Health & Environmental Research Online (HERO)


PFNA (375-95-1)


1,111 References Were Found:

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Exploring sex differences in human health risk assessment for PFNA and PFDA using a PBPK model

Authors: Kim, SJ; Choi, EJ; Choi, GW; Lee, YB; Cho, HY (2019) Archives of Toxicology 93:311-330. HERO ID: 5063958

[Less] Perfluorononanoic acid (PFNA) and perfluorodecanoic acid (PFDA), which are classified as perfluoroalkyl . . . [More] Perfluorononanoic acid (PFNA) and perfluorodecanoic acid (PFDA), which are classified as perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs), have been widely used in industrial applications as a surface protectant. PFASs have been detected in wildlife and in humans around the globe. The purposes of this study are to develop and validate a physiologically based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) model for detecting PFNA and PFDA in male and female rats, and to apply the model to a human health risk assessment regarding the sex difference. A PBPK model of PFNA and PFDA was established based on an in vivo study in male and female rats. Analytes in biological samples (plasma, nine tissues, urine, and feces) were determined by ultra-liquid chromatography coupled tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS) method. PFNA and PFDA showed a gender differences in the elimination half-life and volume of distribution. The tissue-plasma partition coefficients were the highest in the liver in both male and female rats. The predicted rat plasma and urine concentrations simulated and fitted were in good agreement with the observed values. The PBPK models of PFNA and PFDA in male and female rats were then extrapolated to a human PBPK model based on human physiological parameters. The external doses were calculated at 3.35 ng/kg/day (male) and 17.0 ng/kg/day (female) for PFNA and 0.530 ng/kg/day (male) and 0.661 ng/kg/day (female) for PFDA. Human risk assessment was estimated using Korean biomonitoring values considering the gender differences. This study provides valuable insight into human health risk assessment regarding PFNA and PFDA exposure.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Discovery of a 29-Amino-Acid Reactive Abiotic Peptide for Selective Cysteine Arylation

Authors: Evans, ED; Pentelute, BL (2018) ACS Chemical Biology. HERO ID: 4238280

[Less] The regio- and chemoselective modification of proteins or peptides with chemical reagents is often challenging. . . . [More] The regio- and chemoselective modification of proteins or peptides with chemical reagents is often challenging. One approach to overcome this problem involves identifying abiotic polypeptide sequences that react with specific small molecules. Toward this goal, we profiled ∼5 × 1013randomized 30-mer peptides using mRNA display and high-throughput sequencing in search of polypeptides that can undergo cysteine arylation with a water-soluble perfluoroarene. Within this vast chemical space, we discovered a cysteine-containing sequence with a second-order rate constant of 0.29 M-1s-1for arylation. An N- and C-terminal truncation reduced the reaction rate, as did the addition of denaturants. When the reactive peptide was covalently fused to the enzyme Sortase A, we observed regiospecific arylation at a single cysteine site, leaving the enzyme's active site cysteine unchanged. Taken together, these results demonstrate that long polypeptides of defined sequence, when matched with the appropriate reactive group, can be used for selective arylation of cysteine in water.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Single-Droplet Multiplex Bioassay on a Robust and Stretchable Extreme Wetting Substrate through Vacuum-Based Droplet Manipulation

Authors: Han, H; Lee, JS; Kim, H; Shin, S; Lee, J; Kim, J; Hou, X; Cho, SW; Seo, J; Lee, T (2018) ACS Nano. HERO ID: 4238289

[Less] Herein, a droplet manipulation system with a superamphiphobic (SPO)-superamphiphilic (SPI) patterned . . . [More] Herein, a droplet manipulation system with a superamphiphobic (SPO)-superamphiphilic (SPI) patterned polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) substrate is developed for a multiplex bioassay from single-droplet samples. The SPO substrate is fabricated by sequential spraying of adhesive and fluorinated silica nanoparticles onto a PDMS substrate. It is subsequently subjected to oxygen plasma with a patterned mask to form SPI patterns. The SPO layer exhibits extreme liquid repellency with a high contact angle (>150°) toward low surface tension and viscous biofluidic droplets (e.g., ethylene glycol, blood, dimethyl sulfoxide, and alginate hydrogel). In contrast, the SPI exhibits liquid adhesion with a near zero contact angle. Using the droplet manipulation system, various liquid droplets can be precisely manipulated and dispensed onto the predefined SPI patterns on the SPO PDMS substrate. This system enables a multiplex colorimetric bioassay, capable of detecting multiple analytes, including glucose, uric acid, and lactate, from a single sample droplet. In addition, the detection of glucose concentrations in a plasma droplet of diabetic and healthy mice are performed to demonstrate the feasibility of the proposed system for efficient clinical diagnostic applications.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Degradation of perfluorinated compounds by sulfate radicals - New mechanistic aspects and economical considerations

