Health & Environmental Research Online (HERO)


PFNA (375-95-1)


971 References Were Found:

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

[Comparison of the effects of two cephalomedullary nails (zimmer natural nail and proximal femoral nail antirotation) in treatment of elderly intertrochan teric fractures]

Authors: Chen, J; Zuo, CH; Zhang, CY; Yang, M; Zhang, PX (2019) HERO ID: 5185413

[Less] OBJECTIVE: To explore the effect of cephalomedullary nails for elderly intertrochanteric . . . [More] OBJECTIVE: To explore the effect of cephalomedullary nails for elderly intertrochanteric fractures: proximal femoral nail antirotation (PFNA) versus zimmer natural nail (ZNN) to provide the data support for clinical perioperative management.

METHODS: A retrospective study was used to analyze the clinical data of elderly intertrochanteric fractures cases which were treated with PFNA or ZNN fixation from May 2016 to May 2017. In the study, 59 cases were followed up completely, in which 28 cases accepted PFNA, and the other 31 cases accepted ZNN. The operation time, amount of bleeding, fracture healing time, postoperative complication, postoperative radiographic measurement (tip apex distance, TAD) and the last follow-up of hip function score were analyzed.

RESULTS: The patients were followed up for 6 to 19 months, with an average (10.8±4.0) months. In PFNA group, the operation time was (62.7±14.2) min, the amount of bleeding was (56.8±20.6) mL, the fracture healing time was (4.6±0.8) months, the postoperative complication was 3.6%, the TAD was (17.7±5.5) mm, and the last follow-up hip function score was 91.8±3.6. In ZNN group, the operation time was (73.6±18.3) min, the amount of bleeding was (68.7±31.6) mL, the fracture healing time was (4.5±0.7) months, the postoperative complication was 3.2%, the TAD was (16.5±4.7) mm, and the last follow-up hip function score was 92.2±3.8. The two groups of comparative experiments were carried out, the operation time of the PFNA group was less than that of the ZNN group (P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the amount of bleeding, fracture healing time, postoperative complication, TAD, postoperative hip score between the two groups (P>0.05).

CONCLUSION: Although group ZNN had significant longer operation time than group PFNA, both implants were useful tools in the treatment of elderly intertrochanteric fractures. The operation of PFNA was simpler,while the design of the anterior bow of ZNN might be more suitable for the patients with a large femoral anterior bow.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Efficacy and Safety of Tranexamic Acid for Controlling Bleeding During Surgical Treatment of Intertrochanteric Fragility Fracture with Proximal Femoral Nail Anti-rotation: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Authors: Luo, X; He, S; Lin, Z; Li, Z; Huang, C; Li, Q (2019) Indian Journal of Orthopaedics 53:263-269. HERO ID: 5185420

[Less] Background: Intertrochanteric fragility fracture (IFF) treated with proximal femoral . . . [More] Background: Intertrochanteric fragility fracture (IFF) treated with proximal femoral nail anti-rotation (PFNA) is associated with significant hidden blood loss and high blood transfusion rate. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of tranexamic acid (TXA) in reducing blood loss in these patients.

Materials and Methods: Consecutive eligible patients were recruited and randomly assigned to a TXA group or a control group. The TXA group received 15 mg/kg body weight of TXA intravenously 15 min before incision and the same dose 3 h later. The control group received 100 mL of saline intravenously 15 min before incision. The efficacy outcomes included the total perioperative blood loss, postoperative transfusion rate, postoperative hemoglobin level, and length of the hospital stay. The safety outcomes were the incidence of thrombotic events and the mortality rate within 6 weeks after surgery.

Results: We had 44 patients in the TXA group and 46 patients in the control group for the final analysis. The TXA group had significantly lower total perioperative blood loss than the control group (384.5 ± 366.3 mL vs. 566.2 ± 361.5 mL; P < 0.020). Postoperative transfusion rate was 15.9% in the TXA group versus 36.9% in the control group (P = 0.024). Each group had one patient with postoperative deep venous thrombosis. In the control group, three patients had cerebral infarction, and one patient died within 6 weeks after the operation.

Conclusion: Intravenous TXA is effective in reducing total perioperative blood loss and transfusion rate in IFF treated with PFNA. No increased risk of thrombotic events was observed with the use of TXA; however, this study was underpowered for detecting this outcome. Further research is necessary before TXA can be recommended for high-risk patients.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Medial sustainable nail versus proximal femoral nail antirotation in treating AO/OTA 31-A2.3 fractures: Finite element analysis and biomechanical evaluation

Authors: Li, J; Han, L; Zhang, H; Zhao, Z; Su, X; Zhou, J; Li, C; Yin, P; Hao, M; Wang, K; Xu, G; Zhang, L; Zhang, L; Tang, P (2019) Injury 50:648-656. HERO ID: 5185433

[Less] OBJECTIVES: Using finite element analysis and biomechanical tests, the biomechanical . . . [More] OBJECTIVES: Using finite element analysis and biomechanical tests, the biomechanical behaviors of Medial Sustainable Nail (MSN) and Proximal Femoral Nail Antirotation (PFNA) were compared for the fixation of fracture type of AO/OTA 31-A2.3.

