Health & Environmental Research Online (HERO)


PFNA (375-95-1)


1,111 References Were Found:

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Exploring sex differences in human health risk assessment for PFNA and PFDA using a PBPK model

Authors: Kim, SJ; Choi, EJ; Choi, GW; Lee, YB; Cho, HY (2019) Archives of Toxicology 93:311-330. HERO ID: 5063958

[Less] Perfluorononanoic acid (PFNA) and perfluorodecanoic acid (PFDA), which are classified as perfluoroalkyl . . . [More] Perfluorononanoic acid (PFNA) and perfluorodecanoic acid (PFDA), which are classified as perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs), have been widely used in industrial applications as a surface protectant. PFASs have been detected in wildlife and in humans around the globe. The purposes of this study are to develop and validate a physiologically based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) model for detecting PFNA and PFDA in male and female rats, and to apply the model to a human health risk assessment regarding the sex difference. A PBPK model of PFNA and PFDA was established based on an in vivo study in male and female rats. Analytes in biological samples (plasma, nine tissues, urine, and feces) were determined by ultra-liquid chromatography coupled tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS) method. PFNA and PFDA showed a gender differences in the elimination half-life and volume of distribution. The tissue-plasma partition coefficients were the highest in the liver in both male and female rats. The predicted rat plasma and urine concentrations simulated and fitted were in good agreement with the observed values. The PBPK models of PFNA and PFDA in male and female rats were then extrapolated to a human PBPK model based on human physiological parameters. The external doses were calculated at 3.35 ng/kg/day (male) and 17.0 ng/kg/day (female) for PFNA and 0.530 ng/kg/day (male) and 0.661 ng/kg/day (female) for PFDA. Human risk assessment was estimated using Korean biomonitoring values considering the gender differences. This study provides valuable insight into human health risk assessment regarding PFNA and PFDA exposure.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Synthesis of Mono- and Bis(fluoroalkyl)pyrimidines from FARs, Fluorinated Acetoacetates, and Malononitrile Provides Easy Access to Novel High-Value Pyrimidine Scaffolds

Authors: Schmitt, E; Commare, B; Panossian, A; Vors, JP; Pazenok, S; Leroux, FR (2018) Chemistry: A European Journal 24:1311-1316. HERO ID: 4238495

[Less] A new strategy was developed using fluorinated acetoacetates, malononitrile, and fluoroalkyl amino reagents . . . [More] A new strategy was developed using fluorinated acetoacetates, malononitrile, and fluoroalkyl amino reagents (FARs) to access unprecedented 4,6-bis(fluoroalkyl)pyrimidine-5-carboxylates, their carboxylic acid analogues, and 4-amino-6-(fluoroalkyl)pyrimidine-5-carbonitriles. An efficient cyclization step using suitable amidines was developed under microwave irradiation, providing the desired pyrimidines rapidly and efficiently. Standard saponification conditions were applied from carboxylate derivatives to access to the corresponding carboxylic acids. These new valuable building blocks, bearing either a single or two emergent fluorinated substituents, hold strong potential for medicinal and agrochemical research.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Applicability of the direct injection liquid chromatographic tandem mass spectrometric analytical approach to the sub-ngL-1determination of perfluoro-alkyl acids in waste, surface, ground and drinking water samples

Authors: Ciofi, L; Renai, L; Rossini, D; Ancillotti, C; Falai, A; Fibbi, D; Bruzzoniti, MC; Santana-Rodriguez, JJ; Orlandini, S; Del Bubba, M (2018) Talanta 176:412-421. HERO ID: 4238516

