Health & Environmental Research Online (HERO)


PFNA (375-95-1)


2,210 References Were Found:

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Single- versus double-integrated screws in intramedullary nailing systems for surgical management of extracapsular hip fractures in the elderly: a systematic review

Authors: XIX CONGRESSO NAZIONALE S.I.C.O.O.P. SOCIETA' ITALIANA CHIRURGHI ORTOPEDICI DELL'OSPEDALITA' PRIVATA ACCREDITATA; Cipollaro, L; Aicale, R; Maccauro, G; Maffulli, N (2019) HERO ID: 5185401

[Less] Approximately 50% of all hip fractures are extracapsular and typically treated with extramedullary or . . . [More] Approximately 50% of all hip fractures are extracapsular and typically treated with extramedullary or intramedullary fixation. Modern intramedullary nails used for internal fixation of extracapsular fractures are generally cephalomedullary nails secured by at least one cephalic screw. Different designs have been developed, varying in length, diameter, neck shaft angle, number of cephalic screws or blades, ability to slide and/or compress, ability to control rotation, construction materials and insertion-point. Articles published in all languages up to January 2019, are listed in PubMed and Scopus electronic databases about the association between the number of cephalic screws and the rate of complications and functional outcome. Twenty articles were included following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. Sliding hip screws (SHS) were the standard of care for hip fractures from the 1950s to the 1990s, but presently intramedullary nails are more commonly used. There has been a more than 20-fold relative increase in the utilization of intramedullary nails since 1999. With the emergence of value-based healthcare, there is a growing interest of how best to provide high-quality care in a clinical and cost-effective manner, acknowledging limited healthcare budgets. The present systematic review assessed the long-term outcomes of the most commonly used nails using double cephalic screws compared with single screw devices in patients with unstable intertrochanteric fractures. The development of new technologies may allow a lower incidence of complications, a reduction in operative time and a lower intraoperative blood loss.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

[Comparison of the effects of two cephalomedullary nails (zimmer natural nail and proximal femoral nail antirotation) in treatment of elderly intertrochan teric fractures]

Authors: Chen, J; Zuo, CH; Zhang, CY; Yang, M; Zhang, PX (2019) HERO ID: 5185413

[Less] OBJECTIVE: To explore the effect of cephalomedullary nails for elderly intertrochanteric . . . [More] OBJECTIVE: To explore the effect of cephalomedullary nails for elderly intertrochanteric fractures: proximal femoral nail antirotation (PFNA) versus zimmer natural nail (ZNN) to provide the data support for clinical perioperative management.

METHODS: A retrospective study was used to analyze the clinical data of elderly intertrochanteric fractures cases which were treated with PFNA or ZNN fixation from May 2016 to May 2017. In the study, 59 cases were followed up completely, in which 28 cases accepted PFNA, and the other 31 cases accepted ZNN. The operation time, amount of bleeding, fracture healing time, postoperative complication, postoperative radiographic measurement (tip apex distance, TAD) and the last follow-up of hip function score were analyzed.

RESULTS: The patients were followed up for 6 to 19 months, with an average (10.8±4.0) months. In PFNA group, the operation time was (62.7±14.2) min, the amount of bleeding was (56.8±20.6) mL, the fracture healing time was (4.6±0.8) months, the postoperative complication was 3.6%, the TAD was (17.7±5.5) mm, and the last follow-up hip function score was 91.8±3.6. In ZNN group, the operation time was (73.6±18.3) min, the amount of bleeding was (68.7±31.6) mL, the fracture healing time was (4.5±0.7) months, the postoperative complication was 3.2%, the TAD was (16.5±4.7) mm, and the last follow-up hip function score was 92.2±3.8. The two groups of comparative experiments were carried out, the operation time of the PFNA group was less than that of the ZNN group (P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the amount of bleeding, fracture healing time, postoperative complication, TAD, postoperative hip score between the two groups (P>0.05).

CONCLUSION: Although group ZNN had significant longer operation time than group PFNA, both implants were useful tools in the treatment of elderly intertrochanteric fractures. The operation of PFNA was simpler,while the design of the anterior bow of ZNN might be more suitable for the patients with a large femoral anterior bow.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) in the marine environment: Spatial distribution and temporal profile shifts in shellfish from French coasts