Authors: Lutze, HV; Brekenfeld, J; Naumov, S; von Sonntag, C; Schmidt, TC (2018) Water Research 129:509-519. HERO ID: 4238293

[Less] Perfluorinated organic compounds (PFC) are an important group of pollutants, which are difficult to . . . [More] Perfluorinated organic compounds (PFC) are an important group of pollutants, which are difficult to be degraded in conventional water treatment. Even hydroxyl radical based processes are not capable to degrade these compounds. Sulfate radicals can oxidize a group of PFC, i.e., perfluorinated carboxylic (PFCAs) acids. However, information in literature on kinetics and reaction mechanism is largely based on model simulations which are prone to errors. The present study provides mechanistic insights based on product formation, material balances, competition kinetics experiments and quantum chemical calculations. Furthermore, energy requirements for sulfate radical based degradation of PFCA is evaluated in the present study. PFCAs can be partly mineralized in chain reactions initiated by sulfate radicals (SO4─). The perfluorinated acetic acid (TFA), propionic acid, and butanoic acid are largely degraded in a primary reaction with sulfate radicals. In case of PFCA with a chain length of > 4 carbons low yields of PFCA products were observed. Regarding reaction kinetics sulfate radicals react very slow with PFCAs (≈ 104 M-1 s-1). Thus, the energy demand required for generation of SO4─by photolysis of S2O82─(UV/S2O82-) is very high. A 90% degradation of a PFCA by UV/S2O82-was estimated to be 55 kW h m-3in pure water.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Light-Driven C-H Oxygenation of Methane into Methanol and Formic Acid by Molecular Oxygen Using a Perfluorinated Solvent

Authors: Ohkubo, K; Hirose, K (2018) Angewandte Chemie (International Edition) 57:2126-2129. HERO ID: 4238299

[Less] The chlorine dioxide radical (ClO2.) was found to act as an efficient oxidizing agent in the aerobic . . . [More] The chlorine dioxide radical (ClO2.) was found to act as an efficient oxidizing agent in the aerobic oxygenation of methane to methanol and formic acid under photoirradiation. Photochemical oxygenation of methane occurred in a two-phase system comprising perfluorohexane and water under ambient conditions (298 K, 1 atm). The yields of methanol and formic acid were 14 and 85 %, respectively, with a methane conversion of 99 % without formation of the further oxygenated products such as CO2and CO. Ethane was also photochemically converted into ethanol (19 %) and acetic acid (80 %). The methane oxygenation is initiated by the photochemical Cl-O bond cleavage of ClO2.to generate Cl.and O2. The produced Cl.reacts with CH4to form a methyl radical (CH3.). Finally, the oxygenated products such as methanol and formic acid were given by the radical chain reaction. A fluorous solvent plays an important role of inhibiting the deactivation of reactive radical species such as Cl.and CH3..

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Selection criteria for oxidation method in total organic carbon measurement

Authors: Yoon, G; Park, SM; Yang, H; Tsang, DCW; Alessi, DS; Baek, K (2018) Chemosphere 199:453-458. HERO ID: 4238311

[Less] During the measurement of total organic carbon (TOC), dissolved organic carbon is converted into CO2by . . . [More] During the measurement of total organic carbon (TOC), dissolved organic carbon is converted into CO2by using high temperature combustion (HTC) or wet chemical oxidation (WCO). However, the criteria for selecting the oxidation methods are not clear. In this study, the chemical structures of organic material were considered as a key factor to select the oxidation method used. Most non-degradable organic compounds showed a similar oxidation efficiency in both methods, including natural organic compounds, dyes, and pharmaceuticals, and thus both methods are appropriate to measure TOC in waters containing these compounds. However, only a fraction of the carbon in the halogenated compounds (perfluorooctanoic acid and trifluoroacetic acid) were oxidized using WCO, resulting in measured TOC values that are considerably lower than those determined by HTC. This result is likely due to the electronegativity of halogen elements which inhibits the approach of electron-rich sulfate radicals in the WCO, and the higher bond strength of carbon-halogen pairs as compared to carbon-hydrogen bonds, which results in a lower degree of oxidation of the compounds. Our results indicate that WCO could be used to oxidize most organic compounds, but may not be appropriate to quantify TOC in organic carbon pools that contain certain halogenated compounds.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Simple Synthesis of Au-Pd Alloy Nanowire Networks as Macroscopic, Flexible Electrocatalysts with Excellent Performance

Authors: Wang, J; Zhang, P; Xiahou, Y; Wang, D; Xia, H; Möhwald, H (2018) ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 10:602-613. HERO ID: 4238312

