Health & Environmental Research Online (HERO)


PFBA (375-22-4)


552 References Were Found:

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Rotational spectroscopic and theoretical study of the perfluorobutyric acid center dot center dot center dot formic acid complex

Authors: Thomas, J; Carrillo, MJ; Serrato, A III; Lin, Wei; Jaeger, W; Xu, Y (2017) Journal of Molecular Spectroscopy 335:88-92. HERO ID: 3858433

[Less] Perfluorinated carboxylic acids are a special class of compounds with considerable industrial applications. . . . [More] Perfluorinated carboxylic acids are a special class of compounds with considerable industrial applications. In this study, we applied chirped pulse and cavity-based Fourier transform microwave spectroscopy to investigate the structural and possible tunneling properties of the perfluorobutyric acid center dot center dot center dot formic acid complex, together with high level ab initio calculations. Only one clearly dominant conformer, featuring an eight-membered double hydrogen-bonded ring, was predicted for the hetero acid dimer and detected experimentally. The rotational constants calculated at the B3LYP-D3BJ/6-311++G(2d, p) level are in excellent agreement with the experimental ones, better than those from MP2 calculations. No tunneling splittings were detected in the experimental spectra. Detailed analyses of the non-covalent intermolecular interactions in the hetero acid dimer provide an explanation for the absence of double proton transfer, and also identify the presence of F center dot center dot center dot F attractive interactions. (C) 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

PFCA uptake and translocation in dominant wheat species (Triticum aestivum L.)

Authors: Zhao, H; Guan, Y; Qu, B (2017) International Journal of Phytoremediation 20:0. HERO ID: 3858249

[Less] The comparative uptake of four perfluorinated carboxylic acids (PFCAs) by wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) . . . [More] The comparative uptake of four perfluorinated carboxylic acids (PFCAs) by wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) grown in nutrient solution was investigated. Wheat is the main food crop in northern China and may become a potential pathway of human exposure to these PFCAs. The uptake of four PFCAs from water at a fixed concentration (1 μg/mL) increased over time, approaching a steady state, and except for the short-chain perfluorobutanoic acid (PFBA), most of the total mass of each of the PFCAs taken up by wheat was found to be at the root. The root concentration factor (RCF) and shoot/root concentration factor (SRCF) were calculated, and with the increase in the carbon chain length, the RCFs increased but SRCFs decreased, which indicated that long-chain PFCAs had stronger root uptake and weaker translocation capacities than short-chain PFCAs. In addition, pH could obviously impact the uptake of four PFCAs in the roots and shoots of wheat, and the highest concentrations were found at pH = 7 when the pH increased from 4 to 10.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

The use of carbon adsorbents for the removal of perfluoroalkyl acids from potable reuse systems

Authors: Inyang, M; Dickenson, ERV (2017) Chemosphere 184:168-175. HERO ID: 3858250

[Less] Bench- and pilot-scale sorption tests were used to probe the performance of several biochars at removing . . . [More] Bench- and pilot-scale sorption tests were used to probe the performance of several biochars at removing perfluoroalkyl acids (PFAA) from field waters, compared to granular activated carbon (GAC). Screening tests using organic matter-free water resulted in hardwood (HWC) (Kd = 41 L g(-1)) and pinewood (PWC) (Kd = 49 L g(-1)) biochars having the highest perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) removal performance that was comparable to bituminous coal GAC (Kd = 41 L g(-1)). PWC and HWC had a stronger affinity for PFOA sorbed in Lake Mead surface water (KF = 11 mg((1-n)) L(n) g(-1)) containing a lower (2 mg L(-1)) dissolved organic carbon (DOC) concentration than in a tertiary-filtered wastewater (KF = 8 mg((1-n)) L(n) g(-1)) with DOC of 4.9 mg L(-1). A pilot-scale study was performed using three parallel adsorbers (GAC, anthracite, and HWC biochar) treating the same tertiary-filtered wastewater. Compared to HWC, and anthracite, GAC was the most effective in mitigating perfluoropentanoic acid (PFPnA), perfluorohexanoic acid (PHxA), PFOA, perfluorooctane sulfonic acid (PFOS), and DOC (45-67% removed at 4354 bed volumes) followed by HWC, and then anthracite. Based on bench- and pilot-scale results, shorter-chain PFAA [perfluorobutanoic acid (PFBA), PFPnA, or PFHxA] were more difficult to remove with both biochar and GAC than the longer-chain, PFOS and PFOA.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Perfluorinated alkyl substances (PFASs) in northern Spain municipal solid waste landfill leachates

