Health & Environmental Research Online (HERO)


PFNA (375-95-1)


971 References Were Found:

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Plants, water and humans: pollen analysis from Holocene archaeological sites on Sai Island, northern Sudan

Authors: Florenzano, A; Mercuri, AM; Fornaciari, R; Garcea, EAA (2019) HERO ID: 5187586


The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Comparison of biomechanical properties of implant systems used in treatment of proximal femur fractures

Author: Aycan, MF (2019) HERO ID: 5187555


The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Single- versus double-integrated screws in intramedullary nailing systems for surgical management of extracapsular hip fractures in the elderly: a systematic review

Authors: XIX CONGRESSO NAZIONALE S.I.C.O.O.P. SOCIETA' ITALIANA CHIRURGHI ORTOPEDICI DELL'OSPEDALITA' PRIVATA ACCREDITATA; Cipollaro, L; Aicale, R; Maccauro, G; Maffulli, N (2019) HERO ID: 5185401

[Less] Approximately 50% of all hip fractures are extracapsular and typically treated with extramedullary or . . . [More] Approximately 50% of all hip fractures are extracapsular and typically treated with extramedullary or intramedullary fixation. Modern intramedullary nails used for internal fixation of extracapsular fractures are generally cephalomedullary nails secured by at least one cephalic screw. Different designs have been developed, varying in length, diameter, neck shaft angle, number of cephalic screws or blades, ability to slide and/or compress, ability to control rotation, construction materials and insertion-point. Articles published in all languages up to January 2019, are listed in PubMed and Scopus electronic databases about the association between the number of cephalic screws and the rate of complications and functional outcome. Twenty articles were included following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. Sliding hip screws (SHS) were the standard of care for hip fractures from the 1950s to the 1990s, but presently intramedullary nails are more commonly used. There has been a more than 20-fold relative increase in the utilization of intramedullary nails since 1999. With the emergence of value-based healthcare, there is a growing interest of how best to provide high-quality care in a clinical and cost-effective manner, acknowledging limited healthcare budgets. The present systematic review assessed the long-term outcomes of the most commonly used nails using double cephalic screws compared with single screw devices in patients with unstable intertrochanteric fractures. The development of new technologies may allow a lower incidence of complications, a reduction in operative time and a lower intraoperative blood loss.

Journal Article
Journal Article

Early-life exposome and lung function in children in Europe: an analysis of data from the longitudinal, population-based HELIX cohort

Authors: Agier, L; Basagaña, X; Maitre, L; Granum, B; Bird, PK; Casas, M; Oftedal, B; Wright, J; Andrusaityte, S; de Castro, M; Cequier, E; Chatzi, L; Donaire-Gonzalez, D; Grazuleviciene, R; Haug, LS; Sakhi, AK; Leventakou, V; Mceachan, R; Nieuwenhuijsen, M; Petraviciene, I; Robinson, O; Roumeliotaki, T; Sunyer, J; Tamayo-Uria, I; Thomsen, C; Urquiza, J; Valentin, A; Slama, R; Vrijheid, M; Siroux, V (2019) The Lancet Planetary Health 3:e81-e92. HERO ID: 5043613

[Less] BACKGROUND: Several single-exposure studies have documented possible effects of environmental . . . [More] BACKGROUND: Several single-exposure studies have documented possible effects of environmental factors on lung function, but none has relied on an exposome approach. We aimed to evaluate the association between a broad range of prenatal and postnatal lifestyle and environmental exposures and lung function in children.

METHODS: In this analysis, we used data from 1033 mother-child pairs from the European Human Early-Life Exposome (HELIX) cohort (consisting of six existing longitudinal birth cohorts in France, Greece, Lithuania, Norway, Spain, and the UK of children born between 2003 and 2009) for whom a valid spirometry test was recorded for the child. 85 prenatal and 125 postnatal exposures relating to outdoor, indoor, chemical, and lifestyle factors were assessed, and lung function was measured by spirometry in children at age 6-12 years. Two agnostic linear regression methods, a deletion-substitution-addition (DSA) algorithm considering all exposures simultaneously, and an exposome-wide association study (ExWAS) considering exposures independently, were applied to test the association with forced expiratory volume in 1 s percent predicted values (FEV1%). We tested for two-way interaction between exposures and corrected for confounding by co-exposures.

