ulrich, EM; Singh, RR; Chao, A; Mccord, J; Laughlin-Toth, S; Strynar, M (2020) Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry. HERO ID: 6391243

[Less] Non-targeted analysis (NTA) methods are being increasingly used to aid in the identification of unknown . . . [More] Non-targeted analysis (NTA) methods are being increasingly used to aid in the identification of unknown compounds in the environment, a problem that has challenged environmental chemists for decades. Despite its increased use, quality assurance practices for NTA have not been well established. Furthermore, capabilities and limitations of certain NTA methods have not been thoroughly evaluated. Standard reference material dust (SRM 2585) was used here to evaluate the ability of NTA to identify previously reported compounds, as well as a suite of 365 chemicals that were spiked at various stages of the analytical procedure. Analysis of the unaltered SRM 2585 extracts revealed that several previously reported compounds can be identified by NTA, and that correct identification was dependent on concentration. A manual inspection of unknown features in SRM 2585 revealed the presence of two chlorinated and fluorinated compounds in high abundance, likely precursors to perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) and perfluorohexane sulfonate (PFHxS). A retrospective analysis of data from the American Healthy Homes Survey revealed that these compounds were present in 42% of sampled homes. Spiking the dust at various stages of sample preparation revealed losses from extraction, cleanup, and instrumental analysis; the log Kow for individual compounds influenced the overall recovery levels but no pattern could be discerned from the various degrees of interference that the matrix had on the ionization efficiency of the spiked chemicals. Analysis of the matrix-free chemical mixture at low, medium, and high concentrations led to more correct identifications than analysis at one, very high concentration. Varying the spiked amount and identifying reported compounds at known concentrations allowed an estimation of the lower limits of identification (LOIs) for NTA, analogous to limits of detection in targeted analysis. The LOIs were much lower than levels in dust that would be likely to cause bioactivity in humans, indicating that NTA is useful for identifying and monitoring compounds that may be of toxicological concern. Graphical abstract.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

The short-chain perfluorinated compounds PFBS, PFHxS, PFBA and PFHxA, disrupt human mesenchymal stem cell self-renewal and adipogenic differentiation

Authors: Liu, S; Yang, R; Yin, N; Faiola, F (2020) Journal of Environmental Sciences 88:187-199. HERO ID: 6315705

[Less] Per- and polyfluorinated alkyl substances (PFASs) are commonly used in industrial processes and daily . . . [More] Per- and polyfluorinated alkyl substances (PFASs) are commonly used in industrial processes and daily life products. Because they are persistent, they accumulate in the environment, wildlife and humans. Although many studies have focused on two of the most representative PFASs, PFOS and PFOA, the potential toxicity of short-chain PFASs has not yet been given sufficient attention. We used a battery of assays to evaluate the toxicity of several four-carbon and six-carbon perfluorinated sulfonates and carboxyl acids (PFBS, PFHxS, PFBA and PFHxA), with a human mesenchymal stem cell (hMSC) system. Our results demonstrate significant cyto- and potential developmental toxicity for all the compounds analyzed, with shared but also distinct mechanisms of toxicity. Moreover, the effects of PFBS and PFHxS were stronger than those of PFBA and PFHxA, but occurred at higher doses compared to PFOS or PFOA.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Sorption behaviour of per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) in tropical soils

Authors: Oliver, DP; Li, Y; Orr, R; Nelson, P; Barnes, M; Mclaughlin, MJ; Kookana, RS (2020) Environmental Pollution 258:113726. HERO ID: 6315762

[Less] The sorption behaviour of three perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs), namely perfluorooctane sulfonic acid . . . [More] The sorption behaviour of three perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs), namely perfluorooctane sulfonic acid (PFOS), perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) and perfluorohexane sulfonic acid (PFHxS), was determined on 28 tropical soils. Tropical soils are often highly weathered, richer in sesquioxides than temperate soils and may contain variable charge minerals. There are little data on sorption of PFASs in tropical soils. The highest Kd values were found for PFOS with mean values ranging from 0 to 31.6 L/kg. The Kd values for PFOA and PFHxS ranged from 0 to 4.9 L/kg and from 0 to 5.6 L/kg, respectively. While these values are in the range of literature sorption data, the average Kd values for PFOS and PFOA from the literature were 3.7 times and 3.6 times higher, respectively, than those measured in this study. Stepwise regression analysis did explain some of the variance, but with different explanatory variables for the different PFASs. The main soil properties explaining sorption for PFOS and PFOA were oxalate-extractable Al and pH, and for PFHxS was pH.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Early prenatal exposure to suspected endocrine disruptor mixtures is associated with lower IQ at age seven

Authors: Tanner, EM; Hallerbäck, MU; Wikström, S; Lindh, C; Kiviranta, H; Gennings, C; Bornehag, CG (2020) Environment International 134:105185. HERO ID: 5933606


The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

The association between perfluoroalkyl substances and lipids in cord blood

Authors: Spratlen, MJ; Perera, FP; Lederman, SA; Robinson, M; Kannan, K; Herbstman, J; Trasande, L (2020) Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism 105. HERO ID: 5915332

[Less] INTRODUCTION: Perfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) were among various persistent organic . . . [More] INTRODUCTION: Perfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) were among various persistent organic pollutants suspected to have been released during the collapse of the World Trade Center (WTC) on 9/11. Evidence suggests PFAS may have cardiometabolic effects, including alterations in lipid profiles. This study evaluated the association between cord PFAS and lipids in a population prenatally exposed to the WTC disaster.