Authors: Fuertes, I; Gómez-Lavín, S; Elizalde, MP; Urtiaga, A (2017) Chemosphere 168:399-407. HERO ID: 3856464

[Less] Landfill leachates have been recognized as significant secondary sources of poly- and perfluoroalkyl . . . [More] Landfill leachates have been recognized as significant secondary sources of poly- and perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs). This study presents data on the occurrence and concentration of 11 perfluoroalkyl carboxylates (PFCAs) and 5 perfluoroalkyl sulfonates (PFSAs) in leachates from 4 municipal solid waste landfill sites located across northern Spain. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of the presence of PFASs in Spanish landfill leachates. Two of the landfill sites applied on-site treatment using membrane bioreactors (MBR), and its effect on PFASs occurrence is also reported. Total PFASs (∑PFASs) in raw leachates reached 1378.9 ng/L, while in treated samples ∑PFASs was approximately two-fold (3162.3 ng/L). PFCAs accounted for the majority of the detected PFASs and perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) was the dominant compound in raw leachates (42.6%), followed by shorter chain PFHxA (30.1%), PFPeA and PFBA. The age of the sites might explain the PFASs pattern found in raw leachates as all of them were stabilized leachates. However, PFASs profile was different in treated samples where the most abundant compound was PFHxA (26.5%), followed by linear perfluorobutane sulfonate (L-PFBS) (18.7%) and PFOA (17.7%). The overall increase of the PFASs content as well as the change in the PFASs profile after the MBR treatment, could be explained by the possible degradation of PFASs precursors such as fluorotelomer alcohols or fluorotelomer sulfonates. Using the volume of leachates generated in the landfill sites, that served 1.8 million people, the discharge of 16 ∑PFASs contained in the landfill leachates was estimated as 1209 g/year.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Emerging investigator series: a 14-year depositional ice record of perfluoroalkyl substances in the High Arctic

Authors: Macinnis, JJ; French, K; Muir, DC; Spencer, C; Criscitiello, A; De Silva, AO; Young, CJ (2017) Environmental Science: Processes & Impacts 19:22-30. HERO ID: 3604215

[Less] To improve understanding of long-range transport of perfluoroalkyl substances to the High Arctic, samples . . . [More] To improve understanding of long-range transport of perfluoroalkyl substances to the High Arctic, samples were collected from a snow pit on the Devon Ice Cap in spring 2008. Snow was analyzed for perfluoroalkyl acids (PFAAs), including perfluoroalkyl carboxylic acids (PFCAs) and perfluoroalkyl sulfonic acids (PFSAs), as well as perfluorooctane sulfonamide (FOSA). PFAAs were detected in all samples dated from 1993 to 2007. PFAA fluxes ranged from <1 to hundreds of ng per m(2) per year. Flux ratios of even-odd PFCA homologues were mostly between 0.5 and 2, corresponding to molar ratios expected from atmospheric oxidation of fluorotelomer compounds. Concentrations of perfluorobutanoic acid (PFBA) were much higher than other PFCAs, suggesting PFBA loading on the Devon Ice Cap is influenced by additional sources, such as the oxidation of heat transfer fluids. All PFCA fluxes increased with time, while PFSA fluxes generally decreased with time. No correlations were observed between PFAAs and the marine aerosol tracer, sodium. Perfluoro-4-ethylcyclohexanesulfonate (PFECHS) was detected for the first time in an atmospherically - derived sample, and its presence may be attributed to aircraft hydraulic system leakage. Observations of PFAAs from these samples provide further evidence that atmospheric oxidation of volatile precursors is an important source of PFAAs to the Arctic environment.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Screening for Polar Chemicals in Water by Trifunctional Mixed-Mode Liquid Chromatography-High Resolution Mass Spectrometry

Authors: Montes, R; Aguirre, J; Vidal, X; Rodil, R; Cela, R; Quintana, JB (2017) Environmental Science and Technology 51:6250-6259. HERO ID: 3858253