[Less] The applicability of a direct injection UHPLC-MS/MS method for the analysis of several perfluoroalkyl . . . [More] The applicability of a direct injection UHPLC-MS/MS method for the analysis of several perfluoroalkyl acids (PFAAs) in a wide range of water matrices was investigated. The method is based on the direct injection of 100µL of centrifuged water sample, without any other sample treatment. Very good method detection limits (0.014-0.44ngL-1) and excellent intra and inter-day precision (RSD% values in the range 1.8-4.4% and 2.7-5.7%, respectively) were achieved, with a total analysis time of 20min per sample. A high number of samples - i.e. 8 drinking waters (DW), 12 ground waters (GW), 13 surface waters (SW), 8 influents and 11 effluents of wastewater treatment plants (WWTPINand WWTPOUT) were processed and the extent of matrix effect (ME) was calculated, highlighting the strong prevalence of |ME| < 20%. The occurrence of |ME| > 50% was occasionally observed only for perfluorooctanesulphonic and perfluorodecanoic acids. Linear discriminant analysis highlighted the great contribution of the sample origin (i.e. DW, GW, SW, WWTPINand WWTPOUT) to the ME. Partial least square regression (PLS) and leave-one-out cross-validation were performed in order to interpret and predict the signal suppression or enhancement phenomena as a function of physicochemical parameters of water samples (i.e. conductivity, hardness and chemical oxygen demand) and background chromatographic area. The PLS approach resulted only in an approximate screening, due to the low prediction power of the PLS models. However, for most analytes in most samples, the fitted and cross-validated values were such as to correctly distinguish between | ME | higher than 20% or below this limit. PFAAs in the aforementioned water samples were quantified by means of the standard addition method, highlighting their occurrence mainly in WWTP influents and effluents, at concentrations as high as one hundred of µgL-1.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Highly efficient extraction and selective separation of uranium (VI) from transition metals using new class of undiluted ionic liquids based on H-phosphonate anions

Authors: Zarrougui, R; Mdimagh, R; Raouafi, N (2018) Journal of Hazardous Materials 342:464-476. HERO ID: 4238537

[Less] In this paper, we report the development of an environmental friendly process to decontaminate uranium-containing . . . [More] In this paper, we report the development of an environmental friendly process to decontaminate uranium-containing ores and nuclear wastes by using non-fluorinated ionic liquids (ILs). The main advantages of this extraction process are the absence of any organic diluent and extra extraction agents added to the organic phase. Moreover, the process is cost-effective and maybe applied as a sustainable hydrometallurgical method to recover uranium. The distribution ratio (DU) and the extraction efficiency (%E) of uranium(VI) (UO22+) were found to be dependent on the acidity of the aqueous phase, the extraction time, the alkyl chain length in the ILs, the concentration of the aqueous feed and molar quantity of ILs. The DUvalue is higher than 600 and the %E is equal to 98.6% when [HNO3]=7M. The extraction reactions follows a neutral partition or ionic exchange mechanism depending on nitric acid concentration. The nature of bonding in the extracted complexes was investigated by spectroscopic techniques. The potential use of Mor1-8-OP for the separation of UO22+from a mixture containing transition metal ions Mn+was also examined. The UO22+ions were separated and extracted efficiently. These ILs are promising candidates for the recovery and separation of uranium.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Fatal intoxication by 5F-ADB and diphenidine: Detection, quantification, and investigation of their main metabolic pathways in humans by LC/MS/MS and LC/Q-TOFMS

Authors: Kusano, M; Zaitsu, K; Taki, K; Hisatsune, K; Nakajima, J; Moriyasu, T; Asano, T; Hayashi, Y; Tsuchihashi, H; Ishii, A (2018) Drug Testing and Analysis 10:284-293. HERO ID: 4238723

[Less] Despite the implementation of a new blanket scheduling system in 2013, new psychoactive substance (NPS) . . . [More] Despite the implementation of a new blanket scheduling system in 2013, new psychoactive substance (NPS) abuse remains a serious social concern in Japan. We present a fatal intoxication case involving 5F-ADB (methyl 2-[1-(5-fluoropentyl)-1H-indazole-3-carboxamido]-3,3-dimethylbutanoate) and diphenidine. Postmortem blood screening by liquid chromatography/quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (LC/Q-TOFMS) in the information-dependent acquisition mode only detected diphenidine. Further urinary screening using an in-house database containing NPS and metabolites detected not only diphenidine but also possible 5F-ADB metabolites; subsequent targeted screening by LC/tandem mass spectrometry (LC/MS/MS) allowed for the detection of a very low level of unchanged 5F-ADB in postmortem heart blood. Quantification by standard addition resulted in the postmortem blood concentrations being 0.19 ± 0.04 ng/mL for 5F-ADB and 12 ± 2.6 ng/mL for diphenidine. Investigation of the urinary metabolites revealed pathways involving ester hydrolysis (M1) and oxidative defluorination (M2), and further oxidation to the carboxylic acid (M3) for 5F-ADB. Mono- and di-hydroxylated diphenidine metabolites were also found. The present case demonstrates the importance of urinary metabolite screening for drugs with low blood concentration. Synthetic cannabinoids (SCs) fluorinated at the terminal N-alkyl position are known to show higher cannabinoid receptor affinity relative to their non-fluorinated analogues; 5F-ADB is no exception with high CB1receptor activity and much greater potency than Δ9-THC and other earlier SCs, thus we suspect its acute toxicity to be high compared to other structurally related SC analogues. The low blood concentration of 5F-ADB may be attributed to enzymatic and/or non-enzymatic degradation, and further investigation into these possibilities is underway.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Preparation and Imaging Investigation of Dual-targeted C3F8-filled PLGA Nanobubbles as a Novel Ultrasound Contrast Agent for Breast Cancer