Authors: Catherine, M; Nadège, B; Charles, P; Yann, A (2019) HERO ID: 5185415

[Less] Perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) were investigated in filter-feeding shellfish collected from 2013 . . . [More] Perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) were investigated in filter-feeding shellfish collected from 2013 to 2017 along the English Channel, Atlantic and Mediterranean coasts of France. PFOS (perfluorooctane sulfonate), PFTrDA (perfluorotridecanoic acid), PFTeDA (perfluorotetradecanoic acid), PFDoDA (perfluorododecanoic acid) and PFUnDA (perfluoroundecanoic acid) were detected in more than 80% of samples, thus indicating widespread contamination of the French coastal environment by these chemicals. The distribution of PFAS concentrations showed differences according to sampling locations and years. PFOS was the predominant PFAS in most samples collected from English Channel and Atlantic coasts until 2014, but the opposite was observed in 2015, 2016 and 2017, while perfluoroalkyl carboxylic acids (PFCAs) prevailed in Mediterranean samples in all study years. Among PFCAs, PFTrDA showed the highest maximum (1.36 ng g-1 ww) and median (0.077 ng g-1 ww) concentrations in 2016-2017. Other PFAS median concentrations were within the 0.014 (PFNA) - 0.055 (PFTeDA) ng g-1 ww range. The profiles determined each year in most Mediterranean samples suggest distinctive sources. PFOS median concentrations showed a significant decrease over the study years, from 0.118 to 0.126 ng g-1 ww in 2013-2015 to 0.066 ng g-1 ww in 2016 and 2017. ∑PFCAs showed no trends in concentration ranges over the same years. The shift in PFAS profiles from PFOS to long-chain PFCAs over the study period reflects PFOS production phase-out, combined with continuous inputs of PFCAs into the marine environment. These results provide reference data for future studies of the occurrence of contaminants of emerging concern on European coasts.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Contaminants in bald eagles of the upper Midwestern U.S.: A framework for prioritizing future research based on in-vitro bioassays

Authors: Elliott, SM; Route, WT; Decicco, LA; Vandermeulen, DD; Corsi, , SR; Blackwell, BR (2019) Environmental Pollution 244:861-870. HERO ID: 5080644

[Less] Several organic contaminants (OCs) have been detected in bald eagle (Haliaeetus leucocephalus) nestling . . . [More] Several organic contaminants (OCs) have been detected in bald eagle (Haliaeetus leucocephalus) nestling (eaglet) plasma in the upper Midwestern United States. Despite frequent and relatively high concentrations of OCs in eaglets, little is understood about potential biological effects associated with exposure. We screened an existing database of OC concentrations in eaglet plasma collected from the Midwestern United States against bioactivity information from the ToxCast database. ToxCast bioactivity information consists of concentrations expected to elicit responses across a range of biological space (e.g. cellular, developmental, etc.) obtained from a series of high throughput assays. We calculated exposure-activity ratios (EAR) by calculating the ratio of plasma concentrations to concentrations available in ToxCast. Bioactivity data were not available for all detected OCs. Therefore, our analysis provides estimates of potential bioactivity for 19 of the detected OCs in eaglet plasma. Perfluorooctanesulfonic acid (PFOS) EAR values were consistently the highest among all study areas. Maximum EAR values were ≥1 for PFOS, perfluorononanoic acid, and bisphenol A in 99.7, 0.53 and 0.26% of samples, indicating that some plasma concentrations were greater than what may be expected to elicit biological responses. About 125 gene targets, indicative of specific biological pathways, were identified as potentially being affected. Inhibition of several CYP genes, involved in xenobiotic metabolism, were most consistently identified. Other identified biological responses have potential implications for motor coordination, cardiac functions, behavior, and blood circulation. However, it is unclear what these results mean for bald eagles, given that ToxCast data are generated using mammalian-based endpoints. Despite uncertainties and limitations, this method of screening environmental data can be useful for informing future monitoring or research focused on understanding the occurrence and effects of OCs in bald eagles and other similarly-positioned trophic species.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Medial sustainable nail versus proximal femoral nail antirotation in treating AO/OTA 31-A2.3 fractures: Finite element analysis and biomechanical evaluation

Authors: Li, J; Han, L; Zhang, H; Zhao, Z; Su, X; Zhou, J; Li, C; Yin, P; Hao, M; Wang, K; Xu, G; Zhang, L; Zhang, L; Tang, P (2019) HERO ID: 5185433

[Less] OBJECTIVES: Using finite element analysis and biomechanical tests, the biomechanical . . . [More] OBJECTIVES: Using finite element analysis and biomechanical tests, the biomechanical behaviors of Medial Sustainable Nail (MSN) and Proximal Femoral Nail Antirotation (PFNA) were compared for the fixation of fracture type of AO/OTA 31-A2.3.

METHODS: Finite element software Abaqus 6.14 was used to conduct axial loading of 2100 N and we analyzed the von Mises stress distribution and the model displacement of two implant models. Biomechanical tests were separately conducted in the axial stiffness test and axial cyclical loading test on a mechanical testing machine.