[Less] The present work introduces a new way to prepare Au-Pd alloy nanowire networks (NWNs) via deposition . . . [More] The present work introduces a new way to prepare Au-Pd alloy nanowire networks (NWNs) via deposition of Pd atoms onto Au nanowires in reaction media at room temperature without the aid of additional reducing agents. Thanks to their excellent colloidal stability in water as well as in ethanol, the resulting NWNs can be utilized to produce composite thin films with Nafion (perfluorinated sulfonic acid) with dimensions above dozens of square centimeters by means of solution casting on the glass substrate. Most importantly, these films can be easily transferred onto different solid substrates by lift-off technology. Moreover, the resulting Au-Pd alloy NWNs can also be easily and thoroughly loaded into macroscopic carbon fiber cloth (CFC). Both the Au-Pd alloy NWN/Nafion composite film and the Au-Pd alloy NWN-loaded CFC can be used as flexible electrodes for electrocatalysis of ethanol oxidation, with electrocatalytic performance at different distorted states superior by 2 orders of magnitude to those reported in the literature (e.g., commercial Pd/C catalysts and Pd-based nanostructured catalysts). This work opens new possibilities for the large-scale manufacturing of electrodes for fuel cells.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Copper-Catalyzed Oxidative Perfluoroalkylation of Aryl Boronic Acids Using Perfluoroalkylzinc Reagents

Authors: Bao, X; Liu, L; Li, J; Fan, S (2018) Journal of Organic Chemistry 83:463-468. HERO ID: 4238320

[Less] An efficient and synthetically convenient method for copper-catalyzed cross-coupling of aryl boronic . . . [More] An efficient and synthetically convenient method for copper-catalyzed cross-coupling of aryl boronic acids with perfluoroalkyl zinc reagents has been described. The reaction proceeds under mild reaction conditions with a high efficiency and broad substrate scope and provides a general access to perfluoroalkylated arenes, which are of interest in life and materials science.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Observed differentials in the levels of selected environmental contaminants among Mexican and other Hispanic American children, adolescents, adults, and senior citizens

Author: Jain, RB (2018) Environmental Science and Pollution Research 25:4524-4543. HERO ID: 4238325

[Less] Starting with the 2007-2008 cycle, the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) also . . . [More] Starting with the 2007-2008 cycle, the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) also oversampled Hispanics other than Mexicans (OHISP) making it possible to treat OHISP as a separate demographic group along with Mexican Americans (MAs), non-Hispanic whites (NHWs), and non-Hispanic blacks (NHBs). Yet, more often than not, OHISP have been merged with MA to form an all-Hispanic demographic group (HISP) thus limiting comparisons between NHW, NHB, and HISP. Consequently, for the first time, this study was undertaken to evaluate differences in the observed levels of selected environmental contaminants between MA and OHISP from five groups of environmental contaminants, namely, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), iodine uptake inhibitors (IUIs), environmental phenols (EPHs), priority pesticides (PPs), and perfluoroalkyl acids (PFAAs). Data for 2007-2010 from NHANES were used to conduct this study. OHISP children born in USA had higher levels of selected PAH metabolites than USA-born MA, and Mexican-born MA adolescents had higher levels of selected PAH metabolites than USA-born MA adolescents. USA-born adolescent MA had higher levels of selected parabens than USA-born adolescent OHISP, and OHISP adults born in another Spanish-speaking country had higher levels of selected parabens than USA-born OHISP adults. USA-born MA adults and seniors had higher levels of selected dichlorophenols than Mexico-born MA adults and seniors, respectively. Females had higher levels of selected PAH metabolites, EPHs, and PPs than males among children, adolescents, adults, and seniors, but the reverse was true for the levels of selected IUIs and PFAAs among adolescents and seniors. Smokers had higher levels of almost all PAH metabolites than non-smokers for adolescents, adults, and seniors. The same was true for urinary thiocynate for adolescents, adults, and seniors. OHISP is a multiracial multiethnic demographic group substantially different from MA with possibly different smoking behavior and with possibly differential levels of exposure to certain environmental contaminants and as such should be treated as a demographic group by itself.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Dual Labeling of the CBP/p300 KIX domain for 19F NMR leads to identification of a new small molecule binding site

Authors: Gee, CT; Arntson, KE; Koleski, EJ; Staebell, RL; Pomerantz, WCK (2018) ChemBiochem. HERO ID: 4238330

[Less] Protein-Observed Fluorine NMR Spectroscopy (PrOF NMR) is an emerging technique for screening and characterizing . . . [More] Protein-Observed Fluorine NMR Spectroscopy (PrOF NMR) is an emerging technique for screening and characterizing small molecule-protein interactions. The choice of which amino acid to label for PrOF NMR can be critical for analysis. Here we report the first use of a protein containing two different fluoroaromatic amino acids for NMR studies. Using the KIX domain of the CBP/p300 as a model system, we examine ligand binding of several small molecules elaborated from our previous fragment screen and identify a new ligand binding site distinct from those used by native transcription factors. This site was further supported by computational modeling (FTMap and Schrödinger) and 1H-15N HSQC/HMQC NMR spectroscopy. Metabolic labelling with multiple fluorinated amino acids provides useful probes for further studying ligand binding and has led to new insight for allosterically regulating transcription-factor protein interactions with small molecules.