Health & Environmental Research Online (HERO)


3-Methoxybutyl acetate (4435-53-4)


14 References Were Found:

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Solubilities of Sulfuryl Fluoride in 2-Butoxyethyl Acetate, 3-Methoxybutyl Acetate, 2-Methoxyethyl Acetate, 1-Methoxy-2-propyl Acetate, and 2-(2-Ethoxyethoxy)ethyl Acetate

Authors: Liang, X; Fei, Y; Xie, Q; Lu, M; Pan, Z; Nie, Y; Ji, J (2018) HERO ID: 4854478

[Less] A large amount of sulfuryl fluoride (SO2F2) is released into the atmosphere after fumigation, intensifying . . . [More] A large amount of sulfuryl fluoride (SO2F2) is released into the atmosphere after fumigation, intensifying the greenhouse effect. Therefore, it is important to remove SO2F2 generated in fumigation. In this study, the solubilities of SO2F2 in 2-butoxyethyl acetate (BOEA), 3-methoxybutyl acetate (MOBA), 2-methoxyethyl acetate (MOEA), 1-methoxy-2-propyl acetate (MOPA), and 2-(2-ethoxyethoxy)ethyl acetate (DEOEA) were determined at T = (293.15 to 323.15) K and pressures up to about 600 kPa using the isochoric saturation method. Results showed that SO2F2 solubility in the five acetate derivatives increased with increasing pressure and decreased with increasing temperature. The dissolution of SO2F2 in these solvents belonged to a-physical process. Furthermore, the Henry's law constants and thermodynamic properties including standard Gibbs free energy, enthalpy, and entropy changes of SO2F2 dissolution were further obtained. Compared with water, these five selected acetate derivatives showed potential application for SO2F2 removal. Moreover, the solubilities of SO2F2 in these solvents followed the order of MOBA > MOPA > BOEA > DEOEA > MOEA.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

A Double-Cable Poly(fluorene-alt-thiophene) with Bay-Substituted Perylenediimide Pendants: An Efficient Interfacial Material in Bulk-Heterojunction Solar Cells

Authors: Chen, N; Lu, J; Wang, D; Zheng, C; Wu, H; Zhang, H; Gao, D (2018) HERO ID: 4854553

[Less] A solution-processable double-cable polymer (PFT-PDI), composed of the backbone poly(fluorene-alt-hiophene) . . . [More] A solution-processable double-cable polymer (PFT-PDI), composed of the backbone poly(fluorene-alt-hiophene) (PFT), the n-butoxyl linker, and the pendants perylenediimides (PDI), was developed. PFT-PDI was almost nonconductive with the hole and electron mobilities in the order of 10(-10). There was no charge transfer but energy transfer from the donor PFT chain to the acceptor PDI units. With a hole-transporting channel from the stacked PFT units and an electron-transporting channel along PDI chain, PFTPDI at the P3HT/PCBM interface facilitated the effective charge generation from P3HT excitons and charge transporting and enhanced the cell photocurrent. The encapsulated cell ITO/MoO/P3HT:PCBM:PFT-PDI/LiF/Al with doping PFT-PDI of 3 wt % demonstrated the maximum power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 4.50%, increasing by 27.5%, relative to PCE of 3.53% from the cell without doping. The PFT-PDI doping much improved the cell's stability with the loss of the initial PCE of 5.8%, in contrast to 29.7% from the reference device after being stored for 7 days.

Journal Article
Journal Article

Theoretical study about Mo2C(101)-catalyzed hydrodeoxygenation of butyric acid to butane for biomass conversion