[Less] The presence of persistent and mobile organic contaminants (PMOC) in aquatic environments is a matter . . . [More] The presence of persistent and mobile organic contaminants (PMOC) in aquatic environments is a matter of high concern due to their capability of crossing through natural and anthropogenic barriers, even reaching drinking water. Most analytical methods rely on reversed-phase liquid chromatography (RPLC), which is quite limited for the detection of very polar chemicals. Thus, many of these PMOCs may have not been recognized as water pollutants yet, due to the lack of analytical methods capable to detect them. Mixed-mode LC (MMLC), providing the combination of RP and ion-exchange functionalities is explored in this work with a trifunctional column, combining RPLC, anion and cation exchange, which allows the simultaneous determination of analytes with extremely different properties. A nondiscriminant sample concentration step followed by a MMLC-high resolution mass spectrometry method was developed for a group of 37 very polar model chemicals with different acid/base functionalities. The overall method performance was satisfactory with a mean limit of detection of 50 ng/L, relative standard deviation lower than 20% and overall recoveries (including matrix effects) higher than 60% for 54% of model compounds. Then, the method was applied to 15 real water samples, by a suspect screening approach. For those detected PMOC with standard available, a preliminary estimation of concentrations was also performed. Thus, 22 compounds were unequivocally identified in a range of expected concentrations from 6 ng/L to 540 μg/L. Some of them are well-known PMOC, such as acesulfame, perfluorobutanoic acid or metformin, but other novel pollutants were also identified, as for example di-o-tolylguanidine or trifluoromethanesulfonic acid, which had not or were scarcely studied in water so far.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Highly efficient and stable Zr-doped nanocrystalline PbO2 electrode for mineralization of perfluorooctanoic acid in a sequential treatment system

Authors: Xu, Z; Yu, Y; Liu, H; Niu, J (2017) Science of the Total Environment 579:1600-1607. HERO ID: 3858263

[Less] Zr-doped nanocrystalline PbO2 (Zr-PbO2) film electrodes were prepared at different bath temperatures. . . . [More] Zr-doped nanocrystalline PbO2 (Zr-PbO2) film electrodes were prepared at different bath temperatures. The Zr-PbO2 electrode doped at 75°C (75-Zr-PbO2) featured high oxygen evolution overpotential, large effective area and good electrocatalytic performance. The oxygen evolution potential and the effective area of 75-Zr-PbO2 achieved 1.91V (vs. SCE) and 9.1cm(2), respectively. The removal efficiency and the defluorination ratio of PFOA reached 97.0% and 88.1% after 90min electrolysis. The primary mineralization products (i.e., F(-) and intermediates) and their change trends were determined. The 75-Zr-PbO2 electrode was introduced to sequentially treat the PFOA wastewater. In an 116h of 75-Zr-PbO2 electrocatalysis sequential process, the PFOA, PFHpA, PFHxA, PFPeA, PFBA, PFPrA, TFA, and TOC concentrations were reduced to below 30, 2.5, 1.3, 1.0, 0.5, 0.2, 0.1, and 9mgL(-1), respectively, demonstrating the promising application of the sequential treatment system for the treatment of PFOA wastewater.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Efficient photochemical decomposition of trifluoroacetic acid and its analogues with electrolyzed sulfuric acid

Authors: Hori, H; Manita, Ryo; Yamamoto, K; Kutsuna, S; Kato, M (2017) Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry 332:167-173. HERO ID: 3468926

[Less] Electrolyzed sulfuric acid is a new chemical reagent prepared by electrolysis of aqueous sulfuric acid. . . . [More] Electrolyzed sulfuric acid is a new chemical reagent prepared by electrolysis of aqueous sulfuric acid. In the present work, the concentrations of the oxidizing species (S2O82-, HSO5-, and H2O2) present in electrolyzed sulfuric acid were quantified, and photochemical decomposition of trifluoroacetic acid (CF3COOH, TFA), pentafluoropropionic acid (C2F5COOH, PFPA), and heptafluorobutyric acid (C3F7COOH, HFBA) in water with electrolyzed sulfuric acid was investigated. TFA was efficiently decomposed to F- and CO2 with electrolyzed sulfuric acid under irradiation with UV-visible light (220-460 nm), and the quantum yield for TFA decomposition under irradiation with 254-nm monochromatic light was measured to be 0.20. Among the oxidizing species present in the electrolyzed sulfuric acid, S2O82- played the dominant role in the photochemical reactions, and the combination of S2O82- and highly acidic conditions (pH similar to 1.0) resulting from the coexistence of H2SO4 was the main reason for the high reactivity. PFPA and HFBA were also efficiently decomposed with electrolyzed sulfuric acid. The pseudo-first-order rate constants for the decrease in the amounts of these substrates were 1.6-1.9 times as high as those for conventional decomposition reactions with the potassium salt of S2O82-. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

