Health & Environmental Research Online (HERO)


3-Methoxybutyl acetate (4435-53-4)


64 References Were Found:

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Solubilities of Sulfuryl Fluoride in 2-Butoxyethyl Acetate, 3-Methoxybutyl Acetate, 2-Methoxyethyl Acetate, 1-Methoxy-2-propyl Acetate, and 2-(2-Ethoxyethoxy)ethyl Acetate

Authors: Liang, X; Fei, Y; Xie, Q; Lu, M; Pan, Z; Nie, Y; Ji, J (2018) HERO ID: 4854478

[Less] A large amount of sulfuryl fluoride (SO2F2) is released into the atmosphere after fumigation, intensifying . . . [More] A large amount of sulfuryl fluoride (SO2F2) is released into the atmosphere after fumigation, intensifying the greenhouse effect. Therefore, it is important to remove SO2F2 generated in fumigation. In this study, the solubilities of SO2F2 in 2-butoxyethyl acetate (BOEA), 3-methoxybutyl acetate (MOBA), 2-methoxyethyl acetate (MOEA), 1-methoxy-2-propyl acetate (MOPA), and 2-(2-ethoxyethoxy)ethyl acetate (DEOEA) were determined at T = (293.15 to 323.15) K and pressures up to about 600 kPa using the isochoric saturation method. Results showed that SO2F2 solubility in the five acetate derivatives increased with increasing pressure and decreased with increasing temperature. The dissolution of SO2F2 in these solvents belonged to a-physical process. Furthermore, the Henry's law constants and thermodynamic properties including standard Gibbs free energy, enthalpy, and entropy changes of SO2F2 dissolution were further obtained. Compared with water, these five selected acetate derivatives showed potential application for SO2F2 removal. Moreover, the solubilities of SO2F2 in these solvents followed the order of MOBA > MOPA > BOEA > DEOEA > MOEA.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Highly efficient dehydration of glycerol to acrolein over isomorphously substituted Fe-MFI zeolites

Authors: Diallo, MM; Laforge, S; Pouilloux, Y; Mijoin, J (2018) Catalysis Letters 148:2283-2303. HERO ID: 5034143

[Less] Gas phase dehydration of glycerol formerly in aqueous solution to acrolein was studied over iron MFI . . . [More] Gas phase dehydration of glycerol formerly in aqueous solution to acrolein was studied over iron MFI zeolites prepared by post-synthesis isomorphous substitution with different iron contents, Si/Al and substitution ratios. High Si/Al (60) ratios led to high conversion in presence of air and the insertion of iron in the zeolite framework greatly improved the catalytic performances by altering the amount and the nature of the coke components reducing dramatically the deactivation. Over the most efficient sample, acrolein yield reached a stabilized value of 68% with an excellent selectivity (80%), which ranked this catalyst among the best for the selective conversion of crude glycerol.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

A Double-Cable Poly(fluorene-alt-thiophene) with Bay-Substituted Perylenediimide Pendants: An Efficient Interfacial Material in Bulk-Heterojunction Solar Cells

Authors: Chen, N; Lu, J; Wang, D; Zheng, C; Wu, H; Zhang, H; Gao, D (2018) HERO ID: 4854553

[Less] A solution-processable double-cable polymer (PFT-PDI), composed of the backbone poly(fluorene-alt-hiophene) . . . [More] A solution-processable double-cable polymer (PFT-PDI), composed of the backbone poly(fluorene-alt-hiophene) (PFT), the n-butoxyl linker, and the pendants perylenediimides (PDI), was developed. PFT-PDI was almost nonconductive with the hole and electron mobilities in the order of 10(-10). There was no charge transfer but energy transfer from the donor PFT chain to the acceptor PDI units. With a hole-transporting channel from the stacked PFT units and an electron-transporting channel along PDI chain, PFTPDI at the P3HT/PCBM interface facilitated the effective charge generation from P3HT excitons and charge transporting and enhanced the cell photocurrent. The encapsulated cell ITO/MoO/P3HT:PCBM:PFT-PDI/LiF/Al with doping PFT-PDI of 3 wt % demonstrated the maximum power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 4.50%, increasing by 27.5%, relative to PCE of 3.53% from the cell without doping. The PFT-PDI doping much improved the cell's stability with the loss of the initial PCE of 5.8%, in contrast to 29.7% from the reference device after being stored for 7 days.