FINDINGS: In the 1033 children (median age 8·1 years, IQR 6·5-9·0), mean FEV1% was 98·8% (SD 13·2). In the ExWAS, prenatal perfluorononanoate (p=0·034) and perfluorooctanoate (p=0·030) exposures were associated with lower FEV1%, and inverse distance to nearest road during pregnancy (p=0·030) was associated with higher FEV1%. Nine postnatal exposures were associated with lower FEV1%: copper (p=0·041), ethyl-paraben (p=0·029), five phthalate metabolites (mono-2-ethyl 5-carboxypentyl phthalate [p=0·016], mono-2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl phthalate [p=0·023], mono-2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl phthalate [p=0·0085], mono-4-methyl-7-oxooctyl phthalate [p=0·040], and the sum of di-ethylhexyl phthalate metabolites [p=0·014]), house crowding (p=0·015), and facility density around schools (p=0·027). However, no exposure passed the significance threshold when corrected for multiple testing in ExWAS, and none was selected with the DSA algorithm, including when testing for exposure interactions.

INTERPRETATION: Our systematic exposome approach identified several environmental exposures, mainly chemicals, that might be associated with lung function. Reducing exposure to these ubiquitous chemicals could help to prevent the development of chronic respiratory disease.

FUNDING: European Community's Seventh Framework Programme (HELIX project).

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Prepubertal exposure to perfluorononanoic acid interferes with spermatogenesis and steroidogenesis in male mice

Authors: Singh, S; Singh, SK (2019) Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety 170:590-599. HERO ID: 5185400

[Less] Perfluoroalkyl acids (PFAAs) are widely used in industrial and commercial products and possess endocrine . . . [More] Perfluoroalkyl acids (PFAAs) are widely used in industrial and commercial products and possess endocrine disrupting properties. Perfluorononanoic acid (PFNA), one of PFAAs, has been mainly reported to produce testicular toxicity in adult animals. The objective of the present study was to examine the effect of acute exposure of PFNA to prepubertal male Parkes (P) mice on spermatogenesis and testicular steroidogenesis, and to study the possible mechanism(s) of its action. PFNA (2 and 5 mg/kg) was orally administered to male P mice for 14 days from postnatal day 25-38. Histologically, testis in PFNA-treated mice showed non-uniform diverse degenerative changes in the seminiferous tubules; both normal and affected tubules were seen in the same testicular sections. The treatment caused a reduction in intra-testicular and serum testosterone levels accompanied by a decrease in testicular expression of SF1, StAR, CYP11A1, and 3β- and17β-HSD. Further, the activity of antioxidant enzymes and expression of Nrf2 and HO-1 in the testis were markedly decreased, while the level of lipid peroxidation and expression of IKKβ, NF-κB and caspase-3 were significantly increased in testis of PFNA-treated mice. There was also a decrease in PCNA expression and in PCNA-index and an increase in TUNEL-positive germ cells in testes of PFNA-treated mice. In conclusion, the results suggest that PFNA exposure to prepubertal male mice altered antioxidant enzymes activity and Nrf2-HO-1 signaling, leading to oxidative stress and a decrease in testosterone biosynthesis in the testis; these changes, in turn, caused increased apoptosis and decreased proliferation of germ cells, thereby suppression of spermatogenesis.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Chronic exposure to perfluorononanoic acid impairs spermatogenesis, steroidogenesis and fertility in male mice

Authors: Singh, S; Singh, SK (2019) Journal of Applied Toxicology 39:420-431. HERO ID: 5185441