The perfluoroalkyl carboxylic acids (PFCAs) and perfluoroalkane sulfonates (PFSAs) contamination level in spices

Authors: Surma, M; Piskula, M; Wiczkowski, W; Zieliński, H (2017) European Food Research and Technology 243:297-307. HERO ID: 3856674

[Less] Spices have been used since ancient times. Although they have been employed mainly as flavoring and . . . [More] Spices have been used since ancient times. Although they have been employed mainly as flavoring and coloring agents, their role in food safety is of increasing concern. In this study, the usefulness of a modified QuEChERS method, based on the d-SPE, with micro-HPLC-MS/MS system for the determination of selected perfluoroalkyl carboxylic acids (PFCAs) and perfluoroalkane sulfonates (PFSAs) in spices was addressed. The commonly used spices in Spain and Slovakia were investigated. The studies showed the presence of perfluorooctanoic acid in 19 spices of Spanish and Slovak origin, and it ranged from 0.11 ng g(-1) for garlic to 0.67 ng g(-1) for peppermint. The perfluorobutanoic acid was quantified in 10 Slovak spices (from 1.13 ng g(-1) for allspice to 37.82 ng g(-)1 for star anise), whereas perfluorobutane sulfonate was identified only in 12 Spanish spices and it ranged from 0.24 ng g(-1) for cinnamon to 1.01 ng g(-1) for coriander. In contrast, perfluoroheptanoic acid was identified only in Slovak cardamom (1.94 ng g(-1)) and coriander (0.74 ng g(-1)). The average consumption of spices in Europe is approximately 0.5 g day(-1), while in Asia and northern Africa, it is many times higher. Average content of PFASs in this evaluation has a value 4.67 ng g(-1) giving 2.33 ng day(-1) per person. This study showed that daily used spices may contribute to the overall contamination of food by perfluoroalkyl substances.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Analysis of a broad range of perfluoroalkyl acids in accipiter feathers: method optimization and their occurrence in Nam Co Basin, Tibetan Plateau

Authors: Li, Y; Gao, K; Duo, B; Zhang, G; Cong, Z; Gao, Y; Fu, J; Zhang, A; Jiang, G (2017) Environmental Geochemistry and Health 40:1877-1886. HERO ID: 3856457

[Less] Perfluoroalkyl acids (PFAAs) are ubiquitous in the environment. They are prone to accumulate in organisms . . . [More] Perfluoroalkyl acids (PFAAs) are ubiquitous in the environment. They are prone to accumulate in organisms and have raised public attention in recent decades. Feather samples have been successfully applied as nondestructive indicators for several contaminants. However, a sophisticated analytical method for determining PFAAs in feathers is still lacking. In the present study, a series of conditions, such as the use of the solid-phase extraction cartridge type and extraction/digestion methods, were optimized for the analysis of 13 PFAAs in feathers. According to the spiked recoveries, a weak-anion exchange cartridge was chosen and the methanol was selected as the extraction solvent. In the present study, an optimized pretreatment procedure combined with high-performance liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization-tandem mass spectrometric (HPLC-ESI-MS/MS) method was established for the determination of PFAAs in feathers. The recoveries and method detection limits of the PFAAs ranged from 71 to 120% and 0.16 to 0.54 ng/g, respectively. Finally, 13 PFAAs in four accipiter feather samples from Nam Co Basin, Tibetan Plateau, were analyzed, indicating that PFOS was the predominant PFAA in accipiter feathers, with an average of 4.67 ng/g, followed by the short-chain PFAAs, PFBS and PFBA, with averages of 1.91 and 1.39 ng/g, respectively. These results partly indicated the current situation of PFAA pollution in the Nam Co Basin, especially the existence of short-chain PFAAs in this region.