Data/Software
Data/ Software

OncoLogic - A computer system to evaluate the carcinogenic potential of chemicals. Version 8.0

Author: U.S. EPA (2018) U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. [Computer Program] HERO ID: 4825458


The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Environmentally Relevant Concentrations of Arsenite Induce Dose-Dependent Differential Genotoxicity Through Poly(ADP-Ribose) Polymerase Inhibition and Oxidative Stress in Mouse Thymus Cells

Authors: Xu, H; Zhou, X; Wen, X; Lauer, FT; Liu, KJ; Hudson, LG; Aleksunes, LM; Burchiel, SW (2016) Toxicological Sciences 149:31-41. HERO ID: 3379632

[Less] Inhibition of DNA repair and oxidative stress are 2 common mechanisms associated with arsenic-induced . . . [More] Inhibition of DNA repair and oxidative stress are 2 common mechanisms associated with arsenic-induced genotoxicity. The purpose of this study was to examine mechanisms of genotoxicity induced by environmentally relevant doses of arsenite (As(+3)) in mouse thymus cells. An increase in DNA damage and a decrease in poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) activity were seen in vitro following exposure to 50 nM As(+3) in primary mouse thymus cells and a murine thymus pre-T cell line, D1. 3,4-Dihydro-5[4-(1-piperindinyl) butoxyl]-1(2H)-isoquinoline, a well-characterized PARP inhibitor, also produced DNA damage in D1 cells, confirming the correlation between PARP inhibition and DNA damage increase. As(+3) at 500 nM induced double strand breaks (DSBs) in DNA and oxidative stress at 4 h in D1 cells, which was reversed at 18 h. No apoptosis or decrease of viability was observed in these exposures. 4-Hydroxy-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidin-1-oxyl, a widely-used antioxidant, was utilized to confirm that oxidative stress is partially responsible for the increase of strand breaks in 500 nM As(+3) exposure at 4 h. Expression of As(+3) exporters, Mdr1 and Mrp1, were found to be induced by 500 nM As(+3) in D1 cells, suggesting a possible mechanism for reversal of oxidative stress and DSBs at the 18-h timepoint. Finally, we showed that DNA damage and PARP inhibition by As(+3) were reversed by zinc (Zn(+2)) at approximate equimolar doses. Collectively, these results demonstrate that As(+3) at doses within the nanomolar range induce genotoxicity by inhibiting PARP, and produces oxidative stress at higher concentrations, which can be reversed by a Zn(+2) treatment.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Interactive Genotoxicity Induced by Environmentally Relevant Concentrations of Benzo(a)pyrene Metabolites and Arsenite in Mouse Thymus Cells

Authors: Xu, H; Lauer, FT; Liu, KJ; Hudson, LG; Burchiel, SW (2016) Toxicological Sciences 154:153-161. HERO ID: 3378876

[Less] Arsenic and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) exposures affect many people worldwide leading to . . . [More] Arsenic and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) exposures affect many people worldwide leading to cancer and other diseases. Arsenite (As(+3)) and certain PAHs are known to cause genotoxicity. However, there is limited information on the interactions between As(+3) and PAHs at environmentally relevant concentrations. The thymus is the primary immune organ for T cell development in mammals. Our previous studies showed that environmentally relevant concentrations of As(+3) induce genotoxicity in mouse thymus cells through Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibition. Certain PAHs, such as the metabolites of benzo(a)pyrene (BaP), are known to cause DNA damage by forming DNA adducts. In the present study, primary mouse thymus cells were examined for DNA damage following 18 hr in vitro treatments with 5 or 50 nM As(+3) and 100 nM BaP, benzo[a]pyrene-7,8-dihydrodiol (BP-Diol), or benzo[a]pyrene-7,8-dihydrodiol-9,10-epoxide (BPDE). An interactive increase in genotoxicity and apoptosis were observed following treatments with 5 nM As(+3) + 100 nM BP-diol and 50 nM As(+3) + 100 nM BPDE. We attribute the increase in DNA damage to inhibition of PARP inhibition leading to decreased DNA repair. To further support this hypothesis, we found that a PARP inhibitor, 3,4-dihydro-5[4-(1-piperindinyl) butoxyl]-1(2H)-isoquinoline (DPQ), also interacted with BP-diol to produce an increase in DNA damage. Interestingly, we also found that As(+3) and BP-diol increased CYP1A1 and CYP1B1 expression, suggesting that increased PAH metabolism may also contribute to genotoxicity. In summary, these results show that the suppression of PARP activity and induction of CYP1A1/CYP1B1 may act together to increase DNA damage produced by As(+3) and PAHs.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