[Less] Perfluoroalkyl acids (PFAAs) are widely used in commercial applications and that they are ubiquitous . . . [More] Perfluoroalkyl acids (PFAAs) are widely used in commercial applications and that they are ubiquitous and persistent in the environment. Perfluorononanoic acid (PFNA), a member of PFAAs, has been detected in human and wildlife. Previous acute exposure studies have shown the adverse effect of PFNA on the testis. The present study was aimed to examine the effect of chronic PFNA exposure, from prepuberty to adulthood, on testicular functions and fertility in Parkes (P) male mice and to investigate the possible mechanism(s) of its action. PFNA (0.2 and 0.5 mg/kg) was orally administered to P male mice for 90 days from prepuberty (postnatal day [PND] 25) to adulthood (PND 114). Histologically, testes in PFNA-treated mice showed non-uniform degenerative changes in the seminiferous tubules. The treatment also had adverse effects on testicular expression of steroidogenic markers, serum levels of cholesterol and testosterone, sperm parameters and on litter size. A marked increase in the level of lipid peroxidation and decrease in the activities of antioxidant enzymes were observed in the testis of PFNA-treated mice compared to controls. Further, a significant decrease in expression of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) and in the number of PCNA-positive cells, and an increase in expression of caspase-3 were also noted in PFNA-treated mice testis. In conclusion, the results suggest that chronic exposure to PFNA in male mice interferes with testosterone biosynthesis and causes oxidative stress in the testis, leading to alterations in spermatogenesis, sperm quality and fertility potential.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Three-dimensional orientation of the femoral curvature. How well does it match with the sagittal curvature of femoral implants?

Authors: Schmitt, A; Letissier, H; Poltaretskyi, S; Babusiaux, D; Rosset, P; Le Nail, LR (2019) Orthopaedics & Traumatology: Surgery & Research 105:11-16. HERO ID: 5187554

[Less] BACKGROUND: The curvature of the femoral shaft is generally considered as residing . . . [More] BACKGROUND: The curvature of the femoral shaft is generally considered as residing in the sagittal plane. While many studies have measured the femur's radius of curvature, very few have studied the orientation of the plane in which it resides. The orientation of this plane may affect the rotation of intramedullary nails or revision stems with diaphyseal locking. This led us to conduct a three-dimensional (3D) anatomical study to: 1) analyze the 3D curvature of the femoral diaphysis by specifying the orientation of the plane in which it resides, 2) look for relationships between the curvature's orientation and anatomical parameters of the femur.

HYPOTHESIS: We hypothesized that the femoral curvature resides in the anterolateral plane, not the sagittal plane.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: A computed tomography scan was performed on 45 dry femur bones provided by a cadaver laboratory. The 3D reconstructions were analyzed to characterize the curvature of the diaphyseal shaft, radius of its various portions and to determine the plane in which it resides relative to the standard coronal reference plane defined by three points: posterior side of both condyles and the greater trochanter. The following parameters were measured: length, neck-shaft angle, femoral valgus (between anatomical and mechanical axis) and neck anteversion.

RESULTS: The largest curvature was in a plane oriented on average of 78.3°±14.9° (35.2° to 106.7°) anterolateral. The correlation between femoral curvature and neck-shaft angle (R=0.172), size (R=0.095), valgus (R=0.104) and overall curvature (R=0.60) was low.

DISCUSSION: Implants with diaphyseal fixation are designed such that the femoral curvature resides in a strict sagittal plane. Long revision stems with diaphyseal fixation may have a tendency to rotate laterally (externally) during insertion. Correcting this external rotation to prevent anteversion may result in a less than satisfactory press-fit. The femoral curvature must be taken into account when designing intramedullary implants.

LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: IV, Cadaver study without control group.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Fluorous-phase iron oxide nanoparticles as enhancers of acoustic droplet vaporization of perfluorocarbons with supra-physiologic boiling point

Authors: Vezeridis, AM; de Gracia Lux, C; Barnhill, SA; Kim, S; Wu, Z; Jin, S; Lux, J; Gianneschi, NC; Mattrey, RF (2019) Journal of Controlled Release 302:54-62. HERO ID: 5187559