Authors: Du, J; Li, XY; Hu, H; Xu, L; Yang, SP; Li, FH (2018) HERO ID: 4241054

[Less] Molecularly-targeted contrast enhanced ultrasound (US) imaging is a promising imaging strategy with . . . [More] Molecularly-targeted contrast enhanced ultrasound (US) imaging is a promising imaging strategy with large potential for improving diagnostic accuracy of conventional US imaging in breast cancer detection. Therefore, we constructed a novel dual-targeted nanosized US contrast agent (UCA) directed at both vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2 (VEGFR2) and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) based on perfluoropropane (C3F8)-filled poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) (NBs) for breast cancer detection. In vitro, single- or dual-targeted PLGA NBs showed high target specificities and better effects of target enhancement in VEGFR2 or HER2-positive cells. In vivo, US imaging signal in the murine breast cancer model was significantly higher (P < 0.01) for dual-targeted NBs than single-targeted and non-targeted NBs. Small animal fluorescence imaging further confirmed the special affinity of the dual-targeted nanosized contrast agent to both VEGFR2 and HER2. Immunofluorescence and immunohistochemistry staining confirmed the expressions of VEGFR2 and HER2 on tumor neovasculature and tumor cells of breast cancer. In conclusions, the feasibility of using dual-targeted PLGA NBs to enhance ultrasonic images is demonstrated in vitro and in vivo. This may be a promising approach to target biomarkers of breast cancer for two site-specific US molecular imaging.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Activation of CH3CN with (C2F5)3PF2 and amines

Authors: Bader, J; Neumann, B; Stammler, HG; Ignatiev, N; Hoge, B (2018) HERO ID: 4241057

[Less] Acetonitrile is deprotonated by a combination of the strong Lewis acid (C2F5)3PF2 and triethylamine. . . . [More] Acetonitrile is deprotonated by a combination of the strong Lewis acid (C2F5)3PF2 and triethylamine. The resulting cyanomethyl function is bound to the phosphorus moiety, affording the highly stable salt [HNEt3][P(C2F5)3F2CH2CN]. Salt metathesis reactions furnished the corresponding [Cu(MeCN)2]+ and [Ag(MeCN)]+ derivatives in which the CH2CN substituent of the anion [P(C2F5)3F2CH2CN]- coordinates to the metal. An investigation of the gas separation capability of the silver salt [Ag(MeCN)][P(C2F5)3F2CH2CN] shows an uptake of 1.7 equivalents of isobutene from a propane/isobutene mixture. The reaction of (C2F5)3PF2 with acetonitrile and diethylamine furnishes [P(C2F5)3F2NHC(CH3)NEt2] - a phosphate featuring an amidine ligand which formally results from hydroamination of acetonitrile by HNEt2. Exchange of HNEt2 with the primary amines H2NPh and H2NBu leads to comparable amidine salts which exhibit a solvent-dependent conformational isomerism.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Discovery of a 29-Amino-Acid Reactive Abiotic Peptide for Selective Cysteine Arylation