754 exposures to reed diffusers reported to the United Kingdom National Poisons Information Service 2010-2014

Authors: Panchal, B; Eddleston, M; Thomas, SH; Thompson, JP; Vale, JA (2016) Clinical Toxicology 54:333-338. HERO ID: 3114932

[Less] OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to review the reported toxicity of reed diffuser . . . [More] OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to review the reported toxicity of reed diffuser fragrance liquid which, in addition to essential oils, commonly contains glycol ethers but other ingredients and/or alternatives are 3-methoxy-3-methyl-1-butanol, petroleum distillates, ethanol and isopropanol.

METHODS: We analysed retrospectively enquiries to the United Kingdom National Poisons Information Service between 1 January 2010 and 31 December 2014.

RESULTS: 754 patients were exposed to reed diffusers; the majority (n = 712) were children < 5 years. Ingestion was the most common route of exposure (706 of 754 patients) and involved the liquid alone (n = 570), water beads alone (n = 84), sucking on the reeds (n = 31) or ingesting the liquid and water beads (n = 21). The reported amount of fragrance liquid ingested was known in only 76 of 591 cases (12.9%), with a median (IQR) volume of 20.0 (IQR = 10-40) mL. The WHO/IPCS/EC/EAPCCT Poisoning Severity Score (PSS) was known in 702 of 706 sole ingestions: in 574 (81.3%), the PSS was 0 (asymptomatic); in 117 (16.6%) patients, the PSS was 1 (minor toxicity); in 11 (1.6%), the PSS was 2 (moderate toxicity); there were no patients with features graded PSS 3 (severe toxicity). Significantly (p = 0.008) more patients became symptomatic (PSS 1 and PSS 2) following the ingestion of a reed diffuser containing 3-methoxy-3-methyl-1-butanol than propylene glycol monobutyl ether, though there was no significant difference when compared with those containing dipropylene glycol monomethyl ether (p = 0.181). The most common features following ingestion of fragrance liquid were nausea and vomiting (n = 53), coughing (n = 17) and CNS depression (n = 9). Seven patients suffered eye exposure alone: two developed eye pain and four conjunctivitis. Dermal exposure alone was reported in six patients, two of whom developed skin irritation.

CONCLUSIONS: The majority of patients in our study developed no features or only minor symptoms following ingestion of reed diffuser fragrance liquid.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Modeling the reactivities of hydroxyl radical and ozone towards atmospheric organic chemicals using quantitative structure-reactivity relationship approaches

Authors: Gupta, S; Basant, N; Mohan, D; Singh, KP (2016) Environmental Science and Pollution Research 23:14034-14046. HERO ID: 3400664

[Less] The persistence and the removal of organic chemicals from the atmosphere are largely determined by their . . . [More] The persistence and the removal of organic chemicals from the atmosphere are largely determined by their reactions with the OH radical and O3. Experimental determinations of the kinetic rate constants of OH and O3 with a large number of chemicals are tedious and resource intensive and development of computational approaches has widely been advocated. Recently, ensemble machine learning (EML) methods have emerged as unbiased tools to establish relationship between independent and dependent variables having a nonlinear dependence. In this study, EML-based, temperature-dependent quantitative structure-reactivity relationship (QSRR) models have been developed for predicting the kinetic rate constants for OH (kOH) and O3 (kO3) reactions with diverse chemicals. Structural diversity of chemicals was evaluated using a Tanimoto similarity index. The generalization and prediction abilities of the constructed models were established through rigorous internal and external validation performed employing statistical checks. In test data, the EML QSRR models yielded correlation (R (2)) of ≥0.91 between the measured and the predicted reactivities. The applicability domains of the constructed models were determined using methods based on descriptors range, Euclidean distance, leverage, and standardization approaches. The prediction accuracies for the higher reactivity compounds were relatively better than those of the low reactivity compounds. Proposed EML QSRR models performed well and outperformed the previous reports. The proposed QSRR models can make predictions of rate constants at different temperatures. The proposed models can be useful tools in predicting the reactivities of chemicals towards OH radical and O3 in the atmosphere.