Authors: Shi, Yun; Yang, Y; Li, YW; Jiao, H (2016) HERO ID: 4834290

[Less] In order to understand the conversion mechanism of fatty acids to long-chain alkanes using molybdenum . . . [More] In order to understand the conversion mechanism of fatty acids to long-chain alkanes using molybdenum carbide as a catalyst, the full potential energy surface of the hydrogenation of butyric acid to butane on the H-pre-covered hexagonal Mo2C(101) surface has been systematically computed on the basis of density functional theory including dispersion (PBE-D3) and zero-point energy corrections. The first step of the reaction is butyric acid dissociation into surface OH and acyl [R-COOH + H = R-CO + OH + H], followed by the formation of butanal from acyl hydrogenation [R-CO + OH + H = R-CHO + OH]. The second step of the reaction is butanal hydrogenation into butanol via the surface butoxyl intermediate [R-CHO + H + OH = R-CH2O + OH; R-CH2O + H + OH = R-CH2OH + OH]. The third step is butanol dissociation into surface OH and butyl [R-CH2OH + H = R-CH2 + OH + H], which is further hydrogenated into butane [R-CH2 + H + OH = R-CH3 + OH]. The formation of butanal and butanol as intermediates in equilibrium as well as butane as the final product is in full agreement with the experiment of stearic acid hydrodeoxygenation into octadecane. For the conversion, butanol dissociation [R-CH2OH + H = R-CH2 + OH + H] has the highest barrier and represents the rate-determining step. It is noted that the metallic Mo2C(001) surface can bind surface H2O, OH and O much more strongly than the Mo2C(101) surface with exposed Mo and C atoms (C/Mo = 1). Since our results are obtained only from the most stable Mo2C(101) surface, they cannot correlate with the whole experimentally observed reactivity and selectivity of different Mo2C phases with different surface terminations. Nevertheless, our results provide the basis for exploring the intrinsic nature of Mo2C catalysts in deoxygenation of oxygenates involved in the refining of biomass-derived oils.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Environmentally Relevant Concentrations of Arsenite Induce Dose-Dependent Differential Genotoxicity Through Poly(ADP-Ribose) Polymerase Inhibition and Oxidative Stress in Mouse Thymus Cells

Authors: Xu, H; Zhou, X; Wen, X; Lauer, FT; Liu, KJ; Hudson, LG; Aleksunes, LM; Burchiel, SW (2016) Toxicological Sciences 149:31-41. HERO ID: 3379632

[Less] Inhibition of DNA repair and oxidative stress are 2 common mechanisms associated with arsenic-induced . . . [More] Inhibition of DNA repair and oxidative stress are 2 common mechanisms associated with arsenic-induced genotoxicity. The purpose of this study was to examine mechanisms of genotoxicity induced by environmentally relevant doses of arsenite (As(+3)) in mouse thymus cells. An increase in DNA damage and a decrease in poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) activity were seen in vitro following exposure to 50 nM As(+3) in primary mouse thymus cells and a murine thymus pre-T cell line, D1. 3,4-Dihydro-5[4-(1-piperindinyl) butoxyl]-1(2H)-isoquinoline, a well-characterized PARP inhibitor, also produced DNA damage in D1 cells, confirming the correlation between PARP inhibition and DNA damage increase. As(+3) at 500 nM induced double strand breaks (DSBs) in DNA and oxidative stress at 4 h in D1 cells, which was reversed at 18 h. No apoptosis or decrease of viability was observed in these exposures. 4-Hydroxy-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidin-1-oxyl, a widely-used antioxidant, was utilized to confirm that oxidative stress is partially responsible for the increase of strand breaks in 500 nM As(+3) exposure at 4 h. Expression of As(+3) exporters, Mdr1 and Mrp1, were found to be induced by 500 nM As(+3) in D1 cells, suggesting a possible mechanism for reversal of oxidative stress and DSBs at the 18-h timepoint. Finally, we showed that DNA damage and PARP inhibition by As(+3) were reversed by zinc (Zn(+2)) at approximate equimolar doses. Collectively, these results demonstrate that As(+3) at doses within the nanomolar range induce genotoxicity by inhibiting PARP, and produces oxidative stress at higher concentrations, which can be reversed by a Zn(+2) treatment.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Interactive Genotoxicity Induced by Environmentally Relevant Concentrations of Benzo(a)pyrene Metabolites and Arsenite in Mouse Thymus Cells

Authors: Xu, H; Lauer, FT; Liu, KJ; Hudson, LG; Burchiel, SW (2016) Toxicological Sciences 154:153-161. HERO ID: 3378876