METHODS: Finite element software Abaqus 6.14 was used to conduct axial loading of 2100 N and we analyzed the von Mises stress distribution and the model displacement of two implant models. Biomechanical tests were separately conducted in the axial stiffness test and axial cyclical loading test on a mechanical testing machine.

RESULTS: The results indicate that von Mises stress of MSN was lower than that of PFNA, and the model displacement in the MSN group was lower than that in the PFNA group. In the axial stiffness tests, MSN group was stiffer than PFNA construct. With respect to the axial load to ultimate failure, the PFNA construct exhibited higher loads exceeding 4000 N while the MSN construct withstood 3313.8 ± 92.8 N. Specifically, F10mm was 2178.6 ± 133.2 N of the MSN group and 1822.6 ± 93.1 N of the PFNA group (P = 0.001). Additionally, X2100N was 9.8 ± 0.5 mm of the MSN group and 11.7 ± 0.7 mm of the PFNA group (P = 0.002). The MSN group exhibited superior performances in terms of the mean value of the vertical displacement, frontal rotation angle, and lateral rotation angle.

CONCLUSIONS: The results indicated that the MSN construct might exhibit a better biomechanical performance when compared with that of the PFNA in reducing displacement and anti-varus in fracture type of AO/OTA 31-A2.3.

Journal Article
Journal Article

The Effect of Valgus Reduction on the Position of the Blade of the Proximal Femoral Nail Antirotation in Intertrochanteric Hip Fractures

Authors: Jung, EY; Oh, IT; Shim, SY; Yoon, BH; Sung, YB (2019) HERO ID: 5185435

[Less] Background: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the quantitative association . . . [More] Background: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the quantitative association between the degree of reduction and the position of the blade of the proximal femoral nail antirotation (PFNA) in intertrochanteric hip fractures.

Methods: From March 2009 to April 2015, 530 patients treated with PFNA for intertrochanteric hip fractures were retrospectively reviewed. Patients were divided into a valgus reduced group (group 1) and a non-valgus reduced group (group 2), and the "valgus reduced" was defined as valgus reduction over 5°. We compared the calcar referenced tip-apex distance (calTAD) and the area between the blade of PFNA and the medial cortex of the femoral neck between the two groups.

Results: The calTAD was measured as 22.5 ± 4.1 mm in group 1 and 24.8 ± 3.8 mm in group 2 (p < 0.05). The area between the blade and the medial femoral neck was measured as 135.5 ± 49.8 mm2 in group 1 and 145.1 ± 54.8 mm2 in group 2 (p = 0.074). The area corrected for the length difference in the femoral neck was 0.55 ± 0.16 in group 1 and 0.79 ± 0.19 in group 2 (p < 0.05).

Conclusions: Valgus reduction resulted in less calTAD and inferior position of the blade at the femoral neck in the treatment of intertrochanteric hip fractures with PFNA.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

[Application of warm liquid in proximal femoral nail antirotation(PFNA) internal fixation]

Authors: Gu, X; Lu, HT; Zhao, L; Chen, L; Chen, YM (2019) HERO ID: 5185422

[Less] OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect and application of warm fluid in patients with . . . [More] OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect and application of warm fluid in patients with proximal femoral nail antirotation(PFNA) internal fixation.

METHODS: From November 2012 to December 2016, 80 patients with femoral intertrochanteric fracture were treated with PFNA internal fixation, including 35 males and 45 females, aged from 62 to 90 years old. The patients were divided into two groups. In the control group 40 patients were infused and rinsed at the normal temperature liquid(22 to 24 °C) during the operation; in the experimental group 40 patients were infused and rinsed at warm liquid(36.5 to 37.5 °C). The amount of bleeding, the temperature, the occurrence of shiver and the C-reaction protein in the two groups were analyzed.

RESULTS: The incidence of hypothermia and shiver in the experimental group was significantly lower than that in the control group(P<0.05). The amount of intraoperative bleeding and C-reaction protein were significantly decreased(P<0.05).

CONCLUSIONS: The application of warm liquid infusion and flushing in PFNA internal fixation can effectively reduce the incidence of hypothermia and shiver, reduce the amount of bleeding in the operation and the infection rate of the surgical site, improve the comfort of the patients, and ensure the safety of the patients.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Dynamic Analysis of Perioperative Hidden Blood Loss in Intertrochanteric Fractures

Authors: Tian, S; Li, H; Liu, M; Zhang, Y; Peng, A (2019) 25:1076029618823279. HERO ID: 5185436