Journal Article
Journal Article

Theoretical study about Mo2C(101)-catalyzed hydrodeoxygenation of butyric acid to butane for biomass conversion

Authors: Shi, Yun; Yang, Y; Li, YW; Jiao, H (2016) HERO ID: 4834290

[Less] In order to understand the conversion mechanism of fatty acids to long-chain alkanes using molybdenum . . . [More] In order to understand the conversion mechanism of fatty acids to long-chain alkanes using molybdenum carbide as a catalyst, the full potential energy surface of the hydrogenation of butyric acid to butane on the H-pre-covered hexagonal Mo2C(101) surface has been systematically computed on the basis of density functional theory including dispersion (PBE-D3) and zero-point energy corrections. The first step of the reaction is butyric acid dissociation into surface OH and acyl [R-COOH + H = R-CO + OH + H], followed by the formation of butanal from acyl hydrogenation [R-CO + OH + H = R-CHO + OH]. The second step of the reaction is butanal hydrogenation into butanol via the surface butoxyl intermediate [R-CHO + H + OH = R-CH2O + OH; R-CH2O + H + OH = R-CH2OH + OH]. The third step is butanol dissociation into surface OH and butyl [R-CH2OH + H = R-CH2 + OH + H], which is further hydrogenated into butane [R-CH2 + H + OH = R-CH3 + OH]. The formation of butanal and butanol as intermediates in equilibrium as well as butane as the final product is in full agreement with the experiment of stearic acid hydrodeoxygenation into octadecane. For the conversion, butanol dissociation [R-CH2OH + H = R-CH2 + OH + H] has the highest barrier and represents the rate-determining step. It is noted that the metallic Mo2C(001) surface can bind surface H2O, OH and O much more strongly than the Mo2C(101) surface with exposed Mo and C atoms (C/Mo = 1). Since our results are obtained only from the most stable Mo2C(101) surface, they cannot correlate with the whole experimentally observed reactivity and selectivity of different Mo2C phases with different surface terminations. Nevertheless, our results provide the basis for exploring the intrinsic nature of Mo2C catalysts in deoxygenation of oxygenates involved in the refining of biomass-derived oils.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Novel antioxidant capacity assay for lipophilic compounds using electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy

Authors: Takahashi, Y; Ichimori, K; Okano, M; Goto, H (2015) HERO ID: 2849947

[Less] A novel antioxidant capacity assay for lipophilic compounds was developed using electron paramagnetic . . . [More] A novel antioxidant capacity assay for lipophilic compounds was developed using electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy. The assay is based on antioxidant's scavenging ability against the tert-butoxyl radical generated photolytically from di-tert-butyl peroxide in ethyl acetate, and named the tert-butoxyl-based antioxidant capacity (BAC) assay. The radical was trapped by spin trap, 5,5-dimethyl-1-pyrroline-N-oxide, and EPR signal intensity of the spin adduct was used as a quantitative marker of radical levels. Signal intensity decreased in a dose-dependent manner in the presence of an antioxidant that competitively reacts with the radical, which was utilized to evaluate BAC values. The BAC method enabled the accurate estimation of antioxidant capacity for lipophilic materials that may counteract lipid peroxidation in biological membranes. The BAC values for quercetin and caffeic acid are 0.639 ± 0.020 and 0.118 ± 0.012 trolox equivalents, respectively, which are much smaller than values obtained by other aqueous methods such as H-ORAC and ORAC-EPR. Thus, antioxidants present in a non-aqueous environment should be evaluated using a non-aqueous system. In combination with in situ ascorbate reduction, the BAC method was capable of accurately determining the antioxidant capacity of water-insoluble materials that may be reduced in living cells.