RESULTS: The results indicate that von Mises stress of MSN was lower than that of PFNA, and the model displacement in the MSN group was lower than that in the PFNA group. In the axial stiffness tests, MSN group was stiffer than PFNA construct. With respect to the axial load to ultimate failure, the PFNA construct exhibited higher loads exceeding 4000 N while the MSN construct withstood 3313.8 ± 92.8 N. Specifically, F10mm was 2178.6 ± 133.2 N of the MSN group and 1822.6 ± 93.1 N of the PFNA group (P = 0.001). Additionally, X2100N was 9.8 ± 0.5 mm of the MSN group and 11.7 ± 0.7 mm of the PFNA group (P = 0.002). The MSN group exhibited superior performances in terms of the mean value of the vertical displacement, frontal rotation angle, and lateral rotation angle.

CONCLUSIONS: The results indicated that the MSN construct might exhibit a better biomechanical performance when compared with that of the PFNA in reducing displacement and anti-varus in fracture type of AO/OTA 31-A2.3.

Journal Article
Journal Article

The Effect of Valgus Reduction on the Position of the Blade of the Proximal Femoral Nail Antirotation in Intertrochanteric Hip Fractures

Authors: Jung, EY; Oh, IT; Shim, SY; Yoon, BH; Sung, YB (2019) HERO ID: 5185435

[Less] Background: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the quantitative association . . . [More] Background: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the quantitative association between the degree of reduction and the position of the blade of the proximal femoral nail antirotation (PFNA) in intertrochanteric hip fractures.

Methods: From March 2009 to April 2015, 530 patients treated with PFNA for intertrochanteric hip fractures were retrospectively reviewed. Patients were divided into a valgus reduced group (group 1) and a non-valgus reduced group (group 2), and the "valgus reduced" was defined as valgus reduction over 5°. We compared the calcar referenced tip-apex distance (calTAD) and the area between the blade of PFNA and the medial cortex of the femoral neck between the two groups.

Results: The calTAD was measured as 22.5 ± 4.1 mm in group 1 and 24.8 ± 3.8 mm in group 2 (p < 0.05). The area between the blade and the medial femoral neck was measured as 135.5 ± 49.8 mm2 in group 1 and 145.1 ± 54.8 mm2 in group 2 (p = 0.074). The area corrected for the length difference in the femoral neck was 0.55 ± 0.16 in group 1 and 0.79 ± 0.19 in group 2 (p < 0.05).

Conclusions: Valgus reduction resulted in less calTAD and inferior position of the blade at the femoral neck in the treatment of intertrochanteric hip fractures with PFNA.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Maternal serum concentrations of perfluoroalkyl substances and birth size in British boys

Authors: Marks, KJ; Cutler, AJ; Jeddy, Z; Northstone, K; Kato, K; Hartman, TJ (2019) HERO ID: 5081319

[Less] Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) have been widely used in commercial and industrial manufacturing . . . [More] Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) have been widely used in commercial and industrial manufacturing processes since the 1950s. Inverse associations between prenatal exposure to PFAS and birth size have been found in populations around the globe. This study examined the association of prenatal maternal serum concentrations of perfluorooctane sulfonic acid (PFOS), perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA), perfluorohexane sulfonic acid (PFHxS), and perfluorononanoic acid (PFNA) and birth size in British boys. The study included 457 mother-son dyads participating in the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC). Birth weight (g), crown to heel length (cm), and head circumference (cm) were collected at delivery. PFAS were detected in all maternal serum samples during pregnancy (median: 30 weeks gestation (interquartile range: 12-33)). Median concentrations (interquartile range) were 13.8 ng/mL (11.0, 17.7), 3.0 ng/mL (2.3, 3.8), 1.9 ng/mL (1.4, 2.5), and 0.4 ng/mL (0.3, 0.5) for PFOS, PFOA, PFHxS, and PFNA, respectively. In multivariable linear regression models, inverse associations were detected between PFOS (continuous) and birth weight (β = -8.50 g, 95% CI = -15.93, -1.07 g), crown to heel length (β = -0.04 cm, 95% CI = -0.08, -0.01 cm), and head circumference (β = -0.02 cm, 95% CI = -0.04, -0.002 cm). In conclusion, prenatal exposure to high levels of PFOS may be associated with reduced birth size in male infants.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

[Application of warm liquid in proximal femoral nail antirotation(PFNA) internal fixation]

Authors: Gu, X; Lu, HT; Zhao, L; Chen, L; Chen, YM (2019) HERO ID: 5185422

[Less] OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect and application of warm fluid in patients with . . . [More] OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect and application of warm fluid in patients with proximal femoral nail antirotation(PFNA) internal fixation.