Authors: Evans, ED; Pentelute, BL (2018) ACS Chemical Biology. HERO ID: 4238280

[Less] The regio- and chemoselective modification of proteins or peptides with chemical reagents is often challenging. . . . [More] The regio- and chemoselective modification of proteins or peptides with chemical reagents is often challenging. One approach to overcome this problem involves identifying abiotic polypeptide sequences that react with specific small molecules. Toward this goal, we profiled ∼5 × 1013randomized 30-mer peptides using mRNA display and high-throughput sequencing in search of polypeptides that can undergo cysteine arylation with a water-soluble perfluoroarene. Within this vast chemical space, we discovered a cysteine-containing sequence with a second-order rate constant of 0.29 M-1s-1for arylation. An N- and C-terminal truncation reduced the reaction rate, as did the addition of denaturants. When the reactive peptide was covalently fused to the enzyme Sortase A, we observed regiospecific arylation at a single cysteine site, leaving the enzyme's active site cysteine unchanged. Taken together, these results demonstrate that long polypeptides of defined sequence, when matched with the appropriate reactive group, can be used for selective arylation of cysteine in water.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Single-Droplet Multiplex Bioassay on a Robust and Stretchable Extreme Wetting Substrate through Vacuum-Based Droplet Manipulation

Authors: Han, H; Lee, JS; Kim, H; Shin, S; Lee, J; Kim, J; Hou, X; Cho, SW; Seo, J; Lee, T (2018) ACS Nano. HERO ID: 4238289

[Less] Herein, a droplet manipulation system with a superamphiphobic (SPO)-superamphiphilic (SPI) patterned . . . [More] Herein, a droplet manipulation system with a superamphiphobic (SPO)-superamphiphilic (SPI) patterned polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) substrate is developed for a multiplex bioassay from single-droplet samples. The SPO substrate is fabricated by sequential spraying of adhesive and fluorinated silica nanoparticles onto a PDMS substrate. It is subsequently subjected to oxygen plasma with a patterned mask to form SPI patterns. The SPO layer exhibits extreme liquid repellency with a high contact angle (>150°) toward low surface tension and viscous biofluidic droplets (e.g., ethylene glycol, blood, dimethyl sulfoxide, and alginate hydrogel). In contrast, the SPI exhibits liquid adhesion with a near zero contact angle. Using the droplet manipulation system, various liquid droplets can be precisely manipulated and dispensed onto the predefined SPI patterns on the SPO PDMS substrate. This system enables a multiplex colorimetric bioassay, capable of detecting multiple analytes, including glucose, uric acid, and lactate, from a single sample droplet. In addition, the detection of glucose concentrations in a plasma droplet of diabetic and healthy mice are performed to demonstrate the feasibility of the proposed system for efficient clinical diagnostic applications.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Receptor activities of persistent pollutant serum mixtures and breast cancer risk

Authors: Wielsøe, M; Bjerregaard-Olesen, C; Kern, P; Bonefeld-Jørgensen, EC (2018) Endocrine-Related Cancer 25:201-215. HERO ID: 4238296

[Less] Studies on associations between persistent organic pollutants (POPs) and breast cancer risk are inconclusive. . . . [More] Studies on associations between persistent organic pollutants (POPs) and breast cancer risk are inconclusive. The majority of studies have evaluated the effect of single compounds, without considering multiple exposures to and interactions between different POPs. The present study aimed at evaluating breast cancer risk related to combined effects of serum POP mixtures on cellular receptor functions. Data on breast cancer cases (n = 77) and controls (n = 84) were collected among Greenlandic Inuit women. Serum mixtures of lipophilic POPs (lipPOPs), perfluoroalkyl acids (PFAAs) and dioxin-like POPs were extracted. The effect of the mixture extracts on the estrogen receptor (ER), androgen receptor (AR) and aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) was determined using cell culture reporter gene assays. The serum mixtures were analyzed alone and upon co-exposure with natural receptor ligands to determine agonistic and antagonistic/competitive activity. We found that the frequency of lipPOP mixtures eliciting no, decreasing, or agonizing xenoandrogenic effect differed by breast cancer status. Using lipPOP mixtures with no effect on AR as reference, the mixtures with decreasing effects reduced breast cancer risk (OR: 0.30 (0.12; 0.76)). The AhR-toxic equivalent of serum mixtures was significantly lower in cases than in controls, and a reduced breast cancer risk was found when comparing the third tertile to the first (OR: 0.34 (0.14; 0.83)). We found no association between the xenoestrogenic activities of lipPOPs or PFAAs and breast cancer risk. Serum lipPOP mixtures are hormone disruptive and may influence breast cancer risk, whereas PFAAs seem to influence breast cancer risk through other pathways.