STUDY POPULATION: 222 pregnant women in the Columbia University WTC birth cohort enrolled between December 13, 2001 and June 26, 2002 at hospitals located near the WTC site: Beth Israel, St. Vincent's, and New York University Downtown.

METHODS: We evaluated the association between five cord blood PFAS (perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS), perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA), perfluorohexanesulfonic acid (PFHxS), perfluorononanoic acid (PFNA), perfluorodecane sulfonate (PFDS)) and cord blood lipids (total lipids, total cholesterol, triglycerides).

RESULTS: Median (interquartile range (IQR)) concentrations of PFAS were 6.32 (4.58-8.57), 2.46 (1.77, 3.24), 0.38 (0.25, 0.74), 0.66 (0.48, 0.95) and 0.11 (0.09, 0.16) ng/mL for PFOS, PFOA, PFNA, PFHxS and PFDS, respectively. Median (IQR) for lipids were 59.0 (51.5, 68.5) mg/dL for total cholesterol, 196.5 (170.5, 221.2) mg/dL for total lipids and 33.1 (24.2, 43.9) mg/dL for triglycerides. In fully adjusted models, several PFAS were associated with higher lipid levels, including evidence of a strong linear trend between triglycerides and both PFOA and PFHxS.

CONCLUSIONS: Findings support previous evidence of an association between PFAS exposure and altered lipid profiles and add novel information on this relationship in cord blood, as well as for an understudied PFAS, PFDS.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Temporal Trends (1981-2013) of per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances and total fluorine in Baltic cod (Gadus morhua)

Authors: Schultes, L; Sandblom, O; Broeg, K; Bignert, A; Benskin, JP (2020) Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 39:300-309. HERO ID: 5918084

[Less] Temporal trends from 1981 to 2013 of 28 per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) were investigated . . . [More] Temporal trends from 1981 to 2013 of 28 per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) were investigated in liver tissue of cod (Gadus morhua) sampled near southeast Gotland, in the Baltic Sea. A total of 10 PFASs were detected, with ∑28 PFAS geometric mean concentrations ranging from 6.03 to 23.9 ng/g ww. Perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) was the predominant PFAS and increased at a rate of 3.4% per year. Most long-chain perfluoroalkyl carboxylic acids increased at rates of 3.9-7.3% per year except for perfluorooctanoate (PFOA), which did not change significantly over time. The perfluoroalkyl acid precursors perfluorooctane sulfonamide (FOSA) and 6:2 fluorotelomer sulfonic acid were detected, of which the former (FOSA) declined at a rate of -4.4% per year, possibly reflecting its phase out starting in 2000. An alternate time trend analysis from 2000 to 2013 revealed slightly different trend rates; for most compounds increasing at slower rates compared to their trends measured over the entire period. An exception was perfluorohexane sulfonate (PFHxS), increasing at a faster rate of 3.7% measured from 2000 on compared to the 3.0% per year measured starting from 1981. Analysis of the total fluorine (TF) content of the samples disclosed large amounts of unidentified fluorine; however, its composition (organic or inorganic) remains unclear. Significant negative correlations between concentrations of individual PFASs (with the exception of PFOS) and liver somatic index. Additionally, body length was negatively correlated with PFOA and PFNA but positively correlated with perfluorododecanoate (PFDoDA) and FOSA. Additional studies on endocrine, immunological, and metabolic effects of PFAS in marine fish are essential to assess the environmental risk of these substances. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Exposure to Perfluoroalkyl Substances in a Cohort of Women Firefighters and Office Workers in San Francisco

Authors: Trowbridge, J; Gerona, RR; Lin, T; Rudel, RA; Bessonneau, V; Buren, H; Morello-Frosch, R (2020) Environmental Science and Technology 54:3363-3374. HERO ID: 6311630

[Less] Studies of firefighters have shown increased exposures to carcinogenic compounds and elevated rates . . . [More] Studies of firefighters have shown increased exposures to carcinogenic compounds and elevated rates of certain cancers compared to the general population, yet this research has focused almost exclusively on men. To address this gap, the Women Firefighters Biomonitoring Collaborative created a biological sample archive and analyzed levels of perfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) among women firefighters (N = 86) and office workers (N = 84) in San Francisco. Serum samples were collected and analyzed using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) to measure and compare PFAS levels between firefighters and office workers. 7 of 12 PFAS congeners were detected in the least 70% of the study population, and 4 congeners were detected in 100% of participants. In regression models comparing PFAS levels by occupation and adjusting for potential confounders, firefighters had higher geometric mean concentrations of PFAS compared to office workers PFHxS (2.22 (95% CI = 1.55, 3.18)), PFUnDA (1.83 (95% CI = 0.97, 3.45)), and PFNA (1.26 (95% CI = 1.01, 1.58)). Among firefighters, occupational position predicted exposure-firefighters and officers had higher PFNA, PFOA, PFDA, and PFUnDA levels compared to drivers. Women firefighters are exposed to higher levels of some PFAS compared to office workers, suggesting that some of these exposures may be occupationally related.