[Less] Arsenic and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) exposures affect many people worldwide leading to . . . [More] Arsenic and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) exposures affect many people worldwide leading to cancer and other diseases. Arsenite (As(+3)) and certain PAHs are known to cause genotoxicity. However, there is limited information on the interactions between As(+3) and PAHs at environmentally relevant concentrations. The thymus is the primary immune organ for T cell development in mammals. Our previous studies showed that environmentally relevant concentrations of As(+3) induce genotoxicity in mouse thymus cells through Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibition. Certain PAHs, such as the metabolites of benzo(a)pyrene (BaP), are known to cause DNA damage by forming DNA adducts. In the present study, primary mouse thymus cells were examined for DNA damage following 18 hr in vitro treatments with 5 or 50 nM As(+3) and 100 nM BaP, benzo[a]pyrene-7,8-dihydrodiol (BP-Diol), or benzo[a]pyrene-7,8-dihydrodiol-9,10-epoxide (BPDE). An interactive increase in genotoxicity and apoptosis were observed following treatments with 5 nM As(+3) + 100 nM BP-diol and 50 nM As(+3) + 100 nM BPDE. We attribute the increase in DNA damage to inhibition of PARP inhibition leading to decreased DNA repair. To further support this hypothesis, we found that a PARP inhibitor, 3,4-dihydro-5[4-(1-piperindinyl) butoxyl]-1(2H)-isoquinoline (DPQ), also interacted with BP-diol to produce an increase in DNA damage. Interestingly, we also found that As(+3) and BP-diol increased CYP1A1 and CYP1B1 expression, suggesting that increased PAH metabolism may also contribute to genotoxicity. In summary, these results show that the suppression of PARP activity and induction of CYP1A1/CYP1B1 may act together to increase DNA damage produced by As(+3) and PAHs.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Solubilities of carbon dioxide in 2-methoxyethyl acetate, 1-methoxy-2-propyl acetate and 3-methoxybutyl acetate

Authors: Li, Yun; Zheng, D; Dong, Li; Xiong, Bin (2014) HERO ID: 4854486

[Less] The solubilities of CO2 in 2-methoxyethyl acetate, 1-methoxy-2-propyl acetate, and 3-methoxybutyl acetate . . . [More] The solubilities of CO2 in 2-methoxyethyl acetate, 1-methoxy-2-propyl acetate, and 3-methoxybutyl acetate were measured by isothermal synthesis method under pressures up to 1.2 MPa and at temperatures ranging from (293.15 to 333.15) K. Henry's constant was calculated based on experimental data regression. The solubilities of CO2 were found to increase with decreased temperature and increased the methyl group to the molecular structure of the absorbent. Henry's constant and volumetric solubility of selected absorbents at T = 298.15 K were compared with those of commercial absorbents and common solvents. 3-Methoxybutyl acetate showed the best performance by mole fraction, and 2-methoxyethyl acetate behaved the best by volumetric fraction. Based on Henry's constant, thermodynamic properties such as Gibbs free energy of solution, enthalpy of solution, and absorption entropy of solution were determined. These properties are very essential for designing an absorption process. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Direct evidence of 2-cyano-2-propoxy radical activity during AIBN-based oxidative stress testing in acetonitrile-water solvent systems

Authors: Watkins, MA; Pitzenberger, S; Harmon, PA (2013) Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences 102:1554-1568. HERO ID: 2713362

[Less] Oxidative susceptibility testing was performed on a drug substance containing a methoxy-naphthalene . . . [More] Oxidative susceptibility testing was performed on a drug substance containing a methoxy-naphthalene moiety. 2,2-azobisisobutyronitrile (AIBN) was employed to initiate peroxy radical oxidation to mimic autoxidation processes. In acetonitrile (ACN)water solvents, three major degradation products are formed. However, addition of small amounts of methanol to the solvent system completely eliminated the observed degradation products. To understand this effect, the structures of the three degradants have been elucidated using nuclear magnetic resonance, liquid chromatographytandem mass spectrometry, and accurate mass Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry. One degradant structure definitively proves the degradation resulted from alkoxy radicals (2-cyano-2 propoxy radical) arising from the disproportionation of the tertiary AIBN-derived peroxy radicals, rather than from the intended action of the AIBN peroxy radicals themselves. The reaction occurs over a wide range of AIBN and drug substance concentrations. This protective effect of several percent methanol by volume is rationalized by known methanol H atom donation rates to similar tert-butoxy and cumyloxy radicals (ca. 10 M1 s1) and the high methanol concentration relative to the dilute substrate being investigated. This work confirms recent proposals for addition of at least about 10% methanol to the standard ACNwater AIBN stress testing diluent to insure that only the desired peroxy radical activity is present during the oxidative stress test. (c) 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. and the American Pharmacists Association J Pharm Sci 102:15541568, 2013

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Antimicrobial activity of Araucaria cunninghamii Sweet and the chemical constituents of its twigs and leaves

Authors: Chen, J; Yang, ML; Zeng, J; Gao, K (2013) Phytochemistry Letters 6:41-45. HERO ID: 4851281