[Less] Perfluorocarbon emulsion nanodroplets containing iron oxide nanoparticles (IONPs) within their inner . . . [More] Perfluorocarbon emulsion nanodroplets containing iron oxide nanoparticles (IONPs) within their inner perfluorohexane (PFH) core were prepared to investigate potential use as an acoustically activatable ultrasound contrast agent, with the hypothesis that incorporation of IONPs into the fluorous phase of a liquid perfluorocarbon emulsion would potentiate acoustic vaporization. IONPs with an oleic acid (OA) hydrophobic coating were synthesized through chemical co-precipitation. To suspend IONP in PFH, OA was exchanged with perfluorononanoic acid (PFNA) via ligand exchange to yield fluorophilic PFNA-coated IONPs (PFNA-IONPs). Suspensions with various amounts of PFNA-IONPs (0-15% w/v) in PFH were emulsified in saline by sonication, using 5% (w/v) egg yolk phospholipid as an emulsifier. PFNA-IONPs were characterized with transmission electron microscopy (TEM), transmission electron cryomicroscopy (cryoTEM), and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) with Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). IONP were between 5 and 10 nm in diameter as measured by electron microscopy, and hydrodynamic size of the PFH nanodroplets were 150 to 230 nm as measured by dynamic light scattering (DLS). Acoustic droplet vaporization of PFH nanodroplets (PFH-NDs) was induced using conversion pulses (100 cycle at 1.1 MHz and 50% duty cycle) provided by a focused ultrasound transducer, and formed microbubbles were imaged using a clinical ultrasound scanner. The acoustic pressure threshold needed for PFH-NDs vaporization decreased with increasing temperature and IONP content. PFH-NDs containing 5% w/v IONP converted to microbubbles at 42 °C at 2.18 MI, which is just above the exposure limits of 1.9 MI allowed by the FDA for clinical ultrasound scanners, whereas 10 and 15% emulsion vaporized at 1.87 and 1.24 MI, respectively. Furthermore, 5% IONP-loaded PFH-NDs injected intravenously into melanoma-bearing mice at a dose of 120 mg PFH/kg, converted into detectable microbubbles in vivo 5 h, but not shortly after injection, indicating that this technique detects NDs accumulated in tumors.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Influence of the chemical composition and formulation of fluorinated epoxy resin on its surface characteristics

Authors: Minisini, B; Rolere, S; Coulon, JF; Poncin-Epaillard, F (2019) HERO ID: 5187552


The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

[Surgical technique and effect of proximal femoral nail anti-rotation internal fixation assisted with large retractor for the treatment of femoral intertrochanteric fractures]

Authors: Ma, SQ; Wang, CX; Liu, XJ (2019) HERO ID: 5185421

[Less] OBJECTIVE: To investigate the surgical technique and efficacy of large retractor assisted . . . [More] OBJECTIVE: To investigate the surgical technique and efficacy of large retractor assisted maintenance of proximal femoral nail antirotation(PFNA) in the treatment of femoral intertrochanteric fracture in the absence of a retractor.

METHODS: A total of 55 patients with intertrochanteric fractures treated with PFNA internal fixation were selected from April 2012 to December 2016 with a large retractor assisted in maintaining reduction, including 18 males and 37 females with an average age of 75.65 years old ranging from 47 to 90 years old; 31 cases were on the left side and 24 on the right side. All patients had preoperative ipsilateral hip pain, limited mobility, ipsilateral lower extremity extreme external rotation malformation or accompanied by shortening, and preoperative radiographs were clearly diagnosed intertrochanteric fractures. The operative time, intraoperative blood loss, and intraoperative fluoroscopy time were recorded. Postoperative hip function were evaluated.

RESULTS: The average operation time was 45.35 min, the average intraoperative blood loss was 117.64 ml and the mean intraoperative fluoroscopic time was 3.42 min. All the fractures were well restored. All patients were followed up from 12 to 24 months with an average of 16.43 months. All the intertrochanteric fractures were bone healed without hip varus deformity, and there were no complications such as internal fixation loosening and fracture. According to Harris hip function score criteria, the results were excellent in 40 cases, good in 8 cases, fair in 5 cases, poor in 2 cases.

CONCLUSIONS: Large retractor assisted in maintaining the use of PFNA under reposition can fix various types of femoral intertrochanteric fractures. It has simple requirements for surgical position, low equipment requirements, short operation time, less trauma, reliable fixation, and good postoperative recovery. The surgical procedure can be carried out in a primary hospital without a traction bed.