[Less] To analyze the dynamic variation in perioperative hidden blood loss in patients with intertrochanteric . . . [More] To analyze the dynamic variation in perioperative hidden blood loss in patients with intertrochanteric fracture. From January to December 2017, 79 patients with intertrochanteric fracture were treated with proximal femoral nail antirotation. Serial complete blood count assays were performed consecutively in the 3 days after admission, on the day of surgery, and 7 days postoperatively. Blood loss during surgery, postoperative drainage, and perioperative blood transfusion volumes were recorded. Dynamic changes in hemoglobin (Hb) prior to surgery were recorded and compared between males and females. Patients were divided into the no blood transfusion group, the 400-mL blood transfusion group, and the 800-mL blood transfusion group depending on the volume of perioperative blood transfusion. Total and hidden blood loss were separately calculated according to the Gross equation. Lowest mean Hb values occurred on day 2 after admission among men (104.8 g/L) and on day 3 after admission among women (98.6 g/L). The average Hb decrease was 11.4 g/L, 11.8 g/L, and 8.9 g/L in the no, 400-mL, and 800-mL blood transfusion groups, respectively. The lowest Hb value occurred on postoperative day 2. Hemoglobin increased on postoperative day 3 and stabilized by day 6. In the no blood transfusion group, the average total blood loss was 406.0 ± 255.6 mL, 628.3 ± 267.2 mL, and 759.7 ± 322.1 mL in the no blood transfusion, 400-mL blood transfusion, and 800-mL blood transfusion groups, respectively, and hidden blood loss was 326.0 ± 246.6 mL, 512.1 ± 247.3 mL, and 596.1 ± 306.9 mL, respectively. Perioperative hidden blood loss occurred prior to surgery for intertrochanteric fracture and ended on postoperative day 2.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Plants, water and humans: pollen analysis from Holocene archaeological sites on Sai Island, northern Sudan

Authors: Florenzano, A; Mercuri, AM; Fornaciari, R; Garcea, EAA (2019) HERO ID: 5187586


The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

[Surgical technique and effect of proximal femoral nail anti-rotation internal fixation assisted with large retractor for the treatment of femoral intertrochanteric fractures]

Authors: Ma, SQ; Wang, CX; Liu, XJ (2019) HERO ID: 5185421

[Less] OBJECTIVE: To investigate the surgical technique and efficacy of large retractor assisted . . . [More] OBJECTIVE: To investigate the surgical technique and efficacy of large retractor assisted maintenance of proximal femoral nail antirotation(PFNA) in the treatment of femoral intertrochanteric fracture in the absence of a retractor.

METHODS: A total of 55 patients with intertrochanteric fractures treated with PFNA internal fixation were selected from April 2012 to December 2016 with a large retractor assisted in maintaining reduction, including 18 males and 37 females with an average age of 75.65 years old ranging from 47 to 90 years old; 31 cases were on the left side and 24 on the right side. All patients had preoperative ipsilateral hip pain, limited mobility, ipsilateral lower extremity extreme external rotation malformation or accompanied by shortening, and preoperative radiographs were clearly diagnosed intertrochanteric fractures. The operative time, intraoperative blood loss, and intraoperative fluoroscopy time were recorded. Postoperative hip function were evaluated.

RESULTS: The average operation time was 45.35 min, the average intraoperative blood loss was 117.64 ml and the mean intraoperative fluoroscopic time was 3.42 min. All the fractures were well restored. All patients were followed up from 12 to 24 months with an average of 16.43 months. All the intertrochanteric fractures were bone healed without hip varus deformity, and there were no complications such as internal fixation loosening and fracture. According to Harris hip function score criteria, the results were excellent in 40 cases, good in 8 cases, fair in 5 cases, poor in 2 cases.

CONCLUSIONS: Large retractor assisted in maintaining the use of PFNA under reposition can fix various types of femoral intertrochanteric fractures. It has simple requirements for surgical position, low equipment requirements, short operation time, less trauma, reliable fixation, and good postoperative recovery. The surgical procedure can be carried out in a primary hospital without a traction bed.

Journal Article
Journal Article

An unusual case of femoral head perforation following fixation with proximal femoral nail antirotation (PFNA-II) for an unstable intertrochanteric fracture: Case report and literature review

Authors: Nayak, M; Yadav, R; Ganesh, V; Digge, V (2019) HERO ID: 5185438

[Less] The proximal femoral nail antirotation (PFNA-II) is designed for fixation of unstable proximal femoral . . . [More] The proximal femoral nail antirotation (PFNA-II) is designed for fixation of unstable proximal femoral fractures in Asian patients due to its superior biomechanical properties. The helical blade achieves purchase through bone compaction and requires less removal of bone than a screw. Medial migration of the helical blade with perforation into the hip joint without loss of reduction is a rare problem noted with PFNA. Past literature reporting the migration of the helical blade medially, perforating the femoral head has been addressed as a characteristic complication of the PFNA. A review of literature suggests various reasons for the same such as fresh trauma, fracture settlement and failure of lateralization of the blade. We report a case of postoperative medial migration of the helical blade perforating the femoral head due to loosening of the locking bolt of the helical blade without any signs of rotational or varus displacement of the fracture.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Comparison of biomechanical properties of implant systems used in treatment of proximal femur fractures

Author: Aycan, MF (2019) HERO ID: 5187555