METHODS: From November 2012 to December 2016, 80 patients with femoral intertrochanteric fracture were treated with PFNA internal fixation, including 35 males and 45 females, aged from 62 to 90 years old. The patients were divided into two groups. In the control group 40 patients were infused and rinsed at the normal temperature liquid(22 to 24 °C) during the operation; in the experimental group 40 patients were infused and rinsed at warm liquid(36.5 to 37.5 °C). The amount of bleeding, the temperature, the occurrence of shiver and the C-reaction protein in the two groups were analyzed.

RESULTS: The incidence of hypothermia and shiver in the experimental group was significantly lower than that in the control group(P<0.05). The amount of intraoperative bleeding and C-reaction protein were significantly decreased(P<0.05).

CONCLUSIONS: The application of warm liquid infusion and flushing in PFNA internal fixation can effectively reduce the incidence of hypothermia and shiver, reduce the amount of bleeding in the operation and the infection rate of the surgical site, improve the comfort of the patients, and ensure the safety of the patients.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Efficacy and Safety of Tranexamic Acid for Controlling Bleeding During Surgical Treatment of Intertrochanteric Fragility Fracture with Proximal Femoral Nail Anti-rotation: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Authors: Luo, X; He, S; Lin, Z; Li, Z; Huang, C; Li, Q (2019) HERO ID: 5185420

[Less] Background: Intertrochanteric fragility fracture (IFF) treated with proximal femoral . . . [More] Background: Intertrochanteric fragility fracture (IFF) treated with proximal femoral nail anti-rotation (PFNA) is associated with significant hidden blood loss and high blood transfusion rate. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of tranexamic acid (TXA) in reducing blood loss in these patients.

Materials and Methods: Consecutive eligible patients were recruited and randomly assigned to a TXA group or a control group. The TXA group received 15 mg/kg body weight of TXA intravenously 15 min before incision and the same dose 3 h later. The control group received 100 mL of saline intravenously 15 min before incision. The efficacy outcomes included the total perioperative blood loss, postoperative transfusion rate, postoperative hemoglobin level, and length of the hospital stay. The safety outcomes were the incidence of thrombotic events and the mortality rate within 6 weeks after surgery.

Results: We had 44 patients in the TXA group and 46 patients in the control group for the final analysis. The TXA group had significantly lower total perioperative blood loss than the control group (384.5 ± 366.3 mL vs. 566.2 ± 361.5 mL; P < 0.020). Postoperative transfusion rate was 15.9% in the TXA group versus 36.9% in the control group (P = 0.024). Each group had one patient with postoperative deep venous thrombosis. In the control group, three patients had cerebral infarction, and one patient died within 6 weeks after the operation.

Conclusion: Intravenous TXA is effective in reducing total perioperative blood loss and transfusion rate in IFF treated with PFNA. No increased risk of thrombotic events was observed with the use of TXA; however, this study was underpowered for detecting this outcome. Further research is necessary before TXA can be recommended for high-risk patients.

Journal Article
Journal Article

Dynamic Analysis of Perioperative Hidden Blood Loss in Intertrochanteric Fractures

Authors: Tian, S; Li, H; Liu, M; Zhang, Y; Peng, A (2019) HERO ID: 5185436

[Less] To analyze the dynamic variation in perioperative hidden blood loss in patients with intertrochanteric . . . [More] To analyze the dynamic variation in perioperative hidden blood loss in patients with intertrochanteric fracture. From January to December 2017, 79 patients with intertrochanteric fracture were treated with proximal femoral nail antirotation. Serial complete blood count assays were performed consecutively in the 3 days after admission, on the day of surgery, and 7 days postoperatively. Blood loss during surgery, postoperative drainage, and perioperative blood transfusion volumes were recorded. Dynamic changes in hemoglobin (Hb) prior to surgery were recorded and compared between males and females. Patients were divided into the no blood transfusion group, the 400-mL blood transfusion group, and the 800-mL blood transfusion group depending on the volume of perioperative blood transfusion. Total and hidden blood loss were separately calculated according to the Gross equation. Lowest mean Hb values occurred on day 2 after admission among men (104.8 g/L) and on day 3 after admission among women (98.6 g/L). The average Hb decrease was 11.4 g/L, 11.8 g/L, and 8.9 g/L in the no, 400-mL, and 800-mL blood transfusion groups, respectively. The lowest Hb value occurred on postoperative day 2. Hemoglobin increased on postoperative day 3 and stabilized by day 6. In the no blood transfusion group, the average total blood loss was 406.0 ± 255.6 mL, 628.3 ± 267.2 mL, and 759.7 ± 322.1 mL in the no blood transfusion, 400-mL blood transfusion, and 800-mL blood transfusion groups, respectively, and hidden blood loss was 326.0 ± 246.6 mL, 512.1 ± 247.3 mL, and 596.1 ± 306.9 mL, respectively. Perioperative hidden blood loss occurred prior to surgery for intertrochanteric fracture and ended on postoperative day 2.