[Less] The present study was aimed at the identification of antimicrobial components from Araucaria cunninghamii . . . [More] The present study was aimed at the identification of antimicrobial components from Araucaria cunninghamii with an activity-guided purification process. Eight compounds were obtained from the most active n-BuOH fraction and identified as the new compound 4-n-butoxyl-phenylpropanetriol (1), together with seven known compounds (2a8). These compounds were tested for antimicrobial activities against five bacteria and four plant pathogenic fungi. Within the series of compounds tested, compound 2 was the most active, particularly displaying moderate antibacterial activities against Erwinia carotovora and Bacillus subtilis with MICs 7.8 and 15.5 mu g/ml. Moreover, this compound exhibited inhibitory activities against four plant pathogenic fungi: Helminthosporium sativum, Rhizoctonia solani, Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. Niveum and Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. Cubense, with EC50 values of 42.3, 90.0, 62.7 and 100.2 mu g/ml. To our knowledge, this is the first report that the n-BuOH fraction and compound 2 from A. cunninghamii showed inhibitory activity against plant pathogenic fungi.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Degradation of carbofuran in water by solar photocatalysis in presence of photosensitizers

Authors: Kuo, WS; Chiang, YH; Lai, LS (2006) Journal of Environmental Science and Health, Part B: Pesticides, Food Contaminants, and Agricultural Wastes 41:937-948. HERO ID: 2807532

[Less] The effect of the presence of photosensitizers, methylene blue (MB) and rose Bengal (RB), on the degradation . . . [More] The effect of the presence of photosensitizers, methylene blue (MB) and rose Bengal (RB), on the degradation of carbofuran (2,3-dihydro-2,2-dimethylbenzofuran-7-yl methylcarbamate) in water in a solar photocatalytic system was investigated. It was found that as compared to MB, RB generally showed a stronger effect on the decomposition of carbofuran under comparable conditions. Among the conditions studied, adding 2 x 10(-6) M of RB, that corresponding to 2% of the initial concentration of carbofuran solution in the system, rendered the most effective degradation of carbofuran. As a result, a carbofuran removal percentage of 69.9%, a mineralization efficiency of 28.0%, and a microtoxicity reduction of 65.0% could be achieved. The degradation and mineralization of carbofuran was found to follow the pseudo-first order reaction kinetics. The decomposition mechanism of carbofuran was further investigated through identification of the intermediates to elaborate the influence of dye photosensitizer on the solar photocatalysis of carbofuran in water. On the basis of the intermediates identified, including carbofuran phenol, 3-hydroxy carbofuran phenol, and substituted alcohols (3-phenoxy 1-propanol, 2-ethyl 1-hexanol, 2-butoxyl ethanol), it appears that hydrolysis and hydroxylation were the two key mechanisms for decomposing carbofuran during the process of solar photocatalysis with the aid of dye photosensitizer.

The "refereed" or "peer review" status of a journal comes from the Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (http://ulrichsweb.serialssolutions.com/), as supplied by the publisher. The term refers to the system of critical evaluation of manuscripts/articles by professional colleagues or peers. The content of refereed publications is sanctioned, vetted, or otherwise approved by a peer-review or editorial board. The peer-review and evaluation system is utilized to protect, maintain, and raise the quality of scholarly material published in serials. Publications subject to the referee process are assumed, then, to contain higher quality content than those that are not.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article

Wavelength-dependent stereodifferentiation in the fluorescence quenching of asymmetric naphthalene-based dyads by amines

Authors: Abad, S; Pischel, U; Miranda, MA (2005) The Journal of Physical Chemistry Part A: Molecules, Spectroscopy, Kinetics, Environment and General Theory 109:2711-2717. HERO ID: 1468551

[Less] In the present contribution, wavelength has been used as a tunable parameter to achieve selective control . . . [More] In the present contribution, wavelength has been used as a tunable parameter to achieve selective control of the photophysics of two novel asymmetric bichromophoric dyads composed of naphthalene units, i.e., 6-methoxynaphthalene (NPX) and 1-methylnaphthalene (NAP) derivatives, with different electronic properties, connected by an amide spacer [(S,S) and (S,R)-NPX-NAP]. As model systems, relevant monochromophoric compounds (NPX-M and NAP-M) have also been investigated. While upon excitation at 325 nm the light energy remained in the NPX moiety, at 290 nm an efficient singlet-singlet energy transfer (phi(SSET) of about 97%) from the NAP unit to the NPX chromophore dominated. A remarkable stereodifferentiation was observed in the excited-state quenching by triethylamine via exciplex formation. The results demonstrate that it is possible to control configuration-dependent interactions in the excited state by wavelength tuning. This can be rationalized through intramolecular interactions of pi systems leading to modulation of the redox properties.