Health & Environmental Research Online (HERO)


1,2-Hexanediol (6920-22-5)


28 References Were Found:

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Evaporation-Triggered Segregation of Sessile Binary Droplets

Authors: Li, Y; Lv, P; Diddens, C; Tan, H; Wijshoff, H; Versluis, M; Lohse, D (2018) Physical Review Letters 120:224501. HERO ID: 4674225

[Less] Droplet evaporation of multicomponent droplets is essential for various physiochemical applications, . . . [More] Droplet evaporation of multicomponent droplets is essential for various physiochemical applications, e.g., in inkjet printing, spray cooling, and microfabrication. In this work, we observe and study the phase segregation of an evaporating sessile binary droplet, consisting of a miscible mixture of water and a surfactantlike liquid (1,2-hexanediol). The phase segregation (i.e., demixing) leads to a reduced water evaporation rate of the droplet, and eventually the evaporation process ceases due to shielding of the water by the nonvolatile 1,2-hexanediol. Visualizations of the flow field by particle image velocimetry and numerical simulations reveal that the timescale of water evaporation at the droplet rim is faster than that of the Marangoni flow, which originates from the surface tension difference between water and 1,2-hexanediol, eventually leading to segregation.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Phototoxicity and chronic toxicity of methyl paraben and 1,2-hexanediol in Daphnia magna

Authors: Lee, J; Park, N; Kho, Y; Lee, K; Ji, K (2017) Ecotoxicology 26:81-89. HERO ID: 3605033

[Less] Parabens are used as antimicrobial preservatives in consumer products. Exposure to methylparaben (MP) . . . [More] Parabens are used as antimicrobial preservatives in consumer products. Exposure to methylparaben (MP) has been associated with adverse health outcomes, therefore, an alternative compound, 1,2-hexanediol (1,2-H), has been applied for cosmetics. In the present study, the phototoxicity of MP and 1,2-H, as well as the toxic effect caused by chronic exposure, were investigated using Daphnia magna. The 48 h acute toxicity tests with D. magna were conducted under indoor or ultraviolet (UV) light irradiation conditions, i.e., exposure to 4 h/d sunlight. Changes in the transcription of genes related to oxidative stress were determined in D. magna juveniles, to investigate the underlying mechanism of phototoxicity. The 21 d chronic toxicity tests of MP and 1,2-H were performed under indoor light irradiation. Exposure to MP under environmental level of UV light was more detrimental to D. magna. Transcripts of catalase and glutathione-S-transferase genes in D. magna was significantly increased by co-exposure to MP and UV light. After 21 d of chronic exposure to MP and 1,2-H, the reproduction no-observed effect concentrations for D. magna were 1 and >10 mg/L, respectively. The present study showed that exposure to UV could magnify the toxicity of MP on daphnids. Although acute and chronic toxicities of 1,2-H were generally lower than those of MP, its effects on other aquatic organisms should not be ignored. Further studies are needed to identify other mechanisms of MP phototoxicity.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Influence of 1,2-alkanediols on the structure of their intercalates with strontium phenylphosphonate solved by molecular simulation and experimental methods

Authors: Svoboda, J; Melánová, K; Zima, V; Beneš, L; Pšenička, M; Pospíšil, M; Kovář, P (2016) Journal of Molecular Modeling 22:143. HERO ID: 4275027

[Less] Strontium phenylphosphonate intercalates with 1,2-diols (from 1,2-ethanediol to 1,2-hexanediol) were . . . [More] Strontium phenylphosphonate intercalates with 1,2-diols (from 1,2-ethanediol to 1,2-hexanediol) were synthesized and characterized by X-ray diffraction, thermogravimetry, chemical analysis, and molecular simulation methods. Prepared samples exhibit a very good stability at ambient conditions. Structural arrangement calculated by simulation methods suggested formation of cavities surrounded by six benzene rings. Each cavity contained one molecule of diol and one molecule of water for the 1,2-ethanediol to 1,2-butanediol intercalates. In the case of 1,2-pentanediol two types of cavities alternated: one with diol molecules and another one with two water molecules. In the 1,2-hexanediol intercalate the benzene rings created two types of cavities containing one or two diol molecules, respectively, and this conformational variability led to a more disordered arrangement with respect to the models with shorter alkyl chains. Coordination of the oxygen atoms of the diols to the strontium atoms of the host follows the same pattern for all 1,2-diol intercalates except the 1,2-hexanediol intercalate, where these oxygen atoms can be mutually exchanged at their positions. The calculated basal spacings and structural models are in good agreement with experimental basal spacings obtained from X-ray powder diffraction and with other experimental results.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Food-grade antimicrobials potentiate the antibacterial activity of 1,2-hexanediol

Authors: Yogiara; Hwang, SJ; Park, S; Hwang, JK; Pan, JG (2015) Letters in Applied Microbiology 60:431-439. HERO ID: 4674230

[Less] UNLABELLED: Preservative agents determining the shelf life of cosmetic products must . . . [More] UNLABELLED: Preservative agents determining the shelf life of cosmetic products must have effective antimicrobial activity while meeting safety requirements for topical use. In this study, we determined the antimicrobial activity of 1,2-hexanediol against several Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. Antimicrobial susceptibility tests have shown that 1,2-hexanediol exhibits broad-spectrum activity against Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria with MICs of 0·5-2% (v/v). The bactericidal concentration of 1,2-hexanediol was ranging from 1 to 2 × MIC as demonstrated by time-kill curve assay. A membrane depolarization assay showed that 1,2-hexanediol disrupted the cytoplasmic membrane potential. A checkerboard assay indicated that the effective concentration of 1,2-hexanediol was reduced up to 0·25-0·5 × MIC when combined with macelignan and octyl gallate against Gram-positive bacteria. However, this combination was not effective against Gram-negative bacteria. A turbidity reduction assay demonstrated that the combination of a high concentration of 1,2-hexanediol with food-grade antimicrobial compounds could trigger lytic activity towards Bacillus cereus cells. The remaining cell turbidity was 24·6 and 22·2% when 2% of 1,2-hexanediol was combined with 8 mg l(-1) octyl gallate or with 32 mg l(-1) macelignan respectively. This study showed that food-grade antimicrobial compounds may be used in combination with 1,2-hexanediol to increase its efficacy as a preservative agent in cosmetics.

SIGNIFICANCE AND IMPACT OF THE STUDY: The antimicrobial activity of 1,2-hexanediol against Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria was potentiated with food-grade antimicrobials including xanthorrhizol, macelignan, panduratin A and octyl gallate, which have already been reported to display anti-inflammatory and other beneficial activities related to cosmetics. Therefore, the combination of 1,2-hexanediol and these food-grade antimicrobial agents would have benefits not only for increasing the antimicrobial activity but also in cosmetics use.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Topical skin targeting effect of penetration modifiers on hairless mouse skin, pig abdominal skin and pig ear skin

Authors: Yu, M; Guo, F; Ling, Y; Li, N; Tan, F (2015) Drug Delivery 22:1053-1058. HERO ID: 4674236

[Less] OBJECTIVE: This study was to investigate the topical skin targeting effects and mechanism . . . [More] OBJECTIVE: This study was to investigate the topical skin targeting effects and mechanism of combination penetration modifiers of 1,2-hexanediol (or 1,2-heptanediol) and 1,4-cyclohexanediol on transdermal absorption of metronidazole (MTZ) in different skin models.

METHODS: Six formulations were applied to pig abdominal skin and pig ear skin models, respectively, and the results were compared with the previous data on hairless mouse skin worked out by our laboratory. Four parameters (flux, Tlag, Q24 and targeting ratio) were used to evaluate permeability and targeting effect in skin.

RESULTS: The combined penetration modifiers played a general role on decreasing permeability without reducing skin retention. The most significant skin permeability decrement to MTZ was pig abdominal skin (permeability decrement was ∼20% for hairless mouse skin, 60% for pig abdominal skin and 40% for pig ear skin, respectively) while the strongest skin targeting effect appeared in hairless mouse skin (targeting ratios were 1.79 for hairless mouse skin, 1.24 for pig abdominal skin and 1.05 for pig ear skin, respectively) under the role of penetration modifiers.

CONCLUSIONS: Thickness of stratum corneum (SC) was the major factor impact on skin targeting effect. Selection criteria of skin models also have been discussed in this study.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Effect of hydrocarbon chain length in 1,2-alkanediols on percutaneous absorption of metronidazole: Toward development of a general vehicle for controlled release

Authors: Li, Nan; Jia, W; Zhang, Yan; Zhang, MC; Tan, F; Zhang, J (2014) AAPS PharmSciTech 15:354-363. HERO ID: 3037835

[Less] The objective of the present study is to investigate the effect of hydrocarbon chain length in 1,2-alkanediols . . . [More] The objective of the present study is to investigate the effect of hydrocarbon chain length in 1,2-alkanediols on percutaneous absorption of metronidazole (MTZ). Twelve formulations (1,2-propanediol, 1,2-butanediol, 1,2-pentanediol, 1,2-hexanediol in 4% concentration, 1,2-hexanediol, and 1,2-heptanediol in 1% concentration, in the absence and presence of 1,4-cyclohexanediol, respectively) were studied in an in vitro hairless mouse skin model using Franz diffusion cell. Based on the flux values and retardation ratios (RR), a penetration retardation effect on percutaneous absorption of MTZ was observed for the formulations containing 1,2-diols having six- to seven-carbon chain in the presence of 1,4-cyclohexanediol (1,2-hexanediol with chain length of six hydrocarbons, RRs are 0.69 and 0.76 in the concentration of 4% and 1%, respectively; 1,2-heptanediol with chain length of seven hydrocarbons, RR is 0.78 in the concentration of 1%). On the other hand, no retardation effect was observed in formulations containing short alkyl chains (RRs of 1,2-propanediol, 1,2-butanediol, and 1,2-pentanediol are 0.99, 1.61, and 0.96, respectively). Instead, a penetration enhancement effect was observed for 1,2-diols having four and five carbons. In other words, effect of 1,2-alkanediols on percutaneous absorption of MTZ can be systematically modulated by simply varying number of -CH2 groups in the hydrocarbon chain-from being a penetration enhancer to retardant. These observations shed light on mechanism of the penetration enhancement and retardation effect and provide insight into rational design of penetration enhancers and retardants. Furthermore, the combination of 1,2-alkanediols and 1,4-cyclohexanediol could become a general vehicle for controlled release of pharmaceutical and cosmetic active ingredients.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Effect of hydroxyl groups and rigid structure in 1,4-cyclohexanediol on percutaneous absorption of metronidazole

Authors: Zhang, Y; Tan, F; Jia, W; Li, N; Zhang, J (2014) AAPS PharmSciTech 15:973-980. HERO ID: 4674234

[Less] In a previous study, a synergistic retardation effect of 1,4-cyclohexanediol and 1,2-hexanediol on percutaneous . . . [More] In a previous study, a synergistic retardation effect of 1,4-cyclohexanediol and 1,2-hexanediol on percutaneous absorption and penetration of metronidazole (MTZ) was discovered. A complex formation between 1,4-cyclohexanediol and 1,2-hexanediol was proposed to be responsible for the observed effect. The objective of this study was to investigate the necessity of hydroxyl group and the ring structure in 1,4-cyclohexanediol on percutaneous absorption and penetration of MTZ. Eleven formulations were studied in an in vitro porcine skin model using glass vertical Frans Diffusion Cell. 1,4-Cyclohexanediol was changed into 1,4-cyclohexanedicarboxylic acid, trans (and cis)-1,2-cyclohexanediol and 1,6-hexanediol, respectively, to study if H-bonding or ring structure would influence the retardation effect. MTZ was applied at infinite dose (100 mg), which corresponded to 750 μg of MTZ. Based on modifier ratios (MR) calculated by the flux values, the retardation effect on percutaneous absorption and penetration of MTZ was found in the formulations containing 1,4-cyclohexanedicarboxylic acid or cis-1,2-cyclohexanediol (MR values were 0.47 for which only contains 1,4-cyclohexanedicarboxylic acid, 0.74 for the formulation containing both 1,4-cyclohexanedicarboxylic acid and 1,2-hexanediol, and 0.90 for the formulation containing cis-1,2-cyclohexanediol and 1,2-hexanediol, respectively). The results showed that the hydroxyl group and structure of 1,4-cyclohexanediol played a significant role in retardation effects and provided valuable insight on the mechanisms of retardation effect through structure-activity relationships.

Journal Article
Journal Article

Demodex folliculitis presenting as periocular vesiculopustular rash

Authors: Yun, SH; Levin, F; Servat, J (2013) HERO ID: 4674237

[Less] PURPOSE: To report an unusual case of Demodex folliculitis presenting as periocular . . . [More] PURPOSE: To report an unusual case of Demodex folliculitis presenting as periocular vesiculopustular rash.

DESIGN: Case report.

RESULTS: A 68 year-old woman presented with a unilateral periocular rash that was initially treated by her primary ophthalmologist with topical steroids and antivirals. Slit-lamp examination revealed severe bilateral blepharitis, right greater than left, with waxy sleeves around the eyelashes. The diagnosis of Demodex infestation was considered. Treatment with daily lid scrub with polyhexamethylene biguanide (PHMB), 1,2-hexanediol and 1,2-octanediol (OCuSOFT PLUS) and erythromycin ointment twice a day resulted in complete resolution of the symptoms after 4 weeks.

CONCLUSIONS: Ophthalmologists should be aware of Demodex and consider it in the differential diagnosis of periocular skin lesions.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Protein engineering of a thermostable polyol dehydrogenase

Authors: Wulf, H; Mallin, H; Bornscheuer, UT (2012) Enzyme and Microbial Technology 51:217-224. HERO ID: 4674222

[Less] The polyol dehydrogenase PDH-11300 from Deinococcus geothermalis was cloned, functionally expressed . . . [More] The polyol dehydrogenase PDH-11300 from Deinococcus geothermalis was cloned, functionally expressed in Escherichia coli and biochemically characterized. The enzyme showed the highest activity in the oxidation of xylitol and 1,2-hexanediol and had an optimum temperature of 45 °C. The enzyme exhibited a T⁶⁰₅₀-value of 48.3 °C. The T⁶⁰₅₀ is the temperature where 50% of the initial activity remains after incubation for 1h. In order to elucidate the structural reasons contributing to thermostability, the substrate-binding loop of PDH-11300 was substituted by the loop-region of a homolog enzyme, the galactitol dehydrogenase from Rhodobacter sphaeroides (PDH-158), resulting in a chimeric enzyme (PDH-loop). The substrate scope of this chimera basically represented the average of both wild-type enzymes, but surprisingly the T⁶⁰₅₀ was noticeably increased by 7 °C up to 55.3 °C. Further mutations in the active site led to identification of residues crucial for enzyme activity. The cofactor specificity was successfully altered from NADH to NADPH by an Asp55Asn mutation, which is located at the NAD⁺ binding cleft, without influencing the catalytic properties of the dehydrogenase.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Synergistic effect of 1,4-cyclohexanediol and 1,2-hexanediol on percutaneous absorption and penetration of metronidazole

Authors: Li, N; Jia, W; Zhang, Y; Tan, F; Zhang, J (2011) International Journal of Pharmaceutics 415:169-174. HERO ID: 4674227

[Less] The objective of this study was to investigate the percutaneous absorption of metronidazole (MTZ) in . . . [More] The objective of this study was to investigate the percutaneous absorption of metronidazole (MTZ) in the topical formulations containing a combination of 1,4-cyclohexanediol and 1,2-hexanediol. Six formulations were studied in an in vitro hairless mouse skin model using Franz Diffusion Cell. MTZ was applied at infinite doses (50mg and 100mg of the formulations, which correspond to 375 and 750 μg of MTZ, respectively). Based on the flux values and retardation ratio (RR), a synergistic retardation effect on percutaneous absorption of MTZ was observed for the formulations containing a combination of 1,4-cyclohexanediol and 1,2-hexanediol (RRs are 0.40 for 375 μg dose and 0.69 for 750 μg dose, respectively). Interestingly, retention of MTZ in epidermis and dermis layer showed no significant differences (p>0.05) between the formulations containing the retardant combination and control formulations. In other words, the retardant combination in the formulation decreases MTZ fluxes while maintaining similar level of retention in epidermis and dermis layer when compared to the control formulations. These observations provide insight in formulating superior topical formulations with minimized potential systematic toxicity while maintaining therapeutic efficiency. A mechanistic explanation of the observed synergistic